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World History
Unit Two Test
1. Senacherib used battering rams to crush the Babylonians.
2. The Mycenaean’s had the same religious beliefs as the Persians.
3. A Greek polis is the same as a Persian satrap/ie.
4. The author, Livy, wrote about the Peloponnesian War.
5. A hoplite joined the legion.
A citizen of Rome was defined by where one was born.
7. Cyrus enslaved the Jewish people.
8. Alexander of Macedonia is known for his compassion toward his conquered people.
9. The Peloponnesian War was fought in current day Turkey.
10. Ancient Rome and all of the Greek City States had the same political structure.
11. The term Pax Romana defines a period in Rome, after the Visothoths sacked the city.
12. The Ionic States are located in Greece.
13. Important Greek buildings would be built on the agora.
14. The Roman citizen owned latifundias.
15. Zoroaster beliefs are similar to the religious beliefs of the Mycenae.
16. Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the earth.
17. At the height of the Roman Empire there were more slaves than citizens.
18. A phalanx is used in the Roman Legion.
19. Stoicism was founded on Greek ideals of putting community above one’s self.
20. The Greek writer Homer wrote about the Persian War.
21. Tiberius and Guais Grachus were patricians.
22. A Spartan ephor is appointed to teach all Greeks the basics of war tactics.
23. Sparta had more individuals participating in government than Athens.
24. The Punic Wars were fought for the same reasons as the Peloponnesian Wars.
25. Constantine was the first Christian Roman Emperor.
26. The Etruscans were to Rome as the Mycenaean’s were to the Persians.
27. The city of Byzantium is called Istanbul today.
28. Hannibal is from the Persian Empire
29. The Old Testament refers to Nebuchadnezzar as a hero.
30. During the Great Diaspora, Romans killed a half of a million Jews, burned their temple and sent the
others fleeing the area.
31. This following are associated with the city of Ninevah EXCEPT:
A. location of the first library
B. Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace
C. enslavement of Jews
D. Zoroaster
32. Which civilization rescued the Jews from Assyrian and Babylonian enslavement?
A. Greece
B. Egyptian
C. Persia
D. Chinese
33. The purpose of the war between the Mycenaean’s and cities along the coast of Turkey was most likely
a result of
A. control over lucrative access through straights
B. differences between diverse peoples
C. control over valuable resources such as bronze in the area
D. women
34. Which of the following are the only credible source historians have from the Mycenianians that tells us
accurate information about them?
A. Homer’s, The Odyssey
B. Hand made pottery and vases with pictures on them.
C. Herodotus’ tales of the Apple of Discord.
D. Thucydides account of the Peloponnesian War.
35. Which is the most likely reason why empires under Cyrus, Marius and Julius Caesar were able
to expand the way they did?
A. These ruthless tyrants ruled with an evil fist and forced subjects to fight.
B. They enslaved their subjects and used fear to dominate other people.
C. Soldiers wanted to fight for them because they were positively rewarded.
D. Soldiers were required by law to be apart of the military.
36. Which of the following best characterizes the difference between Spartan and Athenian woman?
A. Athenian woman have no rights where as Spartan woman do.
B. Athenian woman can travel through the empire whereas Spartan woman must stay at home.
C. Spartan woman are unable to participate in government where as Athenian woman do.
D. Both Spartan and Athenian woman attend school.
37. Why did the military city-state, Sparta, develop over 100 years earlier than Athenian democracy?
A. It is difficult to overcome tyranny when achieving Democracy.
B. The Spartans forced a military state on its people.
C. The Spartan city-state is smaller and more manageable.
D. The Athenians were busy fighting in the Punic Wars to worry about government.
38. Which of the following ancient empires most likely used more slave labor in their work force at the
height of their empire?
A. Sparta
B. Athens
C. Persia
D. Rome
39. Which of the following empires are NOT a type of democracy?
A. Sparta
B. Athens
C. Persia
40. Which one of these ancient empires failed or at least drastically changed?
A. Athens
B. Persia
C. Rome
D. All of the Above
41. Which of the following empires are we, the United States, most often compared to?
A. Phoenicia
B. Persia
C. Greece
D. Rome
42. Which of the following Greek historic writers would most likely be writing for the National Inquirer?
A. Herodotus
B. Homer
C. Livy
D. Thucydides
43. Which of the following people were NOT associated with Athenian democracy?
A. Salon
B. Cleisthenes
C. Pericles
D. Archimedes
44. Which Athenian spread the ideals of democracy outside of Athens?
A. Salon
B. Cleisthenes
C. Pericles
D. Archimedes
45. A way of governing by a few rich people are in power.
A. Democracy
B. Republic
C. Aristocracy
D. Oligarchy
46. Which of the of the following best sums up why the Ionians would rather live on the other side of the
Aegean Sea?
A. They were afraid of the Spartans.
B. They were sent there as ambassadors of Greece.
C. The Persian Empire, unlike their own, provided better amenities and unity.
D. They were off fighting in a war.
47. The Persian war ignited when
A. A few extreme Athenians burned the Persian city of Sardis, while trying to help mediate
growing tension between the ionic states and the satrap..
B. Pericles created the Delian League which pushed democracy.
C. The Persians attacked Thermopolis in an effort to take Athens.
D. The Spartans attacked Athenians.
48. Which of the following did NOT play a role in the developing tension for the Peloponnesian Wars?
A. Pericles push for Democracy
B. The Delian League
C. Cleisethenes counsel of 500.
D. The burning of Sardis
49. What is the best logical reason why the Macedonians were primarily able and actually accepted by the
Peloponnesian States to adopt them as their dictators?
A. The Macedonians had bigger weapons.
B. The Greek city-states were in such chaos that they were willing to give up independence for
civil order.
