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Transcript
Theme 7 Study Guide
Vocabulary (use pages 218, 232 and your vocabulary journal)
Define each of the words, write the part of speech, and use the word in a sentence.
Word
plankton
marine
attach
cartilage
Definition
Part of
Speech
Sentence
Grammar/Word Study (use pages 224 and 236)
Week 1 grammar focuses on helping verbs.
o A helping verb comes before the main verb to tell about an action or time.
o She will swim in the ocean.
o Helping verb = will
o Helps swim
o Sentence can have multiple helping verbs and main verbs can have multiple
helping verbs.
o Examples of helping verbs are: am, is, are, was, were, can, could, has, have,
had, and will.
o Replace the helping verb with another possible helping verb. Change the main
verb as needed. The first one is done for you!!
Original Sentence
Yesterday, we had planned to go
shopping.
New Sentence
Tomorrow, we can plan to go shopping.
We have looked for shells on the beach.
She will swim in the ocean.
Week 2 grammar focuses on linking verbs.
o A linking verb connects the subject in the sentences to a noun or adjective in the
predicate part of the sentence.
o Bryan was the first in his family to go to college.
o Linking verb = was
o Links Bryan and first
o Examples of linking verbs are: am, is, are, was, were, been, look, appear,
become, and seem.
o Fill in the blanks with possible linking verbs. Create more sentences. The first
one is done for you!!
Original Sentence
Sara … sick.
The swimmer … tired.
The boy … sad.
New Sentence
Sara looked sick.
Target Skill – Genre: Newspaper Article (use pages 244-247)
o A newspaper is nonfiction and explains a current event or person of interest. It
has a headline in larger type than the rest of the article.
o What are the 5 questions a newspaper article answers?
o List some ideas of newspaper articles you could write.
Newspaper Article Brainstorm List
Target Skill – Identify Tone/Mood
o Tone is the writer’s attitude.
o Mood is how a piece of writing makes you feel.
o Tone and mood are particularly important in poetry. They help the reader
understand how the poet feels or wants the reader to feel about the subject.
o Find examples of poems or books to show different tones and moods.
Sentence
As everyone knows, sunny days make
us feel bright and upbeat.
Tone
light, thoughtful
Mood
cheerful
Comprehension Strategy – Review Synthesize (review page 184)
o As you read, take time to synthesize information. Synthesizing involves more
than simply summarizing the big ideas in what you are reading. When you
synthesize, you combine ideas to create new ideas that increase your
understanding.
o Practice synthesizing in this theme’s selections.
Comprehension Strategy – Create Images (review page 220)
o Creating mental images can help you understand what you read. Before you
read, look at the selection’s title and pictures. Do images come to mind? As you
read, use your memories and five senses to create more images.
o Practice creating images using this theme’s selections.
Grammar – Main and Helping Verbs
o The main verb describes the action that the subject is doing in a sentence.
o Helping verbs can indicate the time an action occurs.
o Identify the main verb and helping verbs in the following sentences. The first
one is done for you!
Sentences
The cat has slept on the chair many times.
Dad will work on his car this weekend.
The fourth graders are finishing an art project right now.
Ms. Tyler does not speak French.
Students at Linda’s school have planted a vegetable garden
every year.
Callie and Maria had planned to spend the weekend working
on their science project.
The firefighter who was driving the truck steered skillfully
through the streets.
Main
Verb
Helping Verb
slept
has
Grammar – Past, Present, and Future Verb Tense
o Past tense verbs show action that has already happened.
o Usually ends in –ed
o Present tense verbs show action that is happening now.
o Future tense verbs show action that has not yet happened.
o Usually formed by adding will before the verb.
o Write some sentences, underline the verb, and identify if the verb is past,
present, or future. The first one has been done for you!
Sentence
Answer
As soon as they arrived, the firefighter
jumped off the truck and got to work.
Past tense
Grammar – Perfect Verb Tenses
o A verb’s tense tells us when an action occurs.
o Present perfect tense – shows an action that is still happening
o Past perfect tense – shows an action that began and ended in the past
o Future perfect tense – shows an action that will begin in the future and end at a
specific time in the future
o Fill in the appropriate verb in the blank. Write your own sentences using
different verb tenses.
Sentence
I ___________ around the track yesterday.
I ___________ around the track tomorrow.
I ___________ around the track now.
Writing Trait – Voice
o To achieve voice, include the following in your writing:
o Express personality and feelings
o Have a clear point of view
o Write in a style that fits your purpose and audience