Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 1: The Golden Age of Greece Objectives Describe how democracy grew under Pericles. Explain how Pericles expanded the wealth and power of Athens. Summarize Pericles' beautification program in Athens Vocabulary Pericles direct democracy Delian League Acropolis Parthenon Lesson Main Ideas Pericles Leads Athens Pericles Strengthens Democracy Paid Public Officials Direct Democracy Expanding the Empire Delian League Athens Dominates the Delian League Rebuilding Athens The Acropolis Lesson Summary Lesson Review 1. What trait did Pericles believe was important to qualify for public service? 2. How did gaining control of the Delian League increase Athens' power? 3. Why was it important to rebuild and beautify the Acropolis in Athens? 4. How does the way Athenian citizens voted on laws compare with how U.S. Citizens vote? 5. How was the Athenian view of a citizen different from the U.S. view of a citizen? 6. What democratic changes did Pericles bring? 7. How is direct democracy different from representative democracy? 8. How did Athens become more powerful? 9. How did the power of Athens expand? 10. How did Pericles beautify Athens? 11. How did Pericles finance his program to make Athens beautiful? Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 2: Peloponnesian War Objectives Explain the reasons for war between Athens and Sparta. Outline the events and describe the results of the Peloponnesian War. Vocabulary Peloponnesian War plague truce trireme Lesson Main Ideas The Outbreak of War Causes of the War Athens Disliked The War Rages Strategies of War Disaster Strikes Athens Consequences of the War The Aftermath Lesson Summary Lesson Review 1. Why did smaller city-states resent Athenian control? 2. What was the Peloponnesian league and who led it? 3. Why did the Greek city-states lose power after the Peloponnesian War? 4. What can happen to both sides in a war when the fighting goes on for many years? 5. What might have helped the Greek city-states to be more cooperative at the end of the Peloponnesian War? 6. What led Athens and Sparta to fight a war? 7. What were the causes of the war between Athens and Sparta? 8. What happened during the Peloponnesian War? 9. What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? 10. What was the long-term effect of the Peloponnesian War? Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 3: Alexander the Great Objectives Describe Philip of Macedonia's conquest of Greece. Trace the expansion of Alexander's empire across parts of Europe and Asia. Explain the influence of Greek culture in Alexander's empire. Vocabulary catapult Alexander the Great Hellenistic Alexandria Lesson Main Ideas The Kingdom of Macedonia A Military Genius Philip Conquers Greece Alexander Takes Over Alexander Defeats Persia Alexander's Other Conquests A Blend of Cultures Alexandria Lesson Summary Lesson Review 1. What happened to Greek democratic practices when Philip of Macedonia conquered Greece? 2. Why did Alexander's empire include Central Asia but not India? 3. How did Alexander spread Greek influence in new cities he founded? 4. How did the Peloponnesian War lead to Alexander's success as a conqueror? 5. What made Hellenistic culture unique? 6. Who conquered the Greek city-states? 7. Why were the Greek city-states open to an attack by Philip? 8. How did Alexander build an empire? 9. How did culture change under Alexander's rule? 10. How did Hellenistic culture develop? Grade 6 World History Chapter 12: Classical Greece Lesson 4: The Legacy of Greece Objectives Describe how the concepts and styles of Greek architecture and art are still influential today. Explain he basis of Western knowledge from Greek study of logic and reason. Trace the development of the scientific standards from Hellenistic science. Vocabulary drama tragedy comedy ideal philosophy Lesson Main Ideas The Arts and Architecture Drama Actors Tragedy and Comedy Sculpture Architecture Democracy Becomes Reality Herodotus and Thucydides the Search for Truth Socrates Plato and Aristotle Science and Technology Lesson Summary Lesson Review 1. What qualities did Greek architects strive for in their work? 2. What teaching style is identified with Socrates, and what was it like? 3. What important discoveries about Earth, the planets, and the sun came from the scientists of Alexandria? 4. What was wrong with Ptolemy's theory? 5. Why did both Chinese and Greek thinkers develop ideas about philosophy during times of war and disorder?