Download The Rise of Christianity

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
The Rise of Christianity
Where and When
In 6 AD, Rome took
control of the
formerly independent
kingdom of Judea
The Savior
God had promised the Jewish people a
savior or “Messiah” who would restore the
kingdom of Israel
 In the first two decades of the first
millennium (0-20 AD), many though that
he had come
Jesus of Nazareth
Born between 6-4 BC
Born in Bethlehem (in
Raised in Nazareth
Began preaching at age
– Taught
– Performed miracles
– Did good works
Many of his beliefs held
true to Jewish teachings
Similarities to Judaism
– Monotheism
– 10 Commandments
– Descended from
Major Differences
- Jesus is the Messiah
- Eternal kingdom after
death (not kingdom
on earth like the
Jewish belief)
Where does this information come
Gospels: first four books of the New
Testament of the Bible (Christian holy
 Thought to have been
written by one or more
of Jesus' pupils –
the apostles
Jesus’ Death
Popularity concerned both Jewish and
Roman leaders
 Jewish Leaders
– Denied that he was the Messiah
– Said his teachings were blasphemy
(contempt for god)
Roman Leaders
– Defied authority of Rome
Spread of Christianity
First followers were Jews
 Jesus’ teachings did not contradict Jewish
 Soon became its own faith
An apostle and Jew who never met
Converted in Syria
Stressed that Jesus was the son of God
Pax Romana made travel and the spread
of ideas easy
Common languages (Greek and Latin)
allowed teachings to be spread
Paul invited all Gentiles (non-Jews) to
convert – universality of the religion –
not just a local religion
Christians refused to worship Roman gods
– This was seen as opposition to Roman rule
Christians used as scapegoats for problems
 When the Pax Romana was in decline, Christians
were persecuted in large numbers
Crucified, burned, killed by wild animals
Christianity’s Appeal
Embraced all people
– Jesus ignored wealth and status
Gave hope to the powerless
 Appealed to those who didn’t like the
extravagances of the Romans
 Offered a personal relationship with God
 Promised eternal life after death
312 AD: Emperor
Constantine was
fighting a great battle;
saw image of a cross;
troops were victorious
 313 AD: Edict of Milan –
declared Christianity to
be one of the religions
approved by the
Church Hierarchy
Pope: father or head of church
 Bishop: supervises several churches
 Priest: led small groups of Christians
Peter: “Rock” on which the
Christian Church was built
– First Roman bishop
– All priests and bishops traced their
authority to him
Unifying the Faith
Arguments over beliefs developed
 Heresy: a belief that appeared to
contradict a church belief
 New Testament: single, official standard
of belief
– Gospels (1st 4 books of NT)
– Letters of Paul
– Other documents