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The Fall of the Roman Empire: Guided Notes I. Challenging the Status Quo Rome tolerated many religions and tolerated the fact that people worshiped many Gods, but when the religion __________________ started, it worshiped 1 God. Rome didn’t like this idea of worshipping just one god is called ____________________. The individual who is given credit for the inspiration is a man that many refer to as the son of God. His name is __________________. Another group who challenged Rome by believing in only 1 God was the___________________. Neither group would worship the Emperors, or the Roman Gods. The Jews had harsh restrictions put on them, so when they tried to rebel, their holy temple (THE HOLIEST OF SHRINES TODAY) was burned to the ground. A half of a million Jews died in the resistance. The Romans then tried to build a shrine to _______________ in the same place as the Jewish Temple. Again rebellion, and another half million Jews lost their lives. The Christians were even more hated than the Jews. A ruler named ___________________ordered the first persecution of the Christians. It was said that during the reign of Marcus Aurelius’s approval, many Christians were brought to trial to give up Christianity, if they refused, the were sent to the _____________in the ______________. It is said that they died as a ___________________. II. The Empire Declined and Fell Most historians agree that the Roman Empire fell with Marcus Aurelius’s son, ____________________. This again brought back the problem of _________________. It is said that Rome’s decline happened in 4 stages the first was based on ______________________, __________________, __________________, and _________________ turmoil. Describe these 4: 1 2 3 4 The second stage was a time of revival, where Rome found itself____________________ into an Eastern and Western part. The third stage was when the Empire fell into the hands of _______________________. Rome continued with the help of two of the last great Emperors. Their names were _________________, and _____________________. Diocletian’s reforms: 1 2 3 4 5 Civil war broke out after Diocletian retired causing ______________________. A young noble Christian took over the western half of the Empire. Constantine stopped the Christian _______________________. The ___________________ allowed people to choose their religion. This made Constantine very popular, so popular that he moved the capitol, Rome, to a new location, ________________. It wasn’t long before they named it _______________________, after their might Emperor. The final blow came when several barbaric___________________ tribes invaded and conquered the western half. They were more or less forced into Rome because all the Germanic tribes were deathly afraid of the _____________. Their great leader_____________________, was on his way to conquering possibly all of the Empire but was stopped in his tracks by ________________. History doesn’t know what was said, but it was powerful enough to stop this mighty bunch. Rome was basically done at this point anyway. The last Roman Emperor was a 14 year-old boy, who was eventually banished. The new Empire was called the Byzantine Empire. The east prospered while Rome did not. The Christian church was ruled by _____________________ out of Rome. Even though the Roman Empire crumbled, it’s culture continued to inspire and influence the rest of the world, even still to this day!!!