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Ancient Greece
Review Sheet
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A city-state (polis) was basically a city that had its own government, military, and culture.
An agora was a Greek marketplace where people went to shop and talk religion and politics.
The city-state of Athens used the first form of democracy in the world.
The Greek’s religion was based on mythology with many gods and goddesses.
The Spartans were defeated by the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae but because of the effort
of the 300 Spartans motivated the Greeks that they could win the war against the Persians.
6. Homer wrote the epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey. These poems were about heroes in the
Trojan War.
7. At the battle of Marathon the Greeks defeated the Persians. A messenger ran 26 miles to Athens
to announce victory and died when he finally arrived.
8. Aesop wrote fables that used animals to teach a lesson.
9. The city-state of Sparta’s total focus was on military strength and power.
10. The phalanx was a battle formation that was used by the Spartans and Alexander the Great.
11. Alexander the Great conquered most of the Persian Empire and spread the Greek culture
throughout his empire.
12. Socrates was a Greek philosopher who believed by asking questions you gain wisdom.
13. The Parthenon was a temple to the goddess Athena. It stood on the Athenian Acropolis.
14. Plato was a student of Socrates who opened a school, The Academy, for people to learn and
discuss philosophy.
15. Aristotle was a great philosopher who believed people should live their lives in moderation.
16. Euclid was considered the father of geometry.
17. Hippocrates was considered the greatest Greek doctor. Hippocratic Oath is a list of guidelines for
doctor’s behavior.
18. The Mycenaeans were considered the first Greeks.
19. The city-state of Athens at one time had an oligarchy form of government. Oligarchy is a type of
government when a few people rule.
20. Sparta and Athens fought against each other in Peloponnesian Wars. Sparta defeated Athens in
the war.
21. Greece was dominated by mountains. Due to the rugged mountains and rocky coastlines, the
Greeks turned to the seas and became sailors.
22. Alexander supported the spread of Greek culture and he also encouraged conquered people to keep
their own cultures. As a result of this blending of cultures, we use the term Hellenistic.
23. The Minoans had a very advanced civilization and was located on the island of Crete.
24. Greece is mostly covered by mountains which made it very difficult to travel.
25. Athens had a direct democracy. A direct democracy is when people have a direct impact on
making laws
26. United States has a Representative Democracy. A Rep Democracy is when citizens elect politicians
to represent them in government decisions.
27. A comedy is a type of drama with a happy ending.
28. A tragedy is a drama with a sad ending.
29. There are three types of pillars. Ionic, Doric, and Corinthian.