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The Age of
Exploration
1492
Asia: Trade
Americas:
Empires
left
Alone
Africa:
Silk and
Spices $$$
It will All
Change!
Gold
and Salt
Why Explore?
• GOD- Spread Christianity
• GOLD- Make Money
• GLORY- You are Popular!!!
What was the Age of Exploration?
• A time period when
Europeans began to explore
the rest of the world.
• Improvements in
mapmaking, shipbuilding,
rigging, and navigation made
this possible.
New Maritime Technologies
Better Maps
[Portulan]
Hartman Astrolabe
(1532)
Mariner’s Compass
Sextant
The Explorers:
Portugal
Bartolomeu Dias
• Sailed around Cape of Good Hope
at southern tip of Africa.
• Found route to Indian Ocean
• Trade can go from Europe to Asia
by sea.
Vasco da Gama
• Landed in India in 1498.
• Important trade route from
Europe to India and East Indies.
Ferdinand Magellan
• His crew made first round-theworld voyage.
• Proved for certain that the
world was round.
• Magellan was killed in the
Philippines, did not make it
home.
The Explorers:
Spain
1492-
Discovers
the New
World
Christofo Columbus
[1451-1506]
Christopher Columbus
He is actually
Italian!
Christopher Columbus
• Believed a shorter route to Asia could
be found by sailing westward instead
of around Africa.
• Found the Americas instead. Oops.
Native Americans
•90%
population
decrease from
disease.
The Slave Trade
• Europeans began to use slave labor in their colonies to grow crops,
mine, etc.
• The slave trade then became the main focus of Europe’s relations
with Africa.
• African Societies traded captive slaves for weapons (especially guns)
• Spain was the first to import slaves to the Americas.
African Captives
Thrown Overboard
Middle Passage
Africa to New World
Slave Trade
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vo-JejTp7O4
Write
• Explain the following statement:
“Columbus’s voyage began a
process that changed the world
forever”
• Consider all the peoples and places
American Colonization impacted and
the effects it had on them.
The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494
&
The Pope’s Line of Demarcation
Growth of Mercantilism
• Countries power depends on wealth
• Goal is to obtain more money and have a favorable balance of trade
What was mercantilism?
• Policy that said there was a limited amount of money in the world.
• Each country needs to grab what they can before it is gone.
• Export more than you import…more money in your pocket.
• Colonies and markets were needed to keep everything in the system.
Commercial Revolution
•Growth with overseas trade
•New Business and trade
practices
English Settlers
• Pilgrims- create more colonies
• Left England, want Religious
Freedom
• Puritans- another group of
Settlers
• Jamestown- English settlers
French and Indian War
•France vs. England for “Ohio River
Valley”
•French used Native Americans to
fight against the English.
Joint Stock Company
• Much like corporations of today
• Purpose was to fund colonies in the Americas