Download DNA and PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Study Guide

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Homologous recombination wikipedia, lookup

DNA profiling wikipedia, lookup

DNA repair protein XRCC4 wikipedia, lookup

DNA replication wikipedia, lookup

Helicase wikipedia, lookup

Microsatellite wikipedia, lookup

DNA polymerase wikipedia, lookup

United Kingdom National DNA Database wikipedia, lookup

Replisome wikipedia, lookup

DNA nanotechnology wikipedia, lookup

Helitron (biology) wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
DNA and PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Study Guide
Name:________________________________________________________ per____
1.
Draw a nucleotide and label the three parts.
2. DNA and RNA are both polymers. What is the name for this type of polymer and
what do we call the monomer that makes them up?
3. What are the three types of RNA.
4. Place a checkmark in the box if the statement applies to that kind of RNA.
mRNA
rRNA
tRNA
Made in the nucleus
Used in protein production
Carries amino acids
Makes up a ribosome
Nucleic Acid
Has Codons
Has Anticodons
Made of nucleotides
5. Describe the following: (including what is being made and where it occurs)
a. Replication
b. Transcription
c.
Translation
6. What order do the above processes occur in?
7. If a molecule of DNA contains 10% Adenine, what percent of Cytosine is present?
8. What holds the individual nucleotides together in a strand? What holds the two
strands of DNA together?
9. Explain the term: double helix.
10. Be as specific and complete as possible. How does DNA code for a protein?
If any of these lines of code are known, the others can be determined:
DNA
Fill in the blanks.
TAC ATG CTA GGT ATC GCT
CAC
GGT
UAC AUG CUA GGU AUC GCU
CAC
GGU
UAC AUG CUA GGU AUC GCU
CAC
GGU
val
pro
mRNA
tRNA
protein
DNA
mRNA
tRNA
protein
DNA
mRNA
tRNA
protein
DNA
mRNA
tRNA
protein
met
tyr
asp
pro
term
arg
1. What are the 3 base sections of mRNA called?_______________
2. What are the 3 base sections of tRNA called?__________________________
3. What do you notice about DNA and tRNA? Why could you have predicted this?
4. In table one, you use the DNA blueprint of bases to make RNA. This is called ______________
5. You then make a string of amino acids to form a ________________.