Download Test 6 Ecology – Chapters 3-6 Test is Monday March 6th

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Transcript
Unit 8 test review – Evolution
Vocabulary
K-value
Gene Flow
Speciation
Artificial–Selection
Adaptation
Gene Pool
Genetic Drift
Founder effect
Divergent–Evolution
Convergent-Evolution
Evolution Concepts
 Understand how limiting factors affect populations.
 What is carrying capacity and different things that can affect it and when is it
measured?
 Be aware of the things that Darwin observed on his trip around the world.
 Be able to compare and contrast Darwin’s theory to Lamarck’s theory of evolution.
 Be able to explain how mutations are involved with evolution.
 What is speciation, how does it occur, what type(s) of isolations lead to it.
 Be able to apply the three types of selection that are involved in micro-evolution.
 Why does genetic drift depend on things such as a small population?
 Be able to explain Analogous, Homologous, and Vestigial structures – you should also
be able to link them to either convergent or divergent evolution or natural selection.
 Why is biological success (fitness) important for evolution to work?
 What is a gene pool, and what factors can affect it? How can a “shallow” or “deep”
gene pool affect the success of a species – i.e. large vs small population?
 What is natural selection?
 Be able to apply the concepts of genetic drift, and the various types of selection to a
population in order to predict possible outcomes.
 Identify differences between gradualism and punctuated equilibrium.
 Be able to analyze cladograms and phylogenetic trees.
 List all evidences of Evolution and give examples of each.
 Differentiate between K selected and R selected populations.

OVERALL – think application, so that I can give you a situation and you can pull
various concepts out of the topic and make logical assumptions based on what you
gather from a scenario that I may give you.