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and ticket counters, are located beside the public passageway on the second floor, along with
the food court and the entrance to the shopping mall. (See Figure 3.15) Those floors between
the third and the seventh are occupied by retail shops, and the seventh floor itself
accommodates restaurants. On the eighth floor there is a sports club, and the ninth floor is used
for non-public facilities such as the manager's office.1 8 (See Figure 3.16)
The OSB targeted people who shopped and had dinner in other larger parts of
downtown than Oimachi; i.e., young female commuters, young families, and so on. The mall
offered shops with a slightly higher grade of clothing that would appeal to them.
The OSB was created with the Building Leasing Method of the EJR. The FUR owned
both the land and the building, and leased it to the Tokyo Area Station Building Development
Company (TASBDC), a subsidiary of the EJR. The TASBDC then added interior and the
equipment, and subleased the building to tenants. In this way, all the floors, except those used
for the station and public facilities were managed by the TASBDC.
Because Shinagawa Ward was making such a serious effort to revitalize the station area
of Oimachi, this project was awarded a grant from the local and the national governments. Out
of the total construction cost of Y12 billion ($100 million), Y8 billion ($67 million) was used for
the shopping mall and Y4 billion ($33 million) for the station facilities and the public
passageway. Public funds from Shinagawa Ward and the national government as well went to
defray the costs of the passageway, a total of Y600 million ($5 million). This money was
allocated in proportion to the floor area for each specific purpose. The Complex Infrastructure
Improvement Program (CIIP), which was founded by the Ministry of Construction (MOC) in
1989, was, for the first time, applied to this project. The CIIP basically promised that the
national government and a local government would each pay one third of the construction costs
for a compounded infrastructure which involved public and private sectors or other public
sectors. In the case of the public passageway over the tracks at Oimachi, the national
government, Shinagawa Ward, and the FJR were each expected to spend upwards of Y200
18 Tokyo Area Station Building Company, Summary Report on Oimachi Station Building, 1996. (in Japanese)