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Chapter 11 Review Sheet Matching An overwhelming victory landslide The process of moving to a new place relocation Largest single share plurality More than half majority To cancel nullify Andrew Jackson’s opponent in 1828 John Quincy Adams Mistrusted strong central government Democratic-Republicans Opposed Jackson on issues about the National Bank Henry Clay Andres Jackson’s rivals Whigs MULTIPLE CHOICES Which president’s popularity with the “common” man changed politics? Andrew Jackson Some southerners wanted to break away from the United States? Secede Who won the 1824 presidential election? John Quincy Adams The practice of replacing government employees with the winning candidates’ supporters became known as…? The spoils system A government permit to operate a Bank of the United States was called what? Charter What 1824 presidential nominee was the son of a former president? John Quincy Adams Which act did Congress pass in order to relocate Native Americans? Indian Removal Act The Bank of the United States was chartered by? Congress Which president was raised in poverty? Andrew Jackson Which of the following showed that the federal government would not allow a state to go its own way without a fight? Force Bill SHORT ANSWERS What was the “corrupt bargain” between Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams? In the 1824 election, no candidate received a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives would select the president. Henry Clay, Speaker of the House, agreed to use his influence to help Adams become president. Once in office, Adams appointed Clay secretary of state, traditionally the stepping stone to the presidency. Andrew Jackson’s followers accused the two of making a “corrupt bargain” and stealing the election. Summarize the Supreme Court case of Worcester v. Georgia? The Cherokee nation refused to give up its land in Georgia and relocate to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. In the treaties of the 1790s, the federal government had recognized the Cherokee people in the state of Georgia as a separate nation with its own laws. The Cherokee sued the state government and eventually took their case to the supreme court, Worcester v. Georgia. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee because only the federal government had authority over matters concerning the Cherokee. President Jackson supported Georgia’s efforts to remove the Cherokee. He vowed to ignore the Supreme Court’s ruling.