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Transcript
1
You Can’t Miss This
Previous Years Questions with Expected Answer/value Points
Syllabus:- Electrostatics
8 Marks
Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces
between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
Electric field, electric field lines, electric field due to a point charge; electric dipole, electric field due
to a dipole at axial and equitorial position; torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long
straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field
inside and outside).
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of
charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of
electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric
polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel,
capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a
capacitor. Van de Graaff generator
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Q1. A point charge Q is placed at point O as shown in the figure. Is the potential difference
VA – VB positive, negative or zero, if Q is (i) positive (ii) negative ?
1
A1. (i) Positive ½ (ii) Negative ½
Q2

Q3
A3.

2
Q4.

1
A4.
Q5. Define electric dipole moment. Write its S.I. unit.
1
A5. Electric dipole moment is defined as the numerical product of charge and distance between
the charges, and is directed from negative to positive charge.
½
Alternatively
Q6. A hollow metal sphere of radius 5 cm is charged such that the potential on its surface is 10V.
What is the potential at the centre of the sphere?
1
A6.
Q7


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3
Q8. A thin straight infinitely long conducting wire having charge density λ is enclosed by a
cylindrical surface of radius r and length l, its axis coinciding with the length of the wire. Find
the expression for the electric flux through the surface of the cylinder.
2
A8.
Q9. 
A9.
4
Q10. Net capacitance of three identical capacitors in series is 1 µF. What will be their net
capacitance if connected in parallel ? Find the ratio of energy stored in the two configurations if
they are both connected to the same source.
2
A10.
Q11. Two uniformly large parallel thin plates having charge densities +σ and –σ are kept in the
X-Z plane at a distance 'd' apart. Sketch an equipotential surface due to electric field between the
plates. If a particle of mass m and charge '-q' remains stationary between the plates, what is the
magnitude and direction of this field ?
2
OR
Two small identical electrical dipoles AB and CD, each of dipole
moment 'p' are kept at an angle of 120o as shown in the figure.
What is the resultant dipole moment of this combination ? If this
system is subjected to electric field (E) directed along + X
direction, what will be the magnitude and direction of the torque
acting on this ?
5
A11.
OR
Q12. Figure shows two identical capacitors, C1 and C2 ,
each of 1 µF capacitance connected to a battery of 6 V.
Initially switch 'S' is closed. After sometime 'S' is left open
and dielectric slabs of dielectric constant K = 3 are inserted
to fill completely the space between the plates of the two
capacitors. How will the (i) charge and (ii) potential
difference between the plates of the capacitors be affected
after the slabs are inserted ?
2
A12.
6
Q13



Q14


A14.

7

Q15.



Q16.
2
A16.
Q17. Using Gauss's law obtain the expression for the electric field due to a uniformly charged
thin spherical shell of radius R at a point outside the shell. Draw a graph showing the variation of
electric field with r, for r > R and r < R.
3
8


Q18.
3
9
3
A18.
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10
Q19.
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