Download NaturalSelection - San Elijo Elementary School

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Evolutionary history of life wikipedia, lookup

Introduction to evolution wikipedia, lookup

Theistic evolution wikipedia, lookup

Saltation (biology) wikipedia, lookup

Genetics and the Origin of Species wikipedia, lookup

Hologenome theory of evolution wikipedia, lookup

Natural selection wikipedia, lookup

Koinophilia wikipedia, lookup

Inclusive fitness wikipedia, lookup

Sexual selection wikipedia, lookup

Sociobiology wikipedia, lookup

Ecology wikipedia, lookup

On the Origin of Species wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Natural Selection
Objective 2-3
Artificial Selection (Selective
Breeding)
• Nature develops all traits
• Humans choose which traits they like and
use selective breeding to manipulate the
traits
• Darwin witnessed this in domestic
animals: dogs, cats, cows, etc.
• He used this observation to develop the
concept of Natural Selection
Natural Selection
•
Darwin defined how nature chooses what
lives and what dies as Natural Selection:
1. Struggle for existance
•
Animals are always competing to survive
2. Survival of the Fittest
•
Those animals with the best traits to survive
in their specific environment are more likely
to live and reproduce
•
Their children would also have the useful traits
Natural Selection
3. Descent with Modification
•
•
•
Each generation is slightly different from the
one before it
After 1,000s of generations a species can
look very different
Common Descent: if you go back in time far
enough, every living thing is related
Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
1. Individual organisms differ, and some of
this variation is heritable.
2. Organisms produce more offspring than
can survive.
3. Because more organisms are produced
than can survive, they compete for
limited resources.
Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
4. Individuals best adapted to their
environment survive and reproduce most
successfully. These organisms pass
their heritable traits to their offspring.
5. Species alive today are descended with
modification from species that lived in the
distant past. If you go back far enough
all life on this planet is linked in one great
tree of life.