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DNA and PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Study Guide Name:________________________________________________________ per____ 1. Draw a nucleotide and label the three parts. 2. DNA and RNA are both polymers. What is the name for this type of polymer and what do we call the monomer that makes them up? 3. What are the three types of RNA. 4. Place a checkmark in the box if the statement applies to that kind of RNA. mRNA rRNA tRNA Made in the nucleus Used in protein production Carries amino acids Makes up a ribosome Nucleic Acid Has Codons Has Anticodons Made of nucleotides 5. Describe the following: (including what is being made and where it occurs) a. Replication b. Transcription c. Translation 6. What order do the above processes occur in? 7. If a molecule of DNA contains 10% Adenine, what percent of Cytosine is present? 8. What holds the individual nucleotides together in a strand? What holds the two strands of DNA together? 9. Explain the term: double helix. 10. Be as specific and complete as possible. How does DNA code for a protein? If any of these lines of code are known, the others can be determined: DNA Fill in the blanks. TAC ATG CTA GGT ATC GCT CAC GGT UAC AUG CUA GGU AUC GCU CAC GGU UAC AUG CUA GGU AUC GCU CAC GGU val pro mRNA tRNA protein DNA mRNA tRNA protein DNA mRNA tRNA protein DNA mRNA tRNA protein met tyr asp pro term arg 1. What are the 3 base sections of mRNA called?_______________ 2. What are the 3 base sections of tRNA called?__________________________ 3. What do you notice about DNA and tRNA? Why could you have predicted this? 4. In table one, you use the DNA blueprint of bases to make RNA. This is called ______________ 5. You then make a string of amino acids to form a ________________.