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1800
TIMELINE
18001600
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
8000BCE Sharpened stone heads used as axes, spears and
arrows.
7000BCE Walls in Jericho built.
6100BCE North Atlantic Ocean – Tsunami.
6000BCE Dry farming developed in Mesopotamian hills.
- 4000BCE Tigris-Euphrates planes colonized.
- 3000BCE Farming communities spread from
south-east to northwest Europe.
5000BCE
4000BCE
3900BCE
3800BCE
3760BCE Dynastic conflicts in Upper and Lower Egypt.
The first metal tools commonly used in agriculture
(rakes, digging blades and ploughs) used as
weapons by slaves and peasant ‘infantry’ – first
mass usage of expendable foot soldiers.
3700BCE
3600BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 1
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3500BCE
King Menes the Fighter is victorious in Nile
conflicts, establishes ruling dynasties.
Blast furnace used for smelting bronze used in
Bohemia.
Sumerian civilization developed in south-east of
Tigris-Euphrates river area, Akkadian civilization
developed in north-west area – continual warfare.
3400BCE
3300BCE
3200BCE
3100BCE
3000BCE Bronze Age begins in Greece and China.
Egyptian military civilization developed.
Composite re-curved bows being used.
In Mesopotamia, helmets made of copper-arsenic
bronze with padded linings.
Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, first to use iron for
weapons.
Sage Kings in China refine use of bamboo
weaponry.
2900BCE
2800BCE Sumer city-states unite for first time.
2700BCE Palestine invaded and occupied by Egyptian
infantry and cavalry after Palestinian attacks on
trade caravans in Sinai.
2600BCE
2500BCE Harrapan civilization developed in Indian valley.
Copper, used for mace heads, found in
Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt.
Sumerians make helmets, spearheads and axe
blades from bronze. Socked axes designed.
Sumerians use chariots, four-wheeled carts, no
pivoting front axle, drawn by donkeys and wild
asses.
Lugazaggisi, king of Uruk, defeats Lagash Empire,
with support from archers.
2400BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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2350BCE
King Sargon of the Akkadians has bows and
arrows mass produced in Mesopotamia. Seizes
entire Semetic Empire, uses first ‘landscape
diagrams’ to deploy his troops.
Maps used in combat during Hsai dynasties.
2250BCE
2230BCE Guti people sweep through Babylonia, overthrow
Akkadian Empire.
The Guti are driven from Mesopotamia.
2130BCE
2000BCE Sumarian civilization falls.
Advanced state societies develop in Crete
(Minoan), Greece (Mycenaean) and Turkey.
Hitite tribes become unified around the Bosphorus.
Their joint forces cross Euphrates, blunder
Babylon and advance into Syria.
Hitites master iron production, defeat Babylonians,
to east, and Egyptians, to south, in battle.
Helmets and body armour made of electrum in
Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Assyrian Empire establishes colony in Anatolia
(Turkey) to send metals to Mesopotamia.
-1400BCE Crete uses ships with keels and ribs.
Amorites conquer all of Mesopotamia.
1900BCE
1850BCE Babylonian civilization rises to political prominence
under Amorites.
1831BCE China – Earthquake, epicentre Mount Tai.
1800BCE Warriors of the Hyksos drive Egyptians south,
achieving complete control of the Nile delta.
1760BCE Greeks use bronze to make armour, swords and
spears.
-1520 The Chinese Shang dynasty founded.
Harrapan civilization falls to outside attacks.
1700BCE
1600BCE Iranian tribes begin using warhorses and light, two-
1575BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
wheeled chariots in Mesopotamia.
Greece – Volcanic eruption on Santorini, thought
to have caused Tsunami which may have led to
damage in Crete.
Egyptian forces, led by Pharoah Amosis I, use the
Nile flooding and the first troop-carrying boats to
liberate Upper Egypt from the Hyksos.
Page 3
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1500BCE
Armour of overlapping scales of bronze, laced
together or sewn onto a backing of padded fabric,
used in Mesopotamia, Syria and Egypt.
The sickle sword is developed, a bronze sword
with a curved concave blade and straight, thick
handle.
Mycenaeans of mainland Greece take control of
Crete.
Phoenicians develop ships with two banks of
rowers on both sides, and rams.
Cleaning impurities from smelted iron produces
stronger metals in Syria.
Improved weaponry spreads to Egypt and Greece.
1450BCE
1400BCE
1300BCE
1299BCE Battle of Kadesh between Egypt and the Hitites,
1250BCE
1200BCE
1193BCE
1100BCE
over control of Syria, result indecisive.
Moses leads the Isrealites into Canaan.
c. Mycenaean raiders, under Agamemmon, sack
the city of Troy.
Iron Age begins.
Effective long bladed swords developed when iron
can be hammered at tensile strength.
Destruction of Troy, soldiers infiltrated into the city
inside a large wooden horse.
Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations destroyed by
invading Dorians from northern/north-western
Greece. They spread throughout Greece and
Anatolia.
Civil war in Egypt during reign of Rameses XI.
1090BCE
1027BCE Chou dynasty replaces Shang dynasty in China
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1000BCE
c. Athens begins to organize reoccupation oth the
Ionian coasts and islands.
c. Aryan peoples conquer the Indus Valley area.
Perhaps first war memorial sculpted at Deir-elBahri, Egypt, depicts a wounded Syrian soldier,
armed with iron weapons with his Egyptian wife
and son.
Philistines crush Saul, first king of Israel, in battle.
Jewish kingdom arises under King David, following
decline of Egyptian power. He unites Judah and
Isreal, with Jerusalem as capital, brings water
supply to the city through reinforced subterranean
tunnels.
933BCE
Solomon died. His kingdom divided between
Rehoboam I, as king of Judah, and Jeroboam I as
king of Isreal.
Sheshonk I of Egypt seizes Jerusalem.
900BCE
890BCE
880BCE
870BCE
860BCE
850BCE
840BCE
830BCE
820BCE
813BCE
810BCE
800BCE
790BCE
785BCE
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Assyrian Empire controls the trade routes between
the Mesopotamia world and the Mediterranean
world.
Hellenistic epics: Iliad and Odyssey, by Homer.
Carthage founded as trading centre with Tyre.
c. Tyre falls to the Assyrians, Carthage became
the leader of the western Phoenicians.
Civil war in David’s kingdom.
Amaziah, king of Judah, defeated by Israel, later
killed by Judean rebels opposing his rule.
Homer describes advanced battlefield surgery.
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780BCE
6 September – first authenticated date in Chinese
history – solar eclipse.
First Olympic games held in Olympia.
776BCE
770BCE
760BCE
Celts move into England.
760BCE
750BCE
740BCE
730BCE
720BCE
710BCE
700BCE
690BCE
680BCE
670BCE
665BCE
660BCE
650BCE
640BCE
630BCE
625BCE
620BCE
612BCE
610BCE
600BCE
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Etruscans introduce horse-drawn chariots to Italy.
Spoked wheels and horseshoes used by the
Halstatt culture.
Spartans colonize Taranto, southern Italy
First Messenian war – Sparta gains hegemony in
Greece.
Romulus, first king of Rome, divides a year into 10
months, about 5,000 years after Egyptian solar
observations showed there to be 12 lunar rotations
annually.
Achaemenids begin ruling Persia.
-669BCE Assyrians conquer Egypt.
King Sennacherib of Nineveh, one of the first
tyrants to use his army against his own people
Assyrians destroy city of Babylon, army engineers
divert Euphrates to cover site of city.
Second Messenian war, Spartan rule challenged in
Greece.
Judah submits to Assyrians, whose army moves to
Egypt, destroys Memphis and Thebes.
Scythian raiders pillage Palestine and Syria.
Nabopolassar, a Chaldean general, seizes
Babylonian throne, declares independence from
Assyria.
Mayan civil wars in Mexico resolved.
Phoenicians settle in Corsica.
-609BCE Medes of Persia and Chaldeans
overthrow Assyrians, destroy Nineveh.
The use of iron starts to replace bronze in China.
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590BCE
587BCE
580BCE
570BCE
560BCE
550BCE
540BCE
539BCE
530BCE
520BCE
510BCE
505BCE
500BCE
499BCE
490BCE
481BCE
480BCE
479BCE
478BCE
477BCE
470BCE
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Rest of World
Nebuchadnezzar destroys
communities dispersed.
Jerusalem,
Jewish
Cyrus I rebels against the Medes, captures
Ecbatana.
Etruscans and Carthaginians unite at battle of
Alalia.
Persians, under Cyrus the Great, capture
Babylonia.
Etruscans defeat Romans.
-494BCE Persia suppresses revolts of Ionian
cities.
-449BCE Greco-Persian wars.
Persians use elephants when defeated by
Miltiades at Marathon.
An age of warring states begins in China.
Battle of Thermopylae.
Athens burned, Acropolis destroyed.
Themistocle, creator of the Greek navy, agrees to
lead the Athenian squadron against the Persians.
The Carthaginians, led by Hamilcar Barca,
defeated at Himera, Sicily, by Gelo of Syracuse.
The Greeks, led by Spartan general Pausanias,
defeat Persians, at Plataea.
Walls of Athens rebuilt, harbour of Piraeus fortified.
306 Roman Fabii and their armed supporters,
slaves etc are slaughtered at Cremera by invading
Etruscan forces.
Cimon, son of Miltiades leads campaigns against
Persian army.
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466BCE
Cimon destroys Persian army at Eurymedon. 200
Persian ships are sunk or captured.
Gelo forms one of the first all volunteer armies,
when democracy established in Syracuse.
Greece
– Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw,
epicentre in Sparta.
Persians collapse in battle on Cyprus.
465BCE
464BCE
460BCE
450BCE
449BCE
448BCE
445BCE
440BCE
431BCE
430BCE
429BCE
426BCE
421BCE
420BCE
410BCE
408BCE
406BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Artaxerxes recognizes independence of all Greek
city-states at the Peace of Callias.
Aspasia, mistress of Pericles, rules Athenian
society, one of the first women involved in military
command.
30 year formal truce agreed between Athens and
Sparta.
Jerusalem is fortified, Nehemiah and Ezra raise
walls at the Rock/Temple Mount.
Rhodes is fortified, Hippodamus of Miletus builds
protected harbour and walled town.
Peloponnesian wars between Athens and Sparta,
dispite ’30 years truce.’
Pericles died, succeeded by joint rule of Cleon and
Nicias.
Greece – Tsunami hit Maliakos Bay.
‘Peace of Nicias’, initiates a ’50 year truce’ (lasts 6
years)
Cleon died.
Alcibiades moves against Nicias, persuades
Athenians to ally themselves with Argos, Elis and
Mantinea against Sparta.
Guerrilla warfare against Persian rule by Medes,
they are put down by King Darius.
Dionysus I the Elder introduces catapults as
weapons, sometimes firing hot shot.
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401BCE
‘Retreat of Ten Thousand’ a Greek mercenary
army led by Xenophon, aiding Persian prince
Cyrus, defeated at Cunaxa. 10,000 survivors
marched home across 1,000 miles of enemy
territory.
Carthaginians occupy Malta.
400BCE
399BCE
396BCE
390BCE
384BCE
380BCE
379BCE
377BCE
373BCE
371BCE
370BCE
365BCE
360BCE
356BCE
355BCE
352BCE
350BCE
343BCE
Dionysus I the Elder directs his engineers to
construct engines for war with Carthage, the result
is the Gastrophetes, a large crossbow.
The Carthaginian army destroys Messina, Sicily.
Gauls from northern Italy, under Brennus, capture,
sack and burn Rome
Manilus Capitolinus, accused of royal ambitions
after the failed defence of Rome, is thrown to his
death from the Tarpeian Rock.
Revolt against Spartan rule in Thebes. ‘Massacre
of the Spartan tyrants’ by Pelopidas and
Epaminondas.
Walls built around Rome.
Greece – Earthquake and tsunami destroyed
Helike..
Battle of Leuctra, Epaminondas leads Theban
forces to victory against Spartan army.
Eastern Mediterranean – 21 Jul – Earthquake
and tsunami hit Alexandria.
Alexander of Macedon (Alexander the Great), son
of Philip II, born.
The Great Wall of China is started as a partial
protection against the Huns.
Philip II became king of Macedonia.
Philip II of Macedon supports Thebans in ‘The
Sacred War’ against Phocians.
340BCE
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336BCE
Philip II assassinated at Aegaeby, Alexander I the
Great, succeeds him.
Alexander I the Great destroys Thebes, in revenge
for his father’s death.
Alexander begins campaigns against Persian
Empire by defeating Darius at Issus.
Port of Alexandria established.
Macedonians conquer Tyre and Jerusalem.
At Gaugamela, Alexander’s army uses long spears
(6m), stabbing swords and small oval shields,
against Persians
Alexander the Great takes Babylonia, plans to
make it seat of his empire.
Macedonians occupy Susa and Persepolis.
335BCE
333BCE
332BCE
331BCE
330BCE
329BCE
328BCE
327BCE
326BCE
323BCE
322BCE
321BCE
320BCE
319BCE
316BCE
311BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Alexander I the Great marries Bactrian princess,
Roxana.
Alexander invades India.
-304 Wars between Romans and Samnites of
amcient Italy.
Alexander the Great extends his empire to the
Indus river
June. Alexander I the Great died of a fever at
Babylon. His conquests are divided, Ptolemies
take Egypt, Seleucids take Syria-Iran.
Conflict erupts among Alexandrine generals.
Romans defeated at Caudine Forks against
Samnites.
Chandragupta Maurya develops empire in Ganges
and Indus river valley areas by re-conquering
northern India from Macedonians.
Mauryan dynasty established.
Romans inflict Samnites losses at Lucerian.
Polysperchon restores liberty to Helenic citystates.
Cassander takes over Macedonia as regent and
puts Alexander’s mother, Olympias, to death.
End of civil wars in Alexander’s former empire.
Lysiachus takes Thrace, Antigonus takes Asia
Minor (Turkey).
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310BCE
Romans inflict Samnites losses at Vadimonian
Lake.
Macedonian
admiral
Nearchus
completes
exploration and first charting of Persian Gulf, the
Euphrates and parts of Indian Ocean. (originally
ordered by Alexander in 325BCE)
Romans inflict Samnites losses at Perugia.
309BCE
308BCE
307BCE
300BCE
298BCE
290BCE
289BCE
283BCE
280BCE
279BCE
278BCE
275BCE
274BCE
272BCE
270BCE
266BCE
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Ptolemy Soter established the great museum and
library at Alexandria. (Become one of the Seven
Wonders of the Ancient World)
Carthaginians besiege Syracuse.
Chainmail appears in Greek art.
Mechanical artillery began to use torsion in
addition to tension power.
-290 Third Samnite War, extension of Roman
power over Etruscans and Balkans.
Romans defeated at Atrium by Senones, a
Goaulish tribe.
Romans invade and conquer Corsica.
A small army, commanded by Pyrrhus, king of
Epirus, lands in Italy.
Pyrrhus rallies his troops to drive a Roman force
from the field at Aesculum, with the help of
Tarentine infantry, of whom nearly all were killed.
Reinforcements from Tarentum and Epirus arrive
to help Pyrrhus but many are again killed by
Romans.
Further support from Argos but Pyrrhus suffers
defeat at Beneventum, and later killed by rioters in
Nauplia, protesting his incompetence.
Military caste of Babylon collapses. Babylonians
re-established in new fortified city of Seleucia.
-231BCE Ashoka expands Maurya empire in
Ganges and Indus river valley areas.
Calabria is conquered by Romans.
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264BCE
-241BCE First Punic War between Rome and
Carthage.
Appius Claudius Pulcher defeats Heiro of
Syracuse at Messana.
Romans develop boarding ramps for their ships.
Romans use the gladius (0.60m) stabbing sword.
260BCE
259BCE
256BCE
255BCE
250BCE
England - Le Tène, Iron Age people of France,
invade southern England, with little resistance.
250BCE
246BCE
241BCE
240BCE
238BCE
230BCE
226BCE
221BCE
220BCE
219BCE
218BCE
217BCE
216BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Romans encounter advanced Greek medicine,
especially for battlefield trauma, from Greek
prisoners of war.
Roman fleet defeats Cartaginians at Ecnomus
Regulus, attacking Carthage, is captured by
Xanthippus the Spartan
The unsuccessful siege of Lilybaeum, by Romans.
Hamilcar Barca takes command of Carthaginian
forces in Sicily.
Birth of Hannibal, the Great.
Hamilcar makes peace with Rome
Carthage begins its conquest of Spain
Rhodes – Earthquake.
Age of warring states in China ends as the warrior
state Ch’in predominates all others.
-201BCE Second Punic War. Hannibal crosses
the Alps via the Little St Bernard Pass, invading
Italy from the north
Hannibal takes Torino and crushes Roman forces
under Publius Cornelius Scipio at Ticinus river.
Hannibals war elephants and cavalry contribute to
Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene.
Romans defeated at Battle of Cannae, Hannibal’s
army slaughters over 50,000.
Philip V of Macedon makes formal alliance with
Hannibal.
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212BCE
Romans attempt to distract Carthaginian attention
to Sicily, under Marcellus, they seize and burn
Syracuse.
Greek mathematician Achimedes killed .
Carthaginians reach walls of Rome. Hannibal’s
brother, Hasdrubal, defeated by Romans at a ford
on Metaurus river. Hasdrubal’s force retreats
north, Hannibal goes to south.
211BCE
210BCE
209BCE
207BCE
202BCE
200BCE
197BCE
195BCE
192BCE
191BCE
190BCE
189BCE
185BCE
182BCE
180BCE
172BCE
170BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Shih Huang Ti, emperor of China, died, rebellion
begins.
Han dynasty supplants Ch’in in China, adopt
principles of Confucius.
General Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal’s
exhausted army at Zena.
A Roman expeditionary force demolishes Philip
V’s Macedonian army at Cyconscephelae.
Asia Minor – Eumenes II became king of
Pergamum.
Hannibal flees to Syria, given sanctuary by King
Antiochus III.
Hannibal lands , with Syrian forces, in Greece.
Battle of Thermopylae, Romans dismember
Antiochus’ forces, pursue them to Magnesia.
Antiochus’ forces surrender to Romans at
Magnesia.
Armenia – Artaxias I Became king.
Rhodian galleys off the Eurymedon river defeat
Hannibal.
India - Pusyamitra Sunga became emperor of the
Shunga dynasty which displaced the Mauryan rule
in India.
Hannibal commits suicide in Libyssa, to deny
Roman demands for his extradition.
China – Wen became emperor of the Han Dynasty
Rome and Macedon at war, King Perseus inflicts
initial defeats on Roman forces.
Bactria – Eucratides I became king.
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168BCE
Roman legions regroup at Pydna, Perseus
defeated.
-167BCE Persecution of Jews around Jerusalem,
by Antiochus IV.
Desecration of the Temple provokes Maccabean
revolt.
165BCE
Judas Maccabaeus rededicates re-dedicates the
Temple after expelling Syrians.
Seleucid Empire – Judas Maccabeus killed during
Battle of Elasa.
Jonathan
Maccabeus
became
leader
of
Maccabees.
Armenia – Artaxias I died, Artavasded I became
king.
Seleucid Empire – Alcimis re-established as High
Priest, after Seleucid victory in Judea.
Bactria – King Eucratides I died.
Asia Minor – Eumenes II died, Attalus II
Philadelphus became king of Pergamum.
Seleucid Empire – Jonathan Maccabeus
recognised as a minor king.
China – Emperor Wen of Han died.
Roman Republic – First Dalmatian War began.
160BCE
159BCE
158BCE
157BCE
156BCE
155BCE
154BCE
153BCE
152BCE
151BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – Romans conquered
Delminium, the Dalmatians were compelled to pay
tribute to Rome – end of First Dalmatian War.
Bactria – Menander I became king of Indo-Greek
Kingdom.
China – Rebellion of the Seven States.
Greece –
earthquake.
Parts
of
Sikyon
destroyed
by
India – Pusyamitra Sunga died, his son Agnimitra
became emperor.
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150BCE
Seleucid Empire – Demetrius I Soter killed in
battle, Alexander Balas became king.
Alexander Balas married Cleopatra Thea.
Asia Minor – Mithridates IV Philopator
Philadelphus died, Mithridates V Eurgetesbecame
king of Pontus.
Roman Republic – -146BCE Third Punic War.
Roman supremacy is total.
Africa – Battle of Carthage began.
Macedon – Andriscus became king.
Bithynia – Prusias II was assassinated,
Nicomedes II became king.
Roman Republic – Battle of Pydna.
Construction of Via Postumia, links Aquileia and
Genua.
Africa – Carthage razed and levelled, less than
50,000 survive, sold into slavery.
Greece – Macedonia became part of Roman
Republic.
Roman Republic – Roman legions reign supreme
in seven imperial provinces – Corsica/Sardinia,
Transalpina, Gallia, Macedonia, Sicily, plus the
‘two Spains’ on Iberian Pennisula and ‘Africa’ (the
southern Mediterranean rim).
Rome became the sole superpower.
Africa – Carthage falls to Roman forces.
End of Third Punic War.
Greece – Battle of Corinth, Greece became
Roman province, art and treasure taken to Rome.
Syria – Battle of Antioch.
Egypt - Ptolemy VI killed in battle, succeded by
Ptolemy VII who is assassinated, succeded by
Ptolemy VIII.
Roman Republic – Aqua Marcia aquaduct built in
Rome.
Parthia – Parthians take Babylonia.
Roman Republic – Celtiberian War ends.
Judea – High Priest Jonathan Maccabaeus killed.
Roman Republic – Bridge over Tiber river
completed.
Judea – Simon Maccabaeus became High Priest.
149BCE
148BCE
Ireland – Corlea Trackway built in County
Longford.
148BCE
147BCE
146BCE
145BCE
144BCE
143BCE
142BCE
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141BCE
China – Emperor Jing of Han died, succeded by
Wu of Han.
Judea – Simon Maccabaeus became prince.
Judea – Simon Maccabaeus became king.
China – Han Wudi became emperor.
Roman Republic – Lusitanian War ends.
140BCE
139BCE
138BCE
137BCE
136BCE
135BCE
134BCE
133BCE
132BCE
131BCE
130BCE
129BCE
128BCE
127BCE
126BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Parthia – King Mithridates I died, Phraates II
became emperor.
Roman Republic – Slaves in Sicily revolt against
Romans.
Valencia founded.
Numantian War begins.
Sri Lanka – King Dutugemunu died.
China – Confucianism adopted as state religion by
emperor Wu Di.
Roman Republic – First Servile War begins.
Bactria – King Menander I died, succeded by
Epander.
Judea – High Priest and prince Simon
Maccabaeus killed.
Roman Republic – Siege of Numantia.
Judea – John Hyrcanus became high priest and
prince.
Roman Republic – Asia Minor (Turkey) seized as
Rome’s eight province.
Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus elected tribune.
China – June – Battle of Mayi.
Roman Republic – First Servile War ends.
Tiberius Gracchus assassinated.
Roman Republic – Aristonicus of Pergamon leads
uprising against Rome.
Syria – Antiochus VII Sidetes killed in Battle of
Ecbatana
Parthia – Scythians defeat Parthians.
Syria – Demetrius II died, Seleucus V Philometor
became king, Cleopatra Thea acts as regent.
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125BCE
Syria – Seleucus V Philometor killed by Cleopatra
Thea, who takes throne with Antiochus VIII Grypus
as co-ruler.
Parthia – Artabanus I died, Mithridates II became
king.
Roman Republic – Gaius Gracchus became
tribune.
Carthage re-established as legionary headquarters
of Africa province.
Roman Republic – Marcus Fulvius Flaccus and
Gaius Gracchus become tribunes.
Gracchus passes law requiring state to provide
weapons and equipment for Roman army
Roman Republic – Tribunal established in Rome
that executes 3,000 followers of Gracchus.
Asia – Chineses defeat Xiongnu.
124BCE
123BCE
122BCE
121BCE
120BCE
119BCE
118BCE
117BCE
116BCE
115BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – Second Dalmatian War
begins.
Greece – Hipparchus became Archon of Athens.
Asia – Battle of Mobei
Roman Republic – Roman colony of Narbo
Martius founded in Gallia Transalpina.
Second Dalmatian War ends.
Numidia – Divided into three pasrts after death of
king Micipsa.
Each third ruled by Adherbal,
Hiempsal I and Jugurtha.
Egypt – Ptolemy VIII Physcon died, Ptolemy IX
Philometor Soter II Lathyros became king.
Roman Republic – Gaius Marius is praetor in
Rome.
Middle East –Beginning of empire that will
become China. Warriors of Ch’in return from
north-west, cross Lop Nor Desert and occupy
Tarim Basin.
Parthia makes trade treaty with China.
Kingdom of Sheba collapses.
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114BCE
Roman Republic – First temple of Venus built.
Asia Minor – Mithridates VI Eupator became king
of Bosporus.
Roman Republic – Germanic tribes attack Gaul
and northern Spain.
War between Celtiberians and Romans.
Persia – Antiochus IX Cyzicenus became king of
Seleucid.
Roman Republic –Jugurtha declares war against
Romans.
Asia – Silk Road opens.
Roman Republic – Fire in Rome.
Asia – Han Empire annexes Vietnamese kingdom
of Nam Viet.
China – Jiuquan founded as military outpost on
Silk Road.
Asia – Han Dynasty of China annexes Minyue.
113BCE
112BCE
111BCE
110BCE
Ireland – king Edersceal died.
110BCE
109BCE
108BCE
107BCE
106BCE
105BCE
104BCE
103BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – Battle of Muthul.
Asia – Battle of Loulan.
Asia – Chinese and Persians establish diplomatic
ties.
Roman Republic – Marcus Aurelius Scaurus
(politician and general) executed as prisoner of
war.
6 October – Battle of Arausio.
End of Jugurthine War.
Roman Republic – Gaius Marius became consul.
Jugurtha thrown into Tullianum and died of
starvation.
Athenion starts a slave rebellion in Segesta
(Sicily).
Judea – John Hyrcanus died, Aristobulus I
became king and high priest.
Roman Republic – Gaus Marius prepares
campaign against Ambrones and Teutones settled
in Gaul.
Judea – Aristobulus I died, Alexander Jannaeus
became king and high priest.
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102BCE
101BCE
100BCE
99BCE
98BCE
97BCE
96BCE
95BCE
94BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Roman Republic – Battle of Aquae Sextae.
Roman Republic – Battle of Campi Raudii.
Battle of Vercellae.
Libya – Ptolemy Apion inherits kingdom of
Cyrenaica.
Egypt – Cleopatra III assassinated by her son
Ptolemy X Alexander.
Roman Republic – Lucius Valerius Flaccus and
Gaius Marius become Consuls.
Romans develop the pilum, a (1.50m) long
weapon, with one third being a spearhead.
Roman Republic – Aulus Postumius Albinus and
Marcus Antonius Orator become Consuls.
Roman Republic – Quintus Caecilius Metellus
Nepos and Titus Didius become Consuls.
Roman Republic – Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus
and Publius Licinius Dives become Comnsuls.
The Roman Senate bans human sacrifices.
Sulla displays a lion hunt in games at Rome for the
first time.
Roman Republic – Gaius Cassius Longinus and
Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus become Consuls.
Greece – Antiochus VIII Grypus died, his son
Seleucus VI Epiphanes became king of the
Seleucid Empire.
Roman Republic – - Lucius Licinius Crassus and
Quintus Mucius Scaevola Pontifex become
Consuls.
Greece – Seleucus VI Epiphanes deposed, Philip I
Philaedelphus and Antiochus XI Ephiphanes
become co-rulers.
Asia Monor – Tigranes the Great became king of
Armenia.
Roman Republic – Gaius Coelius Caldus and
Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus become Consuls.
Anatolia – Nicomedes IV became king of Bithynia.
India – Shakas start to control the northwest.
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93BCE
Roman Republic – Gaius Valerius Flaccus and
Marcus Herennius become Consuls.
Asia Minor – Ariobarzanes I Philoromanus
became king of Cappadocia.
Arshak I became king of Caucasian Iberia.
Roman Republic – Gaius Claudius Pulcer and
Marcus Perperna become Consuls.
Roman-Persian Wars begins.
Gaius Sentius became Roman governor of
Macedonia.
Roman Republic – Sextus Julius Caesar and
Lucius Marcius Philippus become Consuls.
Roman Republic – Lucius Julius Caesae and
Publius Rutilus Lupus become Consuls.
The Etruscans are granted Roma citizenship.
Roman Republic – Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo and
Lucius Porcius Cato become Consuls.
Battle of Fucine Lake.
Battle of Asculum.
First Mithridatic War begins.
Roman Republic – Social War ends.
First Civil War begins.
Roman Republic – Lucius Cornelius Cinna
elected Consul of Rome.
Sulla besieges Athens.
China – Emperor Han Wudi died.
Roman Republic – 1March – Sulla captures
Athens.
Battle of Tenedos.
Battle of Chaeronea.
Roman Republic – Battle of Orchomenus.
92BCE
91BCE
90BCE
89BCE
88BCE
87BCE
86BCE
85BCE
84BCE
83BCE
82BCE
81BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – First Mithridatic War ends.
Roman Republic – Battle of Mount Tifata.
Second Mithridatic War begins.
Fire destroys the Temple of Jupiter.
Roman Republic – Battle of the Colline Gate
Roman Republic – Sulla appointed dictator.
Second Mithridatic War ends.
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80BCE
Roman Republic – Battle of the Baetis River
Egypt – Ptolemy XII Auletes became king.
Alexandria comes under Roman rule.
Roman Republic – Lucius Cornelius Sulla
renounces his dictatorship.
Roman Republic – Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
became Consul in Rome.
Third Dalmatrian War begins.
Roman Republic – City of Tigranakert built.
Sri Lanka – King Duttagamani died.
Roman Republic – End of Third Dalmatian War
Judea – King Alexander Jannaeus died.
-67BCE Salome Alexandra became queen.
-66BCE Hyrcanus II became High Priest of
Jerusalem.
Roman Republic – Cicero is quaestor in Rome.
Battle of Chalcedon.
Greece – Julius Caesar kidnapped by Cilician
pirates.
Roman Republic – Battle of Cyzicus.
Cyrene became a Roman province.
Spain – Pamplona founded.
Roman Republic – Third Servile War begins.
India – End of Sunga Empire.
Roman Republic – Battle of Cabira.
Quintus Sertorius assassinated by Arcus
Perperna.
Spain – End of Sertorian War.
Gaul – The Helvetti, under Ariovistus, invade.
Roman Republic – End of Third Servile War.
Revolt of slaves and gladiators, led by Sparticus.
Legions led by consuls Pompey and Crassus,
crush revolt, inflicting thousands of rapes,
mutilations and crucifixions.
Nessebar comes under Roman rule.
Parthia – Phraates III became king.
79BCE
78BCE
77BCE
76BCE
75BCE
74BCE
73BCE
Britain – Heli died, Lud became king.
73BCE
72BCE
71BCE
70BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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69BCE
Roman Republic – Quintus Caecilius Metellus
Creticus and Quitus Hortensius become Consuls.
Antiochus XIII Asiaticus installed as king of Syria.
Battle of Tigranocerta.
Euphrates re-established as a frontier.
Gaius Julius Caesar ia a quaestor in spain.
Egypt – Ptolemy XII deposes Cleopatra V,
becoming sole ruler.
Roman Republic – Lucius Caecilius Metellus and
Quintus Marcius Rex become Consuls.
Gaius Antonius Hybrida became Praetor.
6 October –
Battle of Artaxata.
Ostia sacked by pirates.
Osroene –Abgar II became ruler.
Greece – Romans colonize Crete.
Roman Republic – Manius Acilius Glabrio and
Gaius Calpurnius Piso become Copnsuls.
Pompey divides the Mediterranean into 13 zones,
to each assigns fleet under an admiral.
Judea – Queen Salome Alexandra died, Hyrcanus
II became king.
Pontus – Mithridates VI invades Pontus.
China – December – Battle of Jushi.
Roman Republic – Manius Aemilius Lepidus and
Lucius Volcatius Tullus become Consuls.
Gaius Antomius became Praetor.
Cicero became Praetor of Sicily.
Alliance between Mithridates VI of Pontus and
Tigranes II of Armenia is broken.
Battle of the Lycus.
Judea – -63BCE Aristobulus II became king and
high priest.
Roman Republic – Senate passes the Lex Papia,
expelling all foreigners from Rome.
Roman Republic – Agrarian Reform Law
proposed.
Pompey destroys kingdom of Pontus, annexes
Syria and Judea.
Syria – Antiochus XIII Asiaticus deposed.
68BCE
67BCE
66BCE
65BCE
64BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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63BCE
Roman Republic – Pompey’s legions conquer
Palestine, absorb it into ninth Roman province of
Syria, overthrowing Seleucid Empire.
Massacre of 12,000 Jews on the Temple Mount in
Jerusalem.
Julius Caesar elected Pontifex Maximus.
Pontus – Mithridates VI commits suicide,
Pharnaces II become king.
Roman Republic – 5 January – Battle of Pistoria.
Caesar divorces Pompeia.
Commagene – King Antiochus I Theos builds his
mountain-top tomb at Mount Nemrut.
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar wins his
first victory as a general against rebels in Iberia.
Caesar became governor of Hispania, creates
Legio X Gemina
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar returns to
Rome, elected consul, forms ‘First Triumvirate’
with Crassus and Pompey. Advocates extension
of Roman colonies in Switzerland, France and
Britain
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar and
Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus become Consuls.
Caesar marries Calpurnia.
Colonia of Florentia (Florence) founded.
Roman Republic – Lucius Calpurnius Piso
Caesoninus and Aulus Gabinius become Consuls.
Publius Clodius Pulcher institutes a monthly corn
dole for poor Romans.
Cyprus became a Roman province.
Gallic War begins.
Julius Caesar became a Procinsul, leads Legions
VII, VIII, IX and X into Gaul.
Caesar builds 19 mile earthwork and fortifications
between Lake Geneva and the Jura Mountains.
June – Battle of Arar.
July – Battle of Bibracte.
September – Battle of Vosges.
Egypt – Berenice IV became queen.
Asia – Jumong became ruler of Buyeo.
62BCE
61BCE
60BCE
59BCE
58BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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57BCE
Roman Republic – Publius Cornelius Lentulus
Spinther and Quintus Caecilius Metellus Nepos
Iunior becom Consuls.
May – Battle of Axona.
September – Battle of Sabis.
Parthia – Mithridates III became king.
Asia – City of Gwangju founded in South Korea.
Roman Republic – Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus
Marcellinus and Lucius Marcius Philippus become
Consuls.
Roman Republic – Marcus Licinius Crassus and
Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus become Consuls.
Caesar conquers Northern Gaul.
May – Caesar defeats Germanic army, massacre
women and children, totalling 430,000 people.
June – Ceasar crosses the river Rhine near Bonn,
Parthia – Battle of Seleucia,
Roman Republic – Appius Claudius Pulcher and
Lucius Dominitius Ahenobarbus become Consuls.
Winter – Revolts in Gaul.
Pompey builds first permanent theatre in Rome.
56BCE
55BCE
Britain – August - Caesar dispatches an
expedition to Britain, deploying new Roman
warships with catapults, to subdue resistance on
landing.
55BCE
54BCE
England – Southern England became part of
Roman Republic following Julius Caesars second
expedition. He receives a nominal submission
from Cassivellaunus and installs Mandubracius as
king.
54BCE
53BCE
52BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – Marcus Valerius Messalla and
Gnaeus Dominitius Calvinus become Consuls.
Crassus defeated and killed by Parthians at Battle
of Carrhae.
Roman Merchants massacred at Cenabum
(Orléans).
Caesar and Pompey compete for control of Rome.
Armenia – Artavasdes II became king.
Roman Republic – Quintus Caecilius Metellus
Pius Scipio Nasica and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
become Consuls.
Pompey marries Cornelia Metalla.
March – Siege of Avaricum (Bourges).
April/May – Siege of Gergovia.
July – Battle of Vingeanne.
Siege of Alesia.
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51BCE
Roman Republic – Marcus Claudius Marcellus
and Servius Sulpicicius Rufus become Consuls.
Egypt – Spring – Pharaoh Pytolemy XII died,
succeeded by his daughter Cleopatra VII and son
Ptolemy XIII.
Asia – The Hsiung-nu split into two hordes.
Roman Republic – Lucius Aemilius Paullus and
Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor become Consuls.
The Scorpio was invented.
Roman Republic take control of Judea.
Roman Republic – Lucius Comelius Lentulus
Crus and Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior become
Consuls.
10 January – Julius Caesar leads army across the
Rubicon, initiating Civil War.
February – Pompey flees to Epirus.
9 March – Caesar advances against Pompeian
army in Spain.
2 August – Pompeians in Ilerda surrender to
Caesar.
24 August – Gaius Scribonius Curio defeated in
North Africa, in Battle of the Bagradas River.
September – Battle of Massilla.
October – Caesar appointed Dictator in Rome.
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar and
Publius Servilius Vatia Isauricus become Consuls.
10 July – Battle of Dyrrhachium.
9 August – Battle of Pharsalia, Caesar outflanks
and defeats Pompey.
Siege of Alexandria.
Battle of Nicopolis
December – Battle of Alexandria, part of the
library burned down.
Asia – Yuan became Emperor of Han Dynasty.
50BCE
49BCE
48BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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47BCE
Roman Republic – Quintus Fufius Calenus and
Publius Vatinius become Consuls.
February – Battle of the Nile, Julius Caesar and
Cleopatra VII defeat rival Egyptian Queen Arsinoe
IV.
May – Battle of Zela, Caesar defeats Phamaces II
of Pontus.
Pompey murdered in Egypt on orders of Queen
Cleopatra VII.
Battle of Mount Tabor in Judea.
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar and
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus become Consuls.
4 Jan – Battle of Ruspina, Titus Lebienus defeats
Julius Caesar.
6 April – Julius Caesar defeats Pompeian and
Numidian armies.
Ceasar creates the Julian calendar.
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar became
Consol.
17 March – Battle of Munda, Titus Labenus died.
Legion XIIII Gemina and Legion X Equestris
demobilized.
Ceaser named dictator for life.
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Ceasar and Mark
Antony become Consuls.
15 March – Conspirators, led by Marcus Brutus
and Cassius Longinus, murder Julius Caesar,
dictator of Rome.
20 March – Funeral of Julius Ceasar.
Mark Antony became first man in Rome.
Pharaoh Cleopatra VII declares her son co-ruler
as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
Europe – Comsius became king of Dacia.
46BCE
45BCE
44BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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43BCE
Roman Republic – Gaius Vibius Pansa
Caetronianus and Aulus Hirtius become Consuls.
Octavian confirmed as Propraetor.
Gaius Antonius defeated by Marcus Junius Brutus
at Dyrrachium.
14 April – Battle of Forum Gallorum.
21 April – Battle of Mutina.
Sextus Pompey became supreme commander of
Roman Navy.
Gaius Cassius became Proconsul of Syria.
July-Aug – Octavian enters Rome.
7 Dec – Marcus Tullius Cicero killed.
Gaul – Lugdunum (Lyon) founded.
Roman Republic – Battle of Philippi. Brutus and
Cassius commit suicide after their army is
defeated by legions led by ‘the Second
Triumvirate’.
Roman Republic and Egypt – Mark Anthony
allies with Cleopatra, last queen of Egypt, decisive
combat takes place at sea, between war galleys of
Roman and Egyptian fleets.
Roman Republic – Lucius Antonius and Publius
Servilius Vatia Isauricus become Consuls.
Perusine War.
Lucius and Fulvia defeated in Battle of Perugia.
Roman Republic – Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus
and Gaius Asinius Polio become Consuls.
Seige of Perusia, Lucius Antonius surrenders to
Octavian.
Octavian divorces Clodia Pilchra, marries
Scribonia.
Treaty of Brundisium.
Roman ships designed with larger catapults and
towers.
Parthia – Parthians conquer Jeruselem. Antigonus
the Hasmonean became king of Judea.
Roman Republic – Battle at Taurus Mountains.
42BCE
41BCE
40BCE
39BCE
38BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – 17 Jan – Octavian marries
Livia.
Treaty of Tarentum signed.
Battle of Cyrrhestica.
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37BCE
Roman Republic – Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and
Titus Statilius Taurus become Consuls.
Second Pact of Tarentum.
Romans conquer Jerusalem from Parthians.
Herod the Great became king of Judea.
Ananelus became High Priest of Judea.
Roman ships strengthened with beams around
waterline.
Korea – Kingdom of Goguyeo founded by
Dongmyeong.
Roman Republic – Lucius Gellius Publicola and
Marcus Cocceius Nerva become Consuls.
Mark Antony lauched a major offensive against
Parthians.
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa secures Liparis Islands.
Agrippa received Naval Crowm(corona navalis).
Mark Antony marries Cleopatra VII.
Astrobulus III became High Priest in Jerusalem.
3 Sept – Battle of Naulochaus.
Asia – Oct-Dec – Battle of Zhizhi.
36BCE
35BCE
34BCE
33BCE
32BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Republic – Illyria became a Roman
Province.
Roman Republic – Mark Antony and Lucius
Scribonius Libo become Consuls.
Mark Antony advances into Armenia and arrests
king Artavases II.
Donations of Alexandria
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian
and Lucius Volcatius Tullus become Consul.
Marcus Vipsanius built Aqua Julia in Rome.
China – Crown Prince Ao became Emperor
Cheng.
Roman
Republic
–
Gnaeus
Domitius
Ahenobarbus and Gaius Sosius become Consuls.
July – Roman Senate declares war on Mark
Antony and Cleopatra VII.
Octavian proclaimed Dux.
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31BCE
Roman Republic – Battle of Actium. Octavian’s
ships defeat the fleet loyal to Cleopatra and Mark
Anthony, they kill themselves following Octavian’s
victory.
Egypt became a Roman province.
Roman Republic – Octavian takes the name
Augustas after the overthrow of the Ptolemies.
Reigns as virtual, and later actual, emperor.
Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian and Marcus
Lucinius Crassus Dives become Consuls.
Egypt – 1 August – Octavian Caesar captures
Alexandria.
Cleopatra commits suicide, Ptolemy XV Caesarion
executed.
Roman Republic – Octavian Caesar and Sextus
Appuleius become Consuls.
Roman Republic – Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian
and Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa become consuls.
30BCE
29BCE
28BCE
27BCE
26BCE
25BCE
24BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – 16 Jan-17 Aug 14AD – Caesar
Divi Filius Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian and Marcus
Vipsanius Agrippa become consuls.
Construction of old Pantheon begins.
Roman Empire – Caesar Augustus and Titus
Statilius Taurus become Consul.
Campaign agains the Cantabrians in northern
Hispania.
Greece – Dioteimus Alaieus became Archon of
Athens.
India – The Andhra dynasty replaces the Kanva
dynasty.
Roman Empire – Caesar Augustus and Marcus
Junius Silanus become Consuls.
Temple of Neptune built on Circus Flaminius,
Rome.
Galatia became Roman province after King
Amyntas’ death.
Roman Empire – Caesar Augustus and Gaius
Norbanus Flaccus become Consuls.
City of Nicopolis founded in Egypt.
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23BCE
Roman Empire – Caesar Augustus and Aulus
Terentius Varro Murena become Consuls.
Nubians attack Roman province of Egypt.
Vitruvius writes De Architectura (the Ten Books of
Architecture).
Israel - Herod the Great builds palace in
Jerusalem and fortress Herodian in Judaea.
Roman Empire – Lucius Arruntius and Marcus
Claudius Marcellus Aeserninus become Consuls.
Aemilius Lepidus Paullus and Lucius Munatius
Plancus become Censors.
Legions III and XXII with Gaius Petronu, goveronor
of Egypt, destroy the Napata.
Armenia – Artaxias II claims throne.
22BCE
21BCE
20BCE
19BCE
18BCE
17BCE
16BCE
15BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Peace treaty between Rome
and Parthia.
King Herod the Great begins renovation of the
Temple of Jerusalem.
Roman Empire – Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
completed the Aqua Virgo (Rome).
Roman Empire – Caesar Augustus introduces
Julian Laws.
Roman Empire – Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
and Publius Cornelius Scipio become Consuls.
Noricum incorporated into Roman Empire.
Trier made capital of German province.
Roman Empire – Marcus Livius Drusus Libo and
Lucius Calpurnius Piso become Consuls.
Nero Claudius Drusus improves passage through
the Alps to Austria, builds Via Claudia Augusta
through Italy.
Vienna (Vindobona) became a frontier city.
Augsburg (Germany) founded as Augusta
Vindelicorum.
Chur (Switzerland) became capital of Roman
province Rhaetia.
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14BCE
Roman Empire – Nero Claudius Drusus fortifies
Augusta Vangionum (Worms, Germany).
Caesar Augustus makes Beeroth (Beirut) a clonia,
named Colonia Julia Felix Berytus.
Winter – Legion X stationed in Syria.
Roman Empire – Tiberius Claudius Nero and
Publius Quinctilius Varus become Consuls.
Nero
Claudius
Drusus
builds
Castrum
Monguntiacum (Mainz, Germany)
Drusus granted governor of Gaul.
Roman Empire – Marcus Valerius Messalla
Appianus and Publius Sulpicius Quirinius become
Consuls.
Emperor Augustus given title Pontifex Maximus.
Roman Empire – Quintus Aelius Tubero and
Paullus Fabius Maximus become Consuls.
Battle of Lupia River – Romans win victory in
Germania.
Drusus builds wooden camp Castellum Bonna
near the Rhine.
Roman Empire – Africanus Fabius Maximus and
Iullus Antonius become Consuls.
Obelisk of Montecitorio brought from Egypt to
Rome by Emperor Augustus.
Germany – Bridge built across Rhine near Bonn.
Roman camp established at Speyer.
Roman Empire – Roman legions, led by Drusus
and Tiberius, push into Germania and extend
boundaries of the empire to river Elbe.
Nero Claudius Druses died after fall from horse.
Pannonia incorporated in Roman Empire as part of
Illyria.
13BCE
12BCE
11BCE
10BCE
9BCE
8BCE
7BCE
6BCE
5BCE
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Tiberius Claudius Nero and
Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso become Consuls.
Judaea is annexed by Rome.
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4BCE
Palestine – Herod the Great died.
Herod Archelaus became ruler of Judea.
Herod Antipas became tetrarch of Galilee and
Perea.
Roman Empire – Lucius Domitius Abenobarbus
commands Roman army in Germania, crosses
river Elbe.
Roman Empire – Emperor Augustus proclaimed
Pater Patriae, “Father of the Country”, by Roman
Senate.
