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Living anatomy of Heart
Dr. Ashraf Hussain
• An echocardiogram is a test in which ultrasound is
used to examine the heart.
• Displaying a cross-sectional "slice" of the beating
heart, including the chambers, valves and the
major blood vessels that exit from the left and
right ventricle
• M-mode
• two- dimensional (2-D) Echo
• Doppler Examination
• 3-D echo
What information does
Echocardiography and Doppler
Size of the chambers of the heart
Pumping function of the heart
Valve Function
Volume status
Other Uses: fluid in the pericardium,
congenital heart diseases, blood clots or
tumors within the heart
3-D Echo
Transthoracic Echocardiography
• Left parasternal
• Long axis view
• Short axis view
• Apical vindow
• 4 chamber view
• 5 chamber view
• 2chamber view
Subcostal window
Interatrial septum
Suprasternal window
Aorta in coarrctation
Right parasternal
• A S & Ascending
Mitral stenosis
Aortic regurgitation
Ventricular septal defect