Download The Crusades

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Third Crusade wikipedia, lookup

Rhineland massacres wikipedia, lookup

Siege of Acre (1189–1191) wikipedia, lookup

Second Crusade wikipedia, lookup

Fourth Crusade wikipedia, lookup

Siege of Acre (1291) wikipedia, lookup

History of Jerusalem during the Kingdom of Jerusalem wikipedia, lookup

Northern Crusades wikipedia, lookup

First Crusade wikipedia, lookup

Barons' Crusade wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
The Crusades
Why did the Crusades occur?
How did the Crusades affect the
world?
Background
„
„
„
1050s CE = Seljuk Turks invade the
Byzantine Empire
Within 40 years, the Seljuks control
parts of the Byzantine Empire,
including Palestine
1095CE = Byzantine Emperor asks
Pope Urban II for help
Holy Land
„
„
Palestine is Holy
Land to Muslims
and Jews
Christians also
regard Palestine as
Holy Land
{
Jesus lived and
taught in Palestine
„
Map of Jerusalem
Council of Clermont
„
„
At Clermont, Pope
Urban II tells
German & French
Bishops to recover
Palestine
Christians who
answered the
Pope’s calling were
called crusaders
When were the Crusades?
„
„
1095-1291CE: 200 years of religious
wars
1099CE = The 1st Crusade
{
„
Late 1100s = The 3rd Crusade
{
„
Christians capture Jerusalem
Christians surrender Jerusalem
1291 = The 4th Crusade
{
Muslims are victorious
Key Causes
„
„
„
„
„
Pope believes the Crusades will increase
his power in Europe
Christians believe they will be forgiven for
their sins if they fight for the cause
Nobles hope to gain land & $$ by
participating in the wars
Travel & excitement
Serfs want to escape feudal oppression
Key People
„
Saladin
{
{
{
Respected leader
who united the
Muslim world in late
1100s
Defeated Christians
in Jerusalem
Did not allow his
men to kill, hurt, or
rob the Crusaders
Key People
„
Richard the
Lion-Hearted
{
{
{
„
King of England in
1189
Determined to
defeat Saladin
Many victories, but
could never capture
Jerusalem
Pope Urban II
Impact
„
Religious hatred
{
„
Increase in trade
{
„
Violence and massacres of Jews, Christians,
and Muslims
Returning Crusaders brought new spices,
perfumes, and fabrics to Europe
Popes and feudal kings grow more powerful
{
Leaders are commonly viewed as prestigious
Impact
„
Feudalism weakened; serfs begin
paying rent instead of paying with food
and labor
{
„
„
Money-based economy arises
European interest in travel increases
Cultural diffusion & learning
{
Euro introduced to Byzantine & Muslim
educational advancements
Organize the Effects of the
Crusades
„
„
„
„
„
„
:) :) :)
Trade increasesFeudalism
weakens
Popes & Kings
grow more
powerful
Cultural diffusion
learning
„
„
„
„
:( :( :(
Religious hatred
Feudalism
weakens-gov’t
weakening
Popes & Kings –
more power
E-Tix
„
„
„
1) What were the crusades?
2) Who fought in the crusades?
3) Describe one cause and one effect
of the crusades.