Julia the Elder, daughter of Augustus exiled to
Pandateria for treason and adultery.
Asia – Parthian Empire – Phraates IV murdered
by his son a wife.
Phraates V became king.
China – Emperor Ai of Han died, succeeded by
Ping of Han, aged 9, Wang Mang appointed
regent.
3BCE
2BCE
1BCE
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Date
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1
Roman Empire – -5 – Tiberius quells revolts in
Germainia.
Gaius Ceasar and Lucius Aemilius Paullus
appointed Consuls.
The Aqua Alsientina aquaduct constructed in
Rome.
Silk appears in Rome.
Greece – Aurius Paianeius became Archon of
Athens.
China – Emperor Ping begins his reign.
Africa – Aksumite Empire founded.
Amanishakheto, Queen of Kush, died, her son
Natakamani succeeds her.
Roman Empire – Publius Alfenus Varus and
Publius Vinicius appointed Consuls.
Greece – Cedeides became Archon of Athens.
China – Census shows a population of nearly 60
million.
Vietnam – Census shows a population of nearly 1
million.
Roman Empire – Lucius Aelius Lamia and Marcus
Valerius Messalla Messallinus appointed Consuls.
Greece – Menneas became Archon of Athens.
Korea – King Yuri of Goguryeo moved the capital
from Jolbon Fortress to Gumgnae Fortress.
Roman Empire – Sectus Aelius Catus became
Consul.
The Lex Aelia Sentia passed to regulate the
manumission of slaves.
Marcus Plautius Silvanus appointed Proconsul of
Asia.
Greece – Polianus Maradonius became Archon of
Athens.
Roman Empire – Gnaeus Cornelius Cinna
Magnus and Lucius Valerius Mesalla Volesus
become Consuls.
Tiberius conquers Germania Inferior.
Greece – Polycharmus Azenius became Archon of
Athens.
2
3
4
5
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Date
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Date
Rest of World
6
Roman Empire – Iudea and Moesia become
Roman provinces.
Syria is guarded by Legions III, VI, X and XII.
Emperor Augustus sets up a treasury to pay
bonuses to retiring legion veterans.
Marcus Aemilius and Lucius Arruntius become
Consuls.
Greece – Theophilus became Archon of Athens.
China – 3 Feb – Emperor Ping Di died aged 14;
Wang Mang succeeds him, aged 2.
Roman Empire – Pannonians, Dalmatians and
Illyrians revolt against Roman rule.
Publius Quincilius Varus appointed governor of
Germania.
Abgarus of Edessa deposed as king of Osroene.
Construction of the Temple of Concord starts.
Asia – Vonones I became ruler of Parthia.
Roman Empire – 3 Aug – Tiberius defeats
Dalmations on the River Bathinus.
Marcus
Furius
Camillus,
Sextus
Nonius
Quinctilianus, and Lucius Apronius become
Consuls.
Roman Empire – Illyria became a province after
revolt is defeated.
Legions II, Xii and XX move to Germany, replacing
XIX etc destroyed at Teutoburg.
Pannonia (Hungary) submits to Roman rule.
The law Lex Papia Poppaea is adopted in Rome,
to encourage and strengthen marriage.
5% inheritance tax and 1% sales tax introduced.
China – Wang Mang seizes the throne from the
Liu family.
Roman Empire – Publius Cornelius Dolabella
became Consul.
China – Wang Mang outlaws the private purchase
and use of crossbows.
Asia – Artabanus II became ruler of Parthia.
India – Satakarni became Emperor of the Anhra
Empire.
7
8
Britain – Tincomarus deposed king of Atrebates
flees to Rome, Eppillus succeeds him.
8
9
England – Cymbaline, king of Catuvellauni
recognized by imperial Rome as ‘Rex Brittonum’
9
10
11
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12
Roman Empire – Annius Rufus appointed Prefect
of Judea.
Augustus orders invasion of Germany beyond the
Rhine.
Germanicus and Gaius Fonteius Capito become
Consuls.
Armenian Artaxiad Dynasty overthrown by
Romans.
13
14
15
16
17
18
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Roman Empire – 19 Aug – Emperor Augustus
died.
18 Sept-16 Mar 37 – Tiberius Caesar Augustus
became Roman Emperor.
Census indicates there are 4,973,000 Roman
citizens.
Sectus Appuleius and Sextus Pompeius become
Consuls.
Roman Empire – Emona founded by Legion XV.
Legion XXI stationed at Regensburg.
Valerius Gratus appointed Prefect of Judea.
Roman Empire – Cappadocia (Asia Minor)
became a Roman Province.
Lucius Aelius Sejanus became Praetorian Prefect.
Germania – Civil War begins.
Israel – Herod Antipas builds the city of Tiberias
on the western shore of the Sea of Galille.
Asia Minor – Earthquake destroys city of Sardis.
Roman Empire – Emperor Tiberius and
Germanicus become Consuls.
Kingdom of Marcomanni destroyed by German
chirftain Armanius.
Africa - A sub unit of Legion III destroyed by an
ambush.
Syria – Germanicus Caesar arrived as new
commander in chief for Roman East.
Asia – Germanicus concludes peace treaty with
ArtabanusII of Parthia.
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19
Roman Empire – Germanicus Julius Caesar
poisoned.
Emperor Tiberus expels Egyptians from Rome and
deports 4,000 Jews from Sicily.
Triumphant Arch built for Germanicus Julius
Caesar in Saintes, France.
Roman Empire – Servius Sulpicius Galba became
a Praetor.
Emperor Tiberius orders investigation and public
trial in Roman Senate for murder of Germanicus.
Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso commits suicide, fearing
he will be found guilty.
Roman Empire – Emperor Tiberius became
th
Consul (4 time)
Asia – King Daeso of Dongbuyeo killed in battle.
Roman Empire – Decimus Haterius Agrippa and
Gaius Sulpicius Galba become Consuls.
Drusus Julius Caesar receives tribunician powers.
Roman law replaces Celtic customs in Gaul.
China – Han dynasty suppresses final areas of
resistance.
Roman Empire – Gaius Asinius Pollio and Gaius
Antistius Vetus become Consuls.
China – Liu Xuan proclaims himself emperor
against Wang Mang.
July – Battle of Kunyang.
Roman Empire – Servius Cornelius Cethegus and
Lucius Visellius Varro become Consuls.
Greece – Charmides became Archon of Athens.
Korea – King Namhae died, King Yuri succeeds
him to throne in Silla.
Roman Empire – Cossus Cornelius Lentulus and
Marcus Asinius Agrippa become Consuls.
China – Liu Xiu became emperor.
Roman Empire – Tiberius retires to Capris.
Pontius Pilate appointed Prefect of Judea.
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
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27
Roman Empire – Lucius Calpurnius Piso and
Marcus Licinius Crassus Frugi become Consuls.
Fire in Rome.
Amphitheatre in Fidenae collapses, killing 20,000
of the 50,000 spectators.
Apricots brought to Rome.
An Arc de Triumph built in Rimini, in honor of
Augustus.
Korea – King Daru succeeds to throne of Baekje.
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
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Roman Empire – Romans capture Serdica
(Sofia).
Agrippina the Elder exiled to island of Pandataria.
Belgium – Romans found city of Tournai.
India – Kushan Empire founded (approx. date).
Roman Empire – Lucius Aelius Sejanus and
Emperor Tiberius become Consuls.
Lucius Aelius Sejanus executed.
Roman Empire – Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
and Lucius Arruntius Scribonianus become
Consuls.
Roman Empire – Servius Sulpicius Galba became
Consul.
Emperor Tiberius founds a credit bank in Rome.
Financial crisis in Rome.
Rome – -c.67 Simon Peter became Pope.
Roman Empire – Paullus Fabius Persius and
Lucius Vitellis become Consuls.
Construction of three tier aquaduct running 269
miles from Nîmes.
Asia – Tiridates III became king of Pathia.
Roman Empire – Pontius Pilate recalled to Rome.
Marcellus became governor of Judaea and
Samaria.
Roman Empire – 16 Mar – Emperor Tiberius died.
18 Mar-24 Jan 41 – Caligula, Gaius Caesar
Augustus Germenicus became Roman Emperor.
Earthquake destroys Antioch (Turkey)
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Roman Empire – Anti-Jewish riot in Alexandria
during visit by Agrippa I.
Phaedrus writes his collection of fables.
Roman Empire – Gaius Caesar Augustus
Germanicus and Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo
become Consuls.
Caligula orders a floating bridge of ships to be built
between Baiae and Pueoli.
Caligula orders a statue of himself to be placed in
Temple of Jerusalem.
Philo leads a Jewish delegation to Rome to protest
anti-Jewish conditions in Alexandria.
Roman Empire – Emperor Caligula became
Consul.
Caligula starts campaign to conquer Britain.
Caligula declares himself a god, orders all Greek
deity statues to be replaced by his, appoint his
horse a Senator.
Asia – Vardanes I became king of Parthia.
Roman Empire – Emperor Caligula and Gnaeus
Sentius Saturninus become Consuls.
24 Jan – Emperor Caligula assassinated.
25 Jan – 13 Oct 54 – Tiberius Claudius Caesar
Agustus Germanicus became Roman Emperor.
Claudius restores religious freedom to Jews
throught empire.
Israel – Agrippa became king of Judea.
Roman Empire – Emperor Claudius and Gaius
Caecina Largus become Consuls.
Romans take control of Ceuta.
Algeria and Morocco become Roman provinces.
Construction starts on Portus harbour.
Korea – Suro became king of Geumgwan Gaya.
Roman Empire – Emperor Claudius and Lucius
Vitellius become Consuls.
Romans have complete control of Mediteranean.
Asia – Warfare between northern and southern
Huns.
Vietnam and China – Vietnam designated a
province of China.
39
40
Emperor Caligula became Consul.
Caligula starts campaign to conquer Britain
40
41
42
43
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England – Romans invade, resistance from
Caractacus is crushed at Medway.
Canterbury (Durovernum Cantiacorum) captured
and fort built.
London founded (Londinium).
43
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44
Britain – Boudicca marries Prasutagus, king of
the Iceni.
Date
Rest of World
44
Roman Empire – Gaius Sallustius Crispus
Passienus and Tiyus Statilius Taurus become
Consuls.
Mauretania became a Roman province.
Rhodes returns to Roman Empire.
Judea controlled by Roman governors.
Pomponius writes De Situ Orbis (Geography of the
Earth).
Roman Empire – Marcus Vinicius and Titus
Flavius Sabinus become Consuls.
Juvavum (Salzburg, Austria) awarded status of
municipium.
Emperor Claudius expels Jews from Rome.
Savaria (Szombathely, Hungary) founded.
Greece – Plutarch (historian/biographer) born.
Roman Empire – Decimus Valerius Asiaticus and
Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus become
Consuls.
Celje (Slovenia) awarded municipal rights.
Census shows there are more than 6,000,000
Roman citizens.
Thracia became Roman province.
Asia – Drought and invasion of locusts at
Mongolian steppes, cause famine and revolt at
Xiongnu.
Roman Empire – Emperor Claudius and Lucius
Vitellius become Consuls.
Traiectrum (Utrecht) fortification built near mouth
of the Rhine.
Forum Claudii Vallensium (Martigny, Switzerland)
founded.
Canal Fossa Corbulonis constructed between the
Rhine and Meuse, Netherlands.
Roman Empire – Aulus Vitellius and Lucius
Vipstanus Poplicola become Consuls.
Citizen rights granted to the Aedui, France.
45
46
47
Britain – Publius Ostorius Scapula became
governor, replacing Aulus Plautius.
Scotland – Musselburgh founded.
47
48
Britain – Publius Ostorius Scapula announces
intention to disarm Britons south and east if the
Trent and Severn. The Iceni revolt but defeated.
Romans move against Brigante tribe.
Wales – Romans move against Deceangli tribe.
Britain – Colonia for Roman veterans founded at
Camulodunum (Colchester).
48
49
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49
Roman Empire – Claudius marries his neice,
Agrippina the Younger.
Nero became engaged to Claudia Octavia.
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50
Wales – Campaign against Silures tribe begins.
England – Romans build wooden bridge over
river Thames in London area.
50
51
Wales – Publius Ostorius Scapula defeats
Caratacus and the Silures.
England – Caratacus seeks sanctuary from
Cartimandua, queen of the Brigantes, she is a
Roman ally and hands him over to Ostorius.
51
52
Wales – Governor Publius Ostorius Scapula died
campaigning against the Silures. Aulus Didius
Gallus replaces him.
52
Roman Empire – Use of soap, learned from the
Gauls, made compulsory with northern legions.
Cologne (Germany) raised to status of a city.
Asia – (approx. date) Kushan Empire created
when Tocharian and Yeu-Chi tribes united.
Roman Empire – Emperor Claudius and Titus
Flavius Vespasianus becom Consuls.
Caratacus exhibited in chains in Rome.
Parthia – Gotarzes II died, Vonones II succeeds
but died a few months later, his son Vologases I
became ruler.
Roman Empire – Claudius has a 5.6km tunnel
dug through Monte Salviano in an attempt to
control Fucine Lake.
The execution of old and crippled slaves is
prohibited.
Pliny the Elder writes his accounts of the German
wars.
China – The Yuejue Shu gazetteer was written
during the Han Dynasty.
Roman Empire – Decimus Junius Silanus
Torquatus and Quintus Haterius Antoninus
become Roman Consuls.
Nero marries Clausia Octavia.
Roman Empire – 13 Oct – Emperor Claudius
died.
13 Oct-11 June 68 – Nero Claudius Caesar
Augustus Germanicus became Roman Emperor.
Nero attempts to prohibit the gladiatorial games.
Gnaeus Dominitius Corbulo became governor of
Asia.
Clashes between Jews and Pagans erupts in
Caesarea following a local ordinance restricting
the civil rights of the Jews. The Roman garrison
takes the side of the pagans.
Winter – Dominitius Corbulo takes Legio VI
Ferrata and Legio X into the mountains of
Cappadocia. Takes them on a 25 mile training
march and weapons drill.
53
54
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England – Venutius leads a revolt against
Cartimandua, queen of the Brigantes. Goveronor
Aulus Didius Gallus sends military aid to her.
54
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55
Roman Empire – Nero became Consul.
Britannicus, son of Claudius, killed by supporters
of Nero.
Roman Empire – Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus
became Consul.
War begins between Rome and Parthia, following
the invasion of Armenia by Vologases I.
Roman Empire – Nero became Consul.
China – Emperor Guangwu of Han died, Han
Mingdi became Emperor.
56
57
Britain – Quintus Veranius Nepos became
governor.
Wales – Quintus Veranius Nepos begins
campaign against Silures.
57
58
59
60
61
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Britain – Romans build a bridge over river
Thames in London.
Roman army take possession of East Anglia,
Icenian chiefs deprived of their hereditary estates.
Boudica is flogged, her daughters are publicly
raped.
Gaius Suetonius Paulinus, governor of Britannia,
leads campaign on island of Mona (Anglesey)
Boudica joins Celtic tribes in revolt against
Romans.
Legio IX Hispana defeated and Camulodunum
(Colchester) is destroyed.
Boudica attacks Londinium (London) and
Verulamium (St. Albans)
Wales – The Druidic stronghold in Anglesey
destroyed by Suetonius Paulinus.
England – Verulamium (St. Alban) attacked and
burnt by Britons. Roman citizens killed.
Boudica defeated at Battle of Watling Street by
Roman army.
60
61
Roman Empire – Emperor Nero and Marcus
Valerius Corvinus become Consuls.
Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo leads the Roman army
against the fortress at Volandum in Armenia.
China – Ming-Ti became emperor, moves against
military aristocracy, introduces Buddhism.
Roman Empire – Nero has his mother, Agrippina
the Younger, killed.
Roman Empire – Nero sends an expedition to the
Meroë (Sudan)
Roman defeat the Rhoxolani on the Danube.
Herod Agrippa II rules the northeast of Judea.
Roman Empire – Publius Petronius Turpilianus
and Lucius Caesennius PAetus become Consuls.
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62
Roman Empire – Emperor Nero marries Poppaea
Sabina.
Parthians invade Armenia.
Battle of Rhandeia.
A large storm destroys 200 ships in the port of
Portus.
Italy – 5 Feb – Earthquake measuring 6.0Mw,
epicentre in Bay of Naples.
Roman Empire – Vespasian became governor of
Africa.
Pompeii damaged by earthquake.
Roman Empire – 18 July – Great Fire of Rome.
First persecution of Christians.
Phoenicia became part of Syria.
Roman Empire – Gaius Calpurnius Piso
comspires against emperor Nero.
Cestius Gallus became legate of Syria.
Emperor Nero kills his pregnant wife with a kick to
the stomach.
China – First official reference to Buddhism made.
Africa – First Christian community in Africa
founded.
Roman Empire – Suetonius Paullinus became
Consul.
22 September – Emperor Nero creates Legio I
Italica.
-70 - Jewish revolt begins against Roman Empire.
The Zealots attack Jerusalem and destroy Roman
garrison.
The Sacarii capture the fortress of Masada.
Cestius Gallus leads Roman army into Judea to
put down Jewish rebellion.
63
64
65
66
England –
Gloucester.
Legio
II
Augusta
stationed
at
66
Halley’s Comet is visible.
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67
Roman Empire – Gaius Licinius Mucianus
became governor of Syria.
Vespasian and Titus go to Judea to put down
Jewish Revolt.
Siege of Jotapata, massacre of 40,000 Jewish
inhabitants.
Massacre of Jewish inhabitants at fortress in the
Golan.
Sardinia became a Roman province.
Greece – Emperor Nero takes part in the Olymic
Games.
Rome – -c.76 – Linus became Pope.
Roman Empire – 11 June – Emperor Nero
commits suicide.
8 June-15 Jan 69 – Servius Galba Imperator
Caesar Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Legio I Macriana Liberatrix and Legio I Adiutrix
created.
Marcus Ulpius Trajanus became Consul.
Trajan lays siege to Jericho.
China – An iron chain suspension bridge is
constructed.
Buddist White Horse Temple built.
Roman Empire – 15 Jan – Emperor Galba
murdered.
15 Jan – Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus became
Roman Emperor.
14 April – First Battle of Bedriacum.
16 April – Emperor Otho commits suicide.
17 April – Aulis Vitellius Germanicus Augustus
became Roman Emperor.
1 August – Batavavian rebellion.
24 October – Second Battle of Bedriacum.
20 Dec – Emperor Vitellius murdered.
1 July-24 June 79 – Titus Flavius Caesar
Vespasianus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Legio I Macriana Liberatrix disbanded.
68
69
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Mutiny of Legio XX Valeria Victrix at
Deva Victrix (Chester).
Marcus Trebellius
Maximus, governor of Britannia, forced to flee to
Gaul.
Marcus Vettis Bolanus became governor of
Britannia, faces insurrection of Venutius, king of
the Brigantes.
69
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71
York
Fortess of Eboracum established by
Romans, Legio IX Hispana, based here.
Date
71
Britain
Engalnd – Battle of Stanwick, Quintus Petillius
Cerialis puts down revolt by Brigantes.
Date
Rest of World
70
Roman Empire – Emperor Vespasian and Tirus
Caesar Vespasian become Consuls.
Building of the Colosseum is started.
Legio II Adiutrix created.
Siege of Jerusalem
Roman catapults apparently able to send stones
weighing 25kg (55lbs), 365m (400yds) or further.
Legio V Alaudae and Legio XV Primiaenia
destroyed during Batavian Revolt.
Legio I Germanica, Legio IIII Macedonicxa, Legio
XVI Gallica disbanded.
Roman Empire – Emperor Vespasian and Marcus
Cocceius Nerva become Consuls.
Battle of Treves.
Herodium, Jewish fortress, destroyed by Legio X
Fretensis.
Roman Empire – Vespian and Titus become
Consuls.
First Jewish-Roman War.
Work begins on the building of the Colosseum in
Rome.
Roman Empire – Titus Flavious Domitianus
became Consul.
Asia – February – Battle of Yiwulu
Roman Empire – Emperor Vespasian and Titus
Caesar Vespanianus becom Consuls.
Black Forest region reattached to Roman Empire.
Roman Empire – Emperor Vespasian and Titus
Caesar Vespanianus becom Consuls.
Temple of Peace built in Rome.
Armazi (Georgia) is fortified.
Asia – Accession of Han Zhangdi.
71
72
73
74
75
76
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Britain – Sextus Julius Frontinus became
governor, makes his headquarters in Isca Augusta
(Wales).
Wales – Frontinus starts conquest, Legio II
Augusta moved to border of River Usk.
Venta Silurum (Caerwent) founded.
Wales – Sextus Julius Frontinus subdues the
Silures, and other hostile tribes.
Fortress at Isca Augusta (Caerleon) built for Legio
II Augusta.
75
76
Roman Empire – Emperor Vespasian and Titus
Caesar Vespanianus becom Consuls.
Rome – -c.88 – Anacletus became Pope.
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77
Britain – Gnaeus Julius Agricola became
governor.
Wales – Agricola subdues the Ordovices tribe.
Winter – Agricola conquers Anglesey.
Scotland – Caledonian tribes formed in a
confederacy under the leadership of Calgacus.
Romans discover Orkney and Shetland Islands.
79
England - Deva Victrix (Chester) founded. The
fortress built for Legio II Adiutrix.
Mamucium (Manchester) founded.
Scotland – Agricola attempts to enter Caladonia.
80
England – Legio II Adiutrix stationed at Lindum
Colonia (Lincoln)
Date
Rest of World
77
Asia – Giru became king of Baekje in the Korean
peninsula.
78
79
80
81
82
83
Scotland – Gnaeus Julius Agricola raises a fleet
and encircles Celtic tribes beyond the Forth.
Calgacus unites the Picts, and made chieftain of
the Caledonian Confederacy.
Scotland – Inchtuthil, Roman fort built.
82
83
84
85
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Roman Empire – 24 Jun – Emperor Vespasian
died.
24 Jun-13 Sept 81 – Titus Flavius Caesar
Vespasianus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
24 August – Mount Vesuvius erupts destroying
Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis.
Roman Empire – Emperor Titus inaugurates the
Colosseum with 100 days of games.
Pantheon destroyed by fire.
Eifel Aqueduct built.
Roman Empire – 13 Sept – Emperor Titus died.
14 Sept-18Sept 96 – Titus Flavius Caesar
Domitianus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Arch of Titus built.
Pliny the Younger id priest in the cult of the
Emperor.
The silver content in the denarius rises to 92%.
Roman Empire – Emperor Domitian became
Consul.
Roman Empire – Emperor Domitian became
Consul.
Castration of slaves prohibited in Rome.
Roman Empire – Roman fortification, the Limes,
built along the Rhine-frontier.
Roman Empire – Domitian appoints himself
censor for life, gives him right to control the
Senate.
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86
Roman Empire – Domitian introduces the
Capitoline Games.
Germany – divided ingto Upper and Lower
provinces.
Dacia – First Battle of Tapae.
Dacia – Decebalus became king.
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Two Egyptian obelisks erected
in Benevento in front of Temple of Isis, in honour
of Emperor Domitian.
End of First Dacian War.
Asia – Emperor Han Zhangdi died aged 31, his
son Zhao succeeds him as Emperor Han Hedi,
aged 9 years.
Rome – Pope Anacletus I died.
-97 - Clement I became Pope.
Dacia – Legio XIII Gemina transferred here to help
in war against Decebalus.
Asia – Battle of Ikh Bavan.
Roman Empire – Emperor Domitian and Nerva
become Consuls.
Cologne became capital of Germania Inferior.
Emperor Domitian buys peace from Decebalus of
Dacia.
Parthia – King Artabanus III died, succeeded by
Pacourus II.
Roman Empire – Manius Acilius Glabrio and
Marcus Ulpius Trajanus become Consuls.
Pliny the Younger named a tribunes plebis.
Asia – Chinese government re-establishes
Protectorate of the Western Regions.
Roman Empire – Emperor Domitian became
Consul.
The Marcomanni are defeated by Romans at the
Danube.
Roman army moves into Mesopotamia.
Dacia – First Battle of Adamclisi.
Roman Empire – Pliny the Younger named a
Praetor.
Emperor Domitians persecutes the Christians.
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94
Roman Empire – Emperor Domitian rebuilds and
rededicates the Curia Julia.
Domitian bans philosophers from Rome.
Asia – Chinese General Ban Chao takes Yangi.
Roman Empire – Emperor Domitian and Titus
Flavius Clemens become Consuls.
Domitian executes senators fearing they were
plotting to kill him.
Sextus Julius Frontinus appointed superintendent
of the aquaducts in Rome.
Roman Empire – 18 Sept – Emperor Domitian
assassinated.
18 Sept-27 Jan 98 – Marcus Coccieus Nerva
Caesar Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Arch of Titus completed in Rome.
Construction of the Forum of Nerva begins in
Rome.
Marcus Ulpius Trajanus became governor of
Upper Germany.
Roman Empire – 28 October – Marcus Ulpius
Trajanus recalled from German frontier.
Roman colony of Cuicul started in Numidia.
Nerva recognizes the Sanhedrin of Jamnia as an
official government body of the Jews.
Rome – -c.107 – Aristus became Pope.
Roman Empire – 27 Jan – Emperor Nerva died.
28 Jan-7Aug 117 – Caesar Marcus Ulpius Nerva
Trajianus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Trajan reopens the canal between the Nile and the
Red Sea.
Trajan begins a form of state wlfare assuring poor
children are fed and taken care of.
st
Roman Empire – during the 1 C, Romans begin
to use segmented iron torso armour (lorica
segmentata).
95
96
97
98
99
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100
Britain – Tiberius Avidius Quietus became
governor.
Date
Rest of World
100
Roman Empire – Emperor Trajan and Sextus
Julius Frontinus become Consuls.
Bricks become the primary building material.
Africa – Timgad founded.
Asia – Pakores became king of the Indo-Pathian
Kingdom.
Wheelbarrows first used in China.
Americas – The Moche civilization starts building
a society in modern Peru.
Roman Empire – Second Battle of Tapae.
Indonesia – Tibetans introduce Buddist religion.
Roman Empire – Lucius Julius Ursus Servianus
and Lucius Licinius Sura become Consuls.
Port of Portus enlarged.
India – presence of sugar in Urine interpreted as
sign of illness.
Roman Empire – Trajan and Manius Laberius
Maximus become Consuls.
Pliny the Younger became member of College of
Augurs.
Legio X Gemina moves to Vienna.
Syria – Temple of the Sun erected to the god Baal
in Palmyra.
Roman Empire – Fire breaks out in Rome.
Trajan orders building of Alcántara Bridge over
Tagus river.
Stone bridge built over the Danube between
Serbia and Romania.
Roman Empire – Legio XXX Ulpia Victrix and
Legio II Traiana Fortis created.
Romans conquer Kerak from the Nabateans.
Pacorus II of Parthia died, succeeded by
Vologases III.
Asia – Emperor He Di died, Shang Di became
emperor, aged 3 months.
Peace treaty signed between Baekje and Silla in
Korean peninsula.
Paper making refined by Cai Lun.
Roman Empire – Battle of Sarmizegetusa.
11 August – south eastern part of Dacia
(Romania) became Roman province
101
102
103
104
105
106
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107
Roman Empire – Lucius Licinius Sura and
Quintus Sosius Senecio become Consuls.
Asia – Han Andi became emperor of China.
Suishō, king of Wa (Japan) sends 160 slaves to
Emperor An of Han.
Bagan (in Burma) founded.
Rome – -.115 – Alexander I became Pope.
Roman Empire – Appius Annius Trebonius Gallus
and Marcus Appius Bradua become Consuls.
Roman Empire – Pliny the Younger is legate to
Bithynia.
Parthian Empire – Pacorus II died, Osroes I
succeeds him.
Roman Empire – Forum of Trajan constructed in
Rome.
Asia – Tacitus became Proconsul.
Caravans regularly depart from Luoyang with
ginger, cassia and silk to be bartered in Central
Asia for gold, silver, g;assware, pottery, cloth and
intaglio gems from Rome.
China – Earthquake, epicentre in Dian Kingdom,
Yunnan.
Roman Empire – Pliny the Younger sent to
Bithyania as governor.
Asia – Indian Emperor Cenguttuvan invades
Kushan Empire.
Roman Empire – Trajan and Titus Sextius
Africanus become Consuls.
Publius Cornelius Tacitus became governor of
Anatolia.
Hadrian became Archon of Athens.
Korea – Pasa died, Jima became king.
Roman Empire – Trajan begins begins expedition
against Parthia.
Trajan Column built in Rome to commemorate in
Second Dacian War.
Armenia annexed and became a Roman province.
Asia – “Pattini dheivam” worship inaugurated in
Kannagi Temple in Chera Kingdom, South India.
108
109
110
111
112
113
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Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
114
Roman Empire – Arch of Trajan built in
Benevento.
Osroene became vassal kingdom of Roman
Empire.
Trajan defeats Pathians.
Greece – Monument to Philopappos erected in
Athens.
Roman Empire – Trajan captures Parthian capital
Ctesiphon.
Kitos War
Rome – -125 – Sixtus I became Pope.
Roman Empire – Trajan captures Pathian cities of
Seleucia, Babylon, and Susa.
Osroes I removed as king of Parthia,
Parthamaspates appointed in his place.
Legio III Cyrenaica sent to Judea.
Legio VII Claudia sent to Cyprus.
Roman Empire - End of Kitos War.
7 Aug – Emperor Trajan died of Stroke, aged 63.
11 Aug-10 Jul 138 – Caesar Publius Aelius
Trajianus Hadrianus Augustus became Roman
Emperor.
Construction of Pantheon begins in Rome.
Silver content in Roman Denarius falls to 87%
from 93%.
Roman Empire – Roman Forum completed.
Hadrian became Consul.
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
Britain – Legio VI Victrix stationed in Britain.
Britain – Hadrian visits Britain.
Foss Dyke constructed in Lincoln.
Britain – Hadrian visits and orders construction of
a fortified wall between Tyne and Solway.
Britain – 13 September Hadrian’s Wall started.
Cohort VIIII Batavorum garrisoned at Vindolanda.
Britain – Housesteads Fort built on Hadrian’s
Wall.
119
120
121
122
123
124
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Construction of Temple of
Venus and Roma begins in Rome.
Roman Empire – Hadrian’s Villa built at Tivoli.
China – Ban Yong re-establishes Chinese control
over Tarim Basin.
Roman Empire – Hadrian starts to rebuild the
Olympeion in Athens.
India – Nahapana, king of Scythians died in battle.
Page 50
Date
York
Date
127
Britain
Britain – Hadrian’s Wall completed.
Date
Rest of World
125
Roman Empire – Hadrian establishes the
Panhellenion.
Hadrian distributes imperial lands to small farmers.
Africa – Plague in North Africa.
India – king Gautamiputra Satakarni of Andhra
dynasty destroys kingdom of Maharashtra.
China – Zhang Heng invents a hydraulic-powered
armillary sphere.
Rome – Pope Sixtus I died.
-138 Telesphorus became Pope.
126
127
128
129
130
131
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Hadrian determines that
Christians not put to death without a trial.
Roman Empire – Free bread distributed to the
poor.
Asia – Giru died, Gaeru became king of Baekje in
Korean peninsula.
Roman Empire – Law passed in Rome, banning
execution of slaves without trial.
Temple of Olympian Zeus completed in Athens.
Triumphal Arch for Hadrian built in Geresa.
Hadrian’s Gate in Antalya, Turkey built.
India – Huviska became king of the Kushan
Empire.
Asia – Basra became capital of Arabia.
Roman Empire – Hadrian builds city Aelia
Capitolina on location of Jerusalem.
Reorganization of Imperial Council.
The Equestrian Order given full legal status.
Italy divided into legal districts managed by
consuls.
Hadrian prohibits practice of circumcision, public
reading of Torah, observance of festivals and the
Sabbath, teaching of Judaic Law and ordination of
Rabbis.
Page 51
Date
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Date
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Date
Rest of World
132
Britain – Merchants build structures outside forts
of Hadrian’s Wall.
132
133
Britain – Sextus Julius Severus, governor of
Britain leaves for Judea.
133
Roman Empire – Temple of Olymian Zeus in
Athens completed.
Bar Kokhba Revolt begins in Judea.
Leg X Fretensis evacuate Jerusalem – Jews enter
city, strike coins to celebrate independence.
Leg XXII Deiotariana destroyed.
Construction begins on Mausoleum of Hadrian
(Castel Sant’Angelo) in Rome.
China – Zhang Heng invents seismometer.
Roman Empire – Sextus Julius Severus sent to
Judea to quell revolt.
Roman Empire – Romans retake Jerusalem.
A university opens in Rome.
Hadrian’s Villa in Tivoli completed.
Roman Empire – End of Bar Kokhba Revolt.
Hadrian bars Jews from Jerusalem.
Legio VI Ferrata rebuild fortress in Jerusalem.
Alter to Jupiter built on site of theTemple in
Jerusalem.
Roman Empire – Hadrian chases Jews from
Gallilee.
Triumphal Arch built near Scythopolis.
Roman province of Judea and Galilee became
Syria Palaestina.
Roman Empire – Tax laws passed for trade in
Palmyra.
Roman Empire - 10 Jul – Emperor Hadrian died
of heart failure.
10 Jul-7Mar 161 – Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrainus
Antoninus Augustus Pius became Roman
Emperor.
Construction of Theatre of Philadelphia (Amman)
starts.
Silver content of denarius fell to 75%.
Rome – Pope Telesphorus died.
-142 – Hyginus became Pope.
Roman Empire – Antoninus Augustus Pius and
Caius Bruttius Praesens become Consuls.
Tomb of Hadrian completed in Rome.
Marcus Aurelius named Caesar.
134
135
136
137
138
139
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Date
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Date
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Date
Rest of World
140
Roman Empire – Antoninus Augustus Pius and
Marcus Aurelius Caesar become Consuls.
Parthian Empire - King Mithridates IV died,
Vologases III claims throne.
Roman Empire – Temple of Antoninus and
Faustina built in Rome.
141
142
Britain – Construction of Antonine Wall started.
142
143
Britain – Brigantes revolt suppressed by Quintus
Lollius Urbisus.
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
Halley’s Comet recorded.
Rome – Pope Hyginus died.
-155 – Pius I became Pope.
Roman Empire – Antoninus Pius became Consul.
Roman Empire – Lucius Hedius Rufus Lollianus
Avitus and Titus Statilius Maximus become
Consuls.
Campaigns in Mauretania begin,
China – Emperor HanShundi died, Han Chongdi
succeeds.
Roman Empire – Antoninus Augustus Pius and
Marcus Aurelius Caesar becom Consuls.
Arrian became Archon in Athens.
China – Emperor Han Chongdi died, succeeded
by Han Zhidi.
India – Ajmere founded.
Roman Empire – Faustina the Younger became
Roman Empress.
China – Emperor Han Zhidi died, succeded by
Han Huandi.
th
Roman Empire – 900 anniversary of founding of
Rome.
Pathia – King Vologases III died, succeded by
Vologases IV.
Asia – Mytilene and Smyrna destroyed by and
earthquake.
152
153
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Date
York
Date
155
Britain
Britain – Romans begin to leave Hadrian’s Wall.
Date
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
Rest of World
Roman Empire – Rome stated that although it did
not recognize it as an official religion, Judaism
must be tolerated.
Circumcision was relegalized.
Rome - 11 July – Pope Pius I died.
-166 – Anicetus became Pope.
India – Shivashri Satakarni became king
Satavahana of Andhra.
Rome – Manufacture of soap with grease, lime
and ashes began.
China – Buddhist monks arrive.
Roman Empire – 7 Mar – Emperor Antonius Pius
died.
7 Mar-Mar 169 – Caesar Lucius Aurelius Verus
Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – Plague spreads, little travelling
or military activity for 16 years.
Rome – Pope Anicetus died.
-175 – Soter became Pope.
Roman Empire – Mar – Emperor Lucius Verus
died.
7 Mar-17 Mar 180 – Caesar Marcus Aurelius
Antonius Augustus became Roman Emperor.
170
171
172
173
174
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
175
176
177
180
Scotland – Roman expeditionary force defeated,
IX Legion retreats south of Hadrian’s Wall.
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
Britain – Albinus proclaims himself emperor, killed
at Battle of Lyons.
Rest of World
Rome – Pope Soter died.
-189 – Eleuterus became Pope.
Roman Empire – -31 Dec 192 – Caesar Marcus
Aurelius Commodus Antonius Augustus became
Roman Emperor
Roman Empire – 17 Mar – Emperor Marcus
Aurelius died.
Rome – Pope Eleuterus died.
-199 – Victor I became Pope.
190
191
192
193
Roman Empire – 1 Dec – Emperor Commodus
assassinated.
Roman Empire – 1 Jan – Caesar Publius Heluius
Pertinax Augustus became Roman Emperor.
26 Mar – Emperor Pertinax murdered.
28 Mar – Caesar Marcus Didius Severus
Julianaus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
1 June – Emperor Didius Julianus executed.
9 April-4 Feb 211 – Caesar Lucius Septimius
Severus Pertinax Augustus became Roman
Emperor.
194
195
196
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Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
211
4 February – Emperor Severus died at
York.
His sons Caracalla and Geta assumed
joint sovereign rule, but Caracella
murdered his brother and married his
mother-in-law.
210
211
212
Rest of World
Roman Empire – -8 April 217 – Caesar Marcus
Aurelius Severus Antonius Pius Augustus
(Caracalla) became co Roman Emperor with
Severus.
Rome – Pope Victor I died.
-217 – Zephyrinus became Pope.
Afghanistan – Huns invade.
Roman Empire – Caesar Publius Septimius Geta
Augustus became Co Roman Emperor with
Severus and Caracalla.
Roman Empire – 4 Feb - Co-Emperor Septimius
Severus died.
26 Dec – Co-Emperor Geta murdered on order of
Caracalla.
Caracalla became sole Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – Roman citizenship granted to
every freeborn subject.
213
214
215
216
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
217
Roman Empire – 8 April – Emperor Caracalla
murdered.
11 April-8 June 218 – Marcus Opellius Severus
Marcrinus Augustus Pius Felix became Roman
Emperor;
Marcus
Oppellius
Antonius
Diadumenianus appointed Junior Emperor.
Rome – Pope Zephyrinus died.
-223 – Callixtus I became Pope.
Roman Empire – 8 June – Co-Emperors
Marcrinus and Diadumenian executed.
8 June-11 Mar 222 – Marcus Aurelius Antonius
Augustus (Elagabalus) became Roman Emperor.
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
China – Civil Wars, Han dynasty falls.
Asia Minor and Balkan Peninsula – Goths from
Germany invade.
Roman Empire – 11 Mar – Emperor Elagabalus
murdered.
Roman Empire – 13 Mar-18 Mar 235 – Caesar
Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus
became Roman Emperor.
Rome – Pope Callixtus died.
-230 – Urban I became Pope.
India – End of Andgra dynasty, start of Civil Wars.
Southern India broken up into a dozen kingdoms.
Rome – Pope Urban I died.
21 July – 28 Sept 235 Pontanian became Pope.
231
232
233
234
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
235
Roman Empire – 18 Mar – Emperor Alexander
Severus murdered.
20 Mar-April 238 – Caesar Gaius Julius Verus
Maximinus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Rome – 28 Sept – Pope Pontian died.
21 Nov – 3 Jan 236 – Anterus became Pope.
Rome – 3 Jan – Pope Anterus died.
10 Jan – 20 Jan 250 – Fabian became Pope.
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
Roman Empire – April – Emperor Maximus Thrax
assassinated.
22 Mar – Caesar Marcus Antonius Gordianus
Sempronianus Africanus Augustus proclaimed co
Roman Emperor with Caesar Marcus Antonius
Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus
Augustus.
12 April – Co-Emperor Gordian II killed in Battle of
Carthage, Gordian I commits suicide.
22 April– Caesar Marcus Clodius Pupienus
Maximus Augustus proclaimed Co Roman
Emperor with Caesar Decimus Caelius Calvinus
Balbinus Pius Augustus and
22 April-11 Feb 244 - Caesar Marcus Antonius
Gordianus Augustus.
29 July – Co-Emperors Pupienus Maximus and
Balbinus assassinated.
Roman Empire – 11 Feb – Emperor Gordian III
died.
Feb – Sept/Oct 249 – Caesar Marcus Julius
Phillipus (the Arab) Augustus became Roman
Emperor
245
246
247
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Date
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Date
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Date
249
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Roman Empire – Sept/Oct – Emperor Philip the
Arab killed in battle.
Sept/Oct-June 251 – Caesar Gaius Messius
Quintus Trajanus Dicius Augustus proclaimed
Roman Emperor.
Rome – 20 Jan – Pope Fabian died.
Roman Empire – Herrennius Etruscus became
Co Roman Emperor.
June – Co-Emperors Decius and Herennius
Etruscus killed in Battle of Abrittus.
June – Caesar Caius Valens Hostilianus Messius
Quintus Augustus accepted as Roman Emperor by
the Senate.
June – Aug 253 – Caesar Gaius Vibius
Trebonianus Gallus Augustus Proclaimed Roman
Emperor by Danubian legions: he made his son
Volusianus Co-Emperor.
Sept/Oct – Roman Emperor Hostilian died.
Rome – 6 Mar – June 253 – Cornelius became
Pope.
Roman Empire – Aug – Co-Emperors
Trebonianus Gallus and Vousianus assassinated.
Aug – Caesar Marcus Aemilius Amilianus
Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Sept/Oct – Emperor Aemilianus assassinated.
Oct-260 – Caesar Publius Licinius Valerianus
Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Oct-Sept 268 – Caesar Publius Licinius Egnatius
Gallienus Augustus made Co-Emperor.
Rome – June – Pope Cornelius died.
25 June – 5 Mar 254 – Lucius I became Pope.
Rome – 5 Mar – Pope Lucius I died.
12 May – 2 Aug 257 – Stephen I became Pope.
Spain – Franks invade.
Rome – 2 Aug – Pope Stephen I died.
30 Aug – 6 Aug 258 – Sixtus II became Pope.
Page 59
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Date
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Date
Rest of World
258
Italy – Alemanni, supported by Suevi, conquers
most of northern Italy, defeated by Roman army at
Milan.
Rome – 6 Aug – Pope Sixtus II died.
Rome – 22 July – 26 Dec 268 – Dionysius
became Pope.
Roman Empire – Emperor Valerian died in
captivity after capture at Battle of Edessa.
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
272
Constantine born at York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
271
272
273
274
Roman Empire – Sept – Co-Emperor Gallianus
murdered.
Sept-Jan 270 – Caesar Marcus Aurelius Claudius
(Gothicus) Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Greece – Goths sack Athens, Sparta and Corinth.
Rome – 26 Dec – Pope Dionysius died.
Rome – 5 Jan-30 Dec 274 – Felix I became Pope.
Roman Empire – Jan - Emperor Claudius
Gothicus died.
Jan – Caesar Marcus Aurellius Claudius
Quintilius Augustus became Roman Emperor.
? – Emperor Quintilius died.
Sept?-Sept 275 – Caesar Lucius Dominus
Aurelianus Augustus proclaimed Roman Emperor
by Danubian legions.
Rome – 30 Dec – Pope Felix I died.
Page 60
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Date
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Date
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275
Roman Empire – Sept – Emperor Aurelian
assassinated.
25 Sept-June 286 – Caesar Marcus Claudius
Tacitus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Rome – 4 Jan- 7 Dec 283 – Eutychian became
Pope.
Roman Empire – June – Emperor Tacitus died.
June-Sept? – Caesar Marcus Annius Florianus
Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Sept? – Emperor Florianus assassinated.
Sept?-Sept/Oct 282 – Caesar Marcus Aurelius
Probus Augustus proclaimed Roman Emperor by
Danubian legions.
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
Britain – Carausius, commander of Roman fleets
in British waters proclaims himself emperor of an
independent Britain.
285
286
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Sept/Oct – Emperor Probus
assassinated.
Sept/Oct-July/Aug 283 - Caesar Marcus Aurelius
Carus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – July/Aug – Emperor Carus
died.
July/Aug-284 – Caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerus
Numerianus Augustus became Co Roman
Emperor with
-285 – Caesar Marcus Aurelius Carinus Augustus.
Rome – 7 Dec – Pope Eutychian died.
17 Dec-22 April 296 – Caius Became Pope.
Roman Empire – Emperor Numerian died.
20 Nov-1 May 305 – Caesar Gaius Aurelius
Valerius Diocletianus Augustus proclaimed
Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – Empire divided into west and
east.
Emperor Carinus died in Battle.
Roman Empire – 1 Apr-1 May 305 – Caesar
Gaius Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Augustus
adopted as senior Co-Emperor.
Page 61
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
25 July - Constantius died at York.
Constatine, his son proclaimed emperor.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
306
Rest of World
Rome – 22 Apr – Pope Caius died.
30 Jun-1 Apr 304 – Marcellinus became Pope.
Rome – 1 Apr – Pope Marcellinus died.
Roman Empire – 1 May – Co-Emperors
Diocletian and Maximian abdicate.
1 May-25 July 306 – Caesar Gaius Flavius
Valerius
Constantius (Chlorus) Augustus
became Co-Roman Emperor with
1 May-May 311 – Caesar Galerius Valerius
Maximianus Augustus.
Roman Empire – 25 July – Co-Emperor
Constantius I Chlorus died.
July-Mar/Apr 307 – Flavius Valerius Severus
Augustus became co Roman Emperor.
25 July-22May 337
– Caesar Flavius
Constantinus
Valerius Augustus proclaimed
Roman Emperor, accepted as Caesar (west).
28 Oct-28 Oct 312 – Marcus Aurelius Valerius
Maxentius Augustus seizes power.
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Date
Rest of World
307
Roman Empire – 16 Sept – Roman Emperor
Severus II commits suicide/murdered after capture
in Mar/April by Maxentius.
Constantine I promoted to Augustus (west)
Maxentius made Caesar (west).
Roman Empire – 11 Nov-Sept 324 – Caesar
Valerius Licinius Augustus appointed Augustus
(west)
Rome – - 309 – Marcellus I became Pope.
Rome – Pope Marcellus died.
-310 – Eusebius became Pope.
Rome – Pope Eusebius died.
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
Roman Empire – May – Co-Emperor Galerius
died.
1 May- July/Aug 313 – Caesar Galerius Valerius
Maximinus (Daia) Augustus became Roman
Emperor.
Rome – 2 Jul-10 Jan 314 – Miltiades became
Pope.
Roman Empire – 28 Oct – Caesar Maxentius
killed at Battle of Milvian Bridge against
Constantine I.
Roman Empire – July/Aug – Maximinus Daia
defeated in civil war against Licinius.
