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Alice Langford Tauranga Girls’ College Space Dominoes Sphere The blackest part of a shadow, the region of complete shadow Hemisphere A curved shape that is wide in the middle and pointed at the ends Equator When the moon is three-quarters of the way through the month Axis Small, rocky body that orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupiter Rotate Revolve Orbit The partial shadow, between regions of complete shadow and complete illumination A short amount of time when all or part of the Sun or the Moon becomes dark An object that orbits a planet Umbra The Sun and all the bodies that revolve around it including planets, asteroids, and comets Penumbra The time taken for a planet to make one complete orbit around the Sun Solar system The study of objects in space, such as planets, moons, stars Planet Ball of ice and dust orbiting the Sun. It has a head and a tail Moon Atmosphere Astronomy When the moon is a quarter of the way through a month Imaginary line through the centre of Earth Path followed by an object in space as it revolves around another object Alice Langford Tauranga Girls’ College Day A planet’s natural satellite Year A large body of rock or gas that moves around a star e.g. Earth Tilt Rock that burns up as it enters the Earth’s atmosphere at high speed The time taken for a planet to make one Phases of the Moon complete turn on its axis Satellite First quarter Last quarter Crescent A large collection of stars held together by gravity Solid ball or globe Mixture of gases surrounding the Earth (or any other planet) A ball of gases in which nuclear reactions are occurring Constellation When the moon is more than half but less than fully lit up Star When something is moving in a circle around another object Galaxy Imaginary line that circles the middle of Earth dividing it into the two hemispheres Meteor The changing shape of the moon over a month as seen from Earth Comet Half of a sphere; the earth is divided into the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere Asteroid An officially recognised star pattern e.g. The Southern Cross Eclipse Gibbous On an angle Turn around on an axis Alice Langford Tauranga Girls’ College Teacher Notes Preparing the dominoes cards 1. Print the template onto coloured paper. 2. Laminate and then cut up into individual cards. 3. A class of 30, working in groups of 3, will need 10 sets of cards. Using the dominoes cards 1. Shuffle the cards. 2. Spread out all 30 cards on the table. 3. Each card is NOT a matching pair in itself. Two other cards can be placed on either side of it so that the two neighbouring cards make up a correct statement. 4. Each card fits only in one place and when the group has placed all cards correctly they will form ONE closed loop.