chapter iv structure of arab trade
... China through the Moluccan Islands were controlled by the Arabs
from the seventh century to the time of Vasco da Gama’s
exploration of Indian Ocean. This maritime monopoly allowed the
Arabs to control much of the commerce in silk and spice. Thus the
medieval Indian Ocean, unlike the Mediterranean w ...
AHON Chapter 20 Section 1 Lecture Notes
... • Liliuokalani– Queen of Hawaii who advocated
for Hawaiian independence
• sphere of influence– areas where another
nation has economic and political control
ch31 - SoYoung Kim
... 1840, regional governments opposed centralized rule from Rio de Janeiro. After 1840, Dom
Pedro II ruled in his own name as a liberal, who sought to increase economic growth. The
Brazilian economy was revolutionized by the emergence of coffee as an export crop.
As coffee production expanded, slavery ...
Chapter 12 Textbook Review
... of southern France after the Anjou dynasty died out. Louis strengthened royal power at home by
promoting industry and commerce, imposing permanent salt and land taxes, and maintaining
the standing army established by Charles VII. By contrast, in Hungary, Bohemia, and Poland
the nobility maintained t ...
Medieval origins to the Industrial Revolution
... tenuously preserved by the clergy. In Italy the pope could no longer rely on Byzantine protection
and so became dependent on the Carolingian emperors.
The evidence for this startling thesis was summed up by a distinguished commentator,
Robert Lopez (1943), as the “four disappearances” from Western E ...
Imperialism in India - matthewmclean
... In the sixteenth century, the Portuguese established a monopoly over
trade between Asia and Europe by managing to prevent rival powers
from using the water routes between Europe and the Indian Ocean.
However, with the rise of the rival Dutch East India Company,
Portuguese influence in Asia was grad ...
The Transformation of the West, 1450 - 1750
... the 14th and 15th centuries…though largely an artistic
movement, the Renaissance challenged medieval social
structures while reviving the ideas of ancient Greece and
Imperialism in India
... weak native rulers, the company prospered in
India, where it became the most powerful political
force, and outrivaled its Portuguese, and French
competitors. For more than one hundred years,
English and French trading companies had fought
one another for supremacy, and by the middle of
the eighteent ...
Impact of Exploration
... social classes in colonized areas
Impact of precious metal exports from the Americas on
Age of Discovery
... • The following factors contributed to the European
discovery of lands in the Western Hemisphere:
– Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in
– Support for the diffusion of Christianity
– Political and economic competition between European
– Innovations in navigational arts (E ...
The Commercial Revolution was a period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the late 13th century until the early 18th century. It was succeeded in the mid-18th century by the Industrial Revolution. Beginning with the Crusades, Europeans rediscovered spices, silks, and other commodities rare in Europe. This development created a new desire for trade, and trade expanded in the second half of the Middle Ages. European states, through voyages of discovery, were looking for new trade routes in the 15th and 16th centuries, which allowed the European powers to build vast, new international trade networks. Nations also sought new sources of wealth. To deal with this new-found wealth, new economic theories and practices were created. Because of competing national interest, Europeans had the desire for increased world power through their colonial empires. The Commercial Revolution is marked by an increase in general commerce, and in the growth of financial services such as banking, insurance, and investing.