C. The Greeks did not give up so easily. They fought to the better end.
D. Alexander is JUST that Great! 
50. Which city was destroyed, set on fire and 2,000 people crucified by Alex of Macedonia?
A. Athens
B. Crete
C. Tyre
D. Sparta
51. Which factor is NOT a reason that influenced philosophical thought?
A. The people are content and happy
B. Lazy leadership
C. constant war
D. unsafe cities
52. Which of the following Greek philosophers wrote the Republic?
A. Herodotus
B. Aristotle
C. Plato
D. Socrates
53. Euclid would most likely learn everything he knew from this Greek philosopher?
A. Herodotus
B. Aristotle
C. Plato
D. Socrates
54. Which Greek Philosopher would most likely be a good friend with Jesus?
A. Herodotus
B. Aristotle
C. Plato
D. Socrates
55. Which of the following Greek philosophers might agree with the caste system of India?
A. Herodotus
B. Aristotle
C. Plato
D. Socrates
56. What positive attribute did Alexander of Macedonia have on his divided empire after his death?
A. By blending ideas and technologies, the Hellenistic Period strengthened progress.
B. Macedonia was able to control places like Egypt and Phoenicia for hundreds of years and
influence their cultures.
C. Macedonia brought money and resources to needy peoples throughout the empire.
D. Due to a weakening of the empire, an enlightened Rome was able to rebuild and create
independent areas such as Egypt and Judea.
57. Most likely, Euclid’s favorite class would be which of the following?
A. History
B. Geometry
C. English
D. Science
58. The Hellenistic Period refers to a blending of ALL of the following culture EXCEPT
A. Roman
B. Greek
C. Persian
D. Macedonian
59. Which of the following renaissance concepts did Archimedes NOT contribute to the Hellenistic?
A. spheres
B. cake
C. cylinders
D. Pi
60. Which of the following BEST represents the major difference between Greece and Roman values.
A. Each civilization’s religious beliefs
B. Each civilization’s military conquests
C. Romans valued diverse cultures and Greece did not
D. Unlike Rome, Greece believed their woman should travel outside the empire.
61. Which of the following best describes the evolution of political structure in Ancient Rome?
A. Government goes from a monarchy to a council.
B. Government begins with the people and ends with a dictator.
C. Government remains the same throughout Rome.
D. Government begins with a republic and ends with an oligarchy.
62. Which author most likely compared Rome’s values to that of a wolf and a Shepard.
A. Herodotus
B. Homer
C. Livy
D. Thucydides
63. Which of the following events in Rome best identifies with the legend of Romulus and Remus’ view of
the relationship between mother’s and children?
A. When the twins are born.
B. When the king orders their death.
C. When Romus pushed Remus off the hill.
D. When the slave woman stop the fighting between their Roman husbands and their families.
64. Which of the following groups allowed woman to participate in?
A. Roman Legion
B. Athenian Council
C. Roman Republic
D. Helots
65. Which part of the legend of Romulus and Remes best explains why Rome has a republic?
A. The twin brothers are raised by a poor Shepard family and feels empathy toward all people.
B. The king wants the baby brothers killer.
C. The servant does not kill them.
D. Romulus pushes Remes off the hill.
66. Which of the following best characterizes Rome’s Republic?
A. Everyone has an equal say in the government.
B. There is a counsel of 500 people that share in the decision making process.
C. A legislative branch constructed of senators make laws and a counsel of 2 execute the laws.
D. People vote for officials who rule with enlightenment.
67. All of the following are reasons why people began to lose faith in Roman government EXCEPT:
A. Government is selling deeds to their property.
B. Creating an influx of non-citizens.
C. Raising prices of necessary goods.
D. All are reasons.
68. With the selection of whom, does Roman’s political organization change from a council to a
A. Julius Caesar
B. Augustus
C. Nero
D. Pericles
69. Which of the following from the legend of Romuls and Remes best predicts that someone like Julius
Caesar is going to become dictator of Rome?
A. The twin brothers are raised by a poor Shepard family and feels empathy toward all people.
B. The king wants the baby brothers killer.
C. The servant does not kill them.
D. Romulus pushes Remes off the hill.
70. What power did the Roman’s voluntarily give up with the election of Julius Caesar?
A. checks a balance power
B. citizenship
C. right to vote
D. military power
71. Why did Rome want Herod the leader of the Jews in Judea under the Empire?
A. He was fair and equal for both Romans and Jews.
B. He was Roman.
C. He was trustworthy.
D. He was a Roman puppet and could do anything they wanted.
72. Herod led to all of the following EXCEPT:
A. unity in Judea.
B. A split between Jews
C. Zealot Revolts
C. A developing of people waiting for the Messiah.
73. All of the following meant to Romanize the Jews EXCEPT:
A. Make them apart of the legion
B. Be apart a patrician.
C. Follow Roman law
D. Be polytheistic.
74. Of the following which significant principal does the major monotheistic religions disagree upon?
A. If Jesus is a prophet.
B. If Abraham started Monotheism.
C. The teachings of the Torah.
D. The legitimate son of Abraham.
75. Which of the following factors significantly impacted Christianity in Ancient Rome?
A. the birth of Jesus
B. Herod’s tyranny of Judea
C. the death of Jesus
D. laws restricting and outlawing Christianity throughout Rome.
76. Which of the following MOST likely influenced both the spread of and the acceptance of Christianity
in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire (Byzantium) faster than in the West?
A. The Great Diaspora
B. Jesus’ arrest
C. The New Testament
D. Rome
77. Which of the following is NOT a cause for the decline of the Roman Empire?
A. Economic decline.
B. Changes in Army membership and discipline.
C. Decreasing use of slaves in agriculture.
D. Loss of faith in Roman culture.