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Transcript
Notes: Chapter 1, Section 1
Headings and Subheadings
1. The Greek Roots of Democracy
a. The Rise of Greek City-States
i. Governing the City-States
ii. Changes in Warfare
iii. Sparta a Nation of Soldiers
iv. Athens: A limited Democracy
b. The Persian Wars
c. Athens in the Age of Pericles
i. Political life
ii. The Funeral Oration
iii. Economic and Cultural Life
iv. The Peloponnesian War
And so on….
Enumerations
Solons Reforms
1. Outlawed debt slavery
2. Freed slaves
3. More citizens could work for government
4. Loosened citizenship restrictions
5. Increased the power of the Athenian assembly
6. Greater fairness and justice, but only to some groups
And so on…
Definitions
City-state
Polis
Monarchy
Sparta
Athens
Democracy
Tyrant
a political unit made up of a city and the surrounding lands
Greek for city-state
king or queen exercises central power
militarist city-state
democratic city-state
government by the people
leaders who come to power by force
And so on….
Other Key Points
Pericles alluded to the rule of many, laws being used to secure justice, and the importance of
education.
Greek city states were isolated making for a great proving ground for political units
Spartans developed a similar democratic system as that of Athens, but placed a greater emphasis
on the representation of various groups to various extent in government
Athens started as a monarchy and became an aristocracy before becoming a limited democracy,
tyranny and then direct democracy