Download Earth: Making of a Planet – National Geographic Integrated Science

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Earth: Making of a Planet – National Geographic
Integrated Science
1. How did Earth form?
Gravity pulled together dust and rock in space
2. How old is Earth?
4.5 billion years old
3. How did the moon form?
Debris from a collision gathered into a ring and then into the moon
4. Where did Earth’s water come from?
Meteors from space carried water inside salt crystals
5. Name one reason life was impossible on early Earth.
Atmosphere was toxic and temperature was scorching
6. Where is life suggested to have begun?
Water (near volcanic vents)
7. What was the only type of life on the planet for hundreds of millions of years?
Single celled bacteria
8. What important gas did stromatolites (cyanobacteria) release into the atmosphere?
9. What happened during the Cambrian Explosion?
10. Describe the first land plants.
11. What was special about Tiktaalik?
12. Why were insects so big hundreds of millions of years ago?
13. Why are eggs important?
14. What was the name of the supercontinent 200,000,000 years ago?
15. What did dinosaurs evolve from?
16. What is oil made of?
17. What caused dinosaurs to go extinct?
18. How long ago did dinosaurs go extinct?
19. How did mammals survive this mass extinction?
20. On which continent did humans evolve?
21. Why did humans begin walking on two legs?
22. How did Native Americans get to America?