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The Endocrine System By: Lynn Breisch & Kayla Zegar What is the Endocrine System? Regulates mood, growth and development, tissue function, metabolism, sexual function and reproductive processes. Is in charge of slow body processes (cell growth), but is interdependent, interconnected, and interrelated, faster processes (breathing &body movement) What Parts Are Involved? How does it work? • Hormone secreted • Travels in bloodstream • Binds to protein • Transmit chemical instructions to cell • Normal level Example #1 • thyroid gland secreted adequate hormones • pituitary gland senses the normal levels • adjusts thyrotropin release Thyrotropin pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones. Example #2 • parathyroid hormone, increases calcium level • parathyroid glands sense change • decrease secretion • "turnoff process" = negative feedback Etiology & Types Diabetes: Condition where the blood sugar level consistently runs too high. • Most common endocrine disorder • Type 1 diabetes: blood sugar problem is caused by insulin deficiency • Type 2 diabetes: blood sugar problem due to insulin resistance Diabetes Symptoms • • • • • • Elevated blood sugar levels Loss of glucose in urine Dehydration Fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Weight loss Infections of the bladder, skin, and vaginal areas. • Blurred vision, lethargy, coma (extreme conditions...don't panic) Methods of Treatment • Natural • Lifestyle modification • Insulin injections • Diabetic pills • Self-Monitor • Education • Foot care Legs of diabetic with Diabetic Dermopathy (shin spots or pigmented pretibial patches) ---> Foot ulcer in diabetic patient Osteoporosis World's tallest man 8' 11'' Other Places in World • World Diabetes Day: November 14 • China: largest diabetic population (2.7% of adults) • India: 2nd largest diabetic population (6% of adults) The End