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Welcome to Mrs. Cheek’s class • • • • • • Come in Quietly Have a seat Begin your FOD #2 Wait patiently and quietly when finished. Have out achievement card COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE FOLDABLE Quote From Christopher Columbus “At daybreak great multitudes of men came to the shore, all young and of fine shapes, very handsome; their hair not curled but straight and coarse like horse-hair, and all with foreheads and heads much broader than any people I had seen; They came loaded with balls of cotton, parrots, javelins, and other things too numerous to mention; these they exchanged for whatever we chose to give them. Saturday, 13 October. ” COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE • The exchange of plants, animals, goods, diseases, and ideas between the Old World and the New World. • European Exploration of the world • Quest for God, Gold, Glory • Empire building • Discovery of the Americas • Colonization of the Americas by Spain and Portugal • Introduction of European culture, goods, people, diseases, and ideas to the Americas. EFFECTS •Millions of Native Americans died due to diseases •African slaves are brought to the Americas. •Economy changed –cash crops– growth of sugar cane plantations •Food choices expanded world wide •European culture changed language and religion of Latin America •Blending of Native American, European and African ethnic groups and culture. Columbian Exchange Leads to Slave Trade Step 1 Native Americans had no resistance to European diseases. Step 2 Small pox, malaria, measles, and the flu killed million. Step 3 Native American population dramatically decreases. Step 4 Europeans need labor to cultivate new crops, but there aren’t many natives left. Step 5 Europeans look to Africa and begin to import slaves.