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8065-02 Unit 206: Healthier foods and special
Balanced Diets
Foods and Nutrients
Nutrients are essential to the correct functioning of
the body. A mixture of nutrients should be
consumed for good health. Health authorities in
most countries provide nutritional advice. The
Australian Guide to Healthy Eating is used to
describe daily recommended dietary intake.
Key messages
Enjoy a variety of foods
Grain based products
Vegetables and legumes
Dairy products
Protein products
Other products
Foods and Nutrients
Dietary guidelines:
Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods
Eat plenty of breads and cereals (preferably wholegrain), vegetables (including legumes)
and fruits
Eat a diet low in fat and, in particular, low in saturated fat
Maintain a healthy body weight by balancing physical activity and food intake
Do not drink excessive amounts of alcohol. The maximum recommended intake is 2
standard drinks per day for women, and 4 standard drinks for men
Eat only a moderate amount of sugars and foods containing added sugars
Choose low salt foods and use salt sparingly
Encourage and support breastfeeding
Specific needs apply for calcium and iron