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Transcript
By: Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua,
NY
The Geography of
Greece
Bronze Age Greece
Crete: Minoan Civilization
(Palace at Knossos)
ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS
•
Minoan
•
Mycenean
ATHENS: Yesterday &
Today
GREEK POLIS = CITY-STATES
Each was jealous, suspicious of the other
Not really “Greek” until Persian Wars
- HOPLITES protected the polis
- Coinage
Kings and tyrants ruled…nobles had land and
wealth, peasants worked the land
- Oligarchy ruled (wealthy members of society)
- DEMOCRACY ….free, adult males could vote
Persian Wars: 499 – 480 BCE
Persian Wars: Famous Battles
$ Marathon (490 BCE)
 26 miles from Athens
 The Persians lose and Greece
is the DOMINANT EMPIRE!
THERMOPYLAE
- “300”:Spartans vs. Persians
Great Athenian Philosophers
$ Socrates
 Know thyself!
 question everything
$ Plato
 The Academy: Socrates student
 The Republic  philosopher-king
HERODOTUS (father of history)
The Acropolis Today
The Parthenon
The Agora
The Classical Greek
“Ideal”
Olympia
The Ancient Olympics:
Athletes & Trainers
ATHENS VS SPARTA
• Sparta: military camp of preparedness – best
soldiers, 7 year olds taken from home and
beaten into “warrior-hood”, little culture or art,
arrogant and cruel, women had more rights
• Athens: Believed “superior”, economic & political
heart of Greece, loved art and culture, more
people, more freedoms, politics important (lots of
power changes) – Assembly for all
citizens…DEMOCRACY (but only for males)
SPARTA
SPARTA
Helots  Messenians enslaved by Spartans
Thus, Spartans felt they had to be warriors
Peloponnesian Wars
The City-states began to fight amongst themselves
and Sparta and Athens were the center of the fight
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great’s
Empire
Alexander the Great in
Persia
The Hellenization of Asia
The Breakup of
Alexander’s Empire