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3.4.2 Redevelopment process
EJR's first station was originally built in 1928, but it became obsolete and congested
with increasing passengers. Such deterioration and congestion encouraged both wards to
redevelop the station and the station's neighborhood as well. Initially, they requested the JNR
to construct a public passageway and to replace the old station. Accordingly, the JNR started
making plans for the redevelopment of the station, including the construction of a shopping
mall.
On the other hand, the TMG intended to widen the bridge and to increase traffic lanes
in order to alleviate traffic congestion. When the JNR and the TMG presented their separate
plans to the MOCA in 1985, it notified them that it would examine their plans simultaneously,
to maintain consistency within the two projects. Because the TMG persisted in its plans to
complete the renovation of Mitsuke Bridge by 1990, at which time their main office would
move to Shinjuku, 1.5 miles away from the bridge, the JNR concurred with the TMG that the
JNR should proceed with its application for the construction of new station building but
exclude the time-consuming shopping mall. Following that, the MOCA approved the TMG's
plan to renovate the bridge and the EJR's plan to renew the station. Afterwards, the MOCA
approved the modification of the JNR's plan and agreed that the projected station could include
a shopping mall, now called the Yotsuya Station Building (YSB). 2 3
According to the City Park Act, the YSB could not exceed three stories, nor could it
include more than station facilities on the ground floor. Thus, the shopping mall now occupies
the second and third floors of the building, and there are connected by an atrium with light well
as is illustrated in Figures 3.18 through 3.20. Because the Yotsuya area was dominated by
office buildings and because there were few retail shops around the station, the YSB has
targeted mainly young females who work in offices near the station. Thus, all of the eleven
retail spaces in the YSB are leased to fashion and accessory shops. In addition to retail spaces,
23 East Japan Railway Company, Proposalforthe Yotsuya Station Building, 1989. (in Japanese)