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Semester 1 Study Guide-7th Grade
1. How did the Huang He River get its name?
Muddy yellow silt it carries
2. What is the name of the world’s highest mountain range?
3. What are the main environmental problems in China?
Air pollution, water pollution, overpopulation
4. What is a monsoon?
Seasonal winds
5. What three countries border the Jordan River?
Jordan, Israel, Syria
6. What is the climate of SW Asia?
Hot and dry , arid
7. What are the two most valuable natural resources in SW Asia?
Oil and natural gas
8. What keeps the countries of SW Asia from being able to use drip irrigation and
desalination to solve the problem of lack of fresh water?
Technology is too expensive
9. Where is the Shinto religion practiced?
10. Who was the founder of Buddhism?
Siddhartha Gautama
11. What are the three main religious groups of Southwest Asia?
Christianity, Islam, Judaism
12. What are the five pillars?
Five basic obligations that Muslims must live by
13. What is Shariah Law?
Islamic law based on the Quran
14. Which religion do the following sacred text belong to:
Vedas- Hinduism
Bible- Christianity
Quran- Islam
Torah- Judaism
15. Who controls the power in each of these types of government:
Unitary- Central government
Federal- power is shared between central and regional governments
Confederal- Regional governments distribute power
16. Who makes the decisions in each of these types of government:
Democracy-the people
Autocracy-rule by one
Oligarchy-small group/ a few
Theocracy-religious leaders
17. Monarchies and Dictatorships are what types of governments? Autocratic
18. In a parliamentary democracy the leader/head of the country is chosen by whom?
Legislative branch
19. In a presidential democracy the leader is chosen by whom?
The people
20. The leader of the parliament is usually called what?
Prime minister
21. What type of government do the following countries have:
India-parliamentary democracy
Japan-parliamentary democracy
Israel-parliamentary democracy
Saudi Arabia-absolute monarchy
Iran-theocratic republic
22. What is the name of the parliament of:
Japan-the Diet
Israel-the Knesset
23. Describe these economic decisions are made in these three types of economies
Traditional-based on tradition, custom, and habit
Command-government makes economic decisions
Market-consumers and individuals make economic decisions
24. Why do most countries have a mixed economy?
Combination of market and command
25. Which country we studied has a command economy?
North Korea
26. Name and describe three types of trade barriers.
A.Tariff- tax placed on imported goods
B.Quota- limit on amount of goods that can come into a country
C.Embargo- stopping trade with a country for political or economic reasons
27. What is specialization?
Encourages trade between nations
28. What is the definition of GDP?
Total value of goods and services produced in a country in a year
29. What is GDP per capita?
Total value of goods and services produced in a country in a year divided by the
number of people living there
30. Name some examples of investing in human capital?
Skills, training, and education workers have
31. Name some examples of capital goods?
Money, technology, factories, machinery
32. What is an entrepreneur?
A person who takes a risk to start a business
33. What is OPEC and why was it created?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries was created to regulate supply
and price of oil
34. What country was controlling India before their independence movement?
Great Britain
35. Who was the leader of India’s Independence Movement?
Mohandas Gandhi
36. What country was controlling Vietnam before their independence movement?
37. Who was the leader of Vietnam’s independence movement?
Ho Chi Minh
32. What were:
The Great Leap ForwardMao’s attempt to improve China’s economy
The Cultural RevolutionMao created this program in the 1960’s to elimination anyone who criticized the Chinese
33. Who was the Chinese leader when all of these events took place? Mao Zedong
34. Why did the United States intervene in Korea and Vietnam? Stop spread of
35. What country did the US help rebuild after WWII and why did we help them?
36. After WWI, when the Ottoman Empire was divided, who drew up the boundaries?
Politicians from European countries.
37. What is Zionism? A belief that Jews were entitled to return to their early biblical
homeland of Israel
38. Why did the US bomb and invade Afghanistan in 2001? The US thought that
Afghanistan was protecting al-Qaeda, the terrorist group who bombed the US on
39. Which country did Saddam Hussein rule? Iraq