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Ancient Rome
Vocabulary
Republic
Type of government
where people elect
leaders to govern
them (like U.S. today)
Dictator/Emperor
Rulers with
almost absolute
power
Plebians
Common
people
Patricians
Wealthy and
powerful
nobles
Roman Senate
Council of
wealthy and
powerful Romans
that advised the
city’s leaders
Pax Romana
“Roman Peace”;
a period of
general peace
and prosperity
from 27 BC to
180 AD
Christianity
Monotheistic
religion based
on the teachings
of Jesus of
Nazareth
Messiah
Special leader
sent by God to
guide Jewish
people
Bible
The holy book
of Christianity
Persecution
Punishing a group
because of its
beliefs