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What is Hinduism?
 One
of the oldest religions of humanity
 The religion of the Indian people
 Hinduism has neither a specific moment of
origin nor a specific founder.
 Hinduism is a synthesis of the religion
brought into India by the Aryans (1500 B.C.)
The vast
majority of
Hindus live
in India and
Sacred Texts
 The
most ancient sacred texts of the
Hindu religion are written in Sanskrit and
called the Vedas . There are four Vedic
books, of which the Rig-Veda is the oldest.
It discusses multiple gods, the universe,
and creation.
 Reincarnation
is the belief that the soul
repeatedly goes through a cycle of being
born into a body, dying, and being reborn
again in a new body.
Karma & Dharma
 Dharama
: A Hindu's dharma is played out
in all areas of life: religious, social, and
familial. If a person makes a promise, the
promise must be kept at all costs. Likewise,
the faithful maintain their religious rituals
while attending to their family's needs.
 Karma: karma stands for the belief that a
person experiences the affects of his or
her actions that every act or thought has
Four Stages of Life
In Hinduism, human life is believed to
comprise four stages. These are called
“ashramas" and every man should ideally go
through each of these stages:
First stage: Student
Second stage: householder
Third stage: Retired
Fourth stage: renounced
One of the most
common symbols in
Hinduism is the
Sanskrit letter
The first embodies
the three worlds: The
earth, atmosphere,
and heaven :The
second embodies
the three great gods:
Brahama, Vishnu,
and shiva.
Festivals and Holy Days
Diwali. Known as the festival of lights, this commemorates
the return of Lord Rama from His exile in the forest. It is, for
many traditions, a new-year celebration. It takes place
between late October and the middle of November.
Dussehra. A celebration of good conquering evil, this
festival lasts ten days and takes place between late
September and the middle of October.
Holi. A spring festival to celebrate creation and renewal,
linked with Lord Krishna.
Navaratri. A nine day festival which celebrates the triumph
of good over evil.
Janmastami. A celebration marking the appearance on
earth of Lord Krishna.