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Transcript
3.1.1 Diversity of Organisms
3.1.2 Micro-organisms
3.1.3 Monera, e.g. Bacteria
Follow-Me – iQuiz
Q. To which kingdom do bacteria belong?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Other than being prokaryotic, state two ways in which a
typical bacterial cell differs from a typical human cheek cell.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What is meant when a bacterium is described as being
pathogenic?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Describe how some bacteria respond in order to survive when
environmental conditions become unfavourable.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. To which kingdom does the organism used in industrial
fermentation belong?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What are substances produced by micro-organisms that
inhibit growth or reproduction of bacteria or fungi called?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What are photosynthetic bacteria?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Name two forms of heterotrophic nutrition found in bacteria.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Why are antibiotics not prescribed for a person suffering from
a viral infection?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Under what circumstances does a bacterial cell form an
endospore?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What are chemosynthetic bacteria?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What term is used for the type of asexual reproduction used
by bacteria?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Some bacteria have a layer outside the cell wall. Name this
layer and state its function.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What is autotrophic nutrition?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Suggest an advantage of classifying organisms.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What is saprophytic nutrition?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Give examples of two harmful bacteria.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. Name a structure, other than the capsule, which is not found
in all bacteria.
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
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for the Next Question
Q. Name any two of the main bacterial types (shapes).
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What is the function of flagella?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
THIS BOX
for the Next Question
Q. What is heterotrophic nutrition?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
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for the Next Question
Q. Why are doctors reluctant to prescribe antibiotics to patients
suffering from the common cold?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
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for the Next Question
Q. Why are saprophytic bacteria important in nature?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
Please CLICK on
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for the Next Question
Q. What term is used for the organism from which a parasite
obtains its food?
Antibiotics
Flagellum; Plasmid
Organism uses food already
made by other organisms
Antibiotics have no
effect on viruses
Fungi
Organisms feed on dead
matter
Binary fission
Harsh unfavourable
conditions
Parasitic, Saprophytic
Capsule or Mucilage;
Protection
Host
Produce (endo)spores
Cell wall; Size; Capsule;
Flagellum; Plasmid
Identification
Rod; Coccus; Spiral
Common cold is a viral
disease; Antibiotics do not
affect viruses
Monera; Prokaryotae
Tuberculosis; Cholera;
Tetanus; Sore throat
Decompose dead organisms;
Recycle nutrients
Movement
Use a chemical reaction to
make food or obtain energy
Disease-causing
Organism makes its own
food
Using light to make food
or obtain energy
CONGRATULATIONS
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