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U.S. History Three Worlds Meet Unit I Guide Chapter 1.1/1.2/2.1/2.2/2.5 The Earliest Americans Chapter 1 Section 1(page 6-9) Essential Question/ Lesson Check: How did Native American societies develop across Mesoamerica and North America? Define/Describe Key Terms and People: *Bering Land Bridge *Paleo-Indians *migration *hunter-gatherers *environments *culture Complete Read and Response Questions: 1. How do scientists believe people first arrived in North America? 2. How did warmer climates at the end of the Ice Age affect the Americas? 3. Why do you think early people in the Americas migrated south? 4. What is the earliest known civilization in the Americas, and where is it located? 5. What are the Olmec known for building first? 6. What are the Inca known for? 7. How were the Aztec and Inca similar? Native American Cultures Chapter 1 Section 2 (page 10-15) Essential Question/ Lesson Check: How did many diverse Native American cultures develop across the different geographic regions of North America? Define/Describe Key Terms and People: *pueblos *kivas *totems *teepees *matrilineal *Iroquois League Complete Read and Response Questions: 8. How did Anasazi houses change over time? 9. Why did the Anasazi build cliff dwellings? 10. What did the Anasazi, Hopewell, and Mississippian societies have in common? 11. Why are totems important to the Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest? 12. What were some of the similarities and differences between Native American cultures in the Great Plains and the East? 13. Why was the formation of the Iroquois League considered to be a significant political development? 14. What role did religion play in the lives of Native Americans? 15. How did Native Americans view land ownership? Europeans Set Sail Chapter 2 Section 1 (page 38-41) Essential Question/ Lesson Check: Why did Europeans begin to explore the world searching for new lands and new trade routes? Define/Describe Key Terms and People: *Leif Erikson *Henry the Navigator *astrolabe *caravels Complete Read and Response Questions: 16. How did Leif Eriksson and his crew reach North America? 17. Why did Viking ships travel the rough North Atlantic seas better than earlier ships? 18. Why did the Vikings only stay in North America for only a few years? 19. Why were caravels able to sail against the wind? 20. What were the results of Portugal’s exploration? 21. Who was the first explorer to find a sea route from Europe to Asia? Europeans Reach the Americas Chapter 2 Section 2 (page 42-45) Essential Question/ Lesson Check: How did Christopher Columbus’s voyages lead to new exchanges between Europe, Africa, and the Americas? Define/Describe Key Terms and People: *Christopher Columbus *Line of Demarcation *Treaty of Tordesillas *Ferdinand Magellan *circumnavigate *Columbian Exchange Complete Read and Response Questions: 22. What agreement did Christopher Columbus make with Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain? 23. Why were Columbus’s voyages of exploration significant? 24. How did Columbus’s voyage lead to a dispute between Spain and Portugal? 25. How did the Americas get their name? 26. Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate, or go all the way around, the world? 27. How did the Columbian Exchange and the slave trade affect the economies and the people of Europe, Africa, and the Americas? Beginnings of Slavery in the Americas Chapter 2 Section 5 (page 58-61) Essential Question/ Lesson Check: What were the causes and the effects of the slave trade? Define/Describe Key Terms and People: *immune *Middle Passage *African Diaspora Complete Read and Response Questions: 28. Why did colonists turn to enslaved Africans for labor on their plantations? 29. Why did disease take such a high toll on Native Americans? 30. Who was Bartolome de Las Casas? 31. How many enslaved Africans were shipped to the Americas between 1520 and 1860? 32. Describe the slave culture in the Americas.