Download “jazz” evolution - Cognella Academic Publishing

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Traditional sub-Saharan African harmony wikipedia, lookup

Jazz drumming wikipedia, lookup

History of music in the biblical period wikipedia, lookup

Popular music wikipedia, lookup

World music wikipedia, lookup

other professionals are found throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. Musicians may be attached to the court of a ruler, who serves as their patron. Others are paid as they travel
from village to village. Training generally takes the form of informal apprenticeships
under the tutorial supervision of a relative. Mnemonic aids, such as the singing of
nonsense syllables, serve as a basis for basic rote learning. The methods are similar to
those used in teaching Hindu drumming and Japanese gagaku.
The Basongye of the Congo have five classes of musicians: the professional instrumentalists; performers of slit drums; the rattle and double bell players; the song
leader; and members of vocal ensembles. Most Basongye tend to have a low regard
for musicians and discourage their children from becoming musicians. Ironically,
musicians are still a vital part of the community.
In some societies the privilege of playing particular musical instruments is governed
by strict rules. In Ruanda, for example, the privilege of playing the six royal drums
was reserved for one particular musician. Only a few young musicians of exceptional
virtuosity can aspire to be one of the official drummers. Drumming styles are based on
multiple polyrhythms, syncopation, polymetrical stratification, and dense textures.
The structure of Mandinka society involves three levels of stratification. The privileged class of nobles (foroolu) at the upper strata is followed by the artisans called the
amaaloolu. Blacksmiths (numoolu), leather workers (karankeolu), and jalis (or jelis)
Slit drums (ogoro) (Photo by Alissa Roedig).
Traditional African Music • 49