-18 Sept 324 – Caesar Valerius Licinius Augustus
became Roman Emperor (east).
Rome – 10 Jan – Pope Miltiades died.
31 Jan-31 Dec 335 – Sylvester I became Pope.
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
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Date
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Date
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Date
Rest of World
324
Roman Empire – 18 Sept Emperor Licinius
executed.
Roman Empire – Constantine ends gladiatorial
combats in Rome.
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
Byzantium – On the site of this old Greek colony,
Constantine founds a new city to serve as an
imperial capital.
Roman Empire – Seat of the reunited empire
moves from Rome to Constantinople.
Rome – 31 Dec – Pope Sylvester died.
Rome – 18 Jan-7 Oct – Mark became Pope.
Roman Empire – 22 May – Emperor Constantine
I died.
22 May-340 – Caesar Flavius Claudius
Constantinus Augustus became Co Roman
Emperor with
22 May-3 Nov 361 – Caesar Flavius Julius
Constantius Augustus and
22 May-350 – Caesar Flavius Julius Constans
Augustus.
Rome – 6 Feb- 12 Apr 352 – Julius I became
Pope.
Roman Empire – Co-Emperor Constantine II
killed in battle.
341
342
343
344
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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Date
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Date
350
Britain
England – Fortifications built in London,
particularly against attack from the tidal river.
Date
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
360
England – Picts and Scots cross Hadrian’s Walls
and attack Roman settlements in the north
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Roman Empire – Co-Emperor
assassinated.
Consantius II became sole Emperor.
Constans
Rome – 12 Apr – Pope Julius I died.
17 May-24 Sept 366 – Liberius became Pope.
Europe – Huns invade from east.
Roman Empire – 3 Nov – Emperor Constantius II
died.
3 Nov-26 June 363 – Caesar Flavius Claudius
Julianus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – 26 June – Emperor Julian
mortally wounded in battle.
26 June-17 Feb 364 – Caesar Flavius Jovian
Augustus proclaimed Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – 17 Feb – Emperor Jovian died.
26 Feb-17 Nov 375 – Flavius Valentinianus
Augustus elected Roman Emperor by army.
28 Mar-9 Aug 378 – Flavius Julius Valens
Augustus appointed Co-Roman Emperor (east).
Crete – 21 Jul – Earthquake.
Rome – Pope Liberius died.
1 Oct-11 Dec 384 – Damasus I became Pope.
Page 65
Date
York
Date
370
Britain
England – Theododius drives Picts and Scots
back beyond Hadrian’s Wall.
Date
Rest of World
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
Roman Empire – 17 Nov – Co-Emperor
Valentinian I died.
17 Nov-25 Aug 383 – Flavius Gratianus Augustus
became Co-Roman Emperor (west) with
17 Nov-15 May 392 – Flavius Valentinian Invictus
Augustus.
Russia – Huns invade.
Roman Empire – 9 Aug – Co-Emperor Valens
killed in Battle of Adrianople.
Roman Empire – 1 Jan-17 Jan 395 – Flavius
Theodosius Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Roman Empire – 25 Aug – Emperor Gratian
murdered.
Jan-1 May 408 – Flavius Arcadius Augustus
appointed Roman Emperor (east).
Rome – 11 Dec – Pope Damasus I died.
11 Dec-26 Nov 399 – Siricius became Pope.
385
386
387
388
389
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 66
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
410
Britain – King Alric’s actions causes Roman
Legions to withdraw to regain Italian mainland.
409
410
Rest of World
Roman Empire – 15 May – Co-Emperor
Valentinian II died.
Roman Empire – 23 Jan-15 Aug 423 – Flavius
Honorius Augustus appointed Roman Emperor
(west).
Roman Empire – 17 Jan – Emperor Theodosius I
died.
Alric, king of the Visigoths, and his mounted
armies enter southern Greece, plunder Athens and
head to Balkans.
Rome – 26 Nov – Pope Siricius died.
27 Nov-19 Dec 401 – Anastasius became Pope.
Roman Empire – Alric’s army crosses into Italy.
Rome – 19 Dec – Pope Anastasius I died.
22 Dec-12 Mar 417 – Innocent I became Pope.
Roman Empire – 1 May – Emperor Arcadius died.
1 May-28 July 450 – Flavius Theodosius
Augustus became Roman Emperor (east)
Roman Empire – Alric captures and sacks Rome.
Heads towards Naples but died.
411
412
413
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
436
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Britain – Last Roman legions leave.
Rest of World
Roman Empire – Visigoth cavalry conquer Vandal
kingdom in Spain.
Rome – 12 Mar – Pope Innocent I died.
18 Mar-26 Dec 418 – Zosimus became Pope.
Rome – 26 Dec – Pope Zosimus died.
28 Dec-4 Sept 422 – Boniface I became Pope.
Roman Empire – 8 Feb – Flavius Constantius
Austus became Roman Emperor (west).
22 Sept – Emperor Constantius III died.
Rome – 4 Sept – Pope Boniface died.
10 Sept-27 Jul 432 – Celestine I became Pope.
Roman Empire – 15 Aug – Emperor Honorius
died.
27 Aug- May 425 – Joannes became Roman
Emperor (west).
Roman Empire – May – Emperor Joannes
executed.
Rome – 27 Jul – Pope Celestine I died.
31 Jul-Aug 440 – Sixtus III became Pope.
433
434
435
436
437
438
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Date
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Date
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Date
Rest of World
439
Roman Empire – Gaiseric, king of the Vandals
crosses from Spain to North Africa, seizes
Carthage, making it the capital of his new
dominions.
Rome – Aug – Pope Sixtus III died.
29 Sept-10 Nov 461 – Leo I became Pope.
440
441
442
443
450
Hengist, Saxon general, re-took York
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Last Roman legions driven from
North Africa by Gaiseric.
Roman Empire – 28 July – Emperor Theodosius
II died.
July-16
Mar
455
–
Flavius
Placidius
Valentinianus Augustus (west).
-Jan 457 – Flavius Marcianius Augustus became
Roman Emperor (east)
Roman Empire – 16 Mar – Emperor Valentinian
III assassinated.
17 Mar – Flavius Anicius Petronius Maximus
Augustus proclaimed himself Roman Emperor
(west).
31 May – Emperor Petronius Maximus murdered.
9 July-17 Oct 456 – Eparchius Avitus Augustus
proclaimed Roman Emperor (west).
Roman Empire – Gaiseric’s fleet seizes Rome
from the Tiber; carries off empress and her
daughters with thousands of other slaves.
Page 69
Date
York
Date
457
Britain
Britain – Britons defeated by Hengest at Battle of
Crayford; Kent abandoned to the Jutes.
Date
Rest of World
456
Roman Empire – 17 Oct – Emperor Avitus
became bishop of Placentia, murdered soon after.
Roman Empire – Jan – Emperor Marcian died.
April-7 Aug 461 – Julius Valerius Majorianus
Augustus appointed Roman Emperor (west).
7 Feb-18 Jan 474 – Flavius Valerius Leo
Augustus proclaimed Roman Emperor (east).
457
458
459
460
461
461
462
463
464
465
466
Octa fled to York, Ambrosius followed him
and demanded his surrender.
Eosa, Octa’s brother arrived at York and
also surrendered to Ambrosius.
Ambrosius summoned all the princes and
nobility of the kingdom to York and
restored the Christian church.
Roman Empire – 7 Aug – Emperor Majorian
deposed by his troops, died soon afterwards.
Nov-Aug 465 – Libius Severus Augustus
appointed emperor (west)
Rome –10 Nov – Pope Leo I died.
19 Nov-29 Feb 468 – Hilarius became Pope.
Roman Empire – Aug – Emperor Libius Severus
died.
466
467
468
Roman Empire – 12 Apr-11 Jul 472 – Procopius
Anthemius Augustus appointed Roman Emperor
(west)
Rome – 29 Feb – Pope Hilarius died.
3 Mar-10 Mar 483 – Simplcius became Pope.
468
470
471
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 70
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
472
Roman Empire – 11 July – Emperor Anthemius
executed.
11 July – Flavius Anicius Olybrius Augustus
appointed Roman Emperor (west).
2 Nov – Emperor Olybrius died.
Roman Empire – Mar-June 474 – Glycerius
appointed Roman Emperor (west).
Roman Empire – 18 Jan – Emperor Leo I died.
18 Jan – Flavius Leo Junior Augustus became
Roman Emperor (east).
June-28 Aug 475 (Italy)/480 (Gaul & Dalmatia) –
Julius Nepos appointed Roman Emperor (west).
17 Nov – Emperor Leo II died.
Roman Empire – 9 Jan-Aug 476 – Flavius
Basilicus Augustus became Roman Emperor
(east).
28 Aug – Emperor Julius Nepos deposed in Italy,
continued to rule in exile in Gaul and Dalmatia.
31 Oct-4 Sept 476 – Romulus Augustulus
appointed Roman Emperor (west)
Roman Empire – Aug – Emperor Basilicus
executed.
Aug-9 Apr 491 – Flavius Zeno Perpetuus
Augustus became Roman Emperor (east)
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
Roman Empire
assassinated.
–
Emperor
Rome – 10 Mar – Pope Simplicius died.
13 Mar-1 Mar 492 – Felix III became Pope.
484
485
486
487
488
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Julius
Page 71
Nepos
Date
York
Date
491
Britain
England – Saxons capture Pevensey, Sussex.
Date
Rest of World
489
Theodoric defeats Odoacer on Isonzo river and
near Verona.
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
500
British tribes defeat Saxons at Mount Baden,
Dorset.
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – 9 April – Emperor Zeno died.
9 Apr-9 Jul 518 – Flavius Anastasius Augustus
became Roman Emperor (east).
Rome – 1 Mar – Pope Felix III died.
1 Mar-21 Nov 496 – Gelasius I became Pope.
Kingdom of Italy – Theodoris founds the
Ostrogoth kingdom of Italy.
Kingdom of Italy – Absorbs Malta.
Clovis defeats the Alemanni near Strasbourg,
helped by Ostrogoth cavalry trainers.
Rome – 21 Nov – Pope Gelasius died.
24 Nov- 19 Nov 498 – Anastasius II became
Pope.
Rome – 19 Nov – Pope Anastasius II died.
22 Nov-19 Jul 514 – Symmachus became Pope.
The Marcomanni invade and seize Bavaria. The
Czechs depart and settle in Bohemia.
Battle of Campus Vogladensis.
Page 72
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Rome – 19 Jul – Pope Symmachus died.
20 Jul-19 Jul 523 – Hormisdas became Pope.
Roman Empire – 9 Jul – Emperor Anastasius
died.
9 Jul-1 Aug 527 – Flavius Justinus Augustus
elected Roman Emperor.
Rome – 19 Jul – Pope Hormisdas died.
13 Aug-18 May 526 – John I became Pope.
Afro-Arab War, Caleb of Abyssinia conquers the
Yemen.
Turkey – 19 May – Earthquake, epicentre in
Antioch.
Rome – 18 May – Pope John I died.
13 Jul-22 Sept 530 – Felix IV became Pope.
Roman Empire – 1 Aug – Emperor Justin I died.
1 Aug-13/14 Nov 565 – Flavius Petrus Sabbatius
Justinianus Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Rome – 22 Sept – Pope Felix IV died.
22 Sept-17 Oct 532 – Boniface II became Pope.
Rome – 17 Oct – Pope Boniface II died.
Rome – 2 Jan – 8 May 535 – Mercúrius became
Pope John II.
Rome – 8 May – Pope John II died.
13 May-22 April 536 – Agapetus I became Pope.
Page 73
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
536
537
Battle of Camlan, Arthur, king of the Britons, killed.
537
538
539
540
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
Rest of World
Ostrogoth kingdom dissolved.
Provence became part of Frankish Kingdom.
Rome – 22 Apr – Pope Agapetus I died.
1 Jun-11 Nov 537 – Silverius became Pope.
Rome – 11 Nov – Pope Silverius died.
29 Mar-7 Jun 555 – Vigilius became Pope.
Byzantine Empire – War between the Byzantine
Empire and Persia
Beirut – 6 Jul – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw,
epicentre in Tyre, Tripoli.
Rome – 7 Jun – Pope Vigilius died.
Rome – 16 Apr-4 Mar 561 – Pelagius I became
Pope.
Rome – 4 Mar – Pope Pelagius I died.
17 Jul-13 Jul 574 – Catelinus became Pope John
III.
Roman Empire – 13/14 Nov – Emperor Justinian I
died.
13/14 Nov-578 – Flavius Justinius Junior
Augustus became Roman Emperor.
Italy – The Lombards drive the Byzantines from
northern Italy.
566
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 74
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
567
Spain – Leovigild, king of the Visigoths, drives
Byzantines from western Spain.
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
Persians overthrow Abyssinian rule in Yemen, war
with Byzantines renewed.
Rome – 13 Jul – Pope John III died.
Rome – 2 Jun-30 Jul 579 – Benedict I became
Pope.
Roman Empire – Emperor Justin II died.
Rome – 30 Jul – Pope Benedict I died.
26 Nov-7 Feb 590 – Pelagius II became Pope.
Spain – Leovigild completes conquest of Spain.
Rome – 7 Feb – Pope Pelagius died.
3 Sept-12 Mar 604 – Gregory I became Pope.
591
592
593
594
595
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 75
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
Rest of World
Rome – 12 Mar – Pope Gregory I died.
13 Sept-22 Feb 606 – Sabinian became Pope.
Rome – 22 Feb – Pope Sabinian died.
Rome – 19 Feb-12 Nov 607 – Boniface III became
Pope.
Rome – 25 Aug-8 May 615 – Boniface IV became
Pope.
Rome – 8 May – Pope Boniface IV died.
19 Oct-8 Nov 618 – Adeodatus I became Pope.
Rome – 8 Nov – Pope Adeodatus I died.
Rome – 23 Dec-25 Oct 625 – Boniface V became
Pope.
620
621
622
623
624
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 76
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
625
-633 Paulinus Archbishop of York
625
626
627
Edwin converts to Christianity
626
627
12 April – Edwin and his two sons, Osfrid
and Edrid, baptised at the site of the
Minster.
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
Rest of World
Rome – 25 Oct – Pope Boniface V died.
27 Oct-12 Oct 638 – Honorius I became Pope.
Rome – 12 Oct – Pope Honorius died.
Oct-2 Aug 640 – Severinus became Pope.
Rome – 2 Aug – Pope Severinus died.
24 Dec-12 Oct 642 – John IV became Pope.
Rome – 12 Oct – Pope John IV died.
24 Nov-14 May 649 – Theodore I became Pope.
Rome – 14 May – Pope Theodore I died.
Jul-16 Sept 655 – Martin I became Pope.
650
651
652
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 77
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
653
654
655
656
657
664
-669 Caedda, Archbishop of York.
669
-678 Wifrith I, Archbishop of York.
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
678
-686 Bosa, Archbishop of York.
677
678
Rest of World
Rome – 10 Aug-2 Jun 657 – Eugene I became
Pope.
Rome – 16 Sept – Pope Martin I died.
Rome – 2 Jun – Pope Eugene I died.
30 Jul-27 Jan 672 – Vatalian became Pope.
Rome – 27 Jan – Pope Vatalian died.
11 Apr-17 Jun 676 – Adeodatus II became Pope.
Rome – 11 Apr – Pope Adeodatus II died.
2 Nov-11 Apr 678 – Donus became Pope.
Rome – 11 Apr – Pope Donus died.
27 Jun-10 Jan 681 – Agatho became Pope.
679
680
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 78
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
681
682
683
684
Rome – 3 Jul – Pope Leo II died.
685
686
-691 Wilfrith I, Archbishop of York.
686
687
691
705
-c.705 Bosa, Archbishop of York.
John of Beverley, Archbishop of York.
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Rome – 10 Jan – Pope Agatho died.
Dec-3 Jul 683 – Leo II became Pope.
Japan – 29 Nov – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw
followed by Tsunami hit Hakuho.
Rome – 26 Jun-8 May 685 – Benedictus II
became Pope.
Rome – 8 May – Pope Benedict II died.
12 Jul-2 Aug 686 – John V became Pope.
Rome – 2 Aug – Pope John V died.
21 Oct-22 Sept 687 – Conon became Pope.
Rome – 22 Sept – Pope Conon died.
15 Dec-8 Sept 701 – Sergius I became Pope.
Rome – 8 Sept – Pope Sergius I died.
30 Oct-11 Jan 705 – John VI became Pope.
Rome – 11 Jan – Pope John VI died,
1 Mar-18 Oct 707 – John VII became Pope.
Rome – 18 Oct – Pope John VII died.
Page 79
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
718
732
-732 Wilfrith II, Archbishop of York.
-766 Ecgbeorht, Archbishop of York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
279
730
731
Rest of World
Rome – 15 Jan-4 Feb – Sisinnius became Pope.
25 Mar-9 Apr 715 – Constantine became Pope.
Rome – 7 Apr – Pope Constantine died.
19 May-11 Feb 731 – Gregory II became Pope.
Rome – 11 Feb – Pope Gregory II died.
18 Mar-28 Nov 741 – Gregory III became Pope.
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
Page 80
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
739
740
741
744
England
-796 Offa king of Angles
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
Rest of World
Rome – 28 Nov – Pope Gregory III died.
3 Dec – 22 Mar 752 – Zachary became Pope.
Levant Region – 18 Jan – Earthquake measuring
7.5Mw.
Rome – 22 Mar – Pope Zachary died.
23 Mar-25 Mar – Stephen elected Pope, but died
before consecreated.
26 Mar-26 Apr 757 – Stephen II became Pope.
Rome – 26 Apr – Pope Stephen II died.
29 May-28 Jun 767 – Paul I became Pope.
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 81
Date
767
York
Date
Britain
-780 Æthelbeorht, Archbishop of York.
Date
767
768
769
770
771
772
780
796
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
-796 Eanbald I, Archbishop of York.
-c.808 Eanbals II, Archbishop of York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
796
England - 26 or 29 July King Offa died, aged 58.
Rest of World
Rome – 28 Jun – Pope Paul I died.
1 Aug-24 Jan 772 – Stephen III became Pope.
Rome – 24 Jan – Pope Stephen III died.
1 Feb-26 Dec 795 – Adrian I became Pope.
Rome – 26 Dec – Pope Adrian I died.
26 Dec-12 Jun 816 – Leo III became Pope.
796
797
Page 82
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
798
799
800
802
Egbert, driven into exile by Offa of Mercia,
returned from Charlemagne’s court, became king
of Wessex, maintains independence of Wessex
from Mercia.
801
802
803
804
808
-c.837 Wulfsige, Archbishop of York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
805
806
807
808
809
810
Rest of World
Holy Roman Empire - Pope Leo III’s coronation of
Charles I the Great (Charlemagne), king of the
Franks, founding father of French and German
monarchies, as Imperator Romanorum (Emperor
of the Romans), in St. Peter’s church, Rome.
Beginning of Holy Roman Empire.
Bulgaria - Krum became khan, embarks on
expansion expansion of his territory.
Byzantine Empire - Finance minister Nikephoros I
deposes and exiles Empress Irene to become
Emperor; reorganizes the empire.
Denmark - Godfred became king.
th
Venice - Giovanni Galbaio, 8
doge, chief
magistrate and leader of the “Most Serene
Republic of Venice”, flees, with his family, to
Mantua. Obelerio degli Antenori, became doge
and accepts Frankish protection and war with
Byzantium ensues.
Denmark - King Godfred murdered by a servant,
his nephew, Hemming, became king.
Italy - Pepin, son of Charlemagne, king of
Frankish kingdom of Italy, died. His son Bernard
became king.
Page 83
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
811
Venice – Obelerio degli Antenori goes into exile in
Constantinople.
Angello Participazio became
doge, he reclaims land and refortifies city.
Bulgaria – Khan Krum defeats Byzantines, kills
Emperor Nikephoros I.
Byzantine Empire – Saurakios I became
emperor, then abdicates to his brother, Michael I
Rangabe.
Denmark – King Hemming died, Sigfred and
Anulo dispute the crown. Anulo died in battle.
th
Throne fought over until 10
century when
Denmark is unified.
Holy Roman Empire – Lois the Pious crowned
co-emperor of the Franks with his father,
Charlemagne.
Byzantune Empire – Michael I Rangabe defeated
by Bulgarians, abdicates in favour of Leo V the
Amemian; Michael II the Armorian became
emperor.
Holy Roman Empire – Death of Charlemagne;
Louis the Pious succeeds as Holy Roman Emperor
and king of the Franks.
Bulgaria – Death of Krum; Omurtag became ruler,
concludes a 30 year peace treaty Byzantine
Empire.
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
Rome – 12 Jun – Pope Leo III died.
12 Jun-24 Jan 817 – Stephen IV became Pope.
Bavaria – Holy Roman Emperor Louis the German
became king.
Rome – 24 Jan – Pope Stephen IV died.
25 Jan-11 Feb 824 – Paschal I became Pope.
Italy – Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious
makes King Bernard of Italy a vassal of his cousin,
Louis’ son, Lothair; Bernard plots against him,
discovered and blinded, Bernard died. Lothair
became king of Italy.
819
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 84
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
820
Byzantine Empire – Michael II the stammerer,
assassinates Emperor Leo V during Christmas
mass in Hagia Sophia, became first emperoer of
teh Phrygian dynasty; his direct descendents rule
Byzantine Empire more than 200 years.
821
822
823
824
825
Egbert defeats Beornwulf of Mercia at battle of
Ellendun, takes control of Mercian dependencies
in south-eastern England; Kent, Surrey, Sussex,
East Anglia and Essex submit to Wessex.
825
826
827
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
829
England -839 Egbert of Wessex conquers Mercia,
Northumberland accepts his lordship; recognised
as Bretwalda, first sole ruler of Britain.
830
Egbert of Wessex defeats Welsh, but loses
Mercia.
Rome – 11 Feb – Pope Paschal I died.
8 May-Aug 827 – Eugene II became Pope.
Holy Roman Empire - Nine articles of the
Constitutio Romana establish the authority of the
Holy Roman Emperors in Rome.
Pamplona – Íňigo Arista revolts against the
Franks, establishes kingdom of Navarre.
828
829
Venice – Giustiniano Participazio exiles his
brother Giovanni, to become doge. Work begun on
construction of first Basilica di San Marco.
Rome – Aug – Pope Eugene II died.
th
Aug-Sept – Valentine became 100 Pope, died
after a few months.
Sept-Jan 844 – Gregory IV became Pope.
Venice – Giovanni I Participazio, brother of
Giustiniano, became doge.
th
Byzantine Empire - Theophilus became 6 and
last of the iconoclast emperors.
830
Page 85
Date
York
Date
Britain
831
Date of the design of the Scottish flag, said to
have appeared to king Óengus II before a battle
with the Angles.
Date
Rest of World
831
Byzantium – Byzantine emoperor, Theophilus,
forbids use of icons.
Holy Roman Empire – Louis the Pious reinstated
as emperor of the Franks, after first civil war of his
reign.
Bulgaria – Malamir, grandson of Krum, became
ruler.
Venice – Obelerio degli Antenori tries to reclaim
dogeship, Doge Giovanni Participazio kills him,
displays his head in the marketplace.
Great Moravia – The Central European Slavic
Principality of Great Moravia founded when Prince
Mojmír I unifies the two neighbouring principalities
of Nitra and Moravia.
832
833
836
837
England - Egbert of Wessex defeated by the
Danes.
-854 Wigmund, Archbishop of York.
838
839
England - At Hingston Down, Egbert of Wessex
beats the Danes and the west Welsh.
Scotland - The Stone of Destiny, the coronation
stone of the kings of Scotland, is placed at Scone
Palace, Scotland.
Ireland – Feidlimid mac Cremthanin became high
king of Ireland.
England – 4 February King Egbert died aged 64.
5 February – 856 Æthelwulf, crowned at Kingston
upon Thames, as king of Wessex, Kent, Cornwall,
the west Saxons and east Saxons.
834
835
836
Venice – Giovanni Participazio deposed after a
revolt; Pietro Tradonico elected doge.
Bulgaria – Presian, nephew of Malamir, became
khan; extends Bulgarian control over Slavic tribes
in Macedonia.
837
838
839
840
Holy Roman Empire – Lothair I became Holy
Roman Emperor.
Venice – Lothair I recognizes independence of
Venice and its authority over its lagoon.
841
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 86
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
842
Asturias – Alfonso the charte died. Visigoth
Count Nepocian takes throne but defeated by
Ramiro I at Battle of the Bridge of Cornellana. He
changes system of succession by removing
election process.
Pampolona – Íňigo Arista chosen as first king of
Pampolona, which later became kingdom of
Vavarre.
Holy Roman Empire – Louis the German, king of
East Francia and Charles the Bald, king of West
Francia, swear the Oaths of Strasbourg, an
alliance against Holy Roman Emperor Lothair.
Byzantine Empire – Emperor Theophilus died, his
widow, Theodora, became empress, serving as
regent for her son, Michael III the Drunkard, she
reintroduces veneration of icons.
West Francia – The 3 sons of Louis the Pious
divide the Carolingian Empire into 3 kingdoms; the
kingdom of France became a distinct state;
Charles the Bald became king.
Middle Francia – Lothair receives title of emperor,
given central portion including Low Coutries,
Lorraine, Alsace, Burgundy, Provence and
Kingdom of Italy.
Eastern Francia – Louis the German became king
of East Francia, which became Germany.
Rome – Jan – Pope Gregory IV died.
Jan-7 Jan 847 – Sergius II became Pope without
seeking authority of Holy Roman Emperor Lothair;
Lothair invades, but pacified when crowned king of
Lombardy.
843
Scotland - Kenneth MacAlpin thought to have
united the Kingdom of Scotia, becoming, some
describe, the first king of Scotland (Alba) as well
as king of the Picts.
843
844
Wales - Rhodri Mawr became first Prince of all
Wales.
844
845
846
847
Great Moravia – Mojmír I died. East Francis king,
Louis the German confirms Rastislav as second
king of Great Moravia.
Rome – 7 Jan – Pope Sergius died.
7 Jan-17 Jul 855 – Leo IV became Pope.
Syria – 24 Nov – Earthquake, epicentre in
Damascus.
848
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 87
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
849
850
851
852
854
853
854
855
-900 Wulfhere, Archbishop of York.
856
857
858
nd
England -860 Æthalbald, 2 son of Æthelwulf,
became king of Wessex, after forcing his father to
abdicate, marries his widowed 16 year old
stepmother, Judith. Her father, Charles the Bald,
Holy Roman Emperor has marriage annulled.
Scotland - Domnall mac Ailpín, brother of
Kenneth I, became king of Picts, as Donald I.
England - 13 January Æthelwulf died, aged 62
or 63.
860
England - 20 December King Æthelbald died.
rd
21 December – 865 Ethelbert, 3
son of
Æthelwulf, became king of Wessex.
862
Scotland - Constantine I, son of Kenneth
MacAlpin, became king of the Picts.
856
857
858
859
860
Asturias – Ordoňo , son of Ramiro I, founder of
Perez dynasty, became king of Austurias to
ascend throne without an election. Austurias
became known as León.
Pampolona – García Íňiguez became king.
Bulgaria – Boris I became khan.
Provence – Charles, youngest son of Holy Roman
Emperor, Lothair I, became king when Lothair
divedes realm of Lotharingia between his 3 sons.
Holy Roman Empire – Louis II succeeds Lothair
as Holy Roman Emperor.
Rome – 17 Jul – Pope Leo IV died.
Jul-7 Apr 858 – Benedict III became Pope.
Byzantine Empire – Empress Theodora displaced
from her regency; her son, Michael III, rules alone.
Iran – 22 Dec – Earthquake.
Greece – Dec – Earthquake, epicentre in Corinth.
Rome – 7 Apr – Pope Benedict III died.
14 Apr-13 Nov 867 – Nicholas I became Pope.
Kievan Rus’ – Rurik, a Viking chieftain comes to
power in Ladoga and Norvogorod, founded Rurik
dynasty, centred on city of Kiev.
861
862
863
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Provence – King Charles died, childless, kingdom
split between his brothers, Lothair II and Emperor
Louis II.
Page 88
Date
York
Date
865
Britain
England – King Æthelbert died aged c. 30.
th
-871 Ethelred, 4 son of Æthelwulf, became king
of Wessex.
Date
Rest of World
864
Bavaria – Carloman, son of Louis the German,
became king.
Venice – Pietro Tradonico assassinated; Orso I
Participazio elected doge.
Bulgaria – Boris I converts to Christianity,
following invasion of Byzantine Empire.
Great Moravia – King Rastislav has to
acknowledge the supremacy of Louis the German,
after East Franks invade.
865
866
867
21 Mar - King Osbert and King Ella killed
in battle against Danes.
867
868
869
870
871
872
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – 23 April Æthelred died at Battle of
Merton, aged 34.
th
24 April - 899 Alfred the Great, 5 son of
Æthelwulf, became king, calls himself ‘King of the
Anglo Saxons.’
Galicia and Asturias - Alfonso III the Great
became king.
Rome – 13 Nov – Pope Nicholas I died.
14 Nov-14 Dec 872 – Adrian II became Pope.
Byzantine Empire – Basil I crowned co-emperor,
assassinates Michael III to become sole ruler.
Portugal – First County of Portugal declared by
Christian warlord Vímara Peres.
Holy Roman Empire – Emperor Louis II allies with
Emperor Basil I against Sarecens.
Byzantine Empire – Basil I crowns his son,
Constantine, co-emperor.
Japan – 13 Jul – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw,
epicentre in Sendai, followed by tsunami.
Byzantine Empire – Basil I crowns another son,
Leo, co-emperor.
Great Moravia – Louis the German, king of East
Francia, has King Rastislav blinded and
imprisoned; Svatopluk I chosen as king.
871
872
Rome – 14 Dec – Pope Adrian II died.
14 Dec-16 Dec 882 – John VIII became Pope.
Page 89
Date
York
Date
Britain
875
Scotland - Harald Fairhair, Viking king, subdues
Orkney and Shetlands
877
Scotland - Constantine I died fighting the Vikings.
Áed mac Cináeda, son of Kenneth MacAlpin,
became king of the Picts.
878
England - Alfred defeats Vikings under Guthrum,
at Ethandune; the Treaty of Wedmore divides
England between the Anglo-Saxons and the
Danes.
Scotland - Giric mac Dúngail became king of the
Picts.
Date
Rest of World
873
Portugal – Lucídio Vimaranes takes his father’s
place in Portucale, died soon after. Count Diogo
Fernandes inherits title via marriage to Lucídio’s
daughter.
874
875
876
877
France and Provence – Louis the Stammerer
became king of West Franks and Provence.
Italy – Carloman, eldest son of Louis German,
became king.
878
879
880
881
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Provence, Holy Roman Empire and Italy – Louis
II died, Charles II the Bald became king and
emperor.
Norway – Harald Fairhair, Viking king, subdues
Orkney and Shetlands, adds them to his kingdom.
East Francia – Louis the Younger became king.
West Francia – Louis the Stammerer died, his
sons Louis III and Carloman II become joint kings
of France.
Provence – Boso elected king, marries daughter
of Emperor Louis II.
Italy – Charles III the Fat became king.
Byzantine Empire – Basil I crowns his son,
Constantine, co-emperor, who died shortly after,
Basils younger son, Alexander, takes his place.
Bavaria – Carlaman abdicates after a stroke, his
brother, Louis the Younger, king of East Francia
and Saxony, became king.
Venice – Giovanni II Participazio elected Doge.
Holy Roman Empire – Charles III the Fat
crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
Page 90
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
882
France – Louis III died, Carloman II rules alone.
Pamplona – Fortún Garcés king, last of the Arista
dynasty.
East Francia – Louis the Younger, his brother,
Charles the Fat, became king, reuniting the entire
East Frankish kingdom.
Rome – 16 Dec – Pope John VIII died.
16 Dec-15 May 884 – Marinus I became Pope.
Kievan Rus’ – Oleg became ruler of all the Rus
people, capture Kiev from Viking warlord.
833
884
885
886
England - Alfred the Great makes a treaty with
the Danes formalizing the partition of England with
the Danelaw, northern and eastern England under
Danish control.
886
887
888
889
Scotland - Donald II, son of Constantine I,
became king of the Picts, known as king of Alba.
Provence – Louis the Blind became king.
East Francia – Charles the Fat is deposed.
Slovianian Arnulf of Carinthia, elected king.
Venice – Giovanni II Participazio retires, Pietro
Candiano elected doge, killed in battle, same year,
attacking the Narentines.
His great-nephew,
Pietro Tribuno, elected doge.
Japan – 26 Aug – Earthquake, epicentre in
Osaka, Shiga Gifu & Nagano, followed by tsunami.
Western Francia – Charles the Fat died, Odo,
count of Paris, elected king.
889
890
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
France – Holy Roman Emperor and king of East
Francia, Charles the Fat, also became king of
West Francia.
Rome – 15 May – Pope Marinus died.
17 May-Sept 885 – Adrian III became Pope.
Rome – Sept – Pope Adrian III died.
Sept-14 Sept 191 – Stephen V became Pope.
Byzantine Empire – Basil I died in hunting
accident, Leo VI the Wise became emperor.
Norway – Harald I Fairhair became the country’s
first king.
Page 91
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
891
Holy Roman Empire – Guy III of Spoleto became
Holy Roman Emoperor.
Rome – 14 Sept – Pope Stephen V died.
19 Sept-4 Apr 896 – Formosus became Pope.
Holy Roman Empire – Lambert II of Spoleto
became Holy Roman Emperor.
Bulgaria – Former King Boris I comes out of
retirement when his son Valadimir tries to revert to
paganism. Vladimir defeated and blinded. Boris’s
rd
3 son, Simeon I the Great became khan.
Iran – 23 Mar – Earthquake, epicentre in Ardabil.
Armenia – 28 Dec – Earthquake, epicentre in
Dyin.
Great Moravia – Svatopluk I died, kingdom
divided between his three sons.
892
893
894
England – Northumbrians and Angles swear
allegiance to Alfred the Great, break their truce by
attacking south-west of England.
894
895
896
897
898
899
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – 26 October Alfred the Great died aged
c.50.
27 October - 924 Edward the Elder became king
of Wessex.
899
Italy – Eastern Franks invade and conquer Italy
under leadership of Arnulf of Carinthia, he is
elected Holy Roman Emperor.
Rome – 4 Apr – Pope Formosus died.
4 Apr-19 Apr – Boniface VI became Pope, he died
a few days later.
22 May-Aug 897 – Stephen VI became Pope.
Bulgaria – Simeon I defeats the Byzantine Empire
at the Battle of Bulgarophygon.
Rome – Aug – Remains of Pope Formosus are
exhumed and put on trial (Cadaver Synod), he is
found unworthy of pontificate. Pope Stephen VI
imprisoned and strangled after this trial.
Aug-Nov – Romanus became Pope, deposed
after 3 months.
Dec- Jan 898 – Theodore II became Pope.
West Francia – Charles III the Simple, became
king of France.
Rome – Jan – Pope Theodore II died.
Jan-Jan 900 – John IX became Pope.
East Francia – Louis the Child became king.
Page 92
Date
900
York
-c.916 Æthelbald, Archbishop of York.
Date
900
Britain
Scotland – Constantine II became king of Alba.
Date
Rest of World
900
Rome – Jan – Pope John IX died.
Jan- 903 – Benedict IV became Pope.
Holy Roman Empire – Louis III the Blind, usuper
king of Provence, became Holy Roman Emperor.
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rome – Pope Benedict IV died.
Jul-Sept – Leo V became Pope for 30 days,
deposed and murdered by antiPope Christopher.
Rome – AntiPope Chrisopher ejected.
29 Jan-14 Apr 911 – Sergius became Pope.
Pamplona – Fortún Garcés deposed by a coup,
retires to a monastery, Sancho I Garcés became
first king of the Jiménez dynasty.
Great Moravia – The country is destroyed by a
Hungarian attack and vanishes as a state.
Galicia, León and Asturias – Alfonso III died, his
kingdom divided between three sons; García
became king of León, Ordoňo of Galicia and
Fruela of Asturias.
Provence – Hugh of Arles became king.
East Francia – Louis the Child died aged 18;
Conrad I elected king.
Rome – 14 Apr – Pope Sergius III died.
Apr-Jun 913 – Anastasius III became Pope.
Venice – Orso II Participazio elected doge.
Byzantine Empire – Alexander became coemperor with Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos.
Kievan Rus’ – Igor became ruler.
Rome – Jun – Pope Anastasius died.
Jul-Mar 914 – Lando became Pope.
Bulgaria – Simeon I defeats the army of the
Byzatine Empire, recognized as tsar by Patriarch
Nicholas.
León and Galicia – Ordoňo also became king of
León after death of García.
Rome – Mar – Pope Lando died.
Mar-May 928 – John X became Pope.
Page 93
Date
916
York
-931 Hrotheweard, Archbishop of York.
Date
916
917
918
Britain
England and Wales – Marcian warrior queen
Aethelflaed conquers Wales.
England – By this year, all Danes south of the
Humber have submitted to King Edward the Elder.
Date
Rest of World
915
Holy Roman Empire – Berengar of Friuli elected
Holy Roman Emperor.
916
917
918
919
920
England – Saxons retake East Anglia from the
Danes.
920
921
922
923
924
England – 17 July Edward the Elder died aged c.
50.
3 August – 939 Athelstan the Glorious became
king.
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
-956 Wulfstan I, Archbishop of York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
East Francia – Henry I the Fowler elected king,
first of the Ottonian dynasty.
931
France – Robert I became king.
France – Robert I died in battle, Charles the
Simple became king.
Holy Roman Empire – Holy Roman Emperor
Berenger is assassinated, there are no heirs
León – Alfonso Froilaz, became king, driven out
by sons of Ordoňo II.
Pamplona – Jimeno Garcés became.
Bulgaria – Simeon I died of heart failure, Peter I
became tsar.
Rome – May – Pope X imprisoned and possibly
murdered.
May-Dec – Leo VI became Pope.
Dec-Feb 931 – Stephen VII became Pope.
Norway – Erik Bloodaxe became king, quarrels
with his brothers, has 4 killed.
León – Alfonso IV abdicates and enters a
monastery, Ramiro II became king.
Pamplona – Garcia Sánchez I became king, aged
12.
Rome – Feb – Pope Stephen VII died.
Feb-Dec 935 – John IX became Pope.
Page 94
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
932
Venice – Orso II Participazio retires, Pietro II
Candiano succeeds him.
Provence - ceases to be a separate kingdom.
933
934
935
936
937
England – Athelstan defeats an army of Scots,
Irish and Danes at the Battle of Brunanburh,
securing the submission of Constantine II of
Scotland, Athelstan claims the title of King of all
Britain.
939
England – 27 October Athelstan the Glorious
died, aged c.44.
28 October – 946 Edmund the Magnificent
became king.
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
Scotland – Constantine II abdicates and retires to
a monastery. Malcolm I became king.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Edmund I conquers Strathclyde.
Cumberland and Westmorland are annexed by the
Scots.
France – Louis IV became king.
Germany – Henry the Fowler died, Otto the Great
became king.
Rome – 3 Jan-13 Jul 939 – Leo VII became Pope.
Burgundy – Rudolph II died, Conrad the Peaceful
became king.
Venice – Pietro Badoer Participazio is elected
doge.
Rome – 13 Jul – Pope Leo VI died.
14 Jul-Oct 942 – Stephen VIII is became Pope.
Venice – Pietro III Candiano is elected doge.
Rome – Oct – Pope Stephen VIII died.
30 Oct-May 946 – Marinus II is became Pope.
943
944
945
Burgundy – Rudolph II became king of Burgundy.
Denmark – Gorm the Old founds Denmark’s first
dynasty.
Norway – Hakkon returns from England and ousts
Eril Bloodaxe from the throne.
Rome – Dec – Pope John XI died.
945
Byzantine Empire – Romanos I is deposed by his
sons, forced to become a monk; followers of
Emperor Constantine VII revolt and Stephen and
Constantine into exile.
Italy – Lothiar II takes control of Italy.
Kievan Rus’ – Igor is killed; his wife takes revenge
on his killers and became regent for Igor’s heir,
Sviatoslav. She is the first ruler of Rus to covert to
Christianity.
Page 95
Date
York
Date
Britain
946
England – 26 May Edmund the Magnificent
murdered, aged c.25.
27 May - 955 Eadred became king.
Date
946
947
948
949
950
951
954
955
956
Scotland – Malcolm I is killed, Indulf, succeeds
him.
England - 23 November Eadred died, aged c.32.
24 November – 959 Eadwig became king.
-971 Oscytel, Archbishop of York.
957
England – King Edwig defeated in battle at
Gloucester, fear of civil war he agrees to divide
the country alomng the Thames, he rules Wessex
and Kent, Edgar rules north of the Thames.
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
England – 1 October Eadwig died, aged c. 19.
2 October – 975 Edgar the Peaceable became
king, uniting the country.
959
960
961
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Rome – May – Pope Marinus II died.
10 May-Dec 955 – Agapetus II is became Pope.
Portugal – Gonçalo Mendes became count.
León – Ordoňo III became king.
Italy – Otto I of Germany invaded and crowned
King of the Lombards; Kingdom of Italy now ruled
within the Holy Roman Empire, with the emperor
as monarch.
France – Lothair became king, aged 13.
Germany – Ott the Great defeats the Magyars at
the Battle of Lechfeld, and the Slavs at Reichnitz.
Rome – Dec – Pope Agapetus II died.
16 Dec-14 May 964 – Octavian became Pope
John XII.
León – Sancho the Fat became king.
Denmark – King Harald Bluetooth became king,
accepts Christianity.
León – Ordoňo the Wicked usurps Sancho the
Fat.
Byzantine Empire – Constantine VII died,
possibly poisoned, Romanos II became emperor.
León – Sanch the Fat regains the throne.
Germany – Otto II the Red became king.
Norway – Haakon I mortally wounded at Battle of
Fitjar. Harald II Greycloak became king.
Page 96
Date
York
Date
Britain
962
Scotland – King Indulf killed fighting the Vikings at
the Battle of Bands, near Cullen; succeeded by
Dub mac Maíl.
Date
Rest of World
962
Holy Roman Empire and German Nation – Otto
the Great is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
963
Luxembourg – is founded by Siegfried, count of
Ardennes.
Poland – is founded by Miezko I.
Byzantine Empire – Romanos II died aged 26.
Nikephoros II Phokas became emperor.
Rome – 14 May – Pope John XII died.
22 May-23 Jun – Benedict V voted Pope by the
people of Rome.
Jul-Mar 965 – Leo VIII appointed antiPope by Holy
Roman Emperor Otto I and elected Pope when
Benedict deposed.
964
965
966
967
Scotland - King Dub assassinated.
became king.
Cuilén
967
968
969
970
971
Edwaldus, Archbishop of York.
972
-992 Osweald, Archbishop of York.
971
Scotland - King Cuilén murdered bya a Scottish
noble, Amdarch, the building he is in is
deliberately set on fire.
971
972
973
England – King Edgar I crowned at Bath by St
Dunstan, 14 years after becoming king.
973
974
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rome – Mar – Pope Leo VIII deposed.
1 Oct- 6 Sept 972 – John XIII became Pope.
León – Ramiro III became king, aged 5, his
mother and aunt act as regents.
Holy Roman Empire – Otto II the Red became
emperor.
Byzantine Empire – Nikephoros II Phokas
assassinated. John Tzimiskes became Emperor
John I.
Bulgaria – Boris II became tsar.
Pamplona – Sanch II Garcés Abarca became
king.
Serbia - Petrislav became prince of Duklja and
Travunia.
Rome – 6 Sept – Pope John XIII murdered.
Kievan Rus’ – Sviatoslav I killed by the Pecheneg
khan, Kurya.
Rome – 19 Jan-Jun 974 – Benedict VI became
Pope, two months later he is imprisoned.
Sweden – Eric the Victorious became king.
Rome – Jun – Pope Benedict VI strangled on the
orders of Crescentius I.
Oct-10 Jul 983 – Benedict VII elected Pope.
Page 97
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
975
England – 8 July Edgar the Peaceable died,
aged c. 32.
9 July – 978 Saint Edward the Martyr became
king, aged 13.
Ireland – Brian Boru became king of Munster
975
976
976
977
978
England – 18 March Saint Edward the Martyr
assassinated, aged c. 16.
19 March – 1013 Æthelred the Unready became
king, aged 10.(first reign)
978
979
980
981
982
983
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Norway – Harald II killed in Denmark by Haakon
Sigurdsson and Harald Bluetooth. Haakon II
Sigurdsson became king.
Venice – Pietro IV Candiano killed in a revolution
against his efforts to create a monarchy, Pietro I
Orseolo is elected doge.
Austria – Leopold of Babenberg appointed
margrave.
Bulgaria – Tsar Boris II and his brother, Roman,
held as honorary hostages in Constantinople; to
ensure the dynasty died out, Roman is castrated.
Byzantine Empire – Basil II the Bulgar-Slayer
became emperor.
Kievan Rus’ – Civil war breaks out between Oleg
and Yarolpolk, Oleg killed, Yarolpolk became
prince of Kiev.
Bulgaria – Boris II accidently killed by border
guards. Roman became tsar, ruling jointly with
Samuil.
Kiev – Vladimir became grand prince .
Venice – Doge Pietro I Orseolo joins a
Benedictine monastery, later becoming a hermit.
Vitale Candiano is elected doge.
Venice – Vitale Candiano abdicates for health
reasons, Tribuno Memmo is elected doge.
Kievan Rus’ – Vladimir kills Yaropolk and became
sole ruler.
Belarus – Ragnvald Olafsson, prince of Polatsk
killed by Vladimir the Great, grand prince of Kiev.
Vladimir I became ruler.
Germany – Otto III elected king, aged 3.
Rome – 10 Jul – Pope Benedict VII died.
Dec-20 Aug 984 – Piètro Campanora became
Pope John XIV.
Page 98
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
984
León – Ramiro III loses throne to Bermudo II the
Gouty.
Rome – 20 Aug – Pope John XIV died.
Aug-Mar 996 – John XV became Pope.
Rome – John XV elected Pope.
985
986
987
995
-c.1003 Ealdwulf, Archbishop of York.
995
Scotland – Kenneth II
Constantine III succeeds him.
is
assassinated.
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
Scotland – Constantine II killed in factional
fighting, last of the line of Áed. Kenneth III
succeeds him.
997
998
999
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Wales – Llewelyn ap Seisyll became king of
Deheubarth and Gwynedd.
999
France – Louis V succeeds Lothair as king.
Denmark – Sweyn I Forkbeard became king.
France – Ling Luois V died in hunting accident.
Hugh Capet is elected king.
Kievan Rus’ – Vladimir I converts to Christianity.
Serbia – Jovan Vladimir became prince of Duklja
Venice – Pietro II Orseolo elected doge.
Poland – Boleslaw I became king.
Burgundy – Rudolph III became king.
Pamplona – García Sánchez II became king.
Sweden – Olaf Skötkonung became king.
Norway – Haakon II killed by a servant, Olaf I
Tryggvason became king.
France – Robert II the Pious became king.
Holy Roman Empire – Otto III Became emperor.
Rome – Mar – Pope John XV died.
May-18 Feb 999 – Bruno of Carinthia became
Pope Gregory V, aged 24, first German Pope.
Bulgaria – Samuil became sole ruler, first of the
House of Comitopuli.
Serbia – Samuil of Bulgaria conquers Duklja and
takes prince Jovan Vladimie prisoner.
Rome – Otto III of Germany retakes city of Rome,
reinstates Pope Gregory V after mutilating and
blinding antiPope John XVI.
León – Alfonso V became king, aged 5; his mother
acts as regent.
rd
Portugal – Mendo Gonçalves became 3 count of
Portugal.
Rome – 18 Feb – Pope Gregory V died.
2 Apr-12 May 1003 – Gerbert d’Aurillac became
Pope Sylvester II. First French Pope.
Page 99
Date
York
Date
1002
1003
Britain
Ireland – king Máel Sechnaill surrender the title of
‘High King of Ireland’ to Brian Boru.
-c.1023 Wulfstan II, Archbishop of York.
Date
Rest of World
1000
Norway – Olaf I Tryggvason died in Battle of
Svolder, country split into three areas of control.
Hungary – Hungarian state founded by Stephen I.
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
Scotland – Kenneth III killed in battle by Máel
Coluim mac Cináed who became king, known as
Malcolm II.
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Danes invade.
25 December-1014 Sweyn Forkbeard became
king.
Germany – Otto III died fighting Romans. Henry II
elected king.
Bulgaria – All-out war between Byzantine
Emperor Basil II and Bulgarian Tsar Samuil; Basil
victor.
Rome – 12 May – Pope Sylvester II died.
Jun-Dec – Siccone became Pope John XVII.
25 Dec-Jul 1009 – Giovanni Fasano became
Pope John XVIII.
Pamplona-Navarre – Sancho III the Great
became king.
Italy – Henry II, king of Germany, became king.
Portugal – Alvito Nunes became count.
Venice – Otto Orseolo elected doge, aged 16.
Rome – Jul – Pope John XVIII died abdicated.
31 Jul-12 May 1012 – Pietro Matino Boccapècora
became Pope as Sergius IV.
Rome – 12 May – Pope Sergius IV died.
18 May-9 Apr 1024 – Theophylactus II became
Pope Benedict VIII.
1013
Page 100
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1014
England – 3 February Sweyn Forkbeard died,
aged c. 54.
March/April - 1016 Æthelred the Unready
became king. (second reign)
Ireland – High King Brian Boru defeats Vikings at
Battle of Clontarf, but is stabbed in the back by
Viking chief.
Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill
became king again.
England – Viking king, Canute the Great invades.
1014
England – 23 April Æthelred the Unready died,
aged c.48
24 April Edmund Ironside became king.
30 November Edmund Ironside died, aged c. 23.
30 November – 1035 Canute became king.
England – Canute divides the country into the
earldoms of Wessex, Mercia, East Anglia and
Northumbria.
1016
Denmark – Harald II became king.
Norway – Olaf II Haraldsson declares himself
king.
Byzantine Empire – Basil II defeats Bulgarian
army and massacres 15,000 prisoners in Battle of
Kleidon.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry II of Germany
crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
Bulgaria – Gavril Radomir killed whilst huntingby
his cousin, Ivan Vladislav, who became king.
Balarus – Bratislav become prince of Polotsk.
Kievan Rus’ – Sviatopolk I became prince of Kiev.
Serbia – Prince Jovan Vladimir beheaded by
Bulgarian ruler Ivan Vladislav. Dragimir succeeds.
1015
1016
1017
1015
1017
Portugal – Ilduara Mendes marries Nuno Alvites
and became countess of Portugal.
1018
Bulgaria – Ivan Vladislav killed, Presian II
succeeds.
Sweden and Norway – signing of treaty at
Kungälv.
Denmark – Canute I the Great became king.
Kievan Rus’ – Iaroslav the Wise murders hid 3
brothers.
Italy – Italian towns, including Rome, Florence and
Venice, become city-states.
1019
1023
-1041 Ælfric Puttoc, Archbishop of York.
1020
England – Canute codifies the laws of England.
1020
1022
1023
Ireland – Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill died.
1021
1022
1023
Wales – Rhydderch ab Iestyn, ruler of Gwent and
Morgannwg, seizes Deheubarth. Iago ab Idwal ap
Meurig became king of Gwynedd.
1024
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Sweden – Anund Jakob became king.
Rome – 9 Apr – Pope Benedict VIII died.
Apr-20 Oct 1032 – Romanus became Pope John
XIX.
Germany – Henry II died. Conrad II elected king,
first of the Salian dynasty.
Page 101
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1025
Poland – Mieszko II Lambert Became king.
Byzantine Empire – Basil II died; Constantine VIII
became sole ruler.
Venice – Pietro II Orseolo is deposed; Pietro
Barbolano elected doge.
Holy Roman Empire – Conrad II, king of
Germany, crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
León – Alfonso V killed; Bermudo III became king,
last of Pérez dynasty.
Norway – Olaf II died in Battle of Stiklestad,
canonized, became Norway’s patron saint.
Canute the Great became king.
Portugal – Mendes Nunes Became count.
Germany – Henry III elected co-ruler.
Byzantine Empire – Zoe became empress; her
husband became Romanos III.
Spain – Garcia Sánchez, count of Castile,
assassinated, Ferdinand succeeds him.
France – Henry I revolts against his father, Robert
I
France – Henry I became sole ruler.
Poland – Bezprym became duke.
Burgundy – The Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad II
became king; Burgandy absorbed by French
monarchy.
Venice – Doge Pietro Barbolano forced to
abdicate in favour of Otto Orseolo, Otto is close to
death so Domenico Flabanico is elected doge.
Poland – Bezprym murdered; Mieszko II Lambert
returns to throne.
Rome – 20 Oct – Pope John XIX died.
-1045 – Theophylactus III became Pope Benedict
IX.
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1034
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Scotland – Duncan I and Bethóc become king
and queen.
1033
1034
Poland – Mieszko II Lambert probably murdered,
Czechs invade from south, Poland divided among
local rulers.
Byzantine Empire – Empress Zoe murders her
husband Romanos III, marries her chamberlain,
elevating him to the throne of eastern Roman
Empire as Michael IV the Paphlagonian.
Page 102
Date
York
Date
Britain
1035
England – 12 November Canute died, aged c.
40.
13 November – 1040 Harold Harefoot became
king.
England – Edward the Confessor attempt to seize
throne from Harold I.
1036
Date
1035
1036
1037
1041
-1042 Æthelric, Archbishop of York.
1042
-1051 Ælfric Puttoc, Archbishop of York.
1039
Wales – Iago ab Idwal killed, Gruffyd ap Llewelyn
became king.
1040
England – 17 March Harold Harefoot died, aged
c.23 or 24. Later his body is exhumed, beheaded
and thrown into a fen near the Thames.
18 June – 1042 Harthacanute became king.
Scotland – King Duncan I killed in Battle,
Macbeth succeeds him.
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
England – 8 June Harthacanute died, aged c.24.
9 June – 1066 Saint Edward the Confessor
became king.
1042
1043
1044
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Norway – Magnus I the Good became king.
León – King Bermudo III killed in Battle of
Tamarón, Spanish kingdoms of León and Castile
unite, Ferdinand, count of Castile, became king
Ferdinand I the Great, start of Jiménez dynasty.
Germany – Conrad II died; Henry III continues as
sole ruler.
Poland – Casimir I the Restorer became duke.
Hungary – Peter Urseolo became king.
Bayzantine Empire – Michael IV died, Michael V
became co-emperor with Zoe.
Denmark – Magnus the Good, king of Norway,
also became king of Denmark.
Serbia – Stefan Dobroslav I Vojislav defeats
Bytantine Emperor Constantine IX; Duklja became
a leading state in Serbia.
Byzantine Empire – Michael V deposed by
popular revolt; Zoe became joint-empress with her
sister Theodora. Zoe marries again, elevates
husband to the throne as Constantine IX.
Syria – 12 Aug – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw,
epicentre in Palmyra, Baalbek.
Venice – Doge Domenico Flabanico died;
Domenico Contarini elected doge.
Hungary – Peter became king again after Battle of
Ménfõ.
Belarus – Vseslav became prince of Polotsk.
Page 103
Date
York
Date
1045
Britain
England – Edward the Confessor
construction of Westminster Abbey.
begins
Date
Rest of World
1045
Rome – Pope Benedict IX forced from Rome,
Sylvester III became Pope,
April – Pope Benedict IX forces Pope Sylvester
III’s expulsion.
May – Pope Benedict IX resigns, selling papacy to
John Gratian who became Pope Gregory VI;
Benedict IX returns to papal throne but Gregory
recognized as true Pope.
Rome – 20 Dec – Pope Gregory VI died.
24 Dec-9 Oct 1047 – Suidger, the German bishop,
became Pope Clement II.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry III, king of Germany,
crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
Normandy – William the Conqueror secures
control of Normandy.
Rome – 9 Oct – Pope Clement II died.
Nov-1048 – Benedict IX seizes Lateran Palace,
became Pope for third time.
Denmark – Sweyn II Estridson became king.
Norway – Harald III Sigurdsson, also known as
Harald Hardråda, became sole ruler, the last
Viking king.
Hungary – King Peter deposed for second time,
Andrew I returns from exile to become king.
Rome – Pope Benedict IX resigned.
17 Jul-9 Aug – Poppo, bishop of Brixen, became
Pope Damasus II.
Hungary – king Andrew assigns 1/3 control to his
brother Duke Béla.
Rome – 12 Feb-19 Apr 1054 – Bruno von
Eguisheim-Dagsburg became Pope Leo IX. He
renewed the practice of celibacy.
th
Portugal – Nuno Mendes became 7 count of
Portugal, last count of the House of Vímara Peres.
Sweden – Edmund the old became king, last of
the House of Munsõ.
Byzantine Empire – Empress Zoe died, her
husband, Constantine IX, became sole ruler.
Serbia – Mihailo I became grand prince of Duklja.
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
-1060 Cynesige, Archbishop of York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1051
1052
Page 104
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
1053
1054
1055
Wales – Gruffydd ap Llewelyn claims sovereignty
over all of Wales.
1055
1056
1057
Scotland – King Macbeth killed in battle against
Malcolm III, Lulach mac Gille Coemgáin became
king.
1057
1058
Scotland – King Lulach assassinated; Malcolm III
Canmore became king.
1058
1059
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Navarre - Garcia Sánchez III died in the Battle of
Atapuerca; succeeded by 14 year old Sancho IV.
Germany – Henry IV became king.
Rome – 19 Apr – Pope Leo IX’s excommunication
of the patriarch of Constantinople, Michael I
Cerularius, led to the between Eastern and
Western Churches, the Great Schism.
Kievan Rus’ – Izyaslav I became prince of Kiev.
Rome – 13 Apr-28 Jul 1057 – Gebhard, count of
Calw, Tollenstein und Hirschberg became Pope
Victor II.
Byzantine Empire – Constantine IX died,
Theodora became sole ruler.
León-Castile – Ferdinand I the Great declares
himself ‘Emperor of Hispania’.
Byzantine Empire – Empress Theodora died
childless. Michael VI Bringas replaces her, but not
received with universal support, conflict breaks out
between noble families.
Rome – 28 Jul – Pope Victor II died.
2 Aug-29 Mar 1058 – Frèdèric de Lorraine
became Pope Stephen IX.
Hungary – King Andrew I has his son Solomon
crowned ‘junior’ king.
Byzantine Empire – Michael VI abdicates; Isaac I
Komnenos became emperor.
Poland – Boleslaw the Bold became duke of
Poland.
Rome – 29 Mar – Pope Stephen IX died.
6 Dec-27 Jul 1061 – Gérard de Bourgogne,
bishop of Florence, became Pope Nicholas II. He
introduced the practice of Popes being elected by
cardinals instead of Roman aristocracy.
Byzantine Empire – Isaac I abdicates;
Constantine X Douhas became first emperor of the
Doukid dynasty.
Page 105
Date
1061
York
Date
Britain
-1069 Ealfred, Archbishop of York.
Date
Rest of World
1060
France – Philippe I succeeds to throne age 7,
rules in his own right by 14.
Sweden - Stenkil Ragnvaldson became king, first
of the House of Stenkil.
Hungary – Duke Béla defeats his brother Andrew I
to become king; Andrew I captured and died.
Rome – 27 Jul – Pope Nicholas II died.
30 Sept-21 Apr 1073 – Anselmo da Baggio,
bishop of Lucca, became Pope Alexander II.
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
Wales – Gruffydd ap Llewelyn killed by Cynan ap
Iago. Bleddyn ap Cyfyn became ruler.
Morchar appointed governor of York
1064
1065
1066
England – 5 January Saint Edward the
Confessor died, aged c. 60.
6 January – Harold Godwinson became king.
23 September – Battle of Stamford Bridge.
14 October – Harold Godwinson killed at Battle of
Hastings, aged c.46.
15 October – 17 December Edgar the Atheling,
proclaimed king, but not crowned.
25 December - 1087 William I the Conqueror
became king.
1066
1067
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Aragón – Sancho Ramírez became king.
Hungary – King Béla I died, his throne’s canopy
collapses on him. Solomon crowned king for
second time, aged 9.
León-Castile – Ferdinand I died, his kingdom is
split between his sons; Sancho II the Strong
receives the Kingdom of Castile, Alfonso VI
became king of León, and García of Galicia.
Sweden – Stenkil Ragnvaldsson died.
Norway – Magnus II Haraldsson became king.
France – The Trencavel family in Carcassonne.
Norway – Olaf III the Peaceful returne from
England to claim his share of the Kingdom (the
south), Magnus II rules the north.
Byzantine Empire – Michael VII became emperor,
aged 17; his mother, Eudokia, and general
Romanos IV Diogenes, rule as regents.
Page 106
Date
York
1068
After death of Robert, earl Gospatrick,
commander of the Northumbrians, and
Edgar Atheling, marched their forces to
York.
William advanced on York.
Edgar sent back to Scotland.
William pardoned the earls and entered to
keys of York.
Heavy fine levied on citizens.
Two castles built (Clifford’s Tower & Baile
Hill), garrisoned by Norman soldiers.
Morchar, Edwin & Gospatrick flee to
Scotland.
Osbern etc. received by citizens.
th
19 Sept. Normans prepared for siege,
started fire in suburb, which spread to
parts of city and burnt cathedral and
library.
Danes able to approach walls without
opposition, during confusion.
3,000 Normans killed, High Sheriff of the
county, his lady and a few others, found
in the castles, survived.
Waltheof, son of Siward, appointed
governor of York, with garrison if English
and Scottish soldiers.
Danes retired to place between Humber
and Trent to await Normans.
William arrived before city, summoned
Waltheof to surrender – refused.
-1100 Thomas I (of Bayeux), Archbishop
of York.
William pushed forward the siege on
York.
After 6 months, York surrendered, due to
famine.
English and Scotch garrison put to the
sword. City raised to the ground.
Waltheof, the last Saxon earl, was
beheaded for conspiracy.
1069
1070
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1068
England - Earl Morchar, governor of York, earl of
Chester joined Blethwin, king of Wales with guard
of 700 men marched to Durham and slew Robert,
whom William had created earl of Northumbria.
William demands Morchar, Edwin, Gospatrick &
Edgar from Malcolm, the Scottish king.
Malcolm refuses, invites king of Denmark to join
English and Scottish forces against William.
Sent his brother Osbern, with the two sons of
Harold, and troops in 250 ships, sailed up the
Humber.
1068
Kievan Rus’ - A popular uprising deposes
Izyaslav I, who flees to Poland.
1069
England – William the Conqueror crushes
rebellion in the north, burning houses, crops, cattle
and land, over 100,000 people die from starvation
and winter cold. This is known as the Harrying of
the North.
1069
Norway – Magnus II died, Olaf became sole ruler.
Kievan Rus’ – Izyaslav I retakes Kiev, with help
from Polish army.
1070
England - William bribed Danish general with
money and right to plunder sea coast, if left the
country.
Waltheof, the first nobleman to be beheaded in
England.
Herewald teh Wake begins a Saxon revolt in nthe
Fens of Eastern England.
1070
Page 107
Date
York
Date
1072
Britain
England
& Scotland – William I invades
Scotland; defeats Hereward the Wake in the Fens.
Ireland – Toirdelbach ua Briain became high king
of Ireland, aged 15.
Date
Rest of World
1071
Spain – García II, as king of Galicia, first to use
title of king of Portugal, following defeat of Count
Nuno Mendes in Battle of Pedroso.
Italy – The last Byzantine-controlled city in the
south, Bari, is captured by Robert Guiscard.
Venice - Domenico Selvo elected doge.
Byzantine Empire – Emperor Michael VII sends
his mother to a monastery, kills Romanos IV and
crowned senior emperor.
León-Castile – Sancho the Strong assassinated ,
Alfonso VI takes control and calls himself ‘Emperor
of all Hispania.’
Bulgaria – Constantin Bodin assumes throne as
Peter III, following revolt obyBulgarian noblemen.
Byzantines retaliate and capture Peter. Bulgaria
ruled by Byzantine Empire.
Rome – 21 Apr – Pope Alexander II died.
22 Apr-25 May 1085 – Hildebrand of Soana
became Pope Gregory VII.
Kievan Rus’ – Izyaslav I ousted again. Sviatoslav
II became prince of Kiev.
Denmark – Harald III elected king.
Hungary - Solomon is defeated by Géza I in the
Battle of Mogyoród, goes into exile but remains in
control of western of country.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry IV, Holy Roman
Emperor conquers Saxony.
1072
1073
1074
1075
England – Revolt of the Three Earls, against
William I, is last serious act of resistance to
Norman Conquest.
Wales – Bleddyn ap Gyfyn killed by Rhys ab
Owain. Trahearn ap Caradog became king of
Gwynedd.
1075
1076
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Aragón & Navarre – Sancho Ramírez elected
king became king.
Rome – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates the
Holy Roman Emperor, Henry IV.
Kievan Rus’ – Vsevolod I became prince of Kiev,
ceded throne to Isyaslav I.
Page 108
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1077
England – Robert Curthose, future duke of
Normandy, instigates first insurrection against his
father, William I.
1077
1078
Wales – Trahaern ap Caradog, king of Gwynedd,
defeats Rhys ab Owain in Battle of Goodwick.
1078
Sweden – Halsten Stenkilsson became king.
Hungary – Géza I died; his brother, Ladislaus I
became king.
Montenegro - Kingdom of Duklja founded, with
support of Pope Gregory VII; Mihailo I is the first
king.
Bulgaria – Constantine Bodin, Peter III, freed by
venetian sailors and returns to Zeta.
Byzantine Empire – Michael VII resigns and
enters a monastery; Nikephoros III Botanieiates
proclaims himself emperor.
Kievan Rus’ – Izyaslav I died in a civil war;
Vsevolod I restored to power.
Poland – Bolslaw II the Bold murdered bishop of
Kraków, nobles and prelates revolt, Boleslaw
forced into exile in Hungary; his brother,
Wladyslaw I Herman, became duke of Poland.
Sweden – Inge I became king, shares throne with
his brother, Halsten.
Denmark – Canute IV became king.
Sweden – Blot Sven overthrows hia brother-in law
King Inge.
Serbia – Constantin Bodin became king of Duklja.
Byzantine Empire – Emperor Nikephorus III is
overthrown by Alexios I Comnenus.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry IV, Holy Roman
Emperor, besieged Rome and gained entry.
Sweden – Inge I kills Blot Sven and returns to the
throne.
Bosnia – is conquered by Duklja.
Hungary – King Stephen is canonized and
became patron saint of his country.
Venice – Doge Domenico Selvo defeated at Corfu
by Robert Guiscard’s Normans. Vitale Faliero
Dodoni elected Doge.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry IV, king of Germany
crowned Holy Roman Emperor
Rome – 25 May – Pope Gregory VII died.
1079
1080
England – William I writes to Pope to remind him
the king of England owes him no allegiance.
1080
1081
Wales – Trahaearn ap Carado, king of Gwynedd
is murdered; Gruffydd ap Cynan became king of
north Wales, spends first 12 years imprisoned by
William I in England.
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 109
Date
York
Date
1087
Britain
England – 26 Sept – 1100 William II became
king.
Date
Rest of World
1086
Rome – 24 May-16 Sept 1087 – Desiderius, the
great abbot of Monte Cassino, became Pope
Victor III.
Denmark – King Canute IV is assassinated in the
church of St. Alban at Odense; he is made a saint
and became patron saint of Denmark; his brother
Olaf I, became king.
France – 9 Sept – William I the Conqueror died,
aged c. 59, whilst besieging Mantes.
Germany – Conrad II elected king and crowned in
Aachen.
Hungary – Former King Solomon I is killed in
battle near Hadrianopolis.
Rome – 16 Sept – Pope Victor III died.
Rome – 12 Mar-29 Jul 1099 – Odo of Lagery
became Pope Urban II.
1087
1088
1090
Ireland – Domhnall Maclochlainn became high
king.
1093
Scotland – Malcolm III killed at Battle of Alnwick;
Donald III Bane became king, he expels the
English from the Scottish court.
1094
Scotland – Donald III Bane deposed, Duncan II
succeeds him, but killed in revolt against Norman
influence in Scotland; Donald III Bane returns to
throne.
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1097
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Scotland – Edgar became king.
1096
1097
1098
Spain – García II, former king of Galicia, died in
monastery to which he was consigned by his
brothers.
Portugal – Henry of Burgundy receives the county
of Portugal as a dowry for marriage to Theresa,
daughter of Alfonso.
Norway – Haakon Magnusson became king.
Italy – Conrad II of Germany crowned king.
Kievan Rus’ – Sviatopolk II became prince of
Kiev.
Aragón and Navarre – Sancho I died at Siege of
Huesca; Pedro I became king.
Norway – Haakon Magnusson died; Magnus
Barefoot became king.
Denmark – Eric I became king.
Hungary – Ladislaus I died and canonized.
Coloman became king.
nd
Venice – Vital I Michele elected 32 Doge.
Germany – Henry IV deposes his son, Conrad II,
replacing him with his younger son, Henry V.
Page 110
Date
1100
York
-1108 Gerard, Archbishop of York.
Date
1100
1101
Britain
England – 2 August William II Rufus died, aged
c.40, killed by an arrow whilst hunting.
5 August – 1135 Henry I (Beauclerc) became
king.
England – Robert Curthose gives up hos claim to
the Anglo-Norman throne, which confirmed Henry
I as king of England.
Date
Rest of World
1099
Germany – Henry V became the last king of the
Salian dynasty.
Rome – 29 Jul – Pope Urban II died 14 days after
the capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders.
13 Aug-21 Jan 1118 – Monk Ranirtius became
Pope Paschal II, he excommunicates Holy Roman
Emperor Henry IV.
Sweden – Halsten died, Inge is sole ruler.
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1106
1107
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Henry I defeats his older brother,
Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy, at the Battle
of Tinchebrai.
Scotland – King Edward died, his brother,
Alexander I became king.
1106
1107
Serbia – Constantin Bodin, king of Duklja, died,
his sons, Mihailo II Vojislav and Dobroslav II, rule
jointly.
Belarus – Boris I became prince of Polotsk.
Venice – Ordelafo Faliero became doge.
Poland – Zbigniew and Boleslw III Wrymouth rule
the country jointly after the death of their father
Wladyslaw I Herman.
Serbia – Dobroslav III became ruler of Duhlja, he
is captured, castrated and blinded. Kočopar
Branislavljevic brought to power by Prince Vukon
of Rascia.
Norway – Olaf Magnusson became king, aged 4,
his older brothers act as regents.
Serbia – Vladimir, oldest brother of King
Constantin Bodin, become s king of Duklja,
marries one of Prince Vukan’s daughters.
Aragón and Navarre – Alfonso I the Warrior
became king.
Denmark – Niels became king.
Germany – Henry IV escapes from prison, defeats
his son Lorraine, but died soon after.
Belarus – David became prince of Polotsk.
Poland – Boleslaw III puts his half-brother,
Zbigniew, to flight, and became sole ruler.
Zbigniew and Holy Roman Empire join forces
against Poland, but defeated, Zbigniew captured
and blinded.
Page 111
Date
1108
York
-1114 Thomas II, Archbishop of York.
Date
Britain
Date
1108
Scotland – Alexander marries Sybilla, illegitimate
daughter of Henry I of England.
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
Scotland – David, brother of King Alexander I,
demands further titles and land, known as ‘Prince
of the Cumberlands’.
-1140 Thurstan, Archbishop of York.
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Ireland – Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair became
high king.
1118
Rest of World
León-Castile-Galicia – Alfonso IV died, Urraca,
his daughter, became queen, she marries Alfonso
I of Aragón.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry V invades Italy.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry V of Germany
crowned emperor, later excommunicated by Pope.
Portugal – King Henry died, his son Alfonso I
Henriques became count of Portugal, aged 3. His
mother, Teresa, rules as regent.
Sweden – Philip Halstensson became king,
sharing the throne with Inge II.
Hungary – Coloman imprisons and blinds his
brother Almos.
Serbia – Vladimir of Duklja is poisoned by order of
Queen Jakvinta, she appoints her son George to
the throne.
Kievan Rus’ – Vladimir II Monomakh, son of
Vsevolod I, became prince of Kiev.
León-Castile-Galicia –
Marriage of Queen
Urraca and Alfonso I of Aragón is annulled.
Norway – Olaf Magnusson died, his brothers
Øystein and Sigurd I the crusader, share the
throne.
Hungary – Coloman died, Stephen II became king
of Hungary and Coatia.
Venice – Doge Ordelafo Faliero killed in battle
against Hungarians, Domenico Michele elected
doge.
Normandy – Rebellion against Henry I breaks out.
Rome – 21 Jan – Pope Paschal II died.
24 Jan-28 Jan 1119 – Giovanni Coniula became
Pope Gelasius II.
Sweden – Philip Halstensson died, Inge II became
sole ruler.
Serbia – Prince Grubeša Branislavljević, deposes
King George of Duklja.
Byzantine Empire – John I Comnenos became
emperor.
Page 112
Date
York
Date
1120
Britain
England – Thomas Becket born.
The White Ship sinks in the English Channel,
Henry II’s son , William Adelin, is drowned.
Date
Rest of World
1119
Rome – 28 Jan – Pope Gelasius died.
2 Feb-13 Dec 1124 – Guy de Vienne became
Pope Calixtus II.
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
Scotland – David I became king, with support of
Henry I of England.
1124
1125
England – Edgar the Atheling died, aged c.72.
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Roman Empire – Henry V renopunces the right of
investiture of bishop, in the Concordat of Worms.
His excommunication is lifted.
Rome – Pope Calixtus II opened the First Council
of the Lateran.
Norway – Øystein died, Sigurd I became sole
ruler.
Rome – 13 Dec – Pope Callixtus died.
15 Dec-13 Feb 1130 – Lamberto Scannabecchi,
cardinal of Ostia, became Pope Honorius II.
Germany – Henry V died, Lothair, duke of Saxony,
elected king.
Kievan Rus’ – Vladimir II died, his son Mstislav I
became prince of Kiev.
León-Castile-Galicia
–
Queen
Urraca
died,Alfonso VII became king.
Balarus – Boris I became prince of Polotsk (2nd
time).
Portugal – Count Alfonso I Henrique defeats his
mother, Teresa, at Battle of São Mamede, also
defeats Alfonso VII of Castile and Léon. Portugal
effectively became independent.
Balarus – Sviatopolk of Kiev became prince of
Polotsk.
Portugal – Count Alfonso Henriques declared
prince of Portugal.
Page 113
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1130
Sweden – Sverker I the Elder became king.
Norway – Sigurd I died, Civil war break out for
claim to throne between Magnus Sigurdsson and
Harald IV Gille.
Venice – Pietro Polani elected doge.
Rome – 13 Feb – Pope Honorius II died.
14 Feb-24 Sept 1143 – Cardinal Gregorio
Papareschi became Pope Innocent II; a group of
cardinals elect antiPope Anacletus II.
Sicily – Roger II became king.
Hungary and Croatia – Stephen II died, Béla II
the Blind became king.
Balarus – Vasil became prince of Polotsk.
Kievan Rus’ - Yaropolk II became prince of Kiev.
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
Fire of York, burnt down the Cathedral,
St. Mary’s Abbey, St. Leonard’s Hospital,
39 parish churches in the city , and Trinity
church, in the suburbs.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – 1 December Henry I died, aged 67,
from food poisoning.
22 December – 1154 Stephen (of Blois) became
king.
Wales – Owain Gwynedd defeats the Normans at
Crug Mawr.
1135
1136
1137
Holy Roman Empire – Lothair III, elected king of
Germany, is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
Aragón and Navarre – Alfonso I of Aragón leaves
his kingdom to the Knights Templar. His wishes
are ignored and Ramiro II became king.
Denmark – King Niels died in battle in Schleswig;
Eric II became king.
Norway – Magnus IV Sigurdsson defeats Harald
IV at Battle of Färlev.
León-Castile-Galicia – Alfonso II of Castile is
crowned ‘Emperor of all the Spains’.
Norway – Harald IV captures Magnus IV, blinds
him and imprisons him.
Norway – Sigurd Slembedjakn murders Harald IV;
Sigurd II Munn became co-ruler with his brothers
Inge and Øystein; Sigurd Slembedjakn makes a
rival claim for the throne.
France – Louis VII the Young became king.
Aragón – Ramiro abdicates and returns to the
monastery, his daughter Peronilla became queen.
Germany – Lothair II died, whilst in Italy.
Denmark – Eric III became king.
Sicily – Naples is captured and integrated into the
Kingdom of Sicily.
Page 114
Date
York
1138
David, king of Scotland, and army,
besieged York.
Archbishop Thurstan, lieutenant governor
of the North, called a force of nobility and
gentry of the county, marched against
Scots, who left the city.
Date
Britain
1138
England and Scotland - Scottish army defeated
by archbishop Thurstan’s army, at Northallerton –
10,000 Scots killed
Date
Rest of World
1138
Germany – Conrad III elected king, civil war
breaks out when he deprives rival Henry the Proud
of his lands.
Rome – AntiPope Anacletus II died.
Poland – Boleslaw III divide the country between
his five sons.
Syria – 11 Oct – Earthquake, epicentre in Aleppo.
Portugal – Prince Alfonso declared king, after
Battle of Ourique.
Norway – Sigurd Slembedjakn is imprisoned and
executed by supporters of Inge I.
Sicily – Pope Innocent II recognizes the Kingdom
of Sicily.
Kievan Rus’ – Vsevolod II became ruler (prince of
Kiev)
Rome – Second Council of the Lateran convened.
1139
1141
-1147 William FitzHerbert, Archbishop of
York.
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Hungary and Croatia – Béla II died, Géza II
crowned king, aged 11.
Portugal – King Alfonso VII of Castile recognizes
Portugal as an independent kingdom by the Treaty
of Zamora.
Rome – 24 Sept – Pope Innocent II died.
26 Sept-8 Mar 1144 – Guido di Castello became
Pope Celestine II.
Byzantine Empire – Johnn II Comnenus died in
hunting accident. Manuel I Comnenus became
emperor.
France – Geoffery of Anjou, second husband of
Empress Matilda, conquers Nomandy.
Rome – 8 Mar – Pope Celestine II died.
12 Mar-15 Feb 1145 – Gherardo Caccianemici dal
Orso became Pope Lucius II.
Balarus – Rogneda Borisovich became prince of
Polotsk.
Rome – 15 Feb – Pope Lucius II killed by a stone
thrown at him as he marched against the Roman
Senate.
15 Feb-8 Jul 1153 – Bernardo dei Paganelli di
Montemagno, became Pope Eugene III.
Page 115
Date
1147
York
Date
Britain
-1153 Henry Murdac, Archbishop of York.
Date
Rest of World
1146
Holy Roman Empire – Emperor Conrad III takes
part in the Second Crusade.
Poland – Wladyslaw II driven into exile by his
younger brother; Boleslaw IV the Curly became
high duke.
Serbia – Radoslav Gradišnić became ruler of
Dukja.
Kievan Rus ‘ – Igor II became prince of Kiev, soon
deposed by his cousin, Iziaslav Msistislavich, who
became Iziaslav II.
Portugal – King Alfonso I and the Crusaders
capture Lisbon from the Moors.
Germany – Conrad III has his son, Henry
Berengar, elected king, to rule whilst he is away on
the Second Crusade.
Aragón – Queen Petonella abdicates in favour of
her son Ramon, who became Alfonso II.
Navarre – Sancho VI became king.
Portugal – King Alfonso I takes Abrantes from the
Moors.
Denmark – Eric III abandons the throne, retires to
a monastery, Sweyn III became king, challenged
by Canute V and Valdemar ‘the Great’. He kills
Canute, but killed by Valdemar, who became king
in 1157.
Venice – Domenico Morosis elected doge.
Kievan Rus’ – Yuri I Dolgoruki became prince of
Kiev.
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
-1154 William FitzHerbert, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1153
Scotland – King David I died. His grandson,
Malcolm IV, became king, aged 11.
1153
Germany – King Henry Beregar died.
Belarus – Rostislav of Minsk became prince of
Polotsk.
Kievan Rus’ – Prince Yuri I driven from Kiev by
his nephew Iziaslav III.
Germany – Conrad III died, Frederick I
Barbarossa elected king.
Rome – 8 Jul – Pope Eugene III died.
8 Jul-3 Dec 1154 – Corado Demetri della Suburra
became Pope Anastasius IV.
Page 116
Date
1154
York
-1181
Roger
de
Archbishop of York.
Pot
L’Evêque,
Date
Britain
1154
England – 25 October Stephen died, aged c.58.
19 December – 1189 Henry II (Curtmantle)
became king.
Date
Rest of World
1154
Italy – Frederick I Barbarossa crowned king.
Rome – 3 Dec – Pope Anasatasius IV died.
4 Dec-1 Sept 1159 – Cardinal Nicholas of Albano
became Pope Adrain IV, the only Englishman to
become Pope.
Sicily – Roger II died, William I the Bad became
king.
Kievan Rus’ – Rostislav I became grand prince for
one week, Iziaslav III drives him out and returns to
power.
Norway – Sigurd II murdered by his brother and
co-ruler Inge I.
Holy Roman Empire – Frederick I Barbarossa of
Germany crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
Kievan Rus’ – Yuri I retakes Kiev.
Sweden – Sverker I murdered on way to church
on Christmas day. Erik IX the Saint became king.
Venice – Vitale II Michele elected doge.
León-Castile-Galicia – King Alfonso VII died,
kingdom split between sons – Ferdinand – León
and Galicia, Sancho-Castile and Toledo.
Denmark – Valdemar the Great became king.
Norway – Inge became sole ruler after his brother
Øystein killed.
Russia – Andrei Bogolyubsky became Prince
Andrei I of Vladimir-Suzdal.
Kievan Rus’ – Yuiri I died, Iziaslav III restored to
throne.
Syria – 12 Aug – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw.
León-Castile-Galicia – Alfonso VIII became king
of Castile, aged 3.
Rome – 1 Sept – Pope Adrian IV died.
7 Sept-30 Aug 1181 – Cardinal Orlando Bandinelli
became Pope Alexander III.
Balarus – Rogneda Borisovich became prince of
nd
Polotsk for 2 time.
Kievan Rus’ – Rostislav I become grand prince for
nd
2 time.
1155
1156
Ireland – Muirchertach MacLochlainn became
high king.
1156
1157
1158
1159
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 117
Date
York
1160
First York parliament, mentioned in
history, called by Henry II.
Malcolm, king of Scotland, summoned
before this parliament, charged with
betraying Henry’s counsel to the French,
during the war in that country. Allegations
proved false, but Malcolm had to lose
some of his lands in England. and to do
homage for the kingdom of Scotalnd.
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1160
Sweden – Erik IX is murdered, later canonied
becoming Sweden’s patron saint; Magnus II
became king.
Sicily – William I defeats a revolt, his son Roger is
killed.
1161
Sweden – Karl VIII became king.
Norway – Haakon II the Broadshouldered defeats
and kills Inge I, in battle near Oslo, he succeeds
Øystein as king.
Hungary and Croatia – Stephen III became king.
Norway – Haakon II the Broadshouldered killed by
Erling Skaake, Sigurd Markusfostre named king.
Serbia – Mihailo III Vojislav became last ruler of
Dukja.
Balarus – Vseslav Vasilkovich became prince of
Polotsk.
Norway – Magnus V Elingsson first Norwegian
king to be crowned, aged 7.
1162
1163
Wales – Owain Gwynedd recognized as ruler.
1165
Scotland – Malcolm IV died, aged 24; his brother,
William I the Lion succeeds him. His standard
became the Royal Standard of Scotland (red lion
rampant with forked tail, on yellow background)
Ireland – Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair became last
‘High King of all Ireland’.
1166
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Prince Richard became duke of
Aquitaine.
England – Eleanor of Aquitaine leaves England to
establish her court in Poitiers.
Sicily – William II became king, aged 11, his
mother, Margaret of Navarre, acts as regent.
Sweden – Canute I Ericson kills Karl VII to take
the throne.
Balarus – Volodar of Minsk became prince of
Polotsk.
Kievan Rus’ – Mstislav II became grand prince.
1168
1169
Germany – Henry VI is elected king.
Sicily – 4 Feb – Earthquake.
Page 118
Date
1171
York
Archbishop Roger commenced
rebuilding to the Minster Choir.
the
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1170
England – Thomas Becket assassinated.
Ireland – Henry II sponsors the Norman invasion
of Ireland.
1170
1171
Wales – Rhys ap Gruffydd agrees to negotiate
with Henry II of England.
1171
Kievan Rus’ – Gleb became grand prince.
Eastern Mediterranean – 29 Jun – Earthquake
measuring 7.7Mw, Damage in Syria, Lebanon &
Turkey.
Sicily – William II declared old enough to rule.
Kievan Rus’ – Vladimir II is briefly grand prince,
Roman I succeeds him.
1172
England – Council of Avranches absolves Henry
II of the assassination of Thomas Becket.
Ireland - Henry II conquers Ireland and confirmed
as lord of Ireland by the Pope.
England – Eleanor of Aquitaine and her sons
rebel against her husband, Henry II, unsuccessful.
1172
Venice – Sebastiano Ziani is elected doge.
Hungary and Croatia – Stephan III died, Béla III,
his younger brother, became king.
1173
1174
England – 12 July – William I of Scotland
captured by English force led by Ranulf de Glanvill
at Battle of Alnwick, Henry II occupies Scotland.
1174
Poland – Mieszko III ‘the Old’ became high duke.
Kievan Rus’ – Vsevolod the Big Nest briefly
istalled to throne, before being taken prisoner.
Rurik became grand prince.
Norway – Øystein Meyla declared king by his
supporters during civil war.
Russia – Prince Andrei I Bogolyubsky
assassinated; his half-brother Mikhail became
prince of Vladimir-Suzdal.
Kievan Rus’ – Iaroslav II, manoeuvred onto
throne by relatives.
1175
Scotland – William I of Scotland allowed to return
to Scotland following signing Treaty of Falaise,
agreeing to pay cost of English army occupation
by taxing Scots.
Ireland – Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, the last high
king, submits to Henry II with Treaty of Windsor.
1175
Parliament met in York.
William,
successor of Malcolm, summoned to do
homage for the kingdom of Scotland. He
complied and, in token of his subjection,
deposited on the alter of the Cathedral, in
York, his breast-plate, spear, and saddle.
1173
1176
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 119
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1177
Norway – Øystein Meyla killed in Battle of Re.
Sicily – William II marries Joan, daughter of Henry
II of England.
Poland – Expulsion of Mieszko III, Casimir II the
Just, elevated to high duke.
Russia – Vsevolod the Big Nest became grand
prince of Vladimir.
Kievan Rus’ – Sviatoslav III deposes Iaroslav II.
Venice – Orio Mastropiero elected doge.
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Scotland – Richard the Lionheart, needing funds
for Third Crusade, terminates Treaty of Falaise in
return for 10,000 silver marks.
1185
Portugal – Pope Alexander III acknowledges
Afonso as king of an independent Portugal.
Rome – Third Council of the Lateran convened.
Pope Alexander III forced to leave Rome by
Roman republic; antiPope Innocent III is installed.
France – Philippe II Augustus became king.
Rome – AntiPope Innocent III deposed by Pope
Alexander III.
Byzantine Empire – Manuel I omnenus died,
Alexios II Comnenus became emperor.
Kievan Rus’ – Rurik returns to power.
Rome – 30 Aug – Pope Alexander III died.
1 Sept-25 Nov 1185 – Cardinal Ubaldo Allucingoli
became Pope Lucius III.
Denmark – Valdemar the Great died, Canute VI
became sole ruler.
Kievan Rus’ - Sviatoslav III became grand prince
for third time, co-ruler with Rurik.
Byzantine Empire – Alexios II strangled,
Andronikos Comnenos became sole emperor.
Rome – Pope Lucius III lauches Inquisition.
Norway – Magnus V killed in Battle of Firmreite,
Sverre Sigurdsson became role ruler.
Portugal – Alfonso Henriques I died, his son
Sanco I became king.
Norway – Jon Kuvlung became pretender to the
throne.
Rome – 25 Nov – Pope Lucius III died.
25 Nov-19 Oct 1187 – Uberto Crivelli became
Pope Urban III.
Byzantine Empire – Isaac II Angelus deposes
Andornikos I Comnenus and takes throne.
Page 120
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1186
Serbia – Stefan Nemanja conquers the state of
Duklja, unifies Duklja and Rascia into single state.
Rome – 19 Oct – Pope Urban III died.
21 Oct-17 Dec – Alberto di Morra became Pope
Gregory VIII.
19 Dec-20 Mar 1191 – Paulino Scolari became
Pope Clement III.
León-Castille-Galicia – Alfonso IX the slobberer
became king of León and Galicia.
Norway – Pretender Jon Kuvlung killed by King
Sverre.
Holy Roman Empire – Frederick I Barbarossa
leads Third Cursade against Saladin.
Sicily – William II died, his nephew Tancred
crowned king.
1187
1188
1189
-1212 Geoffrey, Archbishop of York.
1189
1190
16 March 150 Jews killed at York Castle.
Richard ordered bishop of Ely to go to
York and punish offenders, high sheriff
and governor imprisoned, 100 inhabitants
taken to Northampton and imprisoned for
four years.
Government of county given to Osbert de
Longchamp.
1190
1192
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – 6 July Henry II died, aged 56.
3 September – 1199 Richard I the Lionheart
became king.
Gave orders that no Jew be presented at his
coronation, which had been the tradition. Several
Jews found in crowd, they were attacked, some
killed.
Benedict and Jocenus, from York, in this crowd.
Benedict was dragged to a church and forcibly
baptized then taken before Richard, where he
professed to still be a Jew in his heart. Died soon
after.
Jocenus escaped, unhurt, and returned to York.
England – Richard I threatens war against
Tancred od Sicily, captures Messina.
England – Truce between Richard I and Saladin
ends Third Crusades. Richard taken hostage by
Leopold V of Austria.
1189
1190
Holy Roman Empire – Frederick I Barbarossa
drowns in Saleph river.
Poland – Mieszko II the Old returns to power as
high duke, until Casimir II is restored.
Albania – Progon became prince of Albania.
1191
Rome – 20 Mar – Pope Clement III died.
21 Mar-8 Jan 1198 – Giacinto Bobone, aged 85,
became Pope Celestine III.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry VI of Germany
crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
Venice – Enrico Dandolo is elected doge.
Belarus – Ginwill became prince of Polotsk.
1192
Page 121
Date
York
Date
Britain
1193
1194
England – Richard I ransomed from Henry VI,
Holy Roman Emperor
Date
Rest of World
1193
Norway – Sigurd Magnusson became pretender to
the throne.
Norway
–
King
Sverre
Sigurdsson
excommunicated by Norwegian Church. Civil War
breaks out again with the Baglers.
Sigurd
Magnusson killed.
Navarre – Sancho VII the Strong became king.
Sicily – King Tancred died, William III became
king, under the regency of his mother.
Poland – Casimer II died, leszek I the White
became high duke.
Kievan Rus’ – Sviatoslav III died, Rurik became
sole ruler.
Byzantine Empire – Alexios Angelos proclaims
himself emperor Alecios III, Isaac II is imprisoned
and blinded.
Aragón – Pedro II became king, the first to be
crowned by the Pope.
Norway – Inge Magnusson became Baglar
pretender to the throne.
Germany – Frederick II elected king.
Sweden – Canute I died; Sverker II the Younger
elected king.
Hungary and Croatia – Emeric became king.
Serbia – Grand Prince Stefan Namanja abdicates
in favour of his son Stefan.
Bulgaria – Kaloyan became tsar.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry VI died of malaria.
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Germany – Philip of Swabia elected king, disputed
by Otto IV of Brunswick whoc is elected as rival
king and crowned by the archbishop of Cologne.
Civil War ensues.
Rome – 8 Jan – Pope Celestine III died.
8 Jan-16 Jul 1216 – Cardinal Deacon Lotario dei
Conti di Segni is became Pope Innocent III.
Sicily – Frederick I became king.
Bohemia – Ottokar I became king.
Bulgaria – King Pter murdered; Kalojan became
king.
Poland – Leszek I the White replaced as high
duke by Mieszko III the old.
Page 122
Date
York
1199
Meeting held in York between kings of
England and Scotland, agreed sons of
English king to marry daughters of
Scottish king.
Date
Britain
1199
England – 6 April Richard I killed, aged 41, at
siege of Châlus.
27 May – 1216 John Lackland became king.
Date
Rest of World
1199
Poland – Leszek I the White ousts Mieszko III the
Old and restored as high duke.
Belarus – Boris II became prince of Polotsk.
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Denmark – Valdemar II the Conqueror became
king.
Norway – King Sverre died; Haakon III
pronounced king. Inge Magnusson died and the
Bagler party is dissolved.
Poland – Leszek I the White replaced as high
duke by Mieszko III the old, again, who died
shortly after and succeeded by Wladyslaw III
Spindleshanks.
Lievan Rus’ – Ingvar I briefly rules as grand
prince before Rurik regains the throne.
France – Philippe II enters Rouen.
Byzantine Empire – Alexios III flees, following
arrival of armies of Fourth Crusade; Isaac II
returns to throne with Alexios IV as co-ruler.
Thessalonica – Boniface of Montferret, a leader of
the Fourth Crusade, founds this kingdom.
Norway – Haakon III died, Guttrum Sigurdsson
named king, aged 4.
Hungary and Croatia – Ladislaus III crowned
king, aged 5.
Bulgaria – Kalojan proclaims himself tsar.
Byzantine Empire – Emperor Alexios IV
overthrown in a revolution; Nicolas Canabus
elected emperor, but refuses, therefore strangled.
Alexios Doukas Murzuphlus proclaimed emperor
as Alexios V. Loses battle to Crusaders, and
flees. Constantine Laskaris proclaimed emperor
but not crowned.
Latin Empire – Baldwin, count of Flanders,
crowned emperor, a Crusader state founded by
leaders of Fourth Crusade on land captured from
Byzantine Empire.
Kievan Rus’ – Rostislav II became grand prince.
Page 123
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1205
Sweden – Battle of Älgarås.
Venice – Pietro Ziani elected doge.
Latin Empire – Henry of Flanders crowned
emperor.
Hungary and Croatia – Ladislaus died; Andrew II
became king.
Poland – Wladyslaw III deposed; Leszek I the
White restored to throne.
Kievan Rus’ – Rurik briefly seizes power for fifth
time; Vsevolod IV deposes him and became grand
prince.
Norway – Erling Steinvegg died; Philip Simonsson
named as new Bagler pretender.
Germany – King Philip’s entry to Cologne brings
Civil War to end.
Bulgaria – Tsar Kaloyan murdered; his nephew
Boril became tsar.
Albania – Dhimitër Progoni became sovereign
prince.
Sweden – Sverker II defeated at Battle of Lena;
Erik X became king, the first to be crowned.
Germany – Philip of Swabia murdered; Otto IV
became sole ruler.
Kievan Rus’ – Rurik briefly seizes power for sixth
time.
Holy Roman Empire – Otto IV crowned emperor.
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Scotland – William the Lion died; Alexander II
succeeds him.
Poland – Mieszko I Tanglefoot became high duke.
Portugal – Afonso II became king.
Germany – Frederick Roger became king as
Frederick II.
Poland – Mieszko II died; Leszek I the White is
restored as king.
Sicily – Henry became king.
Russia – Yuri III became grand prince of VladimirSuzdal.
Aragón – Pedro II died at Battle of Muret; James I
the Conqueror became king.
1214
Page 124
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1215
Simon Langton, Archbishop of York.
(election quashed)
-1255 Walter de Gray, Archbishop of
York.
1215
1215
Spain – Henry I became king of Castile.
Pedro II of Aragón killed in Battle; James the
Conqueror became king.
Rome – Fourth Council of the Lateran convened.
1216
Northern barons laid siege to York.
1216
England – January – Group of barons demand
charter of liberties.
-May – Barons take London.
10 June – Barons and King John meet at
Runnymede, Articles of the Barons drawn up. A
formal royal grant was also reached called The
Magna Carta.
England – 19 October John died, aged 49.
Prince Louis of France offered crown by English
barons, he invades England – First Baron’s War.
28 October – 1272 Henry III became king, aged 9
1216
England – Prince Louis of France renounces his
claim to English throne in Treaty of Lambeth – end
of First Baron’s War.
1217
Rome – 16 Jul- Pope Innocent III died.
18 Jul-18 Mar 1227 – Cencio became Pope
Honorius III.
Sweden – Johan I Sverkersson became king,
aged 15.
Albania – Dhimitër Progoni died; his wife
Komnena marries nobleman Grigor Kamona, who
became sovereign prince.
Latin Empire – Pierre II de Courtenay became
emperor, kidnapped.
Russia – Konstantin I defeats Yuri II to seize
Grand-Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal; Yuri sent
into exile.
Castile – Henry I killed by falling roof tile; his
cousin, Ferdinand III, succeeds him.
Norway – Inge Baardsson died; Haakon IV
succeeds him, aged 13.
Serbia – Kingdom of Serbia founded, Stefan II
became king.
Latin Empire – Pierre II de Courtenay died whilst
held a prisoner by captive. His wife Yolanda takes
power.
Bulgaria - Ivan Asen II became tsar having sent
Boril into exile after blinding him.
Russia – Konstantin died Yuri II returns to throne.
Latin Empire – Robert de Courtenay became
emperor.
Holy Roman Empire – Frederick II became
emperor.
1217
1218
1219
1220
Henry III and king of Scotland met in
York, Scottish king agreed to marry
Henry’s sister.
1220
1221
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 125
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1222
Sweden – Johan I is deposed; Erik XI became
king, aged 5 years.
Germany – Henry VII is crowned co-king with his
father, Frederick II.
Cyprus – 11 May – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw.
France – Louis VIII the Lion became king.
Portugal – Afonso II died; Sanch II the Pious
became king.
Kievan Rus’ – Vladimir III became grand prince.
1223
1227
Archbishop Walter de Grey added south
transept to Minster.
40 days relaxation was granted to
benefactors who contributed liberally to
this work.
1227
England – Henry III became of age and assumes
government.
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
Henry III and king of Scotland spent
Christmas at York.
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
France – Louis IX the Saint became king.
Rome – 18 Mar – Pope Honorius III died.
19 Mar-22 Aug 1241 – Ugolino di Conti became
Pope Gregory IX.
Poland – Leszek I the White assassinated;
Wladyslaw III Spindleshanks returns to power.
Serbia – Stefan Radoslav became king.
Latin Empire Robert de Courtenay died;
Baldwin II became emperor, aged II
Sweden – Canute II exiles Erik to Denmark and
seizes throne.
Poland – Konrad I of Masovia became high duke.
Venice – Jacopo Tiepolo elected doge.
Leόn-Castile-Galicia – Ferdinand III, king of
Castile, became king of Leόn.
Bohemia – Wenceslaus I became king.
Bulgaria – became dominant power in the
Balkans.
Majorca – King James I the Conqueror of Aragόn
conquerors Majorca and became king.
Poland – Henry I the bearded, duke of Silesia,
became ruler.
Serbia - Stefan Radoslav deposed by his brother,
Stefan Vladislave I.
Sweden – Canute II died, Erik XI retuns from exile
and takes throne.
Navarre – Theobald I Posthumous, elected king.
Germany – Frederick II outlaws his son, Prince
Henry.
Page 126
Date
1237
York
25 Sept - Treaty of York signed between
Henry III and Alexander II of Scotland.
Date
1237
Britain
England and Scotland – Treaty of York defines
the boundary betwen the two kingdoms as running
between the Solway Firth and the mouth of the
river Tweed.
Date
Rest of World
1235
Germany – Prince Henry is tried by Frederick II
and dethroned.
Hungary and Croatia - Andrew II died, Béla IV
became king.
Lithuania - Mindaugas is the first known grand
duke.
Kievan Rus’ – Iziaslav became grand prince.
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
Germany – Conrad IV elected king.
Kievan Rus’ – Iaroslav II became grand prince.
Poland – Henry II the Pious became high duke.
Russia – Iaroslav II, grand prince of Novgorod and
Kiev, became grand prince of Vladimir.
Kievan Rus’ – Mikhail II beocmes grand prince.
Norway – Skule Baardson declared king by his
supporters, raises army to fight King Haakon IV.
Kievan Rus’ - Rostislav III became grand prince.
Norway – Skule Baardson defeated and killed by
Haakon IV, civil war comes to an end.
Kievan Rus’ - Around this time Mongols destroy
Kiev because its princes’ refuse to submit to them.
Rome – 22 Aug – Pope Gregory IX died.
25 Oct-10 Nov – Goffredo da Castiglione became
Pope Celestine IV, died before coronation.
Denmark – Erik IV became king.
Bulgaria – Kaliman Asen I became tsar, aged 7.
Poland – Henry I died fighting Monguls at Battle of
Legnica; Konrad of Masovia became high duke
nd
(2 time).
Rome – 25 Jun-7 Dec 1254 – Sinibaldo Fieschi
became Pope Innocent IV.
Poland – Boleslaw V the Chaste became high
duke.
Serbia – Stefan UroŠ overthrows his brother to
become king.
1244
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 127
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1245
Russia – Iaroslav II is poisoned and died;
Sviatoslav III became grand prince of Vladimir.
Germany – Henry Raspe elected antiking.
Bulgaria – Kaliman I died, aged 12; his brother,
Michael Asen I became tsar.
1246
1247
1248
1249
Scotland – Alexander III became king, aged 8.
Ireland – 15 August – Battle of Athenry.
1249
1250
1251
Henry III’s daughter and Alexander III of
Scotland, married at York Minster at
Christmas.
Alexander III, and 20 of his nobles,
knighted by Henry III.
1251
1252
1253
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Leόn – Fernando II takes Seville from the Moors.
Portugal – Sancho II goes into exile; Afonso III
became king.
Russia – Mikhail Khorobrit of Moscow, seizes city
of vladimir and ousts grand prince.
Russia – Andrei II became grand pronce of
Vladimir.
Sweden – Eric IX died, Valdemar I Birgersson
takes crown, aged 12.
Denmark – Abel kills Eric IV and assumes throne.
Germany – Frederick II defeats William of Holland
but died soon after; Conrad IV became sole ruler.
Sicily – Conrad of Germany became king as
Conrad I.
France – First Shephards’ Crusade launched to
rescue Luis IX from captivity in Egypt.
Lithuania
–
Grand
duke
Mindaugas
acknowledged as king.
Leόn-Castile-Galicia – Alfonso X the wise
became king.
Denmark – King Abel kiled in battle; Christopher I
elected king.
Venice – Reniero Zeno elected doge.
Russia – Mongols eject Andrei I from Vldimir;
Alexander Nevsky became grand prince.
Navarre – Theobald II became king.
Bohemia – Ottakar II became king.
Albania – Grior Kamona died, succeeded by his
son-in-law, Gulam
Page 128
Date
1255
York
Date
Britain
1254
England – Lesser barons replaced on the King’s
Council by elected representatives from the shires
and cities.
-1258 Sewal de Bovill, Archbishop of
York.
Date
Rest of World
1254
France – Louis IX expels all Jews from France.
Portugal – Afonso III holds the first session of the
Cortes.
Germany and The Holy Roman Empire – The
Great Interregnum begins.
Rome – 7 Dec – Pope Innocent IV died.
12 Dec-25 May 1261 – Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne
became Pope Alexander IV.
Sicily – Conrad II became king, aged 2.
Albabia – Gulam died.
1255
1256
1257
1258
-1265 Godfrey de Ludham, Archbishop of
York.
1258
1259
1260
Engalnd – Henry III forced to accept Provisions of
Oxford, requiring the summoning of Parliament
and end of absolute monarchy in England.
Wales – Llewelyn the Last is the final ruler of an
independent Wales.
England – Treaty of Paris signed by Henry III and
Louis IX of France.
Minster’s north transept and a steeple
erected by the treasurer John le Romain.
(father of archbishop with same name)
1258
1259
Denmark – Christopher I deposed by nobles loyal
to his son, who became king as Eric V.
1260
1261
1262
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Bulgaria – Tsar Michael Asen I is murdered by his
cousin, whilst hunting.
Germany – Alfonso X, king of Leόn, Castile and
Galicia, elected king but not crowned.
Bulgaria – Kaliman II flees, Ivan Asen became
tsar briefly, replaced by Constantine Tikh.
Sicily – Manfred became king.
England – Henry III obtains a papl bull from Pope
Alexander IV, releasing him from the Provisions of
Oxford.
1262
Rome – 25 May – Pope Alexander died.
29 Aug-2 Oct 1264 – Jacques Pantaléon became
Pope Urban IV.
Byzantine Empire – Constantinople recaptured by
Nicaean forces, led by Michael VIII.
Norway – Icedland and Greenland come under
Norwegian rule.
Sicily – Pope grants kingdom of Sicily to Charles I
of Anjou.
Page 129
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1263
Scotland – Alexander III defeats Norwegians, led
by Haakon IV, in Battle of Largs.
1263
1264
England - Second Barons’ War.
Ireland – First known meeting of the Irish
legislature takes place at Castledermot in County
Kildare.
1264
England – First elected English Parliament held in
Westminster (De Monfort’s Parliament)
Battle of Evesham of Second Barons’ War,
Edward’s army defeats and kills Simon de
Montfort.
Scotland – War with Norway ends, Magnus VI of
Norway concedes the Western Isles and Isle of
Man in exchange for large monetary payment.
Wales – Henry III acknowledges Llewelyn ap
Gruffydd’s title of prince of Wales in Treaty of
Montgomery.
1265
Norway – Haakon IV died in Orkney, Magnus VI
the Law-Mender became king.
Lithuania – Grand Duke Mindaugas and his sons
murdered by his nephew Treniota who became
ruler.
Germany – War of the Thuringian Succession
ends.
Lithuania – Vaišvilkas, prince of Black Ruthenia
deposes Treniota and seizes power.
Russia – Alexander Nevsky died; Iaroslav III
became grand prince of Vladimir.
Rome – 2 Oct – Pope Urban IV died.
Rome – 5 Feb-29 Nov 1268 – Cardinal Gui Faucoi
le Gros became Pope Clement IV.
1265
William Langton, Archbishop of York.
(election quashed)
-1266 Bonaventura, Archbishop of York.
(resigned before confirmation)
1265
1266
-1279 Walter Giffard, Archbishop of York.
1266
1267
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Sicily – Manfred killed in Battle of Benevento
against Charles of Anjou whoc became king as
Charles I.
Lithuania – Grand Duke Vaišvilkas became a
monk, his brother-in-law Shvarn succeeds him.
France – Housed of Bourbon rises to prominence.
Rome – 29 Nov – Pope Clement IV died.
29 Nov-1 Sept 1271 – Papal Interregnum.
Roman Empire – Conradin, aged 16, captured
and beheaded by Charles of Anjou.
Venice – Lorenzo Tiepolo elected doge.
Armenia
– Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw,
epicentre in Cilicia.
Bohemia – King Otaker II inherits Carinthia and
part of Carniola.
Lithuania – Traidenis became grand duke.
France – Luis IX died of the plague whilst
beseiging Tunis; Philippe III the Bild became king.
Hungary and Croatia – Stephen V became king.
Rome – 1 Sept-10 Jan 1276 – Cardinal Tebaldo
Visconti became Pope Gregory X.
Page 130
Date
York
Date
Britain
1272
England – 16 November Henry III died, aged 65.
20 November – 1307 Edward I (Longshanks)
became king.
1274
England – Edward I rturns from 9 Crusade to be
crowned king.
th
Date
Rest of World
1272
Navarre – Theobald II died in 8 Crusade, his
brother, Henry I the Fat became king.
Hungary and Croatia – Stephen V died; Ladislaus
IV became king.
Albania – Charles I of Anjou establishes a
kingdom with himself as king.
Russia – Vasily of Kostroma became grand prince
of Vladimir.
Germany – Rudolph I elected king.
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1285 William Wickwane, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1279
th
Navarre – Hebry the Fat died, his daughter
Joanna became queen, aged 3.
Sweden – Valdemar I deposed by his brother
Magnus III Ladulås, who became king.
Venice – Jacopo Contarini elected doge.
Germany – Rudolf forces Otakar II of Bohemia to
cede to him Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola.
Rome – 10 Jan – Pope Gregory X died.
21 Jan-22 Jun – Pierre de Tarentaise became
Pope Inocent V.
11 Jul-18 Aug – Ottobuono Fieschi became Pope
Adrian V.
8 Sept-20 May 1277 – Pedro Julião became Pope
John XXI.
Aragόn – Pedro III became king.
Majorca – James II became king.
Serbia – Stefan Uroš I forced to abdicate by his
son, Stefan Dragutin who became king.
Russia – Dmitry of Pereslavl became grand prince
of Vladimir.
Rome – 20 May – Pope John XXI died after roof of
palace fell on him.
25 Nov-22 Aug 1280 – Giovanni Gaetano Orsini
became Pope Nicholas III.
Bulgaria – Tsar Constatnine died.
Holy Roman Empire – Rudolph I of Germany and
Ladislaus IV of Hungary defeat and kill Ottakar II of
Bohemia in Battle of Marchfield.
Bohemia – Wenceslaus II became king.
Portugal – Deni became king.
Poland – Leszek the Black became ruler.
Page 131
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1280
Norway – Erik II Magnusson became king, aged
12.
Venice – Giovanni Dandolo elected doge.
Bulgaria – George Teter became tsar as George
I.
Rome – 22 Aug – Pope Nicholas III died.
Rome – 22 Feb- 28 Mar 1285 – Simon de Brion
became Pope Martin IV.
Norway – Erik II marries Princess Margaret of
Scotland.
Byzantine Empire – Michael IX Palaiologos
named as co-emperor.
Belarus – Daumantas became prince of Polotsk.
Spain – Alfonso X of Castile and Leόn unseated
by his son, Sancho IV the Brave, in civil war.
Norway – Queen Margaret died giving birth.
Sicily – Sicilian Vespers begins.
Lithuania – Traidenis died; Daumantas became
grand duke.
Serbia – Stefan Dragutin became ill and gives the
throne his brother Stafan Uroš II Miklutin.
Byzantine Empire – Andronikos II Palaiologos
became emperor.
1281
1282
1283
1284
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Edward i has Dafydd sp Gruffydd
executed by drawing and quartering, the first time
this form has been used.
Wales – Creation of the Statute of Rhuddlan.
1283
1284
León-Castile-Galacia – Alfonso X died, Sanch IV
the Brave became king.
Navarre – Queen Joanna marries Prince Philipe of
France.
Page 132
Date
York
1285
-1296 John Le Romeyn, Archbishop of
York.
Date
1286
Britain
Scotland – Alexander III died, his granddaughter
became queen.
First War of Scottish Independence.
Date
Rest of World
1285
France – Philippe III died in Batle of Aragón;
Philippe IV the Fair became king.
Navarre - Queen Joanna I became queen of
France; King Philippe IV of France became Felipe
I of Navarre.
Rome – 28 Mar – Pope Martin IV died.
2 Apr-3 Apr 1287 – Giacomo Savelli became
Pope Honorius IV, last Pope to be married.
Aragón – Alfonso III the Liberal became king.
Naples – Charles II became king..
Sicily – James I became king, Charles II of Anjou
continues to claim kingdom.
Albania - Charles II of Anjou succeeds his father
as king.
Lithuania – Butigeidid became grand duke.
Denmark – Eric V assassinated; succeeded by his
son Eric VI.
1286
1287
1288
1289
1291
Archbishop John le Romeyn laid
foundation stone for Minster’s nave.
Stone quarried from Tadcaster, granted
by Robert de Vavasour.
Wood for roof given by Robert de Percy.
1290
Scotland – Queen Margaret died, aged 3.
1290
1291
Scotland – Scottish nobles recognise authority of
Edward I of England.
1291
Spain – King Alfonso III of Aragón conquers
Minorca from Moors.
Rome – 3 Apr – Pope Honorius IV died.
Rome – 22 Feb-4 Apr 1292 – Girolamo Masci
became Pope Nicholas IV.
Poland – Henryk IV Probus became high duke.
Venice – Pietro Gradenigo elected doge.
Sicily – Charles II crowned king.
Sweden – Birger Magnusson became king.
Hungary and Croatia – Stephen V assassinated;
Andrew III became king.
Poland –Premislas II became high duke.
China – 27 Sept – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw,
epicentre in Hopeh.
Aragón and Sicily – James II became king;
resigns as king of Sicily.
Italy – Independence of San Marino confirmed by
papal bull.
Lithuania – Butvydas became grand duke.
Welshman Rice-ap-Meredith tried for high
treason, condemned, hanged and
quartered at York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 133
Date
York
Date
Britain
1292
Scotland – Six years of interregnum when country
governed by Guardians of Scotland, ends when
John Balliol elected king.
Date
Rest of World
1292
Rome – 4 Apr – Pope Nicholas IV died.
4 Apr-5 Jul 1294 – Papal Interrregnum.
Germany – Adolf of Nassau elected king.
Bulgaria – George I flees, replaced by two
usurpers – Smilitz and Caka.
Norway – Eric II marries Isabel Bruce, sister of
Robert the Bruce.
Japan – 26 May – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw,
epicentre in Kantō region followed by tsunami.
Rome – 5 Jul-13 Dec – Pietro Angelerio became
Pope Celestine V – abdicated.
24 Dec-11 Oct 1303 – Benedetto Caetani became
Pope Boniface VIII.
Albania – Charles II surrenders his right to Albania
to his son Philip II.
Russia – Audrey III Alexandrovich ousts his
brother Dmitri from Vladimir and became grand
prince.
Aragón – Treaty of Anagni, James II returns the
Balearics to James II of Majorca.
León-Castile-Galicia – Ferdinand IV the
Summoned became king, aged 9 years.
Poland – Premislas II crowned king.
Lithuania – Vytenis became grand duke.
Sicily – Frederick II installed as king.
Poland – King Premislas II kidnapped and
murdered, Wenceslaus II, king of Bohemia also
became High duke of Poland.
France – Louis IX canonized as St. Louis.
Monaco – gains independence from Genoa when
captures by François Grimaldi.
Bulgaria – Ivan II succeeds his father Smilitz as
tsar.
Norway – Erik II died, his brother is crowned king
Haakon V.
Bulgaria – Chaka forces Ivan II and his regency to
flee, and became tsar.
Poland – High Duke Wencelaus I crowned king.
Bulgaria – Teodor Svetoslav deposes Chaka and
became tsar; Chaka strangled and beheaded in
prison.
1293
1296
-1299 Henry Newark, Archbishop of York.
1294
Scotland – John Balliol negotiates the Auld
Alliance with France and Norway.
1294
1295
England – Edward I summons the Model
Parliament.
1295
1296
England and Scotland – Edward I storms
Berwick-upon-Tweed; defeats Scots at Battle of
Dunbar. King John Balliol abdicates and
imprisoned in Tower of London.
Scotland – William Wallace begins his revolt
against English, defeating them at Battle of Stirling
Bridge.
Scotland – Edward I defeats William Wallace in
Battle of Falkirk.
1296
1297
1298
1299
Edward I summoned parliament to meet
at York.
-1304 Thomas Corbridge, Archbishop of
York.
Edward I summoned parliament to meet
at York.
1298
1297
1298
1299
1300
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 134
Date
York
Date
Britain
1301
Wales – Edward of Caernarvon became first
prince of Wales.
Scotland – Robert I makes peace with Edward I
of England.
Date
Rest of World
1301
Monaco - The Genoese regain control; the
Grimaldis go into exile.
Hungary and Croatia – Andrew III died,
Wencelaus of Bohemia became king.
Italy – War of Sicilian Vespers ends.
1302
1303
1304
-1315 William Greenfield, Archbishop of
York.
1304
England – Edward I takes Stirling Castle, last
stronghold in war of Scottish Independence.
1304
1305
1306
-1318 Court of Exchequer at least twice
held at York.
1306
1307
England – Court of Exchequer removed from
London.
Scotland – Robert the Bruce became king, begins
fight for Scottish Independence from English rule.
Earl of Pembroke defeats Scots at Battle of
Bethven.
England – 7 July Edward I died, aged 68.
7 July – 1327 Edward II became king.
1306
1307
1308
1309
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rome – 11 Oct – Pope Boniface VIII died.
22 Oct-7 July 1304 – Niccolò Boccasini became
Pope Benedict XI.
Crete – 8 Aug – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw,
followed by tsunami which hit Crete, Rhodes,
Alexandria & Acre in Palestine.
Rome – 7 Jul – Pope Benedict XI died.
Russia – Michael of Tver became grand prince of
Vladimir.
Navarre - Joanna died; Louis I became king.
Rome/Avignon – 5 Jun-20 Apr 1314 – Raymond
Bertrand de Got, archbishop of Bordeaux became
Pope Clement V.
Poland – Wenceslaus III king of Bohemia and
Hungary also became king of Poland.
Austria – Rudolf III declares himself king.
Hungary – Wenceslaus III gives up throne to Otto,
duke of Lower Bavaria.
Poland – Wenceslaus III assassinated; Wladyslaw
I the Short became high duke of Poland.
Rome – Papal court moves to Avignon, the Great
Scism begins.
Hungary and Croatia – Otto abdicates; Charles I
became king.
Germany – Albrecht I murdered by his nephew
Johann Parricida; Henry Vii became king.
Monaco – Rainer I became first sovereign ruler.
Rome – Pope Clement V settle papal seat in
Avignon.
Sicily – Robert the Wise became king.
Hungary and Craotia – Robert of Anjou became
king as Charles I, also king of Naples and Sicily.
Page 135
Date
1311
York
Date
Britain
Edward II spent Christmas at York, had
city walls fortified.
Piers Gaveston, who had been banished
to France by Edward I, joined Edward II at
York.
Date
Rest of World
1310
Venice – Rebellion against the doge and Grand
Council.
Bohemia - John the Blind elected king.
Wallachia – Basarab I became ruler.
Majorca – Sancho I became king.
Venice – Marino Zorzi became doge.
1311
1312
1314
1316
-1340 William Melton, Archbishop of York.
1315
1316
1318
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Scotland – Robert the Bruce defeats English at at
Battle of Bannockburn, regaining Independence.
Ireland – Second Battle of Athenry – over 5000
dead.
Scotland – Scots capture Berwick-upon-Tweed
from English.
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
León-Castile – Alfonso XI the \Just became king.
Venice – Giovanni Soranzo elected doge.
Holy Roman Empire – Henry VII crowned
emperor.
Germany – Henry Vii died.
France – Louis X the Quarreller became king.
Germany – Ludwig IV elected king.
Rome/Avignon – 20 Apr – Pope Clement V died.
20 Apr-7 Aug 1316 – Papal Interregnum.
Belarus – Vainus became prince of Polotsk.
France – Louis X died of dehydration or poisoning;
newborn John I the Posthumous became king,
died after 5 days; Philippe V the Tall succeeds
him.
Navarre – Philippe V of France became Felipe II
of Navarre.
Rome/Avignon – 7 Aug-4 Dec 1334 – Jacques
Duèz became Pope John XXII.
Lithuania – Vytenis died; Gediminas became
grand duke.
Russia – Grand Prince Michael of Vladimir
executed by the Mongol Khan; Yuri of Moscow
became grand prince.
Page 136
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1319
Edward II visited York to raise an army to
proceed against Scotland.
Court of Exchequer, King’s Bench,
Doomsday Book and other records
removed to York for 6 months.
Archbishop of York formed army of
priests, monks, labourers, artisans,
shopkeepers, &c., numbering 10,000
th
Nicholas Flemming, Mayor of York for 7
time, killed at Myton.
The Mayor was interred at St. Wilfred’s
church, York, a chantry was also founded
at this church for him.
1319
England - Edward II besieged Berwick.
Scots crossed into England and made their way
down to York.
Archbishop of York with army pursued Scots.
12 October – Battle of Myton, near
Boroughbridge, also known as “The White Battle”,
where 3000 of the archbishops army were killed.
1319
Norway and Sweden – Haakon V of Norway died,
succeeded by his grandson, the Swedish Prince
Magnus; the two countries are reunited.
1320
-1330 Minster’s west end built by
Archbishop William de Melton.
Forty days relaxation was granted to
benefactors.
1320
Scotland – Scots reaffirm their Independence by
signing Declaration of Arbroath
1320
1321
Trial of Thomas earl of Lancaster and his
revolting barons before Edward II in York.
Found guilty, barons hung and quartered
in York, Thomas beheaded at his castle
at Pontefract.
Parliament held in York.
Spencer family restored to royal favour.
Robert Baldock made lord chancellor.
Edward’s eldest son created Prince of
Wales and Duke of Aquitain.
1321
England - Thomas, earl of Lancaster beheaded at
his castle at Pontefract.
1321
Denmark – Christopher II became king.
Poland – High Duke Wladyslaw I the short
crowned king.
Byzantine Empire – Co-emperor Michael IX
Palaiologos died.
Serbia – Stefan Uroš II Milutin died; Stefan Uroš III
Dečanski became king.
1322
England – Edward’s forces routed by Robert, the
Scotch king, at Byland Abbey, Edward escaped to
York.
1322
1322
1323
1324
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
France – Philippe V died; Charles IV the Fair
became king.
Germany – Ludwig of Bavaria defeats Frederick
the Fair at Battle of Műhldorf and became king
Ludwig IV.
Bulgaria – George Terter became tsar.
Russia – Grand Prince Yuri of Vladimir killed by
Dmitri the Terrible Eyes, who became grand
prince.
Bulgaria – George II died; Michael Šišman
became king.
Denmark – Christopher II overthrown by nobles
sent into exile; Duke Valdemar of South Jutland
became puppet king.
Majorca – Sancho I died, wills throne to his
nephew James III.
Page 137
Date
York
Date
1326
1327
1328
Edward III in York with army, in
preparation to fight Scots. Joined by John
Lord Beaumont, of Hainault, and his army
of 2000.
Massacre of 300 English archers by
Hainaulters, 80 interred at St. Clement’s
church, Fossgate.
24 January – Edward III marries Philippa,
niece of John Lord Beaumont, in
cathedral. Celebration lasted 3 weeks.
Drunken Hainaulters assaulted women of
suburbs. Contest between English and
Hainaulters, many on each side died.
Fire started in suburbs.
1327
1329
Britain
England – Isabella, Edward II’s wife, invades
England with her lover, Roger Mortimer, captures
Edward II.
England – 25 January Edward II abdicated.
25 January – 1377 Edward III became king.
21 September Edward II murdered, aged 43.
Scotland – England recognizes Scotland as an
independent nation.
King Robert the Bruce died; his son David II
became king, aged 5.
Date
Rest of World
1325
Portugal – King Dinis died Alfonso IV became
king.
Russia – Grand Prince Dmitri the Terrible Eyes
executed; Alexander succeeds him.
1326
1327
Aragón – Alfonso IV the Kind became king.
1328
France – Charles IV died; Philippe VI the
Fortunate became king.
Navarre – Joanna II became queen.
Holy Roman Empire – Ludwig IV became
emperor.
Russia – Grand Prince Alexander flees, Ivan
Kalita of Moscow became Grand Prince Ivan I.
1329
1332
Navarre – Queen Joanna II marries Philippe of
Évreux who became King Filipe III of Navarre.
Denmark – Christopher II restored to throne.
Venice – Francesco Dandolo elected doge.
Bulgaria – The Bulgars are beaten by the Serbs in
Battle of Velbuzhd. Michael III Šišman killed; Ivan
Stephen became tsar.
Wallachia – Prince Basarab I defeats Charles I of
Anjou at Battle of Posada, gaining independence.
Monaco – Charles I Grimaldi retakes Rock of
Monaco.
Serbia – Stefan Uroš III imprisoned and strangled
by his son Dušan, who became Stefan Uroš
IVDušan.
Bulgaria – Ivan Alexander became tsar.
Albania – Robert of Taranto succeeds Philip II.
1333
Poland – Casimir III the Great became king.
1330
1331
1332
Edward III summoned a parliament to
assemble at York.
1332
1333
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – First record of division of English
Parliament into 2 houses.
Scotland – Edward Balliol crowned king.
Scotland – Edward III of England and Edward
Balliol defeat Scots at Halidon Hill.
Page 138
Date
Date
Rest of World
1334
Edward III spent Christmas at York.
York
Date
1334
Rome/Avignon – 4 Dec – Pope John XXII died.
20 Dec-25Apr 1342 – Cardinal Jacques Fournier
became Pope Benedict XII
1335
Parliament held at York.
1335
1336
1337
1340
-1352 William Zouche, Archbishop of
York.
Britain
England – Edward III claims French throne;
Hundred Years’ War begins
1337
1340
England – Edward III declared king of France.
1338
1339
1340
1341
Scotland – David II returns from France.
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Aragón – Pedro IV became king.
Albania – Charles became duke of Durazzo.
France - Edward III of England claims French
throne.
Sweden and Norway – Magnus IV crowned joint
ruler in Stockholm.
Sicily – Peter II became king.
Venice – Bartolomeo Gradenigo elected doge.
France – Edward III of England declared king.
Denmark – Valdemar III became king.
Lithuania – Jaunutis became grand duke.
Byzantine Empire – John V Palaiologos became
emperor under the regency of his mother.
Rome/Avignon – 25 Apr – Pope Benedict XII
died.
7 May-6 Dec 1352 – Cardinal Pierre Roger
became Pope Clement VI.
Sicily – Louis the Child became king aged 5, his
mother and uncle act as regents.
Hungary and Croatia – Louis I the Great became
king.
Balarus – Wigund became prince of Polotsk.
Russia – Simeon of Moscow became grand prince
of Valdimir.
Navarre – Charles II the Bad became king.
Norway – Haakon VI takes the throne, aged 3, his
father acting as Regent.
Venice – Andrea Dandolo elected doge.
Sicily – Robert the Wise died, Joan I became
queen.
Aragón – Pedro IV captures Majorca from James
III.
Lithuania – Juanutis is overthrown by his
brothers, Algirdas became grand duke.
Page 139
Date
York
1346
Queen Philippa staying in York, collected
forces, appointed Archbishop William de
la Zouch second in command. Marched
against Scots.
Scottish king David Bruce brought captive
to York, before taken to London by
Philippa
1348
-1349 Bubonic Plague in York.
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1346
England & Scotland – 17 Oct – David II taken
prisoner by English at Battle of Neville’s Cross
1346
1347
England – English defeat French at Battle of
Croytoye.
1347
1348
England – Truce signed with France.
1348
France – English defeat Philippe VI at Battle of
Crécy.
Germany – Charles IV elected king.
Bohemia – John the Blind killed at Battle of Crécy;
Charles IV became king.
Serbia – Dušan the Mighty crowned emperor and
Autocrat of Serbs and Greeks.
Bohemia – Charles IV of Germany became king.
Byzantine Empire – John VI Kantakouzenas wins
civil war, became senior emperor.
Germany – Ludwig IV died.
France – Truce signed with England.
Spain – Pedro IV of Aragón defeats his nobles at
Epila.
Albania – Joanna became duchess of Durazzo.
Italy – 25 Jan – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw,
epicentre in Fruili, Venice & Rome.
Majorca – James Iii driven out and killed at Battle
of Llucmajor by Pedro IV’s forces; Majorca
became part of Aragón. James IV became
pretender to the throne.
Germany – Charles IV elected king again.
Spain – Spanish fleet defeated by English fleet
commanded by Edward III at Batle of Les
Espagnols sur Mer.
France – John II the Good became king.
León-Castile-Galicia – Alfonso XI died; Pedro the
Cruel became king.
1349
1350
1352
-1373 John Thoresby, Archbishop of
York.
England – English fleet commanded by Edward III
defeats Spanish Fleet at Batle of Les Espagnols
sur Mer.
1350
1351
1352
1353
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Monaco – Charles I introduces co-rulership with
his sons Rainier II and Gabriel, and his uncle
Antonio.
Rome/Avignon – 6 Dec – Pope Clement VI died.
18 Dec- 12 Sept 1362 – Cardinal Étienne Aubert
became Pope Inocent VI.
Wallachia – Nicolae Alexandru became prince.
Byzantine Empire – Matthew Kantakouzenos
became co-emperor.
Russia – Ivan II the Fair became grand prince of
Vladimir.
Page 140
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1354
Venice – Marino Faliero elected doge.
Byznatine Empire – John V Paliaologos became
emperor again.
Portugal – Civil War starts
Norway – Haakon VI became king.
Venice – Doge Marino Faliero found guilty of
treason, beheaded; Giovanni Gradenigo elected
doge.
Italy – Charles IV crowned king.
Sicily – King Louis died of plague, aged 17;
Frederick III became king.
Holy Roman Empire – Charles IV crowned
emperor.
Serbia – Tsar Dušan died.
France – John II captured byBlack Prince of
England at Poitiers.
Sweden – Erik XII became joint ruler.
Serbia – Stefan Dušan proclaimed Tsar of all
Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks.
Bulgaria – Ivan Alexander crowns Ivan Šišman
co-tsar.
Switzerland – 18 Oct – Earthquake measuring
6.2Mw, epicentre in Masel.
Monaco – Charles I died, Monaco captured by
Genoese.
Portugal – Pedro I became king.
1355
1356
England – Black Prince defeats French at Poiters.
Scotland – Edward Balliol surrenders claim to of
Scottish throne to Edward III of England.
1356
1357
Scotland – King David II ransomed for 100,000
marks.
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
Bubonic Plague in York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1361
Russia – Dmitry of Suzdal became grand prince of
Vladimir.
France – John II allowed to return from captivity in
England to raise his ransom money.
Sweden – Erik XII became joint ruler with his
father, Magnus IV.
Venice – Lorenzo Celsi elected doge.
Japan – 3 Aug – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw,
epicentre in Nankaido, followed by tsunami.
Page 141
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1362
Norway – Haakon VI elected king of Sweden.
Hungary and Croatia – Louis I conquers northern
Bulgaria.
Rome/Avignon – 12 Sept – Pope Innocent VI
died.
28 Sept- 19 Dec 1370 – Guillaume Grimoard
became Pope Urban V.
Sweden – Haakon VI of Norway became joint ruler
with Magnus IV.
Zeta – Durad I became ruler.
Byzantine Empire – reduced to the city of
Constantinople.
Sweden – Albrecht von Mecklenberg invited to be
king by rebel members of Swedish Council of
Aristocracy.
Russia – Grand Prince Dmitry of Suzdal deposed;
Dmitry Donskoi replaces him.
France – Charles V the wise became king.
Navarre – Charles II defeated in battle, loses his
French territories and claim to duchy of Burgandy.
Sweden – Albrecht von Mecklenberg invades and
crowned king.
Wallachia – Vladislav I became prince.
Sweden – King Magnus taken prisoner by King
Albrecht’s forces.
Venice – Marco Cornaro elected doge.
Spain – Pedro I unseated from throne of Castile
by Henry of Tratámara.
France – Charles V creates first royal library.
Spain – Pedro the Cruel of Castile restored to
throne.
Portugal – Pedro I died, Henry of Trastámara
claims crown but Pope Gregory gives throne to
Ferdinand I.
Venice – Andrea Contarini elected doge.
Albania – Karlo Thopia captures Durazzo and
became prince.
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1369
Bubonic Plague in York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1369
England – War breaks out with France.
1368
1369
France – French recapture most of Aquitaine.
León-Castile-Galicia – Henry II the Bastard kills
Pedro the Cruel, seizes throne.
Page 142
Date
York
Date
1371
1373
-1388 Alexander Neville, Archbishop of
York.
1375
Bubonic Plague in York.
Britain
Scotland – King David died; Robert II became
king.
Date
Rest of World
1370
Rome/Avignon – 19 Dec – Pope Urban V died.
30 Dec-26 Mar 1378 – Pierre Roger de Beaufort
became Pope Gregory XI.
Poland – Casimer the Great died; Louis I the
Great of Hungary abd Croatia elected king.
Norway – A peace agreement allows Magnus to
return; Albrecht confirmed king.
Bulgaria – Ivan Šišman became co-tsar with his
brother Ivan Stratsimir.
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
England – The God Parliament held.
The Black Prince died.
1376
1377
England – 21 June Edward III died, aged 64.
21 June – 1399 Richard II became king.
1377
1378
Bubonic Plague in York.
1378
1379
31 March – Edward Hewison executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1379
1380
1381
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Majorca – Pretender James IV died, his claim
passes to his sister Isabella, known as Elizabeth I.
Denmark – Oluf II became king, aged 5; his
mother Queen Margaret is regent.
Germany – Wenceslaus the Drunkard elected
king.
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Tvrtko crowned
king.
Byzantine Empire – Andronikos IV Palaiologos
deposes his father John V to become emperor.
Sicily – Mary became queen.
Lithuania – Jogaila became grand duke.
Wallachia – Radu I became prince.
Rome – Western Schism.
26 Mar – Gregory XI died.
8 Apr-15 Oct 1389 – Archbishop Bartolomeo
Prignano became Pope Urban VI.
French
cardinals elect antiPope Robert of Geneva as
Clement VII.
Bohemia – Wenceslaus IV the Drunkard of
Germany became king.
Léon-Castile-Galicia – Andronikos IV deposed,
allowed to retain title co-emperor; John V
Palaiologos returns as senior emperor.
France – Charles VI became king.
Naples – Charles III became king.
Page 143
Date
York
Date
Britain
1382
England – 21 May – Earthquake measuring
5.8Mw, epicentre in Canterbury.
Date
Rest of World
1382
Venice – Michele Morosini elected doge.
Hungary and Croatia – Mary became queen aged
10.
Albania – Balsh II became ruler.
Poland – Jadwiga became queen.
Portugal – Ferdinand I died, his daughter Beatrice
claims throne.
Wallachia – Dan I became prince.
1383
1385
Richard II stayed at York.
Duel between Sir John Hooland,
Richard’s brother, and Lord Ralph
Stafford, near Bishopthorpe. The latter
was slain.
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
-1396 Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1388
Portugal – JoãoI elected king.
Hungary and Croatia – Queen Mary deposed by
Charles III of Naples but restored after several
months.
Albania – Karlo Thopia returns to power as prince.
Albania is conquered by Ottamans.
Zeta – Durad II Stracimirović became ruler.
Switzerland – Swiss win Battle of Sempach.
Naples – Charles III assassinated; Ladislaus
became king.
Lithuania and Poland – Grand Duke Jogaila of
Lithuania marries Queen Jadwiga of Poland and
became king Wladyslaw II Jagiello of Poland.
Wallachia – Prince Dan I died in battle;Mircea I
the Great became prince.
Aragón – John I became king.
Navarre – Charles II died when burnt alive during
medical treatment; Charles III the Noble became
king.
Denmark and Norway – Oluf of Norway died; his
mother Margaret I elected regent.
Hungary and Croatia – Queen Elizabeth
strangled. Mary and Sigismund rule jointly.
Albania – Gjergj Thopia became prince.
Belarus – Skirgaila became prince of Polotsk.
Bulgaria – Tsar Ivan Stratsimir forced to accept
Ottoman overlordship after invasion.
Page 144
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1389
Richard II in York to settle disagreement
between the clergy and the mayor and
commonality of the city.
King gave his sword to mayor William de
Selby, to be borne before him and his
successors in office.
From this time chief magistrate given title
of lord mayor.
1389
England – Truce signed in Hundred Years’ War
with France.
1389
1390
-1391 Bubonic Plague in York.
1390
Scotland – John became king as Robert III.
1390
France – Truce signed in Hundred Years’ War
with England.
Rome – 15 Oct – Pope Urban VI died.
2 Nov-1 Oct 1404 – Pietro Tomacelli became
Pope Boniface IX of Western Schism; Clement VII
remains antiPope in Avignon.
Sweden – Queen Margaret of Norway became
Queen of Sweden, after Battle of Åsle; declares
Eric of Pomerania king of Norway, aged 7.
Ruissia – Vasli I became grand prince of VladimirMoscow.
León-Castile-Galicia – John I died during
equestrian performance; Henry III the Infirm
became king.
Byzantine Empire – John VII Palaiologos became
emperor, but John V Palaiologos restored.
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Dabiša became
king.
Byzantine Empire – John V Palaiologos died;
Manuel II Palaiologos became emperor.
France – Charles VI became insane; Philipe the
Bold became regent.
Lithuania – Vytautas the Great became grand
duke.
1391
1392
Richard II brought king’s bench and
chancery to York.
Richard II presented the first mace to the
city, to be carried before the lord mayor,
and a cap of maintenance for the swordbearer.
1392
Scotland – Earl of Orkney takes control of
Shetland Islands and Faroe Islands.
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
-1398 Robert Waldy, Archbishop of York.
c. Richard II abolished the office of
bailiffs, and appointed two sheriffs.
1396
1397
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Bulgaria – Kinh=g Ivan Šišman died in battle
against Turks.
Rome – AntiPope Clement VII died; Cardinal
Pedro de Luna elected as Benedict XIII.
Aragón and Sicily – Martin became king he
marries Queen Mary of Sicily, they rule jointly.
Hungary and Croatia – Queen Mary died,
Sigmund became sole ruler.
Bosnia and Serbia – Helena became queen on
behalf of Stephen Ostoja.
Aragón – John I died, his brother Martin I
succeeds him.
Bulgaria – Tsar Ivan Stratsimir taken prisoner; his
son Constantine II became tsar.
Page 145
Date
York
1398
-1405 Richard le Scrope, Archbishop of
York.
Date
1399
1400
Britain
England – 30 September – 1413 Henry IV
(Bolingbroke) became king.
England – 14 February Richard II died in
Pontefract Castle, aged 33.
Wales – Owen Glendower declares himself prince
of Wales, starts a rebellion.
Date
Rest of World
1398
Bosnai and Serbia – Stephen Ostoja became
king.
Poland – Queen Jadwiga died in childbirth;
Wladyslaw II Jagiello became sole ruler.
Germany and Holy roman Empire – Wenceslaus
deposed; Ruprecht, elector of Palatinate, became
king of Germany.
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
Wales – Henry IV fights Owen Glendower.
Enland – Henry IV defeats Harry ‘Hotspur’ Percy
at Battle of Shrewsbury.
1404
1406
8 June – Archbishop Richard le Scrope,
beheaded for high treason, interred in
Cathedral.
York’s privileges removed by order of
Henry IV, following actions by archbishop,
soon reinstated.
-1406 Thomas Langley, Archbishop of
York. (election quashed)
-1407 Robert Hallum, Archbishop of York.
1407
-1423 Henry Bowet, Archbishop of York.
1405
1402
1403
1404
1405
Wales – French troops arrive to support Owen
Glendower against Henry IV.
1405
1406
Wales – Henry, prince of Wales, defeats Owen
Glendower
1406
1407
1408
1409
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Sicily – Queen Mary died; Martin I became sole
ruler.
Zeta – Durad II Stracimirović died from injuries
during Battle of Gračanica, aged 16’Balša III
became ruler.
Rome – 1 Oct – Pope Boniface IX died.
17 Oct-6 Nov 1406 – Cardinal Cosimo de’
Migliorati became Pope Innocent VII (Western
Schism).
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Tvrtko II deposes
Stephen Ostoja to become king.
León-Castile-Galicia – John II became king.
Majorca – Elizabeth I died.
Rome – 6 Nov – Pope Innocent VII died.
30 Nov-4 July 1415 – Angelo Correr became
Pope Gregory XII (Western Schism).
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Ostoja regains
Bosnian throne.
Rome – Council of Pisa deposes both Popes,
electing Peter Phillarges, antiPope, as Alexander
V.
Sicily – Martin II became king.
Page 146
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1410
Rome – AntiPope Alexander V died; John XXII
elected antiPope.
Germany – Ruprecht died; Sigismund of Hungary
finally elected king.
Poland – Ladislaus II beats Teutonic Knights at
Battle of Tannenberg.
Aragón and Sicily – King Martin died.
Holy Roman Empire – Sigismund of Hungary
elected Holy Roman Emeperor.
Aragón, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica
and Sicily – John of Castile became king.
1411
1412
Henry and his queen visited York on a
pilgrimage to the shrine of St. John of
Beverley.
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
England – 20 March Henry IV died, aged 45 or
46.
20 March – 1422 Henry V became king.
England – Henry V adopts claims of Edward II to
the French crown.
England – Henry V defeats Charles VI at
Agincourt.
1413
Venice – Tommaso Mocenigo elected doge.
1414
Wales – Owen Glendower died.
1416
Naples – King Ladislaus died; his sister Joan II
succeeds him.
France – Charles VI defeated by Henry V at
Agincourt.
Rome – 4 Jul – Deposed Pope Gregory XII
abdicated.
4Jul-11 Nov 1417 – Papal Interregnum.
Aragón, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica
and Sicily – Alfonso V became king.
Rome – The Great Schism ends,
11 Nov-20 Feb 1431 – Cardinal Oddone Colonna
became Pope Martin V.
Bosnia and Serbia – Ostojic became king.
Wallachia – Mihail I became prince.
Monaco – Amboise of Menton recaptures Monaco
from the Genoese, sharing power with Antonie of
Roquebrune and Jean I.
Bohemia – King Wenceslaus died of a heart
attack; Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor and king
of Hungary, succeeds him.
Wallachia – Dan II became prince.
1415
1417
1418
1419
1420
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – Treaty of Troyes acknowledges Henry
V as heir to French throne.
1420
Page 147
Date
York
Date
1422
1423
-1424 Philip Morgan, Archbishop of York.
(Election quashed)
1424
-1425 Richard Flemyng, Archbishop of
York.(Resigned before confirmation)
-1452 John Kempe, Archbishop of York.
1425
1423
Britain
England – 31 August Henry V died, aged 35.
31 August – 1461 Henry VI became king. (first
reign)
Scotland – James I returns from imprisonment in
England.
Date
Rest of World
1421
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Tvrtko II returns to
Bosnian throne.
Zeta – Balša III died; Stefan Lazarević became
despot.
Wallachia – Dan II deposed by Radu II, but
regains the throne.
France – Charles VI died; Charles VII became
king, with support of Joan of Arc.
Bulgaria – Constantine II died.
Venice – Francesco Foscari elected doge.
Wallachia – Radu II deposes Dan II, second time,
Dan II regains throne.
Wallachia – Radu II deposes Dan II, third time.
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Navarre – Charles III died; his daughter Blanche I
became queen, ruling with her husband John II.
Russia – Vasili II became grand prince of
Vladimir-Moscow, aged 10, his mother acts as
regent.
Byzantine Empire – John VIII Palaiologos
became emperor.
Wallachia – Dan II returns to throne.
Monaco – Jean I became sole ruler.
Zeta – Despot Stefan Lazarević died; his nephew,
Durad Brankovic succeeds him.
Wallachia – Dan II deposed by Radu II again, but
regains the throne.
France – Joan of Arc leads French against
England.
Spain – 2 Feb – Earthquake measuring 7.09.0Mw.
France – Joan of Arc raises Sige of Orléans,
defeats English at Battle of Patay.
Charles VII finally crowned king.
France – Joan of Arc taken prisoner.
Lithuania – Švitrigaila became grand duke.
Page 148
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1431
France – Joan of Arc burnt at stake by English,
aged 19.
Henry VI of England crowned king of France in
Paris.
Rome – 20 Feb – Pope Martin V died.
3 Mar-23 Feb 1447 – Cardinal Gabriele
Condulmer became Pope Eugene IV.
Wallachia – Dan II died in battle; Alexandru I
Aldea became prince.
Portugal – João I died of plague; his son Duarte
became king.
Holy Roman Empire – Sigismund. King of
Germany, Bohemia and Hungary became Holy
Roman Emperor.
Russia – Yuri of Zvenigorod claims VladimirMoscow throne.
Italy – Cosimo de Medici became ruler of
Florence.
Russia – Yuri died, his son Vasili the Cross-eyed
takes the throne of Vladimir-Moscow.
Naples – Queen Joan II died; René became king.
Russia – Vasili the Cross-eyed ousted by Grand
Prince Vasili the Blind.
Wallachia – Alexandru I died; Vlad Dracul
succeeds him.
Hungary,Croatia and Bohemia – Sigismund
does; Albrecht I of Habsburg became king of
Hungary and Bohemia.
Germany – Albrecht, king of Bohemia and
Hungary became king Albrecht II of Germany.
Denmark – Eric VII deposed.
Portugal – Queen Leanor replaced as regent by
Pedro, duke of Coimbra.
Germany – Albrecht II died.
Hungary – Wladyslaw III Jagiellon of Poland
chosen as king.
Zeta – The capital Smederevno captured by
Ottoman Turks; Despot Durad Branković flees to
Hungary.
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
Scotland – James I assassinated by Sir Robert
Graham etc; James II became king, aged 7.
1437
1438
1439
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 149
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1440
Germany – Frederick IV elected king.
Denmark – Christopher III chsen as king.
Lithuania – Casimer IV Jagiellon became grand
duke, aged 13.
Navarre – Queen Blanche died, her husband,
John II remains king.
Sweden – Christopher, king of Denmark, became
king.
Norway – Christopher, king of Denmark and
Sweden, became king.
Naples – Alfonso V of Aragón deposes King René.
Wallachia – Whilst Vlad II Dracul is at the
Ottaman court, his son, Mircea II, rules in his
place.
Bohemia – Ladislaus V became king.
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Thomas Ostojich
became king.
Hungary – The Ottamans conquer Hungary at the
Black Sea.
Poland, Hungary and Croatia – Wladyskaw II,
king of Poland and Hungary killed at Battle of
Varna. Ladislaus V, king of Bohemia, became
king of Hungary and Croatia.
Albania – Gjergj Kastrioti Skanderbeg became
prince.
Zeta – Durad Branković restored as despot.
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Hungary and Croatia – János Hunyadi became
regent on behalf of Ladislaus V.
Russia – Dmitri Shemyaka seizes Moscow.
Rome – 23 Feb – POpe Eugene IV died.
6 Mar-24 Mar 1455 – Cardinal Tommaso
Paretucelli became Pope Nicholas V.
Poland and Lithuania – Grand Duke Casimir IV
Jagiellon became king.
Wallachia – Mircea II and Vlad Dracul killed; Vlad
III Tepes put on throne, replaced by Vladislav II.
Sweden – King Christopher died; Charles VIII
elected king.
Denmark – Christian I became king.
Page 150
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1449
Portugal – Afonso V declares his former regent,
duke of Coimbra a rebel, who is killed at Battle of
Alfarrobeira.
Norway – Karl VIII of Sweden elected Karl I of
Norway.
Byzantine Empire – Constantine XI became
emperor.
Norway – Karl I forced to cede Norway to
Christian I of Denmark.
Zeta – Stefan I Crnojević became ruler.
1450
1452
1451
1452
-1464 William Booth, Archbishop of York.
1453
England – Henry VI became insane, Richard
Duke of York became regent.
1453
1454
1455
-1485 War of the Roses, between the Houses of
York and Lancaster.
1455
1456
1457
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Holy Roman Empire – German King Frederick IV
became Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick III.
France – The Hundred Years’ War ends.
English expelled fro France, retain Calais.
Byzantine Empire – Constantine XI died firghting
Ottamans; Constantinople falls, Byzantine Empire
comes to an end.
Monaco – Catalan became lord.
Léon-Castile-Galicia – Henry IV the Impotent
became king.
Rome – 24 Mar – Pope Nicholas V died.
8 Apr-6 Aug 1458 – Cardinal Alfonso de Borgia
became Pope Calixtus III (First Spanish Pope).
Hungary and Croatia – Hungarians storm
Belgrade driving out Turks.
Wallachia – Vlad III the Impaler invades and
seizes power.
Monaco – Claudine became joint ruler with
Pomelline Fregoso.
Sweden – Charles VIII deposed by Christian I.
Venice – Doge Francesco Foscari forced to
withdraw; Pasquale Malipiero elected doge.
Aragón, Navarre – Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia,
Corsica and Sicily – John II became king.
Bohemia – Ladislaus V died.
Page 151
Date
York
Date
1460
1461
Henry VI and his queen at York, fled to
Scotland, after hearing defeat at Towton.
Edward entered York.
1461
Britain
England – Earl of Warwick and Earl of March
seize London.
Battle of Northampton.
Scotland – James II accidently killed during siege
of Roxburgh Castle.
James III became king .
England - 4 March –1470 Edward IV became
king. (first reign)
29 March Battle of Towton, War of Roses.
Date
Rest of World
1458
Aragón, Navarre and Sicily – John became king.
Rome – 6 Aug – Pope Callixtus III died.
19 Aug-15 Aug 1464 – Bishop Enea Silvio
Piccolomini became Pope Pius II.
Naples – Fersinand I became king.
Hungary and Croatia – Matthias Corvinus the
Great elected king.
Bohemia – George of Podĕbrady became king
George I.
Serbia – Is taken by the Ottoman Turks.
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
Edward IV at York.
10 June Edward IV gives grant to York
for their sufferings during the wars.
Relinquished
usual
demands
and
assigned for the next 12 years, an annual
rent of £40, from customs in Hull.
1464
England – 15 May Battle of Hexham, War of
Roses.
1464
1465
4 May (according to W. Hargrove)
Coronation of Edward IV at York.
-1476 George Nevill, Archbishop of York.
1465
England – Henry VI imprisoned by Edward IV.
1465
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
France – Louis XI the Prudent became king.
Bosnia and Serbia – Stephen Tomaševoc
became king.
Venice – Cristoforo Moro elected doge.
Wallachia – Vlad III the Impaler ousted by
Ottomans, they place his brother Radu cel Frumos
on the throne.
Russia – Ivan III the Great became grande prince
of Vladimir-Moscow, declares himselfGrand Duke
of all Russia.
Bosnia and Serbia – King Stephen Tomašević
executed by Mehmet II of Turkey who seizes
control.
Rome – 15 Aug – Pope Pius II died.
30 Aug-26 Jul 1471 – Cardinal Pietro Barbo
became Pope Paul II.
Sweden – Christian I deposed; Charles VIII
restored to throne.
Zete/Montenergro – Ivan Crnojević the Black
became ruler.
Sweden – Charles VIII deposed and exiled.
Byzantine Empire – Andrew Palaiologos sells his
titles to King Ferdinand II of Aragón and Queen
Isabella of Castile.
Page 152
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
England – 2 October – 1471 Henry VI became
king. (second reign)
England – 11 April – 1483 Edward IV became
king. (second reign)
14 April Battle of Barnet, War of Roses.
21 May Henry VI murdered, aged 49.
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
-1480 Lawrence Booth, Archbishop of
York.
England – Edward IV invades France.
Peace of Piquigny agreed between England and
France.
1475
1476
1477
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Sweden – Charles VIII restored to throne.
Sicily – Ferdinand II of Aragón became king.
Bohemia – Matthias Corvinus king of Hungary
declared king, but not crowned.
Sweden – Charles VIII died; Sten Sture the elder
became regent.
Venice – Nocolo Tron elected doge.
Rome – 26 July – Pope Paull II died.
9 Aug-12 Aug 1484 – Cardinal Francesco della
Rovere became Pope Sixtus IV.
Bohemia – King George died; Ladislaus Jagiellon
became king.
Venice – Nicolo Marcello elected doge.
Wallachia – Basarab Laiotă the Elder elected
prince, but Radu cel Frumos returns to throne.
France – Louis XI declares war on Charles the
bold, duke of Burgundy.
León-Catsile-Galicia – Henry IV died.
Venice – Pietro Mocenigo elected doge.
Wallachia – Basarab Laiotă the Elder regains
throne but Radu cel Frumos returns to throne
again.
France – Edward IV of England invades.
Peace of Piquigny agreed between England and
France.
Wallachia – Basarab Laiotă the Elder regains
throne.
Venice – Andrea Vendramin elected doge.
Wallachia – Vlad II the Impaler returns to throne
briefly but Basarab Laiotă the Elder regains throne
again.
France – Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy,
defeated and killed by Swiss.
Portugal – Afonso V retires to a monastery; João
II succeeds him.
Wallachia – Basarab Tepe;us the Younger seizes
power.
Page 153
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1478
Venice – Giovanni Mocenigo elected doge.
Hungary and Croatia – gain Moravia and Silesia.
Albania – Captured by the Turks.
Spain – United, except Navare, under Ferdinand II
and Isabella.
Navarre – 28 Jan-12 Feb – Eleanor crowned
queen.
Francis Phoebus became king, aged 10, his
mother acts as regent.
Russia – Tsar Ivan III stops paying tribute to the
Mongols.
Portugal – Afonso V abdicates ; João II formerly
became king.
Denmark – Hans became king.
Albania – Comes under Ottoman rule.
Zeta/Montenegro – Ivan I Crnojević regains
control.
Wallachia – Mircea rules for less than a year; Vlad
Călugărul the Monk seizes power but ousted by
Basarab Tepelus the Younger.
Rhodes – 3 May – Earthquake measuring 7.1Mw.
1479
1480
-1500 Thomas Rotherham, Archbishop of
York.
1480
1481
1482
1483
Richard III at York.
Requiem sung at Minster in remembrance
of Edward IV.
Second coronation performed for Richard
at cathedral, by archbishop Rotherham.
1483
Scotland – James III briefly deposed and
imprisoned by duke of Albany, but restored to
throne.
England – 9 April Edward IV died, aged 40.
9 April – Edward V became king.
25 June – Edward V died, aged c.12.
26 June – 1485 Richard III became king, formerly
lord protector.
1482
1483
1484
1485
England – 22 August Richard III killed at Battle
of Bosworth, aged 32.
22 August – 1509 Henry VII became king.
War of Roses ends.
1485
1486
France – Louis XI died; Chales VIII became king.
Navarre – Francis I died; his sister Catherine
became queen.
Portugal – João II has duke of Braganza
executed.
Navarre – Queen Catherine marries John III
d’Albret, duke of Gause, they rule jointly.
Rome – 12 Aug – Pope Sixtus IV died.
29 Aug-25 Jul 1492 – Cardinal Giovanni Battista
Cybo became Pope Innocent VIII.
Venice – Marco Barbarigo elected doge.
Hungary and Croatia – Captures Vienna and
Lower Austria.
Germany – Maximilian I elected co-king.
Venice – Agostino Barbarigo elected doge.
1487
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 154
Date
York
1488
27 November – John Chambers and
others executed at Tyburn Gallows.
Date
Britain
Date
1488
Scotand – James II killed at Battle of Sauchieburn;
James IV became king.
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Hungary – Ladislaus Jagiellon, King of Bohemia,
became Ulászló II of Hungary.
Zeta/Montenegro – Ivan I Crnojević died; his son,
Durad IV Crnojevć succeeds him.
Spain – Captures Granada from the Muslims.
Rome – 25 Jul – Pope Innocent VIII died.
11 Aug-18 Aug 1503 – Cardinal Rodrigo de
Lanzòl-Borgia became Pope Alexander VI.
Poland – Jan I Olbracht became king.
Lithuania – Alexander Jagiellon became grand
duke.
Holy Roman Empire – Emperor Frederick died
whilst having leg amputated.
France – Charles VIII invades Italy.
Monaco – Jean II became lord.
Naples – Alfonso, duke of Calabria, became king
Alfonso II.
France – Charles VIII defeated by Holy League.
Portugal – João II died; Manuell II became king.
Naples – Alfonso II abdicates in favour of hi son
Ferdinand II.
Wallachia – Radu the Great became prince.
Naples – Captured by French; Ferdinand II flees,
returns when French leave, but died; his uncle,
Frederick IV became king.
Zeta/Montenegro – Durad IV Crnojević forced into
exile by Ottoman Turks; Stefan II Crnojević
became ruler.
Sweden – King Hans of Denmark and Norway
conquers Sweden, became John II.
France – Louis XII became king.
Portugal – Isabella of Aragón died in childbirth.
Zeta/Montenegro – Ivan II Crnojević became
ruler.
Japan – 20 Sept – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw,
followed by tsunami which hit Wakayama.
Page 155
Date
1501
1503
York
Date
Britain
1499
1500
1501
-1507 Thomas Savage, Archbishop of
York.
Margaret, Henry VII’s eldest daughter
stayed at York, on way to Scotland. Met
by Lord Mayor on horseback at
Micklegate Bar.
Date
1503
Scotland – August – James IV marries Henry
VII’s daughter, Margaret.
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1508
-1514 Christopher Bainbridge, Archbishop
of York.
1509
First printing press in York set up by Hugo
Goes in the Minster Yard, near St.
William’s College.
1507
1508
1509
England – 21 April Richard VII died, aged 52.
21 April – 1547 Henry VIII became king.
1509
1510
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Sweden – Renounces John II as king.
Venice – Leonardo Loredan elected doge.
Naples – Conquered by France; King Frederick
taken prisoner; Louis, king of France became king
of Naples.
Zeta/Montenegro – Durad V Crnojević became
ruler
Poland – Jan I Olbrecht died; Alexander Jagiellon,
grand duke of Lithuania, became king.
Rome – 18 Aug – Pope Alexander VI died.
22 Sept-18 Oct – Cardinal Francesco Todeschini
Piccolomini became Pope Pius III.
31 Oct-21 Feb 1513 – Giuliano della Rovere
became Pope Julius II.
Bohemia – Louis Jagiellon, also Louis II of
Hungary, became king.
León-Castile-Galicia – Joanna the Mad became
queen.
Naples – Ferdinand II of Aragón takes Naples
from French, became king Ferdinand III.
France – Treaty of Blois, France keeps Milan,
gives Naples to Spain.
Monanco – Jean II murdered by her brother
Lucien, who became lord.
Russia – Vasili III became grand prince of
Vladimir-Moscow.
Poland and Lithuania – Alexander Jagiellon died;
Sigismund the Old became king of Poland and
grand duke of Lithuania.
Holy Roman Empire – Maximilian I elected
Roman Emperor.
Wallachia – Mihnea the Great became prince.
Wallachia – Mircea III Dracul became prince.
Turkey – 10 Sept – Earthquake measuring
7.2Mw, epicentre in Istanbul.
Wallachia – Vlad cel Tânăr became prince.
Page 156
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
1511
1512
1513
1514
500 men raised in York and Ainsty to join
army which fought against Scots at Battle
of Flodden Field.
James IV’s body brought to York, after
battle and placed on public view, till
Henry VIII returned from France.
-1530 Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of
York.
1513
England – 9 September Battle of Flodden Field,
War of League of Cambrai.
James IV’s body presented to Henry VIII at
Richmond.
1513
France – French driven out of Milan.
Wallachia – Neagoe Basarab became prince.
Rome – 21 Feb – Pope Julius II died.
9 Mar-1 Dec 1521 – Cardinal Giovanni di Lorenzo
de’ Medici became Pope Leo X.
Denmark, Norway and Sweden – Christain II
crowned king.
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
England – Henry VIII and François I of France
meet on the Field of Cloth of Gold but fail to form
an alliance.
1520
1521
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
France – François I became king.
Spain – Holy Roman Emperor Charles V became
king Charles I.
Bohemia and Hungary – Louis II became king
aged 10.
Zeta/Montenegro – Durad V Crnojević retires to
Venice hands power to Vavila.
Navarre – Queen Catherine died in exile; her son,
Henry II became king.
Germany and Holy Roman Empire – Charles I of
Spain elected king of Germany and Holy Roman
Emperor Charles V.
France – François I and Henry VIII of Engalnd
meet on the Field of Cloth of Gold but fail to form
an alliance.
Sweden – Christian II of Norway and Denmark
became king.
Montenegro – German II became prince-bishop.
Navarre – French troops sieze Navarre but are
expelled by Spanish.
Portugal – João III became king.
Sweden – Gustav Vasa leads revolt against
Danish rule, he became regent after Christian the
Tyrant is deposed.
Venice – Antonio Grimani elected doge.
Wallachia – Teodosie became prince.
Rome – 1 Dec – Pope Leo X died.
Page 157
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1522
France – Charles V drives French out of Milan.
Rome – 9 Jan-14 Sept 1523 – Cardinal Adriaan
Florenszoon Boeyens became Pope Adrian VI.
Monaco – Honoré I became lord, aged 9 months;
his uncle, Augustine Grimaldi, ri=ules as regent.
Sweden – Gustav Vasa elected king.
Norway and Denmark – Christian II deposed;
replaced by his son Frederick I.
Venice – Andrea Gritti elected doge.
Rome – 14 Sept – Pope Adrian VI died.
26 Nov-25 Sept 1534 – Cardinal Giulio di Giuliano
de’ Medici became Pope Clement VII.
France – Recaptures Milan.
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1529
England – Cardinal Wolsey dismissed, failing to
obtain divorce for Henry VIII; Sir Thoams More
became lord chancellor.
1528
1529
1530
1531
-1544 Edward Lee, Archbishop of York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1531
1532
England – Sir Thomas More resigns.
1532
1533
England – Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of
Aragón annulled; he marries Anne Boleyn.
Henry VIII excommunicated by Pope Clement VII.
Thomas Cranmer became Archbishopm of
Canterbury.
1533
Hungary and Bohemia – Louis II killed at Battle of
Mohács; Ferdinand I became king of Bohemia.
John Zápolya elected king of Hungary.
France – Charles de Bourbon died.
Rome – Charles V’s troops sack Rome and
capture Pope Clent VII.
France – Renounces claim to Italy in Peace of
Cambrai.
Wallachia – Moise became prince.
Italy – Charles V crowned king.
Montenegro – Pavle became prince-bishop.
Wallachia – Moise killed; Vlad the drowned
became prince.
Portugal – 26 Jan – Earthquake measuring
6.9Mw, epicentre in Lisbon.
Wallachia – Vlad the drowned so named after
getting drunk and riding into Dâmboviţa river; Vlad
Vintilă de la Slatina became prince.
Denmark and Norway – Christian III became
king.
Montenegro – Vasilije I became prince-bishop.
Page 158
Date
1537
York
13 August – Sir Robert Aske executed in
The Pavement.
27 August – Lord Hussey executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
21 September – William Wode executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1534
England – Henry VIII breaks with Rome; declares
himself head of English Church.
1534
1535
1536
England – Sir Thamas More executed.
1535
1536
Rome – 25 Sept – Pope Clement VII died.
13 Oct-10 Nov 1549 – Cardinal Allessandro
Farnese became Pope Paul III.
Wallachia – Radu Paisie became prince.
1537
1540
1541
Henry VIII at York.
31 March – Sir John Neville and 10
assosiates executed at Tyburn Gallows..
England – Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves,
divorces her and marries Catherine Howard.
1541
1542
1543
1545
England – Anne Boleyn executed; Henry VIII
marries Jane Seymour.
England – Jane Seymour died giving birth to
future Edward VI.
1538
1539
1540
1541
England – Catherine Howard executed.
Scotland – James V died after Battle of Solway
Moss; his daughter Mary I succeeds him aged 6
years.
Ireland – Crown of Ireland Act passed,
proclaiming Henry VIII of England, king of Ireland.
England – Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr.
-1554 Robert Holgate, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1537
1547
England – 28 January Henry VIII died, aged 55.
28 January – 1553 Edward VI became king.
1548
England – Some inhabitants of Seamer rebelled
against the commissioners for the suppression of
the chantries, murdered Matthew White and two
others.
Scotland – Mary I sent to France to marry the
dauphin, François.
Venice – Pietro Lando elected doge.
Mantenegro – Nikodim became prince-bishop,
died soon after; succeeded by Romil.
Hungary – Conquered by Ottoman Turks.
Venezuela – Earthquake followed by tsunami.
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
Venice – Francesco Donato elected doge.
Wallachia – Mircea V Ciobanul became prince.
France – Henri II became king.
Russia – Ivan the Terrible crowned Tsar of all
Russia.
Holy Roman Empire – annexes the Netherlands.
Poland and Lithuania – Sigismund II August
became king of Poland and grand duke of
Lithuania.
Page 159
Date
York
1548
21 September – Leaders of the rebellion
in Seamer in 1548, executed at York.
21 September – William Ombler, Thomas
Dale and John Stephen executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
Sweating Sickness in York
1549
1551
Date
Date
Rest of World
1549
Russia – Ivan IV creates first national assembly.
Rome – 10 Nov – Pope Paul III died.
Rome – 7 Feb-29 Mar 1555 – Cardinal Giovanni
Maria Ciocchi del Monte became Pope Julius III.
1550
1551
England - Fifth
Sickness.
1553
England – 6 July Edward VI died, aged 15.
10 -19 July Lady Jane Grey became queen, title
disputed.
19 July – 1558 Mary I became queen.
England – 12 February Lady Jane Grey
Executed.
25 July – 1558 Phillip (of Spain) became king,
when marries Mary I.
1554
1555
Britain
outbreak of
the
Sweating
-1559 Nicholas Heath, Archbishop of
York.
1551
1552
1553
Wallachia – Radu Ilie became prince.
1554
Venice – Francesco Venier elected doge.
Wallachia – Pătrasçu the Kind became prince.
1555
Spain – Charles I abdicates and enters a
monastery; his son Phillip II of Portugal became
king.
Navarre – Joanna III became queen, rukes with
her husband Antoine de Bourbon.
Rome – 29 Mar – Pope Julius III died.
9 Apr-30 Apr – Cardinal Marcello Cervini became
Pope Marcellus II.
23 My-18 Aug 1559 – Cardinal Giovanni Pietro
Carafa became Pope Paul IV.
Spain, Germany, Naples, Holy Roman Empire –
Charles V abdicates.
Spain, Nehterlands and Naples – Philip II
became king.
Bohemia and Germany – Ferdinand I, king of
Bohemia, became king of Gemany.
Venice – Lorenzo Priuli elected doge.
China – 23 Jan – Earthquake measuring 8.3Mw,
epicentre in Shaanxi.
Portugal – João died, his grandson, Sebastião I,
became king, aged 3 years, his grandmother acts
as regent.
Holy Roman Empire – Ferdinand I became
emperor.
Wallachia – Mircea V Ciobanul returns to power.
1556
1557
1558
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
England – 17 November Mary I died, aged 42.
17 November – 1603 Elizabeth I became queen.
1558
Venice – Marcantonio Trivisan elected doge.
Wallachia – Mircea Ciobanul retakes throne.
Page 160
Date
York
Date
1560
1561
-1568 Thomas Young, Archbishop of
York.
1561
Britain
England and Scotland – Treaty of Berwick
signed, agreement to jointly expel French from
Scotland.
Scotland – Mary Queen of Scots returns.
Date
Rest of World
1559
France – The Dauphin François marries Mary
Queen of Scots.
Henri II accidently killed in jousting match;
François II became king and Mary Queen of Scots
became queen consort of France.
Rome – 18 Aug – Pope Paul IV died.
26 Dec-9 Dec1565 – Giovanni Angelo Medici
became Pope Pius IV.
France – François II died, aged 15; Charles IX
became king.
Sweden – Erik XIV became king.
Montenegro – Ruvim I became prince-bishop.
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
Scotland – Mary Queen of Scots marries her
cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.
Scotland – Lord Daney murders David Rizzio,
suspecting he and Mary are having an affair.
Scotland – Earl of Bothwell implicated in death of
Lord Darney; Mary Marries Bothwell. She is
imprisoned and forced to abdicate. Flees to
England.
James VI became king.
Scotland and England – Mary Queen of Scots
imprisoned by Elizabeth I.
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Germany – Maximillian II elected co-king with
Ferdinand I.
Hungary – Maximillian II crowned king.
Holy Roman Empire – Maximillian II also became
emperor.
Rome – 9 Dec – Pope Pius IV died.
Rome – 7 Jan-1 May 1572 – Bishop Michele
Ghislieri became Pope Pius V.
Venice – Pietro Lredan elected doge.
Netherlends – Dutch campaign for independence
from Spanish rule begins.
Sweden – Erik XIV replaced by his brother John
III.
Wallachia – Alexandru II Mircea became prince.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Union of
Poland and Lithuania.
Montenegro – Pahomije II Komanin became
prince-bishop.
Page 161
Date
York
Date
Rest of World
1570
-1576 Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of
York.
27 March – Simon Digby, John Fulthorpe,
Robert Pennyman and Thomas Bishop
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
30 July – Thomas Wilson,alias Mountain
executed at St. Mary’s Abbey.
30 March – Bernard Siegfred executed at
St. Leonard’s Gallows.
22 August Thomas Piercy, earl of
Northumberland, beheaded at Pavement.
Head placed over Micklegate Bar for 2
years, body buried at St. Crux church.
1570
Venice – Alvise I Mocenigo elected doge.
Italy – 16-17 Nov – Earthquake measuring 5.5Mw,
epicentre in Ferrara.
3 April – George Rutby, Robert de
Scheele, Edward de Lavoiffier, Thomas
de Berthollet, William Diequemare,
Robert de Rosier, Robert de Alcock,
Robert Charles de Aleym, and George
Richard de Allestry executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
Earthquake experienced in York.
27 June – Robert de Fleury, George
Abbot and William Abbot executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
27 March – Frederick Gottfried and
Thomas Conrat executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
1573
1576
8 August – Edward de Satre and Sarah
Houslay executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1576
1577
-1588
Edwin
Sandes
(Sandys),
Archbishop of York.
30 March – Robert Scheverel, John de
Tradescant
and
George
Masson
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1577
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
1571
1572
Navarre – Henry III became king.
Rome – 1 May – Pope Pius V died.
13 May-10 Apr 1585 – Cardinal Ugo
Boncompagni became Pope Gregory XIII.
Poland and Lithuania – Sigismund II Agust died;
Nenri of Valois elected King Henry III of Poland
and grfand duke of Lithuania.
1574
France – Charles IX died; Henri of Valois secretly
returns to France to be crowned King Henri III.
1575
Germany – Rudolf II elected co-king.
Montenegro – Gerasim became prince-bishop.
Chile – 16 Dec – Earthquake measuring 8.5Mw,
epicentre in Valdivia.
Germany and Holy Roma Empire – Maximillian
died; Rudlof II of Bohemia and Hungary became
king and emperor.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Anna
Jagiellon elected queen.
Venice – Sebastiano Venier elected doge.
Wallachia – Mihnea the Turned-Turk became
prince.
Page 162
Date
York
1578
2 April – William Henry Boyle executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1579
30 July – Charles de Pascal, Thomas de
Warltire, George Edward de Priestley,
Charlotte Morrett and Hannah Foucroy
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
Date
1579
Britain
England – Forms an alliance with Netherlands
agains Spain.
Date
Rest of World
1578
Portugal – Sebastião died in Battle of Alcácer
Quibir; Cardinal-King Henry became king.
Venice – Sebastiano Venier died; Nicolò da Ponte
elected doge.
Netherlands – Dutch northern provinces form the
Union of Utrecht.
1579
1581
30 July – James Richardson executed at
St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1581
1582
8 April – George Foster executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
31 March – Peter Clark and Rinion Foster
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1582
Portugal – Cardinal-King Henry died; Philip II of
Spain elected king.
Monaco – Charles II became lord.
Netherlands – Union of Utrecht declares
independence from Spain, elect Prince William of
Orange, the Silent, as leader of revolt.
Montenegro – Venijamin became prince-bishop.
1583
Wallachia – Petru Cercel became prince -
1584
Netherlands – Prince William of the Dutch
Republic assassinated.
Russia – Ivan the terrible died; Fyodor I became
tsar.
Venice – Pasqal Cicogna elected doge.
Rome – 10 Apr – Pope Gregory XIII died.
24 Apr-27 Aug 1590 – Cardinal Felice Peretti
became Pope Sixtus V.
Wallachia – Petru Cercel flees; Mihnea the
Turned-Turk returns to throne.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Stephen
Báthhory died.
1580
1583
1585
3 August – George de Kirwan and
Thomas de Alasco executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1585
1586
1587
1588
28 March – Frederick de Alcyonius,
Richard de Aldrich and William de
Malcolm executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
10 August – Andrew Turner and Henry
Ashe executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1587
1588
England – Mary Queen of Scots implicated in plot
against Elizabth I, led by Anthony Babington; she
is tried and sentenced to death.
England – Mary Queen of Scots executed.
1586
1587
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Sigismund
III Vasa elected king of Poland and grand duke of
Lithuania.
England – English fleet, led by Francis Drake,
defeats Spanish Armada off southern coast.
1588
Denmark and Norway – Frederick II died; his son,
Christian IV, succeeds him, aged 11 years.
Page 163
Date
Date
Rest of World
1589
-1594 John Piers, Archbishop of York.
York
Date
Britain
1589
1590
23 April – George Wynch and Peter de
Ramus executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
1590
France – Henri III assassinated; Henri, king of
Navarre succeeds him as Henri IV.
Navarre – The crown of Navarre now held by
kings of France.
Monaco –Charles II died; his brother, Hercule,
became ruler.
Rome – 27 Aug – Pope Sixtus V died.
15 Sept-27 Sept – Cardinal Giovanni Battista
Castagna became Pope Urban VII.
5 Dec-16 Oct 1591 – Cardinal Niccolò Sfondrati
became Pope Gregory XIV.
Rome – 16 Oct – Pope Gregory XIV died.
29 Oct-30 Dec – Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti
became Pope Innocent IX.
Montenegro – Nikanor and Stefan rule jointly as
prince-bishop.
Wallachia – Ştefan Surdul became prince.
Rome – 30 Jan-3 Mar 1605 – Cardinal Ippolito
Aldobrandini became Pope Clement VIII.
Sweden – John III died; Sigismund king of PolishLithuanian Commonwealth became king.
Wallachia – Alexander the Wrongdoer, ruler of
Moldovia, became prince.
France – Henry IV converts to Catholicism, ending
French religious wars.
Montenegro – Ruvim II Boljević-Njegos became
prince-bishop.
Wallachia – Mihail the Brave ruler of Transylvania
and Moldovia became prince.
1591
1592
1591
28 July – Joseph de Hamel, Richard de
Bourboulon
and
Anthony
Hodson
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1593
30 March – Richard Craw executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
-1606 Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of
York.
24 March – William de Allestry, Richard
de Hammond and Thomas de Allix
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
7 March – Henry de Alms executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
27 March – John Thomas de Neime
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1594
1595
Sweden – gains Estonia in Treaty of Teusina, with
Russia.
Venice – Marino Grimani became doge.
1596
1597
Ireland – Rebellion against English led by Hugh
O’Neill, earl of Tyrone.
1597
Page 164
Date
York
Date
Rest of World
1598
27 July – Thomas Henry de Alting and
Thomas Swedier executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1598
1599
10 August – John Taylor and John
Milburn executed at Tyburn Gallows.
Earthquake experienced in York.
2 April – George Wolstenholme, Esq,
Thomas Wilson, Esq, Richard Thomas,
James Norrison, Robert Noke, Francis
Mitchel and Henry Hutchinson executed
at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1599
Spain and Portugal – Philip II died; Philip III
succeeds him.
Russia – Fyodor I died; regent Boris Godunuv
seizes throne.
Sweden – Sigismund deposed by Charles IX.
1600
Wallachia – Simion Movilă became prince.
1601
1602
Wallachia – Radu Mihnea became prince.
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
28 July – Charles Beaumond, Thomas
Bennington, Mary Blakey and Emma
Brown executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
30 March – William Penalton, Harris
Rosenberg and John de Viner executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
16 April James I in York
Plague in York
6 April – Richard Cullingworth, Elizabeth
Bradwith, Hannah Bulmer and Jane
Buckle executed at Tyburn Gallows.
June James I, his queen, Harry and
Elizabeth in York.
29 March – Elizabeth Cook executed at
St. Leonard’s Gallows.
-1628 Tobias Matthew, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
1603
1605
Britain
England – 24 March Elizabeth I died, aged 69.
24 March – 1625 James VI of Scotland became
James I of England.
England – The Gunpowder Plot to blow uo king
and parliament fails.
Wallachia - Simion Movilă became prince again
but loses power to Radu Şerban.
1603
1604
Monaco – Hurcule murdered, his son Honoré II
became ruler, aged 6 years, first to be called
prince. Frederico Landi acts as regent.
Chile – 24 Feb – Earthquake measuring 8.5Mw,
epicentre in Arica.
1605
Rome – 3 Mar – Pope Clement VIII died.
1 Apr-27 Apr – Cardinal Alessandro Ottaviano de’
Medici became Pope Leo XI.
16 May-28 Jan 1621 – Cardinal Camilo Borghese
became Pope Paul V.
Russia – Fyodor II became tsar, agaed 16 years,
strangled a month later; False Dimitri became tsar.
Japan – 3 Feb – Earthquake measuring 8.1,
epicentre in Hiro, followed by tsunami.
China – 13 July – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw,
epicentre in Qiongshan, Hainan.
Venice – Leonardo Donato elected doge.
Russia – Tsar False Dimitri shot dead; Vasili IV
Shuisky became tsar.
1606
Page 165
Date
York
1607
River Ouse completely frozen.
3 April – Stephen Dobson, Esq executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
1608
29 July – Frederick Wrightson executed
at York.
Date
Britain
Date
1607
England – 30 Jan – poss, tsunami in Bristol
Channel, prob. caused by earthquake off Irish
Coast.
1607
1608
1609
1610
28 July – Robert Blackley executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1610
1611
1612
5 September – Richard Carson and
Thomas Armstrong executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1612
1613
27 March – William Grame executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1613
1614
York flooded after heavy snow fall and
thaw. Followed by drought till August,
scarcity of hay, beans and barley. Prices
rose considerably.
6 February – Mark Barnard, Mary
Robinson, Thomas Barker, Philip Darling,
Thomas Easingwold, Rose Dutton, Emma
Fountain and Maria Fowler executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1614
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
Germany – The Protestant Union formed by
Frederick IV.
Netherlands – Twelve Years’ Truce, virtually
ensures independence for Netherlands.
Germany and Holy Roman Empire – Rudolf II
imprisoned and stripped of effective power by his
brother Matthias.
France – Henri IV stabbed to death; Louis XIII
became king, aged 13 years; his mother Marie de’
Medici acts as regent.
Sweden – Gustav Adolf II became king.
Wallachia – Hungarian Gabriel Báthory, prince of
Tranylvania, seizes power.
Russia – Vasili IV Shuisky deposed, became
monk; Wladyslaw IV Vasa elected king but doesn’t
take throne.
Germany and Holy Roman Empire – Rudolf II
forced to cede crown by Matthias.
Wallachia – Radu Mihnea returns to power,
ousted by Radu Şerban but returns again.
Venice – Marcantonio Memmo elected doge.
Holy Roman Empire – Matthias, also king of
Hungary and Bohemia became Holy Roman
Emperor.
Russia – Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov elected
tsar, aged 17.
Hungary – Transylvanian Prince Bethlen Gabor
comes to power.
Page 166
Date
York
1615
29 March – Mark Trumble and Robert
Martinson executed at Tyburn Gallows.
23 March – Thomas Pindham executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
23 September – Henry Musgrave and
George Ridley executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
James I at York.
27 July – Simon Routledge executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
25 March – Mark Addison executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
1616
1617
1618
Date
Britain
Date
1615
1616
Wallachia – Gabriel Movilă became prince, soon
replaced by Alexandru Iliaş.
1617
Bohemia – Catholic Archduke Ferdinand became
king.
1618
Venice – Nicolò Donato elected doge; Antonio
Priuli elected doge.
Hungary – Ferdinand II became II.
Wallachia – Gabriel Movilă returns to throne.
Holy Roman Empire – Ferdinand II became
emperor.
Navarre – Kingdom merged into France.
Wallachia – Radu Mihnea returns to power for
fourth time.
Spain and Portugal – Philip IV became king of
Spain and Philip III of Portugal.
Rome – 28 Jan – Pope Paul V died.
9 Feb-8 Jul 1623 – Cardinal Alessandro Ludovisi
became Pope Gregory XV.
1619
1620
20 April – Robert Hall executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1627
31 March – George Bell, Esq executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
28 July – Ralph Raynard, Mark Dunn and
Mrs. Fletcher executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
2 August – Joseph Hetherington
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
23 April – Richard Bell executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
25 August – Richard Ridley and Amos
Armstrong executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
30 March – William Cawan and William
Hall executed at Tyburn Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1622
England – James I dissolves Parliament.
1622
1623
1624
1625
England – 27 March James I died, aged 58.
27 March – 1649 Charles I became king.
Charles I dissolves Parliament.
Rest of World
Venice – Giovanni Bembo elected doge.
Venice – Francesco Contarini elected doge.
Rome – 8 Jul – Pope Gregory XV died.
6 Aug-29 Jul 1644 – Cardinal Maffeo Barberini
became Pope Urban VIII.
Wallachia – Alexandru Coconul became prince.
Venice – Giovanni Corner elected doge.
1625
Denmark – Christian IV enters the war against
Holy Roman Empoeror Ferdinand II.
Hungary – Ferdinand III became king.
1626
1627
Denmark – Christian IV loses Battle of Lutter
Liechtenstein – Karl Eusebius became prince,
aged 16.
Wallachia – Alexandru Iliaş returns to power.
Page 167
Date
York
1628
George
Montaigne
(Mountain),
Archbishop of York.
2 April – Robert Storie executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
-1631 Samuel Harnett, Archbishop of
York.
31 March – Charles Rochester, George
Rocliffe and Christopher Singleton
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
Date
Britain
1628
England - Petition of Right created; Parliament
curtails King’s powers.
1629
England – Charles I dissolves Parliament.
Rest of World
1629
Wallachia – Leon Tomşa became prince.
1630
Sweden – Gustav Adolphus enters war against
Ferdinand II.
Venice – Nocolò Contarini elected doge.
Venice – Francesco Erizzo elected doge.
1631
1632
-1640 Richard Neile, Archbishop of York.
2 May – Robert Nixon and John Newton
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
Sweden - Gustav Adolphus died at Battle of
Lützen, aged 6 years; Queen Christina takes
throne, known as the ‘Girl King’; Axel Oxenstierna
became regent.
Polosh-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Wladyslaw
IV Vasa elected king.
Wallachia – Matei Basarab became prince.
Monaco – Philip IV of Spain recognizes Monaco
as a principality.
Charles I visited York for 3 days on
journey to Scotland
4 February – Thomas Wardle, William
Hornby, Benjamin Hornsey, Charles
Hopkinson, Thomas Jefferson, Peter
Kibblewhite, George Henry Kilvington,
William Kitching, Thomas Lazenb and
Thomas Langdale executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
27 March – John Bartendale executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1633
29 March – Owen Thompson and
Elizabeth Mary Harrison executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
1636
Germany – Ferdinand III elected king.
Montenegro – Ruvim II Boljević-Njegos died.
1637
Holy Roman Empire – Ferdinand III, king of
Germany, Hungary and Bohemia became
emperor.
1637
1638
Date
Small Roman altar found whilst digging
foundations of a house in Bishophill
Senior.
8 May – Henry Aske executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1638
Scotland – Solemn League and Covenant signed.
Page 168
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1639
Charles I visited York. Held council at
King’s Manor, knighted lord mayor and
recorder.
1 August – Robert Skelton executed at
St. Leonard’s Gallows.
Charles I in York.
24 September Council of peers held at
Deanery.
-1650 John Williams, Archbishop of York.
23 April John Taylor executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
20 November Charles I in York with his
son Charles.
21 November Lord Mayor and Robert
Berwick, recorder, knighted.
1639
Scotland – First Bishops’ War between Charles I
and Scottish church.
1639
Montenegro – Mardarije I Kornečanin became
prince-bishop.
1640
England –1660 Long Parliament.
Scotland and England – Second Bishops’ War
ends with Treaty of Ripon.
1640
Monano – Reverts from Spanish to French
protection with Treaty of Péronne.
Portugal – João IV became king.
March Charles I at York.
Royal Printing Press established in
Minster Yard, near St. William’s College.
12 May 4000 Yorkshire gentlemen
assembled to hear address by Charles I.
2 September Charles I left York, city
placed in posture of defence, guns
mounted on gates.
September Earl of Newcastle came to
York with 6,000 horse and foot, and 10
pieces of ordnance.
8 March Queen arrived in York, met at
Heworth Moor by Lord Mayor, aldermen
and citizens.
9 March Ammunition brought to York in
500 cart, deposited in Guildhall.
March Earl of Montrose and lord Ogilvy
visited York to present themselves to the
queen.
Sir Chomley, governor of Scarborough
castle, also in York.
6 June Queen left York.
1642
England - April Charles I travelled from York to
Hull, gates and bridges closed to him. Sir John
Hotham, governor, refused to let him in to Hull, he
returned to York, staying over one night at
Beverley.
-1647 Civil War between Royalists (Cavaliers) and
Parliamentarians (Roundheads).
1643
England – 22 February Queen lands at
Bridlington Quay.
Solemn League and Covenent signed by English
Parliament.
1643
France – Louis XIV became king, aged 5.
1640
1641
1642
1643
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 169
Date
York
1644
Sir Thomas Glemham, governor of York
22 April – 1 July Siege of York.
15 June Pretended treaty rejected.
16 June (Trinity Sunday) St. Mary’s
Tower was damaged by a mine.
16 July York surrenders to the
parliamentary forces.
July Lord Fairfax appointed governor.
30 July Amos Lawson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1645
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1644
England – Oliver Cromwell wins Battle of Marston
Moor
1644
Rome – 29 Jul – Pope Urban VIII died.
15 Sept-7 Jan 1655 – Cardinal Giovanni Battista
Pamphiji became Pope innocent X.
1645
England – Cromwell forms New Model Army.
Parliamentarians win Battle of Naseby.
Scotland and Englsnd – Charles I surrenders to
the Scots.
1645
Russia – Alexis I became tsar, aged 16.
1646
Venice – Francesco Molin elected doge.
Bohemia – Ferdinand became king.
Scotland and England – Charles I habeded over
to Englaish Parliament, he escapes and makes
secret treaty with Scots.
Scotland and England – Scots invade England,
defeated by Cromwell at Battle of Preston.
1647
Hungary – Ferdinand, king of Bohemia, became
king.
1648
England – 30 January Charles I beheaded, aged
48.
-1685 Charles II became king ( not recognized by
parliament till 1660)
1649
Denmark and Norway – Frederick III became
king.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – John II
Casimir elected king of Poland and grand duke of
Lithuania.
Montenegro – Visarion I became prince-bishop.
1 January Convoy, commanded by Major
General Skippon, arrive in York.
31 March Thomas Empson, John Dove,
Joseph Dunning, Thomas Robinson and
John Robinson executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
10 April Elizabeth and Helen Dryson
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1646
1648
5 August Ebenezer Moor executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
1648
1649
13 April George Frederick and Maria
Merrington executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
30 April John Hollins, William Askwith,
Joseph Baines, Thomas Barker, Edward
Calvert, Thomas Darley, Henry Cave,
William Cropper, James Dallin, John
Danby, James Eastwood, William Ellison,
Thomas
Exley,
George
Frankish,
Elizabeth Thomlinson , Grace Bland,
Emma Ribinson, Jane Lickiss, Hannah
Meynell,
Ellen
Nicholson,
Isabella
Billington and Mr. Billington executed at
Knavesmire Gallows.
22 August Colonel John Morrice and
Cornet Blackburn executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1649
1646
1647
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1647
Page 170
Date
York
1650
22 April Richard Thomas, George
Harrison and Mary Pope executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
July General Oliver Cromwell visited
York.
1652
Date
Britain
Date
1650
Scotland and England – Charles II lands in
Scotland, proclaimed king.
1650
1651
England – Charles II invades England, loses
Battle of Worcester and flees to France.
1651
2 April George Johnson, Luke Hinderson,
Elizabeth Anderson and Mary Ellison
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1652
1653
1654
England – 16 December – 1658 Oliver Cromwell,
Lord Protector.
Cromwell dismisses the Rump Parliament
27 July Marmaduke Holmes executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1653
1654
1655
1656
1659
21 April Jonathan Brammall executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
29 March Charles Spooner executed at
St. Leonard’s Gallows.
8 December High winds damaged
minster and many houses.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Rest of World
1656
1658
England – 3 September Oliver Cromwell died,
aged 59.
3 September – 1659 Richard Cromwell, Lord
Protector.
1659
England – Richard Cromwell forced to resign;
Rump Parliment restored.
1657
1658
1659
Germany – Ferdinand IV elected co-king with
Ferdinand III; died shortly after; Leopold became
heir.
Sweden – Queen Christina abdices, moves to
Rome; Charles X Gustav became king.
Wallachia – Constantin Şerban became prince.
Venice – Carlo Contarini elected doge.
Rome – 7 Jan – Pope Innocent X died.
7 Apr-22 May 1667 – Cardinal Fabio Chigi
became Pope Alexander VII.
Hungary – Leopold became king.
Portugal – Afonso VI became king, aged 13; his
mother Luisa of Medina-Sidonia acts as regent.
Venice – Bertucci Valiero elected doge.
Russia, Denmark and Holy Roman Empire –
Declare war on Sweden.
Venice – Giovanni Pesaro elected doge.
Holy Roman Empire – Leopold I, king of Hungary
and Croatia became emperor-elect.
Wallachia – Mihnea III, prince of Moldavia comes
to the throne.
Venice – Domenico II Contarini elected doge.
Montenegro – Mardarije II Kornečanin became
prince-bishop.
Bohemia – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor-elect
and king of Hungary, became king.
Wallachia – Gheorghe
Page 171
Date
York
1660
11 January General Monk in York for five
days.
2 April Michael R Linop, O. Williams and
T.P. Reynolds executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
11 May Charles II proclaimed king in
York.
29 May Effigys of Cromwell and Judge
Bradshaw hung on gallows in Pavement.
-1664 Accepted Frewen, Archbishop of
York.
30 March Peter Hall and R. Gardener
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
19 August Jeremiah Balderson and
Richard Souly executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
25 March Anthony Beedam executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
25 January Robert Archbell, William
Amber, Matthew Champney, George
Campion, Thomas Carbutt, Christopher
Simpson,
George
Slater,
George
Mouncer, Joseph Morley, Timothy
Mosley, John Hutchinson, David Jackson,
Henry Richardson, Cornelius Thompson,
Thomas Fox, Benjamin Hornby, Francis
Holmes Sr, and William Holmes Jr
executed at York.
-1683 Richard Sterne, Archbishop of
York.
30 July Ruben Beverage executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
24 April George Dagnell and Robert
Snowdon executed at St. Leonard’s
Gallows.
th
5 August James, duke of York, and his
duchess, in York for almost 2 months,
whilst plague in the south of England.
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
1660
England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland – Charles
II recognised as king by parliament.
Date
Rest of World
1660
Sweden – Charles XI became king, aged 5.
Denmark – Frederick III changes Danish
monarchy from elective to absolute.
1661
France – Louis XIV became absolute monarch.
Wallachia – Grigore I Ghica became prince.
1662
Monaco – Louis I became sovereign prince.
1664
Wallachia – Grigore I Ghica deposed;Radu Leon
became prince.
1665
Spain – Charles II became king.
Page 172
Date
1668
York
Date
Britain
13 May George Habbishaw and Benjamin
Ambrose executed at Tyburn Gallows.
Date
Rest of World
1667
Portugal – Afonso VI forced to exile himself;
Pedro became prince-regent.
Rome – 22 May – Pope Alexander VII died.
20 Jun-9 Dec 1669 – Cardinal Giulio Rospigliosi
became Pope Clement IX.
Croatia – 6 Apr – Earthquake measuring 7.2Mw,
epicentre in Dubrovnik
Azerbaijan – 25 Nov – Earthquake measuring
6.9Mw, epicentre in Shamakhi.
Portugal
–
Spain
recognizes
Portugal’s
independence.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – John II
Casimir abdicates to become a Jesuit.
Turkey – 17 Aug – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw,
epicentre in Anatolia.
Lichtenstein – Hans-Adam became prince.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Michal
Korybut Wiśiowiecki elected king.
Wallachia – Antonie din Popeşti became prince.
Rome – 9 Dec – Pope Clement IX died.
Rome – 29 Apr-22 Jul 1676 – Cardinal Emilio
Altieri became Pope Clement X.
Denmark and Norway – Christian V became king.
1668
1669
1670
29 March Edward Rocliffe, Peter B Sharp
and Richard Wadkins executed at St.
Leonard’s Gallows.
18 August William Vasey executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1672
2 August Robert Driffield and Mark
Edmund executed at Tyburn Gallows.
23 July Miles Beckett, Jane Thompson
and Thomas Thomlinson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1673
1674
January A duel was fought in Penley
Groves, between Sir Jonathan Jennings,
of Ripon, and George Aylsalby, esq.
principal register of ecclesiastical court, at
York. Ayslaby was killed.
3 April Amos Cropper executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1670
1672
England – The Test Act deprives Catholics and
Nonconformists of the right to hold public office.
1671
1672
1673
1674
Wallachia – Antonie din Popeşti deposed; Grigore
I Ghica restored to power.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – John III
Sobieski elected king of Poland and grand duke of
Lithuania.
Montenegro – Ruvim III Boljević became princebishop.
Wallachia – George Ducas became prince.
Venice – Nicolò Sagredo elected doge.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Jan III
became king.
Page 173
Date
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
York
Date
Rest of World
1 May Leonard Gaskill and Peter Rook
executed at St. Leonard’s Gallows.
1676
Venice – Luigi Contarini elected doge.
Rome – 22 Jul – Pope Clement X died.
21 Sept-12 Aug 1689 – Cardinal Benedetto
Odescalchi became Pope Innocent XI.
Russia – Fyodor III became tsar.
20 March Mark Dovenor executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
The duke of York visited York, but was
not met by the lord mayor and aldermen.
A reprimand from the king was sent.
28 July Andrew Tucker executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1678
Wallachia – Şerban Cantacuzino became prince.
31 March Eli Hydes executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
May Sir John Reresby, bart. appointed
governor.
-1686 John Dolben, Archbishop of York.
1682
Russia – Fyodor III died; Peter the Great became
tsar, aged 10, with Ivan V, Sophia Aleksyevna acts
as regent until 1689.
1683
Portugal – Pedro II became king.
Venice – Leonardo Donato elected
Marcantonio Guisinian elected doge.
4 May William Nevison executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
30 July Nathaniel Pickett executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
8 February James II proclaimed king, at
York.
10 April John Mortimer executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
6 August A large porpoise found in River
Ouse at Clifton Ings.
2 August Mary Cotnam executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
1685
England – 6 February Charles II died, aged 54.
6 February – 1688 James II became king.
1686
England – James II ignores Test Act; Catholics
appointed to public office.
1685
doge;
Montenegro – Vasilije II Velikrasić became princebishop; Visarion II Bajica became prince-bishop.
Page 174
Date
York
Date
Britain
1687
Lamps hung in main streets eg: Minster
Gates, Pavement and the west end of
Ouse Bridge.
12 February Earthquake felt in York,
Gate-Fulford and Naburn.
7 December Father Lawson was granted
possession of King’s Manor.
-1691 Thomas Lamplugh, Archbishop of
York.
28 March Quinton Hurworth, William
Pashley and Robert Myers executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
October Flooding in York
1687
England – James II extends tolerance to all
religions in the Declaration of Indulgence.
1687
Hungary – Joseph I crowned king.
1688
England – James II deposed.
1688
Venice – Francesco Morosini elelcted doge.
Wallachia – Constantin Brâncoveanu became
prince.
1689
1689
Rome – 12 Aug – Pope Innocent XI died.
6 Oct-1 Feb 1691 – Cardinal Pietro Vito Ottoboni
became Pope Alexander VIII.
31 March Henry Kilvington executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
19 September Henry Borwick and
Edward Mangall executed at White Cross
Hill Gallows.
-1714 John Sharp, Archbishop of York.
5 August Mark Grayston and Thomas
Dambrough executed at Tyburn Gallows.
29 July Charles Dimmey and Hannah
Wilkinson executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1690
England – 13 February – 1694 Mary II became
queen.
13 February – 1702 William III (of Orange)
became king.
Ireland – William III wins Battle of Boyne.
1690
Germany – Joseph I became co-king.
1691
Rome – 1 Feb – Pope Alexander VIII died.
12 Jul-27 Sept 1700 – Cardinal Antonio Pignatelli
became Pope Innocent XII.
Jamaica – 7 Jun – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw,
epicentre in Port Royal.
Sicily – 11 Jan – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw,
epicentre in Catania Province.
Venice – Silvestro Valiero elected doge.
Montenegro – Sava I Kaluderović became princebishop.
Italy – 5 Sept – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw,
epicentre in Irpinia.
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
Date
1693
30 March John Collens executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
2 April Fire in High Ousegate destroyed
nearly 30 houses, damages amounting to
£20,000.
5 August Nelson Campion executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
30 March Arthur Mangey executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1694
England – 29 December Mary II died, aged 32;
William III sole ruler.
1694
Rest of World
1695
1696
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Frederick
Augustus I elected king of Poland and grand duke
Augustus II the Strong of Lithuania.
Montenegro – Danilo I became prince-bishop.
Russia – Ivan V died; Peter the Great became
sole ruler.
Page 175
Date
York
1697
25 March Martin Burrell executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
10 August John Blackburn executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
Henry Thompson, Lord Mayor. Ordered
Castlegate Postern to be taken down and
rebuilt wider for his coach, he covered the
expense.
30 July Peter Arundel executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1698
1699
Date
Britain
Date
1697
1698
Japan – 22 Dec – Tsunami struck SeikaidoNankaido.
Hungary – Treaty of Karlowitz ends the AustroOttoman War.
Denmark and Norway – Christian V died in a
hunting accident; Frederick IV succeeds him.
1699
1700
1701
1702
England – 16 September exiled James II died,
aged 67.
England – 8 March William III died, aged 51.
8 March – 1714 Anne became queen.
1701
1704
1705
1706
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Great Britain – The Act of Union unites
parliaments from England and Scotland.
Spain – Charles II died.
Monaco – Antonio I became sovereign prince.
Venice – Alvise II Mocenigo elected doge.
Rome – 27 Sept – Pope Innocent XII died.
23 Nov-19 Mar 1721 – Giovanni Francesco Albani
became Pope Clement XI.
Canada – 26 Jan – Earthquake measuring
9.00Mw offshore from Vancouver Island followed
by tsunami.
Prussia – Became a kingdom; Frederick I became
ruler.
1702
1703
1707
Rest of World
Sweden – Charles XII became king.
1707
Russia – Peter the Great founds St. Petersburg.
Italy – 14 Jan – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw,
epicentre in Norcia.
Italy – 2 Feb – Earthquake measuring 6.7Mw,
epicentre in L’quila.
Japan – 31 Dec – Earthquake measuring 8.2Mw,
epicentre in Kanto region.
Holy Roman Empire – Joseph I, archduke of
Austria, king of Hungary and Bohemia, became
emperor.
Portugal – João V became king, aged 17.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Stanislawe
Leszcyński became king.
Japan – 28 Oct – Earthquake measuring 8.6Mw,
epicentre in Hōei, followed by tsunami.
Page 176
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1714
-1724 William Dawes
Archbishop of York.
(2
nd
Baronet),
1714
1715
England – Richard Cromwell died, aged 85.
Britain – 1 August Anne died, aged 49.
1 August – 1727 George I became king.
Britain – First Jacobite uprising.
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1723
Summer Drought in York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
4 Apr-15 May 1730 – Sir Robert
Walpole became Prime Minster (Whig).
Britain –
1721
1722
1723
Rest of World
Sweden – Charles XII loses to Russia in Battle of
Poltova.
Venice – Giovanni Corner elected doge.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Augustus II
restored to throne.
Holy Roman Empire – Emperor Joseph I died of
smallpox; Charles VI became king of Hungary and
Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor.
Liechtenstein – Josef Wenzel became prince.
Spain – Treaty of Utrecht ends.
Philip V became king.
Prussia – Frederick William I became king.
Scicily – Victor Amadeus became king.
Wallachia – Ştefan Cantacuzino became prince.
France – Louis XIV died; Luois XV became king.
Sicily – Philip V of Spain invades; Alliance formed
between Great Britain, France, Austria and Dutch
Republic agains Spain.
Spain and Sicily – Treaty of Hague signed.
Sweden – Charles XII killed while invading
Norway; his sister Ulrika Eleonora elected queen;
she abdicates in favour of her husband Frederick I.
Rome – 19 Mar – Pope Clement XI died.
8 May-7 Mar 1724 – Cardinal Michelangelo Conti
became Pope Innocent XIII.
Liechtenstein – Josef Johann Adam became
prince.
Rusia – Peter the Great acclaimed ‘Emperor of all
Russia’.
Venice – Sebastiano Mocenigo elected doge.
Page 177
Date
York
1724
-1743 Lancelot Blackburn, Archbishop of
York.
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1724
Rome – 7 Mar – Pope Innocent XIII died,
29 May-21 Feb 1730 – Cardinal Pierfrancesco
Orsini became Pope Benedict XIII.
Russia – Peter the Great died; Empress Catherine
I succeeds him.
1725
1727
1729
1730
1731
7 April William Bryant and Robert Wheat
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
25 July John Chapello executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
21 August James Lambert executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
19 December Joseph Askwith alias
Sherling, Richard and John Freeman
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
29 March Benjamin Armitt, John Ward
and James Wood executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
Britain and Ireland – 11 June George I died,
aged 67.
11 June – 1760 George II became king.
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
Britain – 15 May-11 Feb 1742 - Sir Robert
Walpole became Prime Minster (Whig).
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Russia – Peter II became emperor.
Iran – 18 November – Earthquake measuring
7.0Mw, epicentre in Tabriz.
Rome – 21 Feb – Pope Benedict XIII died.
12 Jul-6 Feb 1740 – Cardinal Lorenzo Corsini
became Pope Clement XII.
Denmark and Norway – Christian VI became
king.
Russia – Peter II died of smallpox; Anna
Ioannovna became empress.
Chile – 8 July – Earthquake measuring 8.7Mw,
epicentre in Valparaiso.
China – 30 Sept – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw,
epicentre in Beijing.
Monaco – Antonio I died; his daughter Louise
Hyppolyte became sovereign princess.
Liechtenstein – Johann Nepomuk Karl became
prince, aged 8; Joseph Wenzel acts as regent.
Venice – Carlo Ruzzini elected doge.
Monaco – Honoré III became sovereign prince.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Augustus II
died.
Venice – Alvise Pisani elected Doge.
Naples and Sicily – Retaken by Spain during War
of Polish Succession. Charls V named king.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Treaty of
Vienna confirms Augustus as king.
Montenegro – Sava II Petrović Njegoš became
prince-bishop.
Page 178
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
1736
1737
1739
1740
1741
1740
11 April George Bainton, John Wright,
Joseph Tyson and John Barker executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
-1747 Thomas Herring, Archbishop of
York.
1741
1743
1745
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Russia – 16 Oct – Earthquake measuring 8.3Mw,
epicentre in Kamchatka.
1738
1739
7 April John Stead executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
17 April Richard Turpin executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
27 March William Spink Jr executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1742
1743
Rest of World
Britain – 16 Feb-2Jul 1743 – Spencer Compton,
Ist Earl of Wilmington became Prime Minister
(Whig).
Britain – 27 Aug-6 Mar 1754 – Henry Pelham
became Prime Minister (Whig).
Great Britain – The ‘Forty-Five’ Jacobite
rebellion; government forces defeated at Battle of
Prestonpans.
1742
Prussia – Frederick II became king.
Holy Roman Empire – Cardinal Prospero Lorenzo
Lambertini elected Pope Benedict XIV.
Russia – Emperess Anna Ioannovna died; Ivan VI
succeeds her, aged 18 months.
Rome – 6 Feb – Pope Clement XII died.
17 Aug-3 May 1758 – Pròspero Lorenzo
Lambertini became Pope Benedict XIV.
Venice – Pietro Grimani elected doge.
Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia – Maria Theresa
became queen.
Russia – Ivan VI and his family imprisoned;
Tsarevna Elizabeth replaces him.
Japan – 29 Aug – Volcano eruption on Oshima
Island caused tsunami which hit western side of
Hokkaido.
Germany and Holy Roman Empire – Charles VII
became king and emperor.
1743
1744
1745
Austria – Battle of Fontenoy.
Holy Roman Empire – Grand duke of Tuscany,
Franz I, became emperor.
Page 179
Date
York
1746
28 May Prince of Hesse at York.
1 November George Hamilton, Edward
Clevering, James Spark, Charles Gordon,
Angus
McDonald,
James
Mayne,
Benjamin Mason, William Dempsey, ?
Frazier and ? Conolly executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
8 November David Row, William Hunter,
John Endsworth, John McClean, John
McGreggor, Simon McKensie, Alexander
Parker, Thomas McGennis, Archibald
Kennedy, James Thompson and Michael
Brady executed at Tyburn Gallows.
-1757 Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of
York.
1747
1748
1749
1750
26 March Josiah Feam, Thomas Brown
alias Clark and Sanderson, and Robert
Fawthorp executed at Tyburn Gallows.
31 March Joseph Garbutt, Abraham Scott
and John Tiplady executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
1751
1752
1753
Date
Britain
1746
Great Britain – Jacobites defeated at Battle of
Culloden.
Date
Rest of World
1746
Spain – Ferdinand VI the Wise became king.
Denmark and Norway – Frederick V became
king.
1748
Liechtentein – Johann Nepomuk Karl died; Josef
Wenzel returns as prince.
1750
Portugal – José I became king.
Montenegro – Vasilije III rules jointly as princebishop.
Sweden – Adolf Frederick elected king.
Chile – 25 May – Earthquake measuring 8.5Mw,
epicentre in Concepción.
1751
11 April Robert Loveday and Benjamin
Farney executed at Tyburn Gallows.
7 April David Harkness executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
28 April Edward Wells and Bezelial
Knowles executed at Tyburn Gallows.
2 August Thomas Downing and John
Wentworth alias Thomlinson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
22 August William Smith executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 180
Date
York
1754
28 January Two head stolen from
Micklegate-Bar by William Arundell, he
was imprisoned for 5 years.
17 August Joseph Riddell and Francis
Jefferson executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
28 August David Evans, Richard Varley,
John Holdsworth and Elijah Oaks
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
30 March Mary Ellah executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
3 April George Trotter executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
30 July Thomas Cooper and Stephen
Tudear executed at Tyburn Gallows.
15 September Mob objected to new
militia laws, Cockpit-House and Mr.
Bowes
house
destroyed,
outside
Bootham Bar.
-1761 John Gilbert, Archbishop of York.
1 May Matthew Bilton, William Watson,
Richard Ford, Robert Cole and George
Berry executed at Tyburn Gallows.
24 March Benjamin Windle and Henry
Nelson executed at Tyburn Gallows.
9 April Benjamin Hoult executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
6 August Eugene Aram executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
18 August William and John Cockburn
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1760
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
1754
Britain – 16 Mar-16 Nov 1756 – Thomas PelhamHolles, Ist Duke of Newcastle became Prime
Minister (Whig).
1755
England and Ireland – The Portugal tsunami also
hit Cornwall and Galway.
1756
Britain – 16 Nov-25 Jun 1757 – William
th
Cavendish, 4 Duke of Devonshire became Prime
Minister (Whig).
Britain – 2 Jul-26 May 1762 – Thomas PelhamHolles, Ist Duke of Newcastle became Prime
Minister (Whig).
1757
Date
Rest of World
1755
Persia – 7 June – Earthquake measuring 5.9Mw.
Portugal – 1 Nov – Earthquake measuring 8.7Mw,
epicentre in Lisbon, followed by tsunami.
America – 18 Nov – Earthquake measuring
5.0Mw, epicentre in Boston, Massachusetts.
1757
Venice – Francesco Loredan elected doge.
Prussia – Battle of Rossbach.
1758
Rome – 3 May – Pope Benedict XIV died.
6 Jul-2 Feb 1769 – Cardinal Carlo della Torre
Rezzonico became Pope Clement XIII.
Spain – Ferdinand VI died; his brother Charles III
became king.
Naples, Sicily and Spain – Charles V abdicates
in favour of his son Ferdinand III, Charles takes
the Spanish throne as Charles III.
Eastern Mediterranean – 25 Nov – Earthquake
measuring 7.4Mw.
1759
1760
Britain and Ireland – 25 October George II died,
aged 76.
United Kingdom - 25 October – 1820 George III
became king.
Page 181
Date
York
1761
6 March Ann Richmond executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1 August Robert King executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
19 August Edward, Duke of York, at
York, stayed at Mansion House.
-1776
Robert
Hay
Drummond,
Archbishop of York.
8 January War formally declared in York
against king of Spain.
18 March George Harger executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
Date
Britain
1762
Britain – 26 May-8 Apr 1763 – John Stuart, 3
Earl of Bute became Prime Minister (Tory)
14 March William Bell executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
30 July John Hall alias Bloom executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
1
December
A
hurricane
was
experienced in York, weather vane and
part of minster’s battlement blown down,
several houses damaged.
31 March Charles Singleton Dorrington
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
15 August Abraham Clayton executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
31 March Joseph Hairee executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1763
6 March Thomas Taylor alias John Scott
Abel Hobson and Isaac Turner executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
18 August Edward, Duke of York, at
York.
18 April Matthew Young and Richard
Clark executed at Tyburn Gallows.
10 August Ann Sowerby executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
17 October Thomas and Richard Boys
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1766
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1765
Date
Rest of World
rd
1762
Britain – 16 Apr-13 Jul 1765 – George Grenville
became Prime Minister (Whig).
1763
Venice – Marco Foscarini elected doge.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Augustus III
died.
Russia – Empress Elizabeth died; Peter III
succeeds him but soon abdicates, succeeded by
Catherine II.
Venice – Alvise Giovanni Mocenigo elected doge.
Britain – 13 Jul-30Jul 1766 – Charles Watson
nd
Wentworth, 2 Marquess of Rockingham became
Prime Minister (Whig).
Britain – 30 Jul-14 Oct 1768 – William Pitt the
Elder, Ist Earl of Chatham became Prime Minister
(Whig).
1764
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Stanislaw II
August Poniatoxski elected king and grand duke.
1765
Germany and Holy Roman Empire – Joseph II
became king and emperor.
1766
Denmark and Norway – Christian VII became
king.
Trinidad and Tobago – 21 Oct – Earthquake
measuring 7.9Mw, epicentre in Saint Joseph.
1767
Russia – Catherine the Great commissions a new
code of law.
Montenegro – Šćepan Mali claims to be Peter III
and allowed to rule.
Page 182
Date
York
Date
Britain
1768
19 March Leonard Howson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
25 July Joseph Hall and Thomas Lee
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
6 August Joseph Stell executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
31 August King of Denmark visited York,
stayed at Mr. Bluitt’s inn, Lendal.
3 April Valentine Bailey executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1768
Britain – 14 Oct-28 Jan 1770 – Augustus
rd
FitzRoy, 3 Duke of Grafton became Prime
Minister (Whig).
1770
28 April David Hartley and James
Oldfield executed at Tyburn Gallows.
23 August Michael Naylor executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1770
1771
18 March Luke Atkinson and John Wright
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1771
1772
21 March Thomas Lawrence and John
Lazenby executed at Tyburn Gallows.
22 October French ambassador, Count
de Guiges at York.
15 March William Fisher, John Early and
John Homer executed at Tyburn Gallows.
November Mr. Powell in York, for his
wager of walking London to York and
back in 6 days.
2 April George Belt executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
25 July John Scott executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
6 August Robert Thomas alias Thomis
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1772
1769
1773
1774
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Britain – 28 Jan-22 Mar 1782 – Frederick North,
Lord North became Prime Minister (Tory).
Date
Rest of World
1769
Rome – 2 Feb – Pope Clement XIII died.
19 May-22 Sept 1774 – Cardinal Giovanni
Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli became Pope
Clement XIV.
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth – Stanislaw II
August Poniatowski briefly dethroned and
imprisoned by the Council of the Bar
Confederation.
Haiti – 3 June – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw,
epicentre in Port-au-Prince.
Sweden – Gustav III became king.
Japan – 4 April – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw,
epicentre near Yaeyama Islands, followed by
tsunami.
Liechtenstein – Josef Wenzel died; his nephew,
Franz Josef I, became prince.
1770
1773
Montenegro – Šćepan Mali killed.
Guatemala – 29 July – Earthquake measuring
7.5Mw.
1774
France – Louis XV died; his grandson, Louis XVI,
became king.
Rome – 22 Sept – Pope Clement XIV died.
Page 183
Date
York
1775
30 March Captain John Bolton, William
Bean, John Vickers and Matthew
Normington executed at Tyburn Gallows.
29 July George Bulmer and John
Williamson executed at Tyburn Gallows.
19 August John Smith, Joseph Riddle
and Francis Jefferson executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
29 March Eliza Bordington and Thomas
Akeman executed at Tyburn Gallows.
1776
1777
January A Press Gang was operating in
York.
28 July James Rice alias Michael Rice
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
September Earthquake felt in York.
-1807 William Markham, Archbishop of
York.
1779
30 July Thomas Green alias England
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
Date
1777
Britain
England - September The earthquake felt in
York, was more seriously experienced in Leeds
and Manchester.
Date
Rest of World
1775
Rome – 15 Feb-29 Aug 1799 – Cardinal Count
Giovanni Angelo Braschi became Pope Pius VI.
1776
1777
America – 4 July – Declaration of Independence
approved by Congress.
2 Aug – Declaration of Independence signed by
56 delegates of the Continental Congress.
Portugal – Maria I became queen.
1778
1779
Venice – Paolo Renier elected doge.
1781
Holy Roman Empire – Joseph II became sole
ruler.
Iran – 28 Feb – Earthquake measuring 7.4Mw.
Liechtenstein – Alois I became prince.
1782
Montenegro – Peter I became prince-bishop.
1780
1781
1782
20 March William Meyers Esq executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
7 April Joseph Linwood executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
Street names placed at respective street
corners, for the first time in York.
May York prepares for possible French,
Spanish, Dutch invasion.
20 July Funeral and interment of the
Marquis of Rockingham at Minster.
23 July Francis Feam, John Cockroft,
John Wood and Thomas Greenwood
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1782
England - Rumours of invasion by France and
Spain, assisted by Dutch, orders issued by
government for a general association, to enable
inhabitants to resist this invasion.
Britain – 27 Mar-1 Jul – Charles Watsonnd
Wentworth, 2 Marques of Rockingham became
Prime Minister (Whig).
nd
4 Jul-2 Apr 1783 – William Petty FitzMaurice, 2
Earl of Shelburne became Prime Minister (Whig).
Page 184
Date
York
1783
30 April Charles Colwell executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
June Mr. Powell in York, for another
wager of walking London to York and
back in 6 days.
23 August William Emmerson, William
Field and John Riley executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
22 March Lydia Dickinson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
29 March John Stewart and Benjamin
Wood executed at Tyburn Gallows.
3 August William Asquith alias Sparling
and Thomas Knapton executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
Winter River Ouse frozen for 8 weeks,
coal cost 26s – 30s per Chauldron due to
land carriage.
2 April Joseph Clough and William Riley
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
6 August John Beck, Charles Spencer,
Robert Smithson and Matthew Mason
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
8 April Robert Watson Jr and Joseph
Hartley executed at Tyburn Gallows.
29 April James Proctor alias William
Smith executed at Tyburn Gallows.
19 August William Nicholson, John
Charlesworth, James Braithwaite, William
Sharp and William Bamford executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
7 April Daniel Goldthorpe, William Bryan,
Thomas West, John Thompson, John
Morritt and Timothy O’Brien executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1784
1785
1786
1787
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
1783
Britain – 2 Apr-19 Dec – William Cavendishrd
Bentinck, 3 Duke of Portland became Prime
Minister (Whig).
19 Dec-14 Mar 1801 – William Pitt the Younger
became Prime Minister (Tory).
Date
Rest of World
1783
Italy – 4-5 Mar – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw,
epicentre in Calabria.
1785
Germany – League of German Princes formed by
Frederick the Great against Austria.
Page 185
Date
York
1788
February Meeting and petition drawn up,
signed by 1800 citizens, for abolition of
slavery.
5 April Eilijah and Joseph Pulleyn,
Catherine Savage, Thomas Greenwood,
David Lord, James Ashforth, John
Easlewood and Joseph King executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
23 March George Lockey executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
11 April Robert Wilkinson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
3 August John Barker and Hannah
Whiteley executed at Tyburn Gallows.
17 April John Stevens, Thomas Lastley,
George Moore, Edward Williams, John
Gill alias Best and James Hartley
executed at Tyburn Gallows.
14
August
John
Brigg,
Robert
Crammam, William Howson, James
Ferguson and Henry Bell executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
August Mr. Powell in York, for another
wager of walking London to York and
back in 6 days.
9 April James Gould executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
6 September John Monitor, John Bennet
and Abraham Robertshaw executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
26 March Elizabeth Elliot executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
12 April Spence Boughton, John Lucas,
Thomas Stearman, Thomas Crawshaw
and Joseph Brierly executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
July Mr. Powell in York, for another
wager of walking London to York and
back in 6 days.
1789
1790
1791
1792
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1788
Spain – Charles IV became king.
1789
France – French Revolution starts.
Venice – Ludovico Manin elected doge.
America – 30 Apr-4 Mar 1797 – George
Washington became President.
1790
Holy Roman Empire – Leopold II became
emperor.
1791
France – Louis XVI and his family flee but are
captures; he accepts new constitution.
Japan – Earthquake and eruption of Fugen-dake
volcano caused tsunami which hit Higo Province.
1792
France – Declared a republic; Louis XVI and Marie
Antoinette beheaded.
Sweden – Gustav III assassinated; Gustav IV
Adolf became king.
Holy Roman Emperor – Franz II became Holy
Roman Emperor, archduke of Austria and king of
Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia.
Page 186
Date
York
Date
Rest of World
1793
12 April William Atkinson, Richard
Watson and Thomas Jewet executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
9 August John Hoyland executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
12 April William Waddington executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
30 August Ann Scalbert and Thomas
Kirk executed at Tyburn Gallows.
Wheat shortage, York bought large
quantity in Scotland.
30 March Charles Elliott executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
25 April George Fawcett, William Brittain,
Thomas Mann, William Brammam and
William Jackson executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
25 April Thomas Maclean, James Smith
alias Freeman Sutcliffe and Thomas
Burch executed at Tyburn Gallows.
18 July James Beaumont executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
8 April Owen Pendegrass executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
29 August Robert Dyson executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1793
France – Exiled French Royalists declare Louis
XVII king.
Monaco – Comes under French control.
1795
France – Louis XVII died uncrowned and a
prisoner in the Temple prison; the Directoire rules
France.
Russia – Catherine the Great died; Paul I became
emperor
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
– The
commonwealth ceases to exist.
1796
France and Italy – Napoleon Bonaparte conquers
most of Italy.
1797
7 April Peter Buck, Robert Hollingworth
and George Ledger executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
18 August William Larkin executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1798
Venice – Napoleon invades; the doge is forced to
abdicate. Venice incorporated into Kingdom of
Italy, under French rule.
Peru – 4 Feb – Earthquake measuring 7.3Mw,
epicentre in Quito, Ecuadoe & Cuzco.
Indonesia – 10 Feb – Earthquake measuring
8.4Mw, epicentre in Sumatra.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1801 – John Adams
became President (Federalist).
Rome – French occupy Rome, creating a Roman
Republic.
Pope imprisoned after refusing to
renounce his temporal authority.
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
Page 187
Date
York
1799
15 July Richard Clegg executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
1800
17 March Mary Thorp and Michael
Simpson executed at Tyburn Gallows.
12 April John McWilliam, Sarah Bayley
and William Dalrymple executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
23 August Elizabeth Johnson executed
at Tyburn Gallows.
1800
United Kingdom – Act of Union formally unites
Great Britain and Ireland as the United Kingdom.
1800
1801
11 April Samuel Lundy executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
2 May James Doughty, Richard Holliday,
Edward Tattersall, George Sedgwick and
Thomas Hodgson executed at Tyburn
Gallows.
29 August Edward Hughes executed at
Tyburn Gallows.
26 August James Roberts, Wiliam Barker
and William Jackson executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
1801
United Kingdom – 17 Mar-10 May 1804 – Henry
Addington became Prime Minister (Tory).
1801
1802
1803
14 March John Terry and Joseph Heald
executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.
2 April Robert Burgess executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1 August Martha Chapel executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
20 August John Mansfield executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1799
France and Italy – Coalition formed of Britain,
Austria, Russia, Portugal and Ottoman Empire
against French. Napoleon became First Consul.
French driven out of Italy.
Rome – 29 Aug – Pope Pius VI died in captivity in
Valance, France.
Naples and Sicily – Kingdom abolished, replaced
for 6 months by Parthenopaean Republic;
Ferdinand restored to throne.
Etruria – Napoleon dispossesses Ferdinand,
grand duke of Tuscany, creates kingdom of
Etruria; crown prince of Parma crowned Louis I.
Rome – 14 Mar-20 Aug 1823 – Cardinal Count
Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti became
Pope Pius VII.
Holy Roman Empire – collapses with Treaty of
Lunéville between France and Austria.
America – 22 Nov – Earthquake measuring
6.5Mw, epicentre in San Diego, California.
Russia – Emperor Paul I assassinated; Alexander
I became emperor.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1809 – Thomas Jefferson
became President (Democratic-Republican).
1802
1803
France – Napoleon Bonaprte created ‘First Consul
for Life’.
Romania – 26 Oct – Earthquake measuring
7.9Mw, epicentre in Vrancea region.
Etruria – Louis II became king.
Page 188
Date
York
Date
Britain
1804
14 April Joseph Waller executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
9 August Jonathan Ellis executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
18 March John Wilkinson and Ann
Heywood executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
29 May Benjamin Aldroyd executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1804
United Kingdom – 10 May-23 Jan 1806 –
William Pitt the Younger became Prime Minister
(Tory).
1806
5 April George Ormond executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
6 May Peter Atkinson executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
16 August Thomas Richardson executed
at gallows behind Castle Walls.
1806
United Kingdom – 11 Feb-31 Mar 1807 – William
Wyndham Grenville, Ist Lord Grenville became
Prime Minister (Whig)’
1806
1807
-1847
Edward
Venables
Vernon
(Harcourt), Archbishop of York.
5 April Thomas Jewett executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
8 August Samuel Paramar and John
Robinson executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
28 March Thomas Allington executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
20 April Thomas Wilbe, William Barber,
James Winterbotham and Edward
Strahan executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
1807
United Kingdom – 31 Mar-4 Oct 1809 – William
rd
Cavendish-Bentinck, 3 Duke of Portland became
Prime Minister (Tory).
1807
1805
1808
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Rest of World
1804
France – Napoleon crowned emperor.
Austrian Empire – Founded by Archduke Franz,
he became Emperor Franz I.
1805
Bavaria – Became a kingdom with Treaty of
Pressburg, Maximillian I became king.
Liechenstein – Prince Alois I died; his brother
Johann I Josef became prince.
Italy – Napoleon takes control of most of the north
of the country; became king.
Netherlands – Louis Bonaparte named king of
Holland.
Liechtenstein – Napoleon incorporates into
Confederation of the Rhine, makes it a sovereign
state.
Württemberg – Became a kingdom; Duke
Frederick II assumes title of King Frederick I.
Austrian Empire and Holy Roman Empire –
Emperor Franz II dissolves Holy Roman Empire.
Naples and Sicily – Napoleon deposes
Ferdinand, replacing him with Joseph Boneparte.
Westphalia
–
Kingdom
created
by
Napoleon;Jérȏme Bonaparte named king.
1808
Spain and Portugal – Charles abdicates in favour
of his son Ferdinand VII.
Rome – Pope Pius VII taken prisoner by French.
Denmark and Norway – Christian VII died;
Frederick VI succeeds him.
Etruria – Kingdom revoked by Napoleon; restores
Grand Duchy of Tuscany ehich he gives to his
sister Elizabeth.
Naples and Sicily – Joachim I became king.
Page 189
Date
York
1809
20 March James Brown and Mary
Bateman executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
9 April Jonathan Graham executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
20 August David Anderson executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
7 April Edward Francis Spence, Robert
King, Robert Vessey and Frances
Thompson executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
14 July Joshua Beaumont executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1810
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1809
United Kingdom – 4 Oct-11 May 1812 - became
Prime MinisterSpencer Perceval became Prime
Minister (Tory).
1809
Sweden – Military coup ousts Gustav IV Adolf;
Charles XIII became king.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1817 – James Madison
became President (Democratic-Republican).
1810
United Kingdom – George III declared insane;
George, Prince of Wales became regent.
1810
Netherlands – Louis Napoleon forced to
abdicateto hs son Louis II, aged 5; Napoleon
invades and dissolves kingdom; became part of
French Empire.
Sweden – Jean-Baptiste Bernadote became king
Charles XIV John.
Crete – 16 Feb – Earthquake measuring 7.5Mw,
epicentre in Heraklion.
Portugal – French driven out.
America – 16 Dec – Earthquake measuring
8.1Mw, epicentre in New Madrid, Missouri.
America – 23 Jan – Earthquake measuring
7.8Mw, epicentre in New Madrid, Missouri.
7 Feb – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw, epicentre
in New Madrid, Missouri.
8 Dec – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre
in Wrightwood, California.
21 Dec – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw, epicentre
in Santa Barbara Channel, California.
France – Napoleon defeated in Battle of the
Nations at Leipzig; allied forces enter Paris.
Spain – French driven out by Wellington;
Ferdinand II became king.
Westphalia – Ceases to exist after Battle of the
Nations.
1811
1812
6 April William Chester executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1813
8 January Luddites George Mellor,
Thomas Smith and William Thorpe
executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.
16 January Luddites John Swallow, John
Balley, Joseph Fisher, Job Hey, John Hill,
William Hartley, James Hey, Joseph
Crowther, Matthew Boyle, James Haigh,
Jonathan Dean, John Ogden, John
Walker and Thomas Brook executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
3 April John Senior, Henry Sutcliffe, John
Robinson, John James and Robert Turner
executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1812
United Kingdom – 8 Jun-9 Apr 1827 – Robert
nd
Banks Jenkinson, 2 Earl of Liverpool (Whig).
1812
1813
Page 190
Date
1815
York
8 April Joseph Blackburn executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
5 August George White and Mark
Bramah executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1814
France – Napoleon abdicates, exiled to Elba;
Louis CVIII became king.
Lombardy – Kingdom formed; Franz I became
king.
Tuscany – Grand Duke Ferdinand restored.
Rome – Pope Pius VI freed by allied forces and
returns to Rome.
Norway and Sweden – Christian VIII of Denmark
elected regent, he abdicates; Norway forms union
with Sweden; Charles III of Sweden elected Karl II.
Hanover – Became kingdom following Treaty of
Vienna; GeorgeIII of UK became king.
Liechtenstein – Johann I Josef restored as
prince.
France – Hundres Days War – Napoleon escapes
from Elba, marches to Paris; defeated at Battle of
Waterloo, exiled to St. Helena.
22 June-7 July – Napoleon II became emperor,
aged 4.
8 July – Louis XVIII restored as king.
United Kingdom of the Netherlands – formerly
unites Belgium and Holland.
Monaco – Became protectorate o Kingdom of
Sardinia; Honoré V became sovereign prince.
Portugal, Brazil and Algarve – Exiled in Brazil,
Queen Maria I elevates Brazil to status of
kingdom; she is proclaimed queen of United
Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarve.
Prussia – Frederick William II restored as king.
Württemberg – Joins German Confederation.
Netherlands – Prince William of Orange became
William I.
Luxembourg – William I of Netherland became
grand duke.
Austria – Franz I restored as emperor.
Naples and Sicily – Ferdinand III restored to
throne.
Serbia – Serbs revolt agains Turkish rule; Milosh
Obrenovich became prince.
Grand Duchy of Posen – Frederick William III
became grand duke.
1815
Page 191
Date
York
1816
A Provident Institution (Savings Bank)
established in York by John Dales and
S.W. Nicoll, at corner of New Street.
6 April James Ord executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
17 March Michael Pickles executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
12 April Dr. Diering and Benjamin
Gartside executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
7 July William King executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
13 August Isaac Bradshaw executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
4 April Samuel Leatherhead executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
15 May Joseph Clayton, Samuel King
and Samuel Booth executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
12 August Joseph Pickersgill, Charles
Puncheon,
William
Kettlewell
and
Thomas Smith executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
19 March William Thompson executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
14 April Michael Shaw executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
30 August Ann Barber executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1 September George Smith, James
Butterworth, James Bennet, William Buck
and James Law executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
6 April James Moseley and William
Roberts executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
1820
Britain
United Kingdom – 29 January George III died,
aged 81.
29 January – 1830 George IV became king.
Date
Rest of World
1816
Portugal – João VI became king.
Württemberg – William I became king.
Naples and Sicily – merged into the Kingdom of
the two Sicilies; Ferdinand I became king.
1817
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1825 – James Monroe
became President (Democratic-Republican).
1818
Sweden and Norway – Charles XIII died; JeanBaptiste Bernadotte, king of Sweden became King
Karl III Johann of Norway.
1820
Hanover – George IV of UK became king.
1821
France – Napoleon Bonaparte died on St. Helena.
Greece – Start of The Greek War of Independence
against Turkish rule.
Page 192
Date
York
Date
Rest of World
1823
24 March William Johnson executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
12 April James Ramsden and Robert
Gell executed at gallows behind Castle
Walls.
1823
1824
30 November Morsire Camfield and
Michael White executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
23 April Richard Holderness executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
13 August Isaac Charlesworth executed
at gallows behind Castle Walls.
1824
Spain – Revolution fails.
Rome – 20 Aug – Pope Pius VII died.
28 Sept-10 Feb 1829 – Cardinal Count Annibale
Sermattei della Genga became Pope Leo XII.
America – 2 June – Earthquake measuring
7.0Mw, epicentre in Kilauea, Hawaii.
France – Charles X became king.
22 April Peter Little and Joseph Lee alias
Lees executed at gallows behind Castle
Walls.
17 July Leonard Wilkinson executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1826
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
Date
1825
1827
2 April William and John Dyon executed
at gallows behind Castle Walls.
26 April John Merton, Matthew Harrison
and John Coates alias Wilkinson
executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.
30 March Martin Slack executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Britain
1828
United Kingdom – 10 Apr-8 Aug – George
Canning became Prime Minister (Tory).
31 Aug-21 Jan 1828 – Frederick John Robinson,
Ist Viscount Goderich became Prime Minister
(Tory).
United Kingdom – 22 Jan-16 Nov 1830 – Arthur
st
Wellesley, 1 Duke of Wellington became Prime
Minister (Tory).
Bavaria – Ludwig I became king.
Russia – Alexander I died; Nicholas I became
emperor.
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies – Francis I The
Bourbon became king.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1829 – John Quincy
Adams
became
President
(DemocraticRepublican).
Portugal – João VI died; Pedro IV became king
who si forced to abdicate; his daughter Maria II
became queen, aged 7, her uncle, Miguel, acts as
regent.
1827
1828
Portugal – Miguel deposes Maria II and proclaims
himself king.
1829
Rome – 10 Feb – Pope XII died.
31 Mar-1 Dec 1830 – Cardinal Francesco Saverio
Castiglioni became Pope Pius VIII.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1837 – Andrew Jackson
became President (Democratic).
Page 193
Date
York
1830
5 April William Shaw executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
2 August Joseph Slater executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1831
5 October Charles Turner and James
Twibell executed at gallows behind Castle
Walls.
1831
1832
18 October William Hodkin executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
30 March Mary Hunter, Ebenezer Wright
and Thomas Law executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
1832
1833
Date
Britain
1830
United Kingdom – 26 June George IV died, aged
67.
26 June-1837 William IV became king.
nd
22 Nov-9 Jul 1834 – Charles Grey, 2 Earl Grey
became Prime Minister (Whig).
Rest of World
1830
Hanover – William IV of UK became king.
France – Charles X abdicates in favour of his
grandson, Henri V for 7 days; Louis-Philippe Duc
d’Orleans became king.
