Download Sentence Variety Basics - Mrs. Maldonado`s English Class

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Sentence Variety Basics
Subjects and Verbs
The subject in the sentence is
always a NOUN or a PRONOUN
You will always find the subject
“doing” the verb!
The verb is the action OR state
of being (is/was/were/etc.) in
the sentence and is what the
subject is doing!
Independent Clause
Is a fancy way to say
It is simply a complete
sentence…of which contains
a subject and a verb!
Two-word sentence:
Simple Sentence:
Compound Sentence:
Complex Sentence:
SC, SV+.
Sentence Types (cont’d)
o Compound-Complex:
Variety of ways to construct.
Written by combing a compound
sentence and a subordinating
Use a semicolon (;) to
replace the comma and
coordinating conjunction in
a compound sentence.
Ex: Sam dislikes sitting on
the beach; he always gets a
nasty sunburn.
Use a colon (:) to move
from a general statement to
a specific example.
Bertram had trouble getting
a date: he had intense body
odor and long nasal hair.
Using the Correct Conjunction
Compound sentences are
created by using coordinating
conjunctions (FANBOYS)
Complex sentences are
created by using
subordinating conjunctions
Comma Placement
In Compound sentences SV+,CSV+.
the comma is ALWAYS placed in
FRONT of the coordinating
conjunction (FANBOYS)
Ex: Jennie went to the homecoming
dance, but Pauline decided to stay
Comma Placement
In Complex sentences a comma is ONLY
used in the SC,SV+ formula, placing the
comma at the end of the subordinate clause
which comes just before the second
EX: Although they are 250 miles apart,
they keep in constant contact on the
Compound subjects and verbs
Compound subject
EX: Sue and Jennie wanted to go
shopping, so they went to Lakeside
Compound verb
Ex: Justine sang and danced at her
annual recital.