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Name______________________________ Andrew Jackson Date:_____________ Andrew Jackson was a military general in the War of 1812. He was a war hero. He was nicknamed, “Old Hickory”, because he was very strong like a hickory tree. In 1824, Jackson first ran for president. His opponent was John Quincy Adams, who was the son of John Adams. John Quincy Adams grew up very wealthy and many Americans could not relate to him. In this election Jackson won the popular vote. Neither candidate won the majority of the electoral votes. When neither candidate wins the majority of the electoral vote, the House of Representatives decides who becomes president. Henry Clay who was the Speaker of the House, helped get Adams elected. This election became known as the “corrupt bargain”. Old Hickory 1. What was the “Corrupt Bargain”? Andrew Jackson ran for president again in 1828 and this time he won. Jackson connected with ordinary/common Americans especially from the west and south. In his inauguration speech, Jackson’s supporters said the election was a victory (win) for the common man. Jackson replaced many government officials with people who supported him. He openly defended this by saying it was helping democracy by getting new people involved in government. This practice of giving supporters government jobs is known as the spoils system. 2. What was the spoils system? When Andrew Jackson became president more than 100,000 Native Americans lived east of the Mississippi River. The Cherokees had adopted some American customs. Some could speak and read English. They had their own constitution and claimed to be a separate nation. In 1825 and 1827, the state of Georgia passed a law forcing the Creeks and Cherokees to give up their land and move west. Georgia said the Cherokees were not a separate nation and had to give up their land. The Cherokee Nation filed a lawsuit. In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, the court said the Native Americans had to move, but in Worchester v. Georgia, the Supreme Court ruled that the Cherokee could stay. President Jackson wanted the Native Americans to be removed. He did not support the decision of Worchester v. Georgia. He did not follow this decision and instead helped Congress pass the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This law gave Jackson the power to move all Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. 3. What was the result of Worchester v. Georgia? 4. What was the Indian Removal Act of 1830? The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced Native Americans to move west to Oklahoma. The Cherokees were forced to move hundreds of miles. They had very little food and shelter. This removal took place during the winter. Due to the harsh (hard) conditions over 4,000 Native Americans died. This became known as the Trail of Tears. 5. What was the Trail of Tears? Jackson disliked the National Bank. He felt it only helped the wealthy. The National Bank needed to be re-chartered. Jackson vetoed the charter for the National Bank. 6. Why did Jackson dislike the National Bank?