Download File

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Athenian democracy wikipedia, lookup

Direct democracy wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
THE EUROPEAN HERITAGE
CHAPTER 1.4
THE JUDEO-CHRISTIAN TRADITION
SHAPED EUROPEAN RELIGIOUS AND MORAL THINKING.
JUDAISM
• AROSE AROUND 1700 B.C.
• A SYSTEM
• WAS
OF BELIEFS AMONG THE ISRAELITES.
THE MAJOR WORLD RELIGION TO TEACH MONOTHEISM (IDEA OF ONLY ONE
• ISRAELITES CREDITED MOISES WITH
BRINGING
• HELD THAT EVEN THE MOST POWERFUL RULER
GOD)
GOD'S LAW TO THEM (10 COMMANDMENTS)
HAD TO OBEY
GOD'S LAW.
CHRISTIANITY
• ABOUT 2,000 YEARS AGO, JESUS
BEGAN TO PREACH.
• MANY BELIEVED THAT HE WAS THE MESSIAH, THE SAVIOR CHOSEN BY GOD.
• CROWDS FLOCKED TO HEAR HIM SPEAK.
• ROMAN RULERS
OF JERUSALEM ARRESTED, TRIED, AND CRUCIFIED JESUS.
• 3 DAYS LATER HE RISE FROM THE DEAD.
• JESUS, IN HIS TEACHINGS, EMPHASIZED LOVE, MERCY, AND FORGIVENESS.
• EVERYONE HAS AN EQUAL CHANCE FOR SALVATION, OR EVERLASTING LIFE.
• ROMANS SAW CHRISTIANITY AS A THREAT.
GREEK AND ROMAN TRADITIONS
SHAPED EUROPEAN POLITICAL SYSTEMS
ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY
• IN THE 5TH CENTURY B.C. GREECE HAD A BIRTH OF DEMOCRACY.
• ATHENS WAS A DIRECT DEMOCRACY.
• DEFINITION OF DIRECT DEMOCRACY
• A FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH AN ASSEMBLY OF ORDINARY CITIZENS MAKES DECISIONS.
• DIRECT DEMOCRACY DIFFERS FROM OUR DEMOCRACY.
• PEOPLE ELECT RULERS/OFFICIALS TO MAKE DECISIONS.
• ANY ADULT MALE CITIZEN COULD PARTICIPATE
• NO WOMEN, SLAVES, OR FOREIGN BORN PEOPLE.
ROMAN GOVERNMENT AND LAW
• IN 509 B.C., ROMANS OVERTHREW
THEIR KING AND SET UP A REPUBLIC.
• DEFINITION OF A REPUBLIC
• A FORM OF GOVERNMENT IN WHICH PEOPLE CHOOSE REPRESENTATIVES TO GOVERN THEM.
• ROME HAD A CODE OF LAWS THAT DEFINED THE RIGHTS OF CITIZENS.
• EVERYONE WAS EQUAL UNDER THE LAW
• INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY.