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Transcript
Food Choices and Health
Stage 1 Research and Analysis
Task 4
Reference: Nutrition the Inside Story, HEIA, 2003
Why worry about what we eat?

It is well accepted that nutrition is
strongly linked to major causes of ill
health in Western countries - e.g.
heart disease, stroke, diabetes and
some types of cancer. Many diseases
common in Australia are ‘lifestyle’
diseases related to what we choose to
eat. (Nutrition The Inside Story, p
116)
Diet related diseases
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Anaemia
Cancer
Cardio vascular
disease
Diabetes
Intestinal Diseases
Osteoporosis
Overweight and
obesity
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p.116
Alcoholism
Allergies and food
intolerance
Dental Caries
Eating Disorders
Malnutrition
Linked with poor food choices
Too Much:
 _fat (especially saturated fat),
salt, sticky sugary foods, alcohol.
 Not Enough:
 _dietary fibre, complex
carbohydrates, calcium and iron,
folate.

Part 1 Choose one diet related disease from

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Anaemia
Cancer
Cardio vascular
disease
Diabetes
Intestinal Diseases
Osteoporosis
Overweight and
obesity


What are the diet
related causes of
this disease?
What is it like to
have this disease?
How do people
feel? How does it
impact on their life
and what they do?
Dietary Guidelines for Australians
p 72

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Prevent excess weight gain
Enjoy a wide variety of nutritious foods
Eat plenty of vegetables, legumes and fruits
Eat plenty of cereals including rice, pasta –
wholegrain
Include lean meat, poultry, fish and / or
alternatives
Limit saturated fat and moderate total fat intake
Choose foods low in salt
Limit alcohol intake
Drink plenty of water
Encourage and support breastfeeding
Care for your food: prepare and store it safely.
Enjoy a wide variety of
nutritious foods
p.76


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More than 50 nutrients are found in foods
and thousands of important non-nutrients.
No one food group can supply all the
needed nutrients
Should eat lots of different foods from lots
of different sources
Encourage children to eat a wide variety of
different foods from an early age.
Each group has unique nutrients


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p. 76
Wholegrain breads and cereals – rich in B
vitamins and fibre
Fruit and vegetables – Vitamin C and folate
Dairy foods best source of calcium
Red meats – rich in iron and zinc
Fish is an excellent source of omega 3 fats
Nuts and vegetable oils are rich in essential
fatty acids and vitamin E.
What should we be eating?
Australian guide to healthy eating

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p. 76
Children and teenagers 12-18 years
number of serves daily from each group
Cereals – 5-11
Vegetables, legumes – 3
Fruit – 3
Milk, yoghurt, cheese – 3
Lean meat, fish, poultry, nuts, legumes – 1
Extra foods – cakes, pies, soft drinks,
lollies etc – 1-3 maximum
CSIRO Survey 2007
CSIRO Well Being Plan for Kids, 2009

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Surveyed Australian children’s eating and
activity habits
Most children consume enough energy and
nutrients to grow and be active
Worrying trends about source of nutrients
Across all ages not enough dairy, fruit and
vegetables and wholegrain cereals are being
consumed
Consuming too much saturated fat, salt and
sugar
Older children sleep less, are less active and
have more ‘screen’ time- -TV; computers;
mobiles etc
Unhealthy eating and activity
Patterns

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There are long term health implications for
future heart, metabolic and dental health
Leads to a higher cancer risk
¼ of all Australian children are overweight
or obese
Overweight and obesity are risk factors for
heart disease and diabetes as adults
Avoiding obesity in children is critical to
future health as adults.
It is important to get a good start by
establishing healthy habits when kids are
young.
Part 2 Make up a 10 question survey to find
out if your friends eat a healthy diet

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Look at what they should be eating
Ask closed questions with limited choices of
answers
Ask questions related to the disease you
researched
Put your survey onto survey monkey
www.surveymonkey.com
Send the link to 10-20 friends plus your
teacher.