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Evolution-Classification TeSt Review NAME________________ Review Vocab from Quiz: Adaptation natural selection variation fossil Species fossil record Sedimentary rock extinct gradualism punctuated equilibria homologous structure theory 2. What is a naturalist? __________________________________ 3. Who is the naturalist that came up with the mechanism for evolution?_________________ 4. Did he think species evolved rapidly?________ 5. What did Darwin observe on the Galapagos Islands? Finches_________________________________________________ Iguanas__________________________________________________ Comorants________________________________________________ 6. What process leads to evolution?__________________________________ 7. What are the two theories of evolution? ___________________ ___________________ List differences . 1. 1. 2. 2. 8. What are homologous structures? __________________________________________________________________________ 9. Give an example of homologous structures. __________________________________________________________________________ 10. What are four types of evidence for evolution? 1)___________________________2)________________________3___________________ 4)_____________________________________ 11. Do scientists use one type more than others to determine relationships? ______ 12. What type is it? ________________________________ 13. Do scientists combine all types of evidence to determine relationships between organisms?_______ 14. What is a cladogram?______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 15. What is natural selection? Explain two examples__________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Ex.1___________________________________________________________________ Ex.2______________________________________________________________________ 16. Over time, does natural selection result in changes of the inherited characteristics of a population? What is descent with modification?_________________________________________________ 17. What type of organism are primates most closely related to according to the cladogram? 18.Are crocodiles more closely related to amphibians or dinosaurs and birds?_____________ 19. According to the cladogram, did amphibians evolve from fish?_____ 20. Why is it important to classify and name organisms? 21. What is taxonomy? 22. What language was used to name organisms? 23. What is the two word naming system called? 24-26. What are the three rules of the system? 1) 2) 3) 27.Who was responsible for creating the naming system and the 7 taxonomic categories? 28. The first word is the genus of the organism. What is the second? 29. What is a taxon? 30. Name Linnaeus’ 7 taxonomic categories from largest to smallest. 31. Why is it important to have a universal scientific name for an organism? 32. How is evolutionary classification different from traditional classification? TraditionalModern Evidence used _______________________ ____________________ Categories ____________________________ ______________________________ 33. What is a derived character? ___________________________________? What can they be used to construct?____________ 34. Are similarities in DNA and RNA more likely to show relationships between organisms than physical characteristics? 35. What is a molecular clock used for? 36. Molecular analyses have given rise to a new taxonomic category. What is it? Is this category more general than the kingdom category? 37.List the kingdoms that correspond to Domain BacteriaEukarya- Archaea- 38.Refer to your chart on the 6 kingdoms. a) Are all protists unicellular? b) Which kingdoms have cell walls?________________ Is kingdom Fungi autotrophic or heterotrophic?