Download Impact of Exploration

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Immigration to Europe wikipedia, lookup

History of the European Union wikipedia, lookup

Early modern period wikipedia, lookup

Commercial Revolution wikipedia, lookup

European colonisation of Southeast Asia wikipedia, lookup

First wave of European colonization wikipedia, lookup

European colonization of the Americas wikipedia, lookup

European Age of Discovery
Expansion into Americas, Africa, and Asia
Migration, Settlement patterns, cultural diffusion and
social classes in colonized areas
Columbian Exchange
Triangular trade
Impact of precious metal exports from the Americas on
Impact of Africa and Asia
• Africa
– Europeans trading posts
along the coast
– Trade in slaves, gold, and
other resources
• Asia
– Colonization by small
groups of merchants in
India, the Indies, and China
– Influence of trading
companies (Portuguese,
Dutch, and British).
Impacts of the Americas
• Expansion of overseas
territorial claims and
European emigration to
North and South America
• Demise of Aztec and Inca
• Legacy of a rigid class
system and dictatorial rule
in Latin America
• Forced migration of Africans
who had been enslaved
• Colonies imitation of the
culture and social patterns
of their parent countries
Impacts on the Americas
• Demise of Aztec and
Inca Empires due to
conquest and diseases
from the Old World.
• Cortez – Conquered the
Aztec Civilization in
what is today Mexico
• Pizarro – Conquered the
Incan Civilization in
what is today Peru and
Chile in the Andes
Latin America: Legacy of a rigid class
system and dictatorial rule in Latin
Peninsulares-white, born in Spain
Creoles- white, born in colony
Mestizos- white + native Indian
Mulattos- white + African
Native Indians
African slaves
• What European country was responsible for
conquering the Aztecs and Incas?
– Answer: Spain
• What European religion would probably have
been spread the most in Latin America?
– Answer: Roman Catholic
• The rigid class system in Latin America setup
by the Spanish lead to today a legacy of what?
– Answer: Dictatorial Rule
Columbian Exchange
• Western Hemisphere agricultural products, such as corn, potatoes,
and tobacco, changed European lifestyles.
• European horses and cattle changed the lifestyles of American
• European diseases, such as smallpox, killed many American Indians
Impact of the Columbian Exchange
• Shortage of labor to grow
cash crops led to the use
of African slaves
• Slavery was based on race
• European plantation
system in the Caribbean
and the Americas
destroyed indigenous
economics and damaged
the environment.
Triangular Trade
• Trade routes that linked Europe, Africa, and Americas.
• Slaves, sugar, rum and manufactured goods were trade
between the continents.
Impact of Precious Metals
• Gold and silver
exported to Europe and
• Impact on indigenous
empires of the
• Impact on Spain and
International trade.
• Which products went FROM THE NEW WORLD to
the old world due to the Columbian Exchange?
– Answer: Corn, tobacco, potatoes, and gold
• Which products went FROM THE OLD WORLD to
the New World due to the Columbian exchange?
– Answer: Horses, Cattle, Christianity and Diseases such
as Smallpox
• Why couldn’t Europeans use Native Americans as
a source for labor on plantations?
– Answer: Disease such as Smallpox