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Setting the Stage While religion played an important role in Roman society, the worship of Roman gods was impersonal and often practiced without a great deal of emotion. As the empire grew, so, too, did a new religion called Christianity. Born as a movement within Judaism, it emphasized a personal relationship between God and people and attracted many Romans. Judea was made a province of the Roman Empire but according to biblical tradition a Messiah would arrive to Restore the kingdom of the jews Jesus Nazareth who was Baptized by John who according to the gospels Was born in the year 6 or 4 B.C. and who preached for 3 years about Monotheism 10 commandments Love of God Eternal Kingdom The Gospels were written by The Apostles and according to them Jesus’ fame grew and this Concerned the Romans so he was Arrested and crucified by orders of The Roman governor Pontius Pilate and according to the gospels He ascended into heaven and that is why we know him as Jesus Christ from the greek Christos which means Saviour Strengthened by the conviction That Jesus triumphed over death a New religion was born it Grew slowly and steadily thanks to the influence of Paul who dedicated his life to Spread and interpret Christ’s teachings in a series of letters called Epistles where he declared that Jesus was the Son of God Christians did not have to follow Jewish law Because of a series of jewish revolts the Romans invaded Jerusalem and Destroyed the temple about 500 000 jews were killed and The Diaspora took place Because the Christians refused to Worship roman gods they were considered as Opposition to roman rule and the Persecution intensified and Thousands were killed and some were regarded as martyrs Despite persecution Christianity became a powerful force because it Offered a personal relationship with a loving God. Embraced all people Gave hope to the powerless. Condemned the extravagances of imperial Rome Promised eternal life after death. A critical moment in Christianity was when Constantine declared in the Edict of Milan 313 that Christianity was legal and later when Theodosius made it the Official religion in the year 380 The Christian Religion established A structure in which Priests were at the local level and Bishops supervised several local churches, like Peter in Rome where he was considered the first Pope As Christianity grew some Disagreements developed Heresy called and to end conflicts all beliefs were compiled Constantine called in the all New Testament Church leaders to a meeting in Nicene where they established the Basic beliefs of the Church Several writers helped define the Church beliefs they were called the Fathers of the Church one of the most important was Augustine he also envisioned the who said that Humans needed the grace of God to be saved which Could never be destroyed People could not receive God’s grace unless they Belonged to the Church City of God Received the sacraments.