Belgium, Poland, Italy and Germany –
Experience Revolutions.
Kingdoms of the Two Sicilies – Ferdinand II
became king.
Greece – Gain independence from Ottomans.
Montenegro – Petar II became prince-bishop.
Rome – 1 Dec – Pope Pius VIII died.
Belgium – Leopold I became king.
Portugal – Pedro forces Miguel to abdicate; Maria
II restored to throne.
Rome – 2 Feb-1 Jun 1846 – Cardinal Bartolomeo
Alberto Cappelari became Pope Gregory XVI.
Greece – Otto I became king of the Hellenes.
1833
1834
26 April Charles Cooke, Thomas Rogers
and Thomas Morris executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
1834
1835
6 April Ursula Lofthouse, Joseph Heeley
and William Allot executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
1835
1836
2 April Charles Batty executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Date
United Kingdom – 16 Jul-14 Nov – William
nd
Lamb, 2 Viscount Melbourne became Prime
Minister (Whig).
st
14 Nov-10 Dec – Arthur Wellesley, 1 Duke of
Wellington became Prime Minister (Tory).
10 Dec-8 Apr 1835 – Sir Robert Peel became
Prime Minister (Conservative).
United Kingdom – 18 Apr-30 Aug 1841 –
nd
William Lamb, 2 Viscount Melbourne became
Prime Minister (Whig).
1834
1835
1836
Spain – Isabella II became queen, aged 3.
Indonesia – 25 Nov – Earthquake measuring 8.8
– 9.0Mw, epicentre in Sumatra, followed by
tsunami.
-1839 Spain – Civil War (Carlist Wars)
Austrian Empire – Ferdinand became emperor.
Lomabardy – Emperor Ferdinand became king.
Greece – Otto I takes personal control of the
government.
Portugal – Maria II marries Prince Ferdinand of
Saxe-Coburg.
Liechtenstein – Alois II became prince.
America – 10 June – Earthquake measuring
6.5Mw, epicentre in San Francisco Bay, California.
Page 194
Date
York
1837
12 August Thomas Williams executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
Date
Britain
1837
United Kingdom – 20 June William IV died,
aged 71.
20 June – 1901 Victoria became queen, aged 18.
Date
Rest of World
1837
Hanover – Separated from UK; Ernest-Augustus
became king.
Israel – 1 Jan – Earthquake measuring >7.0Mw,
epicentre in Galilee.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1841 – Martin Van Buren
became President (Democratic).
America – June – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw,
epicentre in San Francisco Peninsula, California.
Denmark – Christian VIII became king.
1838
1839
1840
6 April Thomas Musgrave executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
11 April James Bradley executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1841
7 August John Burlinson, Charles Gill
and Henry Nuttall executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
1842
9 April Jonathan Taylor and Robert Nall
executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.
1839
1840
United Kingdom – Queen Victoria marries Prince
Alber of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
1840
1841
United Kingdom – 30 Aug-29 Jun 1846 - Sir
Robert
Peel
became
Prime
Minister
(Conservative).
1841
1842
1843
1844
20 January Joseph Dobson executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
28 December William Kendrew executed
at gallows behind Castle Walls.
1844
1845
1846
8 August John Rodda executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1847
-1860 Thomas Musgrave, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Luxembourg – Grand Duke William abdicates;
William II of the Netherlands succeeds him.
Grand Duchy of Posen – Frederick William IV,
king of Prussia, became grand duke.
Monaco – Florestan I became sovereign prince.
America – 4 Mar-4 Apr – William Henry Harrison
became President (Whig).
4 Apr-4 Mar 1845 – John Tyler became President
(Whig).
1846
United Kingdom – 30 Jun-21 Feb 1852 – Lord
John Russell became Prime Minister (Whig)
1846
1847
America – 5 Jan – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw,
epicentre in Marked Tree, Arkansas.
New Zealand – 8 Jul – Earthquake measuring
7.0Mw, epicentre in Wanganui.
Sweden and Norway – Oscar I became king.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1849 – James K Polk
became President (Democratic).
Rome – 1 Jun – Pope Gregory XVI died.
16 Jun-7 Feb 1878 – Cardinal Count Giovanni
Maria Mastai-Ferretti became Pope Pius IX.
Japan – 8 May – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw,
epicentre in Chūbu region.
Page 195
Date
York
Date
Rest of World
1848
8 January Patrick Reid executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
13 May Michael Stokes executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
Date
Britain
1848
1849
6 January Thomas Malkin executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
31 March George Howe executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1849
1850
17 August William Ross executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1850
Europe – Revolutions in Milan, Naples, Venice
and Rome, Berlin, Vienna, Prague and Budapest.
France – Louis Pillipe abdicates; Louis Napoleon
became president.
Germany – Frankfurt National Assembly meets
gto discuss unification of Germany.
Bavaria – Ludwig I abdicates; Maximilliam II
became king.
Austrian Empire – Emperor Ferdinand abdicates
in favour of his nephew Franz-Joseph.
Lombardy – Franz-Joseph became king.
Rome – Pope Pius IX flees during rebellion and
rioting.
Denmark – Frederick VII became king.
Kingdom of the Sicilies – Franz-Jposeph
became king.
New Zealand – 16 Oct – Earthquake measuring
7.5Mw, epicentre in Marlborough.
Italy and Hungary – Revolutions crushed.
Grand Duchy of Posen – Territory reduced to a
province.
Russia – William III became grand duke.
America – 4 Mar-9 Jul 1850 – Zachary Taylor
became President (Whig).
America – 9 Jul-4 Mar 1853 – Millard Fillmore
became President (Whig).
Hanover – George V became king.
Montenegro – Became a lay-principality; Danilo II
became prince.
France – Napoleon III stages a coup, declares the
Second Empire, with him as emperor.
1851
1852
1853
15 January Alfred Waddington and
James Barber executed at gallows behind
Castle Walls.
9 April Henry Dobson executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – 23 Feb-17 Dec – Edward
th
Smith-Stanley, 14 Earl of Derby became Prime
Minister (Conservative).
19 Dec-30 Jan 1855 – George Hamilton-Gordon,
th
4 Earl of Aberdeen became Prime Minister
(Whig).
1852
1853
Portugal – Maria II died; Pedro V became king,
aged 15, Ferdinand II acts as regent.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1857 – Franklin Pierce
became President (Democratic).
Page 196
Date
York
Date
1855
1856
Britain
United Kingdom – 6 Feb-19Feb 1858 – Henry
rd
John Temple, 3 Viscount Palmerston became
Prime Minister (Whig).
9 August William Dove executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
27 December John Hannah executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
Date
Rest of World
1854
Spain – Liberal revolution overthrows government.
Japan – 23 Dec – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw,
epicentre in Honshu.
Japan – 24 Dec – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw,
epicentre in Honshu.
Russia – Emperor Nicholas I died; Alexander II
succeeds him.
New Zealand – 23 Jan – Earthquake measuring
8.2Mw, epicentre in Wairarapa
Japan – 11 Nov – Earthquake measuring 7.0Mw,
epicentre in Tokyo, followed by tsunami.
Monaco – Florestan I died; Charles III became
sovereign prince.
1855
1856
1857
1858
3 April Joseph Shepherd executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
1858
1859
6 August John Riley executed at gallows
behind Castle Walls.
31 December Charles Normington
executed at gallows behind Castle Walls.
-1862
Charles
Thomas
Longley,
Archbishop of York.
1859
1860
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – 20 Feb-11 Jun
th
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14 Earl of Derby
Prime Minister (Conservative).
United Kingdom – 12 Jun-18 Oct 1865
rd
John Temple, 3 Viscount Palmerston
Prime Minister (Liberal).
1859 –
became
1858
– Henry
became
1859
1860
America – 9 Jan – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw,
epicentre in Fort Tejon, California.
Italy – 16 Dec – Earthquake measuring 6.9Mw,
epicentre in Naples.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1861 – James Buchanan
became President (Democratic).
Liechtenstein – Johann II the God became prince
Sweden and Norway – Charles XV became king
of Sweden and Karl IV of Norway.
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies – Ferdinand II died;
Francis II became king.
Montenegro – Danilo II assassinated; Nikola I
Mirkov Petrović Njegoš became prince.
Page 197
Date
York
Date
1861
1862
Britain
United Kingdom – Prince Albert died.
-1890 William Thomson, Archbishop of
York.
4 January James Waller executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
Date
Rest of World
1861
Monaco – Independent principality status
recognized by France in Franco-Monegasque
Treaty.
Portugal – Pedro V died in cholera epidemic; his
brother Luis I became king.
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies – Merged into the
Kingdom of Italy.
Italy – Vittorio-Emanuele II become king.
Russia – Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.
Indonesia – 16 Feb – Earthquake measuring
8.5Mw, epicentre in Sumatra.
America – 4 Mar-15 Apr – Abraham Lincoln
became President (Republican).
Württemberg – William I died, aged 83; Charles
became king.
Greece – Otto I flees, faced with revolution;
George I elected king, aged 17.
Denmark – Christian IX became king.
Poland – Rebels unsuccessfully against Russian
rule.
New Zealand – 23 Feb – Earthquake measuring
7.5Mw, epicentre in Hawke’s Bay
Bavaria – Ludwuig II became king.
1862
1863
1865
United Kingdom – 29 Oct-26 Jun 1866 – John
Russell, Ist Earl Russell became Prime Minister
(Liberal).
1866
United Kingdom – 28 Jun-25 Feb 1868 –
th
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14 Earl of Derby became
Prime Minister (Conservative).
1864
1865
1866
1867
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Belgium – Leopold II became king.
America – 8 Oct – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw,
epicentre in San Jose, California.
America – 15 Apr-4 Mar 1869 – Andrew Johnson
became President (Democratic).
Germany – George V goes into exile in Paris.
Romania – Alexander Ioan Cuza forced to
abdicate; Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
elected dominator as Carol I.
Austria and Hungary – Austro-Hungarian
Compromise formed
following Hungary’s
dissatifaction with Austrian rule.
Page 198
Date
York
1868
4 April Frederick Parker executed at
gallows behind Castle Walls.
Date
Britain
1868
United Kingdom – 27 Feb-1 Dec – Benjamin
Disraeli became Prime Minister (Conservative).
3 Dec-17 Feb 1874 – William Ewart Gladstone
became Prime Minister (Liberal).
Date
Rest of World
1868
Spain – Queen Isabella deposed by revolution.
America – 3 Apr – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw,
epicentre in Kau, Hawaii, followed by tsunami.
Chile – 19 Aug – Earthquake measuring 9.0Mw,
epicentre in Arica, followed by tsunami.
New Zealand – 19 Oct – Earthquake measuring
7.5Mw, epicentre in Cape Farewell.
America – 21 Oct – Earthquake measuring
6.8Mw, epicentre in Hayward, California.
Württenberg – Absorbed by German Empire.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1877 – Ulysses S Grant
became President (Republican).
France and Prussia – Franco-Prussian War;
Prussians besiege Paris; Napoleon III deposed.
Spain – Amadeo elaected king.
Rome – Papal States annexed by Kingdom of Italy
Germany – Prussian King William I became
emperor.
America – 20 Feb – Earthquake measuring
6.8Mw, epicentre in Molokai, Hawaii.
Sweden and Norway – Oscar II became king.
America – 26 Mar– Earthquake measuring
7.6Mw, epicentre in Owens Valley, California.
America – 15 Dec – Earthquake measuring
7.3Mw, epicentre in North Cascades, Washington.
Spain – King Amadeo abdicates; a republic is
declared.
America – 23 Nov – Earthquake measuring
7.3Mw, epicentre in California - Oregon.
Spain – Monarchy restored; Alfonso XII became
king.
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
United Kingdom – 20 Feb-21 Apr 1880 –
Benjamin Disraeli became Prime Minister
(Conservative).
1876
United Kingdom – Queen Victoria proclaimed
Empress of India
1874
1875
1876
1877
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
India - Queen Victoria of UK,
proclaimed
Empress.
Romania – Carol I leads troops in Russo-Turkish
War
Chile – 10 May – Earthquake measuring 8.8Mw,
epicentre in Iquique.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1881 – Rutherford B
Hayes became President (Republican).
Page 199
Date
York
Date
1880
Britain
United Kingdom – 23 Apr-9 Jun 1885 – William
Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal).
Date
Rest of World
1878
Rome – 7 Feb – Pope Pius IX died.
20 Frb-20 Jul 1903 – Cardinal Gioacchino
Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci became Pope Leo
XIII.
Italy – Umberto I became king.
Bulgaria – Pricipality created in Treaty of Berlin.
Romania – Gains independence form Ottoman
Empire.
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1885
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – 23 Jun-28 Jan 1886 – Robert
rd
Gascoyne-Cecil, 3
Marquess of Salisbury
became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1884
1885
Croatia – 9 Sept – Earthquake measuring 6.2Mw,
epicentre in Zagreb.
Romania – Principality became a sovereign
kingdom; Carol I crowned king.
Bulgaria – Prince Alexander assumes absolute
power.
Russia – Tsar Alexander II assassinated;
Alexander III succeeds him.
Turkey – 3 Apr – Earthquake measuring 6.5Mw,
epicentre in Chios Island.
India – 31 Dec – Earthquake measuring 7.9Mw,
epicentre in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
America – 4 Mar-19 Sept – James A Garfield
became President (Republican).
19 Sept-4 Mar 1885 – Chester A Arthur became
President (Republican).
Indonesia – 26-27 Aug – Volcano eruption of
Krakatoa followed by tsunami, hitting Java and
Sumatra.
Spain – Alfonso XII died; his pregnant wife, Maria
Christina, became a ‘child bearing regent’.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1889 – Grover Cleveland
became President (Democratic).
Page 200
Date
York
Date
Britain
1886
United Kingdom – 1 Feb-20 Jul 1886 – William
Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal).
rd
25 Jul-11 Aug 1892 - Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3
Marquess of Salisbury became Prime Minister
(Conservative).
Date
Rest of World
1886
Spain – Alfonso XIII born as king.
Bavaria – Ludwig II abdicates and drowns himself;
his brother, Otto, became king with his uncle,
Prince Luitpold, acting as regent.
Austria-Hungary – Crown Prince Rudolf and his
mistress, Baroness Mary Vetsara, die in an
apparent suicide pact.
Bulgaria – Prince Alexander abdicates.
America – 31 Aug – Earthquake measuring
7.3Mw, epicentre in Charleston, South Carolina.
Bulgaria – Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg elected
prince.
Germany – William II became Kaiser (emperor).
New Zealand – 1 Sept – Earthquake measuring
7.1Mw, epicentre in North Canterbury
Monaco – Albert I became sovereign prince.
Portugal – Carlos I became king.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1893 – Benjamin Harrison
became President (Republican).
Luxembourg – Grand Duke William III died;
Adolphe succeeds him, aged 73.
America – 24 Apr – Earthquake measuring
6.3Mw, epicentre in Corralitos, California.
Portugal – Portuguese Republican Revolution.
Württemberg – William II became king.
Japan – 27 Oct – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw,
epicentre in Tōkai region.
America – 19 Apr – Earthquake measuring
6.4Mw, epicentre in Vacaville, California.
America – 21 Apr – Earthquake measuring
6.4Mw, epicentre in Winters, California.
New Zealand – 12 Feb – Earthquake measuring
6.9Mw, epicentre in Nelson.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1897 – Grover Cleveland
became President (Democratic).
Russia – Alexander III died; Nicholas II became
tsar.
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
William Connor Magee, Archbishop of
York.
-1908 William Dalrymple Maclagan,
Archbishop of York.
1891
1892
United Kingdom – 15 Aug-2 Mar 1894 – William
Ewart Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal).
1892
1893
1894
1895
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – 5 Mar-22 Jun 1895 –
th
Archibald Primrose, 5 Earl of Rosebery became
Prime Minister (Liberal).
United Kingdom – 25 Jun-11 Jul 1902 – Robert
rd
Gascoyne-Cecil, 3
Marquess of Salisbury
became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1894
1895
America – 31 Oct – Earthquake measuring
6.6Mw, epicentre in Charleston, Missouri.
Page 201
Date
York
Date
1897
Britain
United Kingdom – Queen Victoria celebrates her
Diamond Jubilee.
Date
Rest of World
1896
Greece – 6 Apr-15 Apr – Olympic Games held in
Athens (I Summer).
Japan – 15 June – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw,
epicentre off Pacific Coast of Sanriku, followed by
tsunami.
India – 15 April – Earthquake measuring 8.3Mw,
epicentre in Assam.
America – 4 Mar-14 Sept 1901 – William
McKinley became President (Republican)
20 June – Earthquake measuring 6.3Mw,
epicentre in Calaveras Fault, California.
Austria-Hungary
–
Emporess
Elisabeth
assassinated.
America – 31 March – Earthquake measuring
6.3Mw, epicentre in Mare Island, California.
America – 15 April – Earthquake measuring
6.8Mw, epicentre in Menocino County, California.
America – 4 Sept – Earthquake measuring
7.9Mw, epicentre in Cape Yakataga, Alaska.
America – 10 Sept – Earthquake measuring
8.0Mw, epicentre in Yakutat Bay, Alaska.
Italy –Umerto I assassinated; Vittorio Emanuele III
became king.
France – 14 May-28 Oct – Olympic Games held in
Paris (II Summer).
America – 9 Oct – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw,
epicentre in Kodiac Island, Alaska.
France – Church and State begin to separate.
Russia – Russian Social Revolutionary Party
(Bolsheviks) formed.
New Zealand – 16 Nov – Earthquake measuring
6.9Mw, epicentre in Cheviot.
America – 14 Sept- 4 Mar 1909 – Theodore
Roosevelt became President (Republican).
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
United Kingdom – 22 January Victoria died,
aged 81.
22 January – 1910 Edward VII became king.
1901
1902
United Kingdom – 11 Jul-5 Dec 1905 – Arthur
Balfour became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1902
1903
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Serbia – King Alexander assassinated; Peter I
succeeds him.
Rome – 20 Jul – Pope Leo XIII died.
4 Aug-20 Aug 1914 – Cardinal Giuseppe
Melchoirre Sarto became Pope Pius X.
Page 202
Date
York
Date
1905
Britain
United Kingdom – 5 Dec-7 Apr 1908 – Sir Henry
Campbell-Bannerman became Prime Minister
(Liberal).
Date
Rest of World
1904
America – 1 Jul-23 Nov – Olympic Games held in
St. Louis (III Summer).
Luxembourg – William IV became grand duke.
Sweden and Norway – Sweden recognizes
Norway as independent constitutional monarchy;
Haakon VII became king of Norway.
Denmark – Frederick VIII became king.
Greece – 22 Apr-2 May – International Games
held in Athens.
Sweden – Gustav V became king.
1905
1906
1908
1909
United Kingdom – 7 Apr-25 May 1915 – Herbert
Henry Asquith became Prime Minister (Liberal).
27 Apr-31 Oct – Olympic Games held in London
(IV Summer).
-1928 Cosmo Gordon Lang, Archbishop
of York.
1907
1908
1909
1910
United Kingdom – 6 May Edward VII died, aged
68
6 May – 1936 George V became king.
1910
1911
1912
1913
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Portugal – Carlos I assassinated; Manuel II
became king.
Austria-Hungary – Annexes Bosnia and
Herzegovina.
Bulgaria – Declares independence from Turkey;
Prince Ferdinand I became tsar.
Greece – Crete unifies with Greece.
Italy – 28 Oct – Earthquake, epicentre in Messina,
followed by tsunami.
Belgium – Albert I became king.
American – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1913 – William Howard
Taft became President (Republican).
Portugal – Revolution breaks out; Manuel II flees.
Montenegro – Prince Nikola I assumes title of
king.
Portugal – Monarchy abolished a republic
declared.
Luxembourg – Marie-Adélaïde became grand
duchess.
Denmark – Christian X became king.
Sweden – 5 May-22 Jul – Olympic Games held in
Stockholm. (V Summer).
Bavaria – Ludwig III became king, having deposed
Otto.
Greece – George I assassinated; Constantine I
became king.
Albania – William of Wied became sovereign.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1921 – Woodrow Wilson
became President (Democratic).
Page 203
Date
York
Date
Date
Rest of World
1914
-1918 United Kingdom – First World War
1914
-1918 – First World War.
Austria-Hungary – Archduke Franz Ferdinand
assinated.
Rome – 20 Aug – Pope Pius X died.
3 Sept-22 Jan 1922 – Cardinal Giacomo Della
Chiesa became Pope Benedict XV.
Albania – Prince William goes into exile.
1915
United Kingdom – 25 May-7 Dec 1916 - Herbert
Henry Asquith became Prime Minister (Liberal).
United Kingdom – 7 Dec-19 Oct 1922 – David
Lloyd George became Prime Minister (Liberal).
1915
United Kingdom – George V changes the royal
name from Saxe-Coburg to Windsor.
1917
1916
1917
Britain
1916
1918
1919
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Romania – King Carol I died; Ferdinand I
succeeded him.
Germany – Olympic Games scheduled to be held
in Berlin, cancelled due to WWI (VI Summer).
Montenegro – Royal family flees to Italy.
Greece – Constantine I forced to abdicate in
favour of his son Alexander I.
Russia – Tsar Nicholas III forced to abdicate and
imprisoned by Bolsheviks.
Germany – Revolution breaks out; William II
abdicates; a republic is declared.
Bavaria – Ludwig III deposed.
Württemberg – William II deposed by revolution.
Austria-Hungary – Archduke Karl I steps down
but does not abdicate.
Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia – Peter I returns
from exile to be elected king; Crown Prince
Alexander acts as regent.
Montenegro – King Nikola I goes into exile in
France.
Bulgaria – Tsar Ferdinand I abdicates; his son,
Boris III succeeds him
Russia – 17 July – Tsar Nicholas and his family
executed by Bolsheviks.
Luxembourg – Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde
abdicates and enters a convent; her sister
Charlotte succeeds her.
Germany – Adopts the Weimar Constitution.
Austria-Hungary – Treaty of St. Germain ends
Habsburg monarchy; Czechoslovakia, Poland,
Yugoslavia and Hungary gain independence.
Page 204
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1920
Greece – Alexander I died; Constantine I
reinstated as king.
Belgium – 20 Apr-12 Sept – Olympic Games held
in Antwerp (VII Summer).
Bavaria – Former King Ludwig died in exile.
Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia – Alexander II
became king.
Montenegro – Former King Nikola I died in exile.
America – 4 Mar-2 Aug 1923 – Warren G Harding
became President (Republican).
Monaco – Louis II became sovereign prince.
Rome – 22 Jan – Pope Benedict XV died.
6 Feb-10 Jan 1939 – Cardinal Achille Ambrogio
Damiano Ratti became Pope Pius XI.
Romania - Ferdinand I crowned king.
Greece – Constantine I abdicates again, hies
eldest son became George II.
Spain – General Primo de Rivera became dictator.
Greece – George II goes into exile in Romania,
following a coup.
Japan – 1 Sept – Earthquake, epicentre in Tokyo
and Yokohama, followed by tsunami.
America – 2 Aug-4 Mar 1829 – Calvin Coolridge
became President (Republican).
Greece – George II officially deposed and stripped
of his Greek nationality.
Russia – Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich became
head of the imperial family; he spends his exile in
France.
France – 25 Jan-4 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Chamonix (I Winter).
4 May-27 Jul – Olympic Games held in Paris (VIII
Summer).
1921
1922
United Kingdom – 23 Oct-20 May 1923 –
Andrew Bonar Law became Prime Minister
(Conservative).
1922
1923
United Kingdom – 23 May-16 Jan 1924 –
Stanley Baldwin became Prime Minister
(Conservative).
1923
1924
United Kingdom – 22 Jan-4 Nov – Ramsey
MacDonald became Prime Minister (Labour).
4 Nov-5 Jun 1929 – Stanley Baldwin became
Prime Minister (Conservative).
1924
1925
1926
1927
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Romania – Michael I became king, aged 6; a
regent acts on his behalf.
Page 205
Date
York
1928
-1942 William Temple, Archbishop of
York.
Date
1929
1931
Britain
United Kingdom – 5 Jun-24 Aug 1931 – Ramsey
MacDonald became Prime Minister (Labour).
United Kingdom – Statute of Westminster makes
dominions of the British Empire self-governing.
24 Aug-7 Jun 1935 – Ramsey MacDonald
became Prime Minister (Labour)
Date
Rest of World
1928
Albania – Ahmed Bey Zogu became king.
Switzerland – 11 Feb-19 Feb – Olympic Games
held in St. Moritz (II Winter).
Netherlands – 17 May-12 Aug – Olympic Games
held in Amsterdam (IX Summer).
Rome – The State of the Vatican City is created.
Liechtenstein – Johann II the Good died; his
brother Franz I became prince.
Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia – King Alexander
introduces a personal dictatorship, changes name
of country to Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
New Zealand – 9 Mar – Earthquake measuring
7.1Mw, epicentre in Arthur’s Pass
17 Jun – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw, epicentre
in Murchison.
Newfoundland – 18 Nov – Earthquake measuring
7.2Mw, followed by tsunami.
America – 4 Mar-4 Mar 1933 – Herbert Hoover
became President (Republican).
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Romania – Carol II became king.
Spain – Second Spanish Republic declared; King
Alfonso XIII leaves country but refuses to abdicate.
New Zealand – 3 Feb – Earthquake measuring
7.9Mw, epicentre in Hawke’s Bay
New Zealand – 13 Feb – Earthquake measuring
7.3Mw, epicentre in Hawke’s Bay
Portugal – Former King Manuel II died in exile.
America – 4 Feb-15 Feb - Olympic Games held in
Lake Placid (III Winter).
30 Jul-14 Aug - Olympic Games held in Los
Angeles (X Summer).
Japan – 3 Mar – Earthquake measuring 8.1Mw,
followed by tsunami.
America – 4 Mar-12 Apr 1945 – Franklin D
Roosevelt became President (Democratic).
Page 206
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1934
Belgium – King Albert I died; Leopold III succeeds
him.
Yogoslavia – Alexander I assassinated; Peter II
became king, aged 11.
Bulgaria – A coup establishes a dictatorship.
New Zealand – 5 Mar – Earthquake measuring
7.6Mw, epicentre in Pahiatua
Greece – George II restored to throne
Bulgaria – Boris II stages a counter-coup and
regains control, introducing a form of parliamentary
rule.
-1939 Spain – Spanish Civil War.
Germany – 6 Feb-16 Feb - Olympic Games held
in Garmisch-Partenkirchen (IV Winter).
1 Aug-16 Aug - Olympic Games held in Berlin (XI
Summer).
1935
United Kingdom – 7 Jun-28 May 1937 – Stanley
Baldwin became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1935
1936
United Kingdom – 20 January George V died,
aged 70
20 Jan – Edward VIII became king.
11 Dec – Edward VIII abdicated.
11 Dec-1952 – George VI became king.
United Kingdom – 28 May-3 Sept 1939 – Neville
Chamberlain
became
Prime
Minister
(Conservative).
1936
1937
1937
1938
1939
-1945 United Kingdom – World War II
3 Sept-10 May 1940 – Neville Chamberlain
became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1939
1940
United Kingdom – 10 May-23 May 1945 –
Winston Churchill became Prime Minister
(Conservative).
1940
1941
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Liechtenstein – Franz I abdicates; Franz Josef II
became prince.
Russia – Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich claims
role of head of imperial family.
-1945 – World War II
Rome – 10 Feb – Pope Pius XI died.
2 Mar-9 Oct 1958 – Cardinal Eugenio Giuseppe
Giovanni Pacelli became Pope Pius XIII.
Albania – King Zog goes into exile; Vitorio
Emanuele III became king.
Romania – King Carol II forced to abdicate and
goes into exile; his son Michael restored to throne,
aged 18.
Japan – Olympic Games scheduled to be held in
Sapporo, cancelled due to WWII (V Winter).
Olympic Games scheduled to be held in Tokyo,
cancelled due to WWII (XII Summer).
Spain – Former King, Alfonso died, in Rome.
Greece – Germans invade; George II flees to
Egypt.
Page 207
Date
York
1942
-1955 Cyril Forster Garbett, Archbishop of
York.
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1942
New Zealand – 24 Jun – Earthquake measuring
7.2Mw, epicentre in Wairarapa
New Zealand – 2 Aug – Earthquake measuring
7.0Mw, epicentre in Wairarapa
Bulgaria – Tsar Boris II died; his son, Simeon,
succeeds him aged 6, under a council of regents.
Japan – 7 Dec – Earthquake measuring 8.0Mw,
epicentre of Shima Peninsula, followed by
tsunami.
Italy - Olympic Games scheduled to be held in
Cortina d’Ampexzzo, cancelled due to WWII (V
Winter).
Yogoslavia – Peter II exiled to United States.
when Marshal Tito comes to power and abolishes
monarchy.
America – 12 Apr-20 Jan 1953 – Harry S Truman
became President (Democratic).
Belgium – King Leopold III exonerated of treason.
Italy – Vittorio Emanuelle III retires; Umberto II
replaces him but Italian pubil favour a republic.
Hungary – Republic of Hungary founded.
Bulgaria – Communists seize control; send King
Simeon into exile in Egypt.
Greece – George II restored to throne again.
Aleutian Islands – 1 Apr – Earthquake, followed
by tsunami.
New Zealand – 24 Jun – Earthquake measuring
6.2Mw, epicentre in Lake Coleridge.
Japan – 21 Dec – Earthquake measuring 8.4Mw,
epicentre in Nankai, followed by tsunami.
Denmark – Frederick IX became king.
Romania – King Michael I forced to abdicate;
Communist government announces abolition of
monarchy and replacement by a People’s
Republic.
Greece – George II died; his brother, Paul,
became king.
Switzerland – 30 Jan-8 Feb – Olympic Games
held in St. Moritz (V Winter)
1943
1944
United Kingdom - Olympic Games scheduled to
be held in London, cancelled due to WWII (XIII
Summer).
1944
1945
United Kingdom – 10 May-26 Jul – Winston
Churchill became Prime Minister (Conservative).
25 Jul-26 Oct 1951 – Clement Attlee became
Prime Minister (Labour).
1945
1946
1947
1948
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – Prince Charles born.
29 Jul-14 Aug – Olympic Games held in London
(XIV Summer)
1948
Page 208
Date
York
Date
Rest of World
1949
Monaco – Prince Rainier became sovereign
prince.
Belgium – Leopold III returns to throne, having
been a prisoner during WWII.
Sweden – Gustav VI Adolf became king, aged 67.
Belgium – Leopold abdicates after riots; his son,
Baudouin, became king.
United Kingdom – Princess Anne born.
1950
1951
United Kingdom – 26 Oct-7 Apr 1955 – Sir
Winston Churchill became Prime Minister
(Conservative).
United Kingdom – 6 February George VI died,
aged 56.
6 February Elizabeth II became queen.
1951
1955
-1961
Arthur
Michael
Archbishop of York.
Date
1950
1952
1956
Britain
United Kingdom – 7 Apr-10 Jan 1957 –Sir
Anthony
Eden
became
Prime
Minister
(Conservative).
Ramsey,
1952
Russia – 5 Nov – Tsunami on Kuril Island.
Norway – 14 Feb-25 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Oslo (VI Winter).
Finland – 19 Jul-3 Aug – Olympic Games held in
Helsinki (XV Summer).
1953
Romania – Former King Carol II died, in Portugal.
America – 20 Jan-20 Jan 1961 – Dwight D
Eisenhower became President (Republican).
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
United Kingdom – 10 Jan-19 Oct 1963 – Harold
Macmillan became Prime Minister (Conservative).
United Kingdom – Prince Charles given title of
Prince of Wales.
1957
1958
Bavaria – Crown Prince Rupprecht died; Duke
Albrecht became titular king.
Monaco – Prince Ranier III marries American
actress Grace Kelly.
Italy – 26 Jan-5 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Cortina d’Ampezzo (VII Winter).
Australia – 22 Nov-8 Dec - Olympic Games held
in Melbourne (XVI Summer)
Sweden – 10 Jun-17 Jun – Olympic Games held
in Stockholm (Equestrian – XVI Summer).
Norway – Haakon VII died; Olav V became king.
Rome – 9 Oct – Pope Pius XII died.
28 Oct-3 Jun 1963 – Cardinal Angelo Giuseppe
Roncalli became Pope John XXIII.
America – 9 Jul – Earthquake followed by
tsunami which hit Lituya Bay, Alaska.
1959
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 209
Date
York
Date
1960
1961
-1974
Frederick
Archbishop of York.
Donald
Britain
United Kingdom – Prince Andrew born.
Coggan,
1963
United Kingdom – 19 Oct-16 Oct 1964 – Sir Alec
th
Douglas-Home, 14 Earl of Home became Prime
Minister (Conservative).
1964
United Kingdom – Prince Edward born.
16 Oct-19 Jun 1970 – Harold Wilson became
Prime Minister (Labour).
Date
Rest of World
1960
America – 18 Feb-28 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Squaw Valley (VIII Winter).
Chile – 22 May – Earthquake measuring 9.5Mw,
epicentre off coast of South Central Chile and
volcanic eruption, followed by tsunami.
Italy – 25 Aug-11 Sept – Olympic Games held in
Rome (XVII Summer).
18Sept-25 Sept – Paralympic Games held in
Rome (I Summer).
1961
Albania – King Zog died in exile in France.
America – 20 Jan-22 Nov 1963 – John F
Kennedy became President (Democratic).
1962
1963
1964
Rome – 3 Jun – Pope John XXIII died.
21 Jun-6 Aug 1978 – Cardinal Giovanni Battista
Enrico Antonio Maria Montini became Pope Paul
VI.
Italy – 9 Oct – Landslide at Vajont Dam caused
‘tsunami’ destroying villages of Longarone, Pirago,
Rivalta, Villanova and Faè.
America – 22 Nov-20 Jan 1969 – Lyndon B
Johnson became President (Democratic).
Luxembourg – Grand Duchess Charlotte
abdicates in favour of her son; Prince Jean.
Greece – Constantine II became king.
Austria – 29 Jan-9 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Innsbruck (IX Winter).
America – 27 Mar – Earthquake measuring
9.2Mw, followed by tsunami which hit Alaska,
British Columbia and California.
Japan – Earthquake, epicentre in Niigata, followed
by tsunami.
10 Oct-24 Oct – Olympic Games held in Tokyo
(XVIII Summer).
3 Nov-12 Nov – Paralympic Games held in Tokyo
(II Summer).
1965
1966
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Page 210
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1967
Greece – A military junta abolishes monarchy;
Constantine II goes into exile.
France – 6 Feb-18 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Grenoble (X Winter).
New Zealand – 24 May– Earthquake measuring
7.1Mw, epicentre in Inangahua Junction.
Mexico – 12 Oct-27 Oct – Olympic Games held in
Mexico City (XIX Summer).
Israel- 4 Nov-13 Nov – – Paralympic Games held
in Tel Aviv (III Summer).
America – 20 Jan-9 Aug 1974 – Richard Nixon
became President (Republican).
Yugoslavia – Titular King Peter II died; his son,
Aleksander Karađorđević, became crown prince.
1968
1969
1970
United Kingdom – 19 Jun-4 Mar 1974 – Edward
Heath became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
-1983
Stuart
Yarworth
Archbishop of York.
Blanch,
1974
United Kingdom – 4 Mar-5 Apr 1976 – Harold
Wilson became Prime Minister (Labour).
1974
1975
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1976
United Kingdom- 5 Apr-4 May 1979 – James
Callaghan became Prime Minister (Labour).
1976
1977
United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II’s Silver
Jubilee.
1977
Denmark – Margarethe II became queen.
Japan – 3 Feb-13 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Sapporo (XI Winter).
West Germany – 2 Aug-1 Aug – – Paralympic
Games held in Heidelberg (IV Summer).
26 Aug-11 Sept – Olympic Games held in Munich
(XX Summer).
Sweden – Carl XVI Gustav became king.
Greece – Declared a republic.
America – 9 Aug-20 Jan 1977 – Gerald Ford
became President (Republican).
Spain – Dictator General Francisco Franco died;
monarchy restored; Juan Carlos I became king.
Austria – 4 Feb-15 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Innsbruck (XII Winter).
Sweden – 21 Feb-28 Feb – Paralympic Games
held in Örnsköldsvik (I Winter).
Canada – 17 Jul-1 Aug – Olympic Games held in
Montreal (XXI Summer).
3 Aug-11 Aug – – Paralympic Games held in
Toronto (V Summer).
Philippines – 16 Aug – Earthquake measuring
7.9Mw, epicentre in Mindanao Island, followed by
tsunami.
America – 20 Jan-20 Jan 1981 – Jimmy Carter
became President (Democratic).
Page 211
Date
York
Date
1979
Britain
United Kingdom – Lord Mountbatten killed by
IRA bomb.
4 May-28 Nov 1990 – Margaret Thatcher became
Prime Minister (Conservative).
Date
Rest of World
1978
Rome – 6 Aug – Pope Paul VI died.
26 Aug-28 Sept – Cardinal Albino Luciano
became Pope John Paul I.
16 Oct-2 Apr 2005 – Cardinal Karol Józef Wojtyla
became Pope John Paul II (First Polish Pope).
Columbia – 12 Dec – Earthquake measuring
7.9Mw, followed by tsunami.
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
-1995
John
Stapylton
Archbishop of York.
United Kingdom - 29 July - Prince Charles and
Lady Diana Spencer marry at St. Paul’s Cathedral,
London
United Kingdom – Prince William born.
Habgood,
1984
United Kingdom – Prince Henry (Harry) born.
22 Jul-1 Aug – Paralympic Games held in Stoke
Mandeville (VII Summer/ second part).
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1987
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – Princess Anne made Princess
Royal.
1986
1987
America – 14 Feb-23 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Lake Placid (XIII Winter).
18 May – Eruption of Mount St. Helens caused
tsunami in Spirit Lake.
Norway – 1 Feb-7 Feb – Paralympic Games held
in Geilo (II Winter).
Netherlands – 21 Jun-30 Jun – Paralympic
Games held in Arnhem (VI Summer).
Soviet Union – 19 Jul-3 Aug – Olympic Games
held in Moscow (XXII Summer).
Rome – Pope John Paul II survives being shot.
America – 20 Jan-20 Jan 1989 – Ronald Reagan
became President (Republican).
Monaco – Princess Grace killed in car crash.
Japan – 26 May – Earthquake measuring 7.7Mw,
epicentre in Sea of Japan, followed by tsunami.
Austria – 14 Jan-20 Jan – Paralympic Games
held in Innsbruck (III Winter).
Yogoslavia – 7 Feb-19 Feb – Olympic Games
held in Sarajevo (XIV Winter).
America – 17 Jun-30 Jun – Paralympic Games
held in New York (VII Summer/first part).
28 Jul-12 Aug – Olympic Games held in Los
Angeles (XXIII Summer).
Luxembourg – Former Grand Duchess died of
Cancer.
Montenegro – Prince Michael died in Paris.
New Zealand – 2 Mar – Earthquake measuring
6.3Mw, epicentre in Edgecumbe
Page 212
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1988
Austria – 17 Jan-25 Jan – Paralympic Games
held in Innsbruck (IV Winter).
Canada – 13 Feb-28 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Calgary (XV Winter).
Souht Korea – 17 Sept-2 Oct – Olympic Games
held in Seoul (XXIV Summer).
15 Oct-24 Oct – Paralympic Games held in Seoul
(VIII Summer).
Liechtentein – Franz Josef II died; Hans-Adam
succeeds him.
America – 20 Jan-20 Jan 1993 – George H W
Bush became President (Republican).
New Zealand – 13 May – Earthquake measuring
6.4Mw, epicentre in Weber
Norway – Olav V died; his son Harald V became
king.
France – 8 Feb-23 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Albertville (XVI Winter).
25 Mar-1 Apr – Paralympic Games held in TignesAlbertville (V Winter).
Spain – 25 Jul-9 Aug – Olympic Games held in
Barcelona (XXV Summer).
3 Sept-14 Sept – Paralympic Games held in
Barcelona (IX Summer).
Belgium – Baudouin I died; his brother Albert II
became king.
Japan – 12 Jul – Earthquake measuring 7.8Mw,
followed by tsunami along coast of Hokkaidō.
America – 20 Jan-20 Jan 2001 – Bill Clinton
became President (Democratic).
1989
1990
United Kingdom – 28 Nov-2 May 1997 – John
Major became Prime Minister (Conservative).
1990
1991
1992
United Kingdom – Prince Charles and Princess
Diana separate.
1992
1993
1994
1995
-2005 David Michael Hope, Archbishop of
York.
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
1995
Norway – 12 Feb-27 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Lillehammer (XVII Winter).
10 Mar-19 Mar – Paralympic Games held in
Lillehammer (VI Winter).
New Zealand – 18 Jun – Earthquake measuring
6.7Mw, epicentre in Arthur’s Pass
New Zealand – 6 Feb – Earthquake measuring
7.0Mw, epicentre in East Cape
Page 213
Date
York
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
1996
United Kingdom – Prince Charles and Princess
Diana divorce.
1996
1997
United Kingdom – Princess Diana died in a car
crash in Paris, France.
2 May-27 Jun 2007 – Tony Blair became Prime
Minister (Labour).
1997
Bavaria – Franz, duke of Bavaria, became titular
king.
America – 19 Jul-4 Aug – Olympic Games held in
Atlanta (XXVI Summer).
16 Aug-25 Aug – Paralympic Games held in
Atlanta (X Summer).
France - Princess Diana (UK) died in a car crash
in Paris.
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden
Jubilee.
2002
2003
2004
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
Japan – 7 Feb-22 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Nagano (XVIII Winter).
5 Mar-14 Mar – Paralympic Games held in
Nagano (VII Winter).
Papua New Guinea – 17 Jul – Earthquake
measuring 7.1Mw, followed by tsunami.
Luxemobourg – Grand Duke Jean abdicates in
Fvour of his son, Henri.
Australia – 15 Sept-1 Oct - Olympic Games held
in Sydney (XXVII Summer).
18 Oct-29 Oct – Paralympic Games held in
Sydney (XI Summer).
America – 20 Jan-20 Jan 2009 – George W Bush
became President (Republican).
America – 8 Feb-24 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Salt Lake City (XIX Winter).
7 Mar-16 Mar – Paralympic Games held in Salt
Lake City (VIII Winter).
New Zealand – 22 Aug – Earthquake measuring
7.1Mw, epicentre in Fiordland
Greece – 13 Aug-29 Aug – Olympic Games held
in Athens (XXVIII Summer).
17 Sept-28 Sept – Paralympic Games held in
Athens (XII Summer).
New Zealand – 22 Nov – Earthquake measuring
7.2Mw, epicentre in Puysegur Trench.
Indian Ocean – 26 Dec – Earthquake measuring
9.3Mw, followed by tsunami which hit Ao Nang,
Thailand.
Page 214
Date
2005
York
John Sentamu, Archbishop of York.
Date
Britain
2005
United Kingdom – Prince Charles marries
Camilla Parker-Bowles, she became duchess of
Cornwall.
Date
Rest of World
2005
Monaco – Prince Renier died; Prince Albert II
became sobereign prince.
Rome – 2 Apr – Pope John Paul II died.
19 Apr – Cardinal Joseph Alois Ratzinger became
Pope Benedict XVI.
Italy – 10 Feb-26 Feb – Olympic Games held in
Turin (XX Winter).
10 Mar-19 Mar – Paralympic Games held in Torino
(IX Winter).
Indean Ocean – 17 July – Earthquake measuring
7.7Mw, followed by tsunami, which hit Cilacap.
Kuril Island – 15 Nov – Earthquake measuring
8.3Mw, followed by tsunami.
Solomon Islands – 24 April – Earthquake
measuring 8.1Mw, followed by tsunami.
Japan – 16 July – Earthquake measuring 6.8Mw,
epicentre in Niigata, followed by tsunami.
New Zealand – 20 Dec – Earthquake measuring
6.8Mw, epicentre in Gisborne
China – 8 Aug-24 Aug – Olympic Games held in
Beijung (XXIX Summer).
6 Sept-17 Sept – Paralympic Games held in
Beijing (XIII Summer).
New Zealand – 15 Jul – Earthquake measuring
7.8Mw, epicentre in Fiordland.
America – 20 Jan – Barack Obama became
President (Democratic).
Canada – 12 Feb-28 Feb – Olympic Games held
in Vancouver (XXI Winter).
12 Mar-21 Mar – Paralympic Games held in
Vancouver (X Winter).
Chile – 27 Feb – Earthquake measuring 8.8Mw,
followed by tsunami.
New Zealand – 4 Sept – Earthquake measuring
7.1Mw, epicentre in Darfield, Canterbury
New Zealand – 29 Sept – Earthquake measuring
6.4Mw, epicentre in White Island
2006
2007
United Kingdom – 27 Jun-11 May 2010 –
Gordon Brown became Prime Minister (Labour).
2007
2008
2009
2010
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
United Kingdom – 11 May – David Cameron
became Prime Minister (Conservative).
2010
Page 215
Date
2012
York
5 April Queen Elizabeth II distributes
Maundy Money at a service in the
Minster.
Date
Britain
Date
Rest of World
2011
United Kingdom – 29 April – Prince William
marries Catherine Middleton at Westminster
Abbey.
2011
New Zealand – 2 Feb – Earthquake measuring
6.3Mw, epicentre in Christchurch, causing ice tuble
off Tasman Glacier, producing ‘tsunami in Tasman
Lake.
Japan – 11 Mar – Earthquake measuring 9.0Mw
off Pacific caoast, followed by Tsunami.
2012
United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond
Jubilee.
27 Jul- 12 Aug – Olympic Games held in London
(XXX Summer).
29 Aug-9 Sept – Paralympic Games held in
London (XIV Summer).
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
Russia – 7 Mar-16 Mar – Paralympic Games to be
held in Sochi (XI Winter).
Brazil – 7 Sept-18 Sept – Paralympic Games to
be held in Rio De Janeiro (XV Summer).
Korea Republic – 9 Mar-18 Mar – Paralympic
Games to be held in PyeongChang (XII Winter).
Bibliography
Hargrove, W; History and Description of the Ancient City of York, 1818.
Kerr, G; Timeline of Kings and Queens, from Charlemagne to Elizabeth II, 2008.
Nicholls, R. A; Timeline of War, from Early Weaponry to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Beyond, 2008.
Dyer, A; The English Sweating Sickness of 1551: An Epidemic Anatomized, Medical History, 1997.
www.wikipedia.com
www.yorkminster.org
©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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©PastSearch2012 - Timeline
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