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Christianity The Beginning of Christianity • To keep peace the Romans allowed people in their provinces to practice different religions • At first Jews were not required to worship Roman gods because Rome didn’t want to violate the Jewish belief in one god. • Eventually the Jews revolted against Rome. • The Romans sacked the Holy City of Jerusalem and the destroyed all but the western wall of the second temple. Wailing Wall The Beginning of Christianity • Today the western wall is known as the Wailing Wall • Hadrian banned all Jews from the Holy City of Jerusalem • They still carried on the their Jewish faith and culture • Christianity arose. Founded by the followers of the Jewish teacher Jesus of Nazareth The Teachings of Jesus • Began teaching around 2,000 years ago • Wandered the countryside with his disciples. • His life and teachings are recorded in the Gospels of: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John • Make of the first four books of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. • Jesus taught that there was only one true god. The death of Jesus • The Romans feared the Jesus would lead an uprising • Jesus was arrested and put on trial before Pontius Pilate the Roman governor. • Jesus was crucified: nailed or hung on a cross and left to die. • According to the Gospels Jesus arose from the dead and remained on earth for 40 days. The spread of Christianity • The disciples spread the Jesus’ message and helped establish Christian communities • Christianity accepted everyone • Many Christians became martyrs: they were put to death for their beliefs . The Roman efforts failed to stop the spread of Christianity. • Eventually Roman law accepted Christianity as a religion.