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Transcript
Integrated Approaches to Land and
Water Management
Lessons from Turkey
Global Perspectives on
Watershed Management
First generation (1970s and 80s): top
down, engineered solutions, little
consultation
Second generation (1990s): community
participation, local involvement, working
from menus of options
…. What’s the next generation?
Experience in Turkey
Eastern Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation
Project, now closed, was a classic second
generation project which had significant
positive impacts.
Poverty and Forests in Turkey
Second project (Anatolia Watershed
Rehabilitation Project) was a second
generation ‘plus’ project
….. What was the ‘plus’?
Significant differences from the
previous project
1. Institutions: widened involvement of
public sector institutions (MEF and MARA:
TÜGEM,OGM, ORKÖY, KKGM, AGM,
SPAs, and CYGM)
Significant differences from the
previous project
2. Very strong focus on service delivery: to
poor communities in upland catchments
Significant differences from the
previous project
3. Linkages:
between upstream
and downstream
interests

Upstream interests:
jobs, income
generation, access
to resources
(forests, pastures,
irrigation) [High
poverty rates]
Significant differences from the
previous project
3. Linkages:
between upstream
and downstream
interests

Downstream
interests: livestock
improvement,
manure
management, crop
productivity [Lower
poverty rates]
Adding to the menu of options
Capitalizing on local interests in animal
health and hygiene
Introducing integrating manure
management systems which return
compost to crops/pastures
Reducing and controlling water pollution
into the Black Sea
Reducing nitrate levels in groundwater
Manure management measures
Some lessons
Centrality of community institutions in decision
making
Organizing multiple government institutions to
focus on service delivery in poor communities
(convening power of the Bank)
Impact of introducing marginal technical
improvements for managing manure




Animal hygiene
Local hygiene
Nitrate pollution reduction
Access to composted manure
What about climate change?
Warming is already evident (3ºC over last
50 years in western Mediterranean)
Winter precipitation since 1950 has
decreased by about 20 percent
Projected impacts on Turkey of global 2ºC
temperature rise include:



changes in seasonal rainfall
more dry days per year
outcome will have impacts on agriculture
Changes in seasonal rainfall
Increase in the number of dry days
The challenges
Scaling up: 65 percent of total rural land is
degraded. Current operation is a ‘micropilot,’ covering 28 microcatchments. As
many as 2000 could use similar treatment
Poor understanding of impacts on
hydrology – increasingly critical to have
this understanding as climate change
impacts are felt
Medium term challenge of mitigating
climate change impacts
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Free, quality fertilizer is once again available from Oregon's Wild Horse Corral Facility in Hines. Approximately 5,000 cubic yards of wild horse manure are piled and ready for loading beginning Tuesday, July 7 through the end of the month. There is no set limit on the amount of wild horse manure that be obtained. Commercial haulers are welcomed and encouraged and must be able to load the material with personal equipment. If you are interested in picking up the entire available amount, please contact Tom Duke at the Corral Facility at (541) 589-1011 to schedule a commitment. Weekend appointments may be available. The manure is available on a first-come, first-serve basis. For further information contact the Burns District Office at (541) 573-4400.
Free, quality fertilizer is once again available from Oregon's Wild Horse Corral Facility in Hines. Approximately 5,000 cubic yards of wild horse manure are piled and ready for loading beginning Tuesday, July 7 through the end of the month. There is no set limit on the amount of wild horse manure that be obtained. Commercial haulers are welcomed and encouraged and must be able to load the material with personal equipment. If you are interested in picking up the entire available amount, please contact Tom Duke at the Corral Facility at (541) 589-1011 to schedule a commitment. Weekend appointments may be available. The manure is available on a first-come, first-serve basis. For further information contact the Burns District Office at (541) 573-4400.
Document
Document
Anyone interested in obtaining free, quality fertilizer for their spring gardening needs can make a trip to Oregon's Wild Horse Corral Facility in Hines on Saturday, May 2 for a load or two of wild horse manure.
Anyone interested in obtaining free, quality fertilizer for their spring gardening needs can make a trip to Oregon's Wild Horse Corral Facility in Hines on Saturday, May 2 for a load or two of wild horse manure.
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