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Lesson 3: The Golden Age The phrase describes the time when a people or civilization is at it’s best. Beginning in the 500s B.C., a common enemy brought the Greek people together for a time-- The Greek city-states began to work together in matters of war. To protect themselves, they formed a or group of allies. Sparta led southern city-states in the Peloponnesian League. This alliance made them stronger. They defeated the Perians twice, outnumbered both times. Fast Fact What kind of ship did the Greek sailors use in the Persian War? Trireme After the Persian wars, Athens made new allies with city-states from Attica, Asia Minor, and some of the Aegean Islands and formed the Delian League was elected as a leader in the Athenian government in 460 B.C. He introduced: pay for gave citizens of any class the right to hold nearly any gov’t office. Pericles was a , or supporter, of learning and the arts. Sophocles wrote plays with an unhappy ending called: Aristophanes wrote plays designed to make audiences laugh: A historian who wrote of the Persian Wars was A great scientist from the Golden Age was What is he known for today? Rules of behavior for he wrote for doctors: The Hippocratic Oath. Wanting Athens to be more powerful, Pericles sent soldiers to conquer ________________ lands. Athens also forced its Delian League allies to pay ___________ as the price for peace and protection. In 431 B.C., Sparta and its allies in the Peloponnesian League went to war against Athens and its allies in the In 430 B.C. the a deadly disease, broke out and spread quickly through the city, killing many people and Pericles himself. Without the wise leadership of Pericles, the members of the Athenian assembly began to follow , leaders who stir up the feelings and fears of people to gain personal power. Greek philosophers were considered called himself the city’s “gadfly,” after an insect that bites horses and makes them jump. He taught by asking questions, not telling facts. He was found guilty of teaching dangerous ideas to the city’s young people and was ordered to end his own life by drinking poison. He felt it was important for all citizens to obey the law, so he drank the poison. One of Socrates’ students was He thought a ruler should be a person of good character. He started a special school, or , in which future rulers could learn the lesson that they would need to govern well. entered Plato’s academy at the age of 18. He studied there for 20 years searching for knowledge and truth.