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Transcript
On the adjacent board, write down words,
geographical terms, names, places, etc. that you
know to be associated with ancient Greece.
Government
Economy
Culture
Religion
Chapter 10
Section 1



550 BCE-started the
Persian Empire by
conquering the Medes
Conquered Southwest Asia,
Asia Minor, Mesopotamia,
and east to Jaxartes River
529 BCE-largest empire
ever

Strong Army
◦ Immortals: Elite fighting force
10,000 strong
◦ Cavalry: mounted archers



Tactics-cavalry would
soften up the enemy then
Immortals would clean up
Mounted Archer
Allowed conquered people
to retain customs




Claimed throne
and killed all
rivals
Restored order
Improved
Persian society
Expanded the
empire


“King of kings”
Divided empire into 20
provinces
◦ Each led by a satrap
(governor)
 Collected taxes
 Put down rebellions
 Served as judges

Darius sent officials to
make sure satraps were
loyal

Persepolis-new Capital
◦ 3,000 relief sculptures
◦ Statues decorated with
gold, silver, and jewels

Built roads to connect
empire (communication
& trade)
◦ Royal Road-1,700 miles
long



Monotheistic religion
Good VS Evil
Priests encouraged
people to join the good
side

Expanded the borders of empire: North, South,
and West


499 BCE-448 BCE
Greek city-states VS Persian Empire


545 BCE-Persian
Empire takes over
Greek colonies (Asia
Minor)
499 BCE-Greek
colonies revolt with
Athenian help
◦ Persians defeat them

Darius I is outraged
◦ “Sire, remember the
Athenians”


11,000 Athenian
hoplites VS 15,000
Persians
Greek Victory
◦ Better tactics and
leadership
◦ Phalanx

According to legend:
origin of the
marathon
◦ “Rejoice! We conquer!”
https://Battle of
Marathon



Son of Darius I
480 BCE-Leads
invasion of Greece
with Persian Army
and Navy
Alliance between
Athens (best Greek
navy) and Sparta
(best Greek army)




1,400 Greek
soldiers, led by
Leonidas(Sparta)
VS 80,000100,000 Persian
soldiers
Strategic position:
narrow pass
Greeks held them
off for 3 days
Persians burned
Athens




Naval battle
Athenian navy lured
Persian ships into
narrow strait
Athenian triremes
outmaneuvered and
sunk many Persian
ships
Greek Victory




After Battle of
Salamis
Spartan-led army
defeats the
remaining Persians
Concluded major
part of GrecoPersian Wars
The Persians were
defeated in Greece
(humiliated)