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Unit 8 test review – Evolution Vocabulary K-value Gene Flow Speciation Artificial–Selection Adaptation Gene Pool Genetic Drift Founder effect Divergent–Evolution Convergent-Evolution Evolution Concepts Understand how limiting factors affect populations. What is carrying capacity and different things that can affect it and when is it measured? Be aware of the things that Darwin observed on his trip around the world. Be able to compare and contrast Darwin’s theory to Lamarck’s theory of evolution. Be able to explain how mutations are involved with evolution. What is speciation, how does it occur, what type(s) of isolations lead to it. Be able to apply the three types of selection that are involved in micro-evolution. Why does genetic drift depend on things such as a small population? Be able to explain Analogous, Homologous, and Vestigial structures – you should also be able to link them to either convergent or divergent evolution or natural selection. Why is biological success (fitness) important for evolution to work? What is a gene pool, and what factors can affect it? How can a “shallow” or “deep” gene pool affect the success of a species – i.e. large vs small population? What is natural selection? Be able to apply the concepts of genetic drift, and the various types of selection to a population in order to predict possible outcomes. Identify differences between gradualism and punctuated equilibrium. Be able to analyze cladograms and phylogenetic trees. List all evidences of Evolution and give examples of each. Differentiate between K selected and R selected populations. OVERALL – think application, so that I can give you a situation and you can pull various concepts out of the topic and make logical assumptions based on what you gather from a scenario that I may give you.