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Chapter 10 Quest: Study Guide What does Islam mean in Arabic? Submitting to the will of God What system of law regulates the family life, moral conduct, and the business and community life of Muslims? Sharia What division of Islam believes that only a relative of Muhammad is qualified to be a caliph? Shia or Shiite Why was the Hijrah important? Muhammad gained power and followers What was the academic subject developed by al-Khwarizmi and originally called al-jabr known by today? algebra Towards what city do Muslims pray? Mecca Who did Muslims consider the people of the book? Jews and Christians What was the main difference between the Sunni and Shi’a branches of Islam? They don’t agree on who the next leader or caliph should be Shi’a – branch of Islam whose members believe that the blood line or descendants or Muhammad should rule Sunni – The best Muslim male should be the next ruler, who is the best “fit” and not necessarily someone who is a descendant of Muhammad Explain and describe the Five Pillars of Islam. Pray – they pray five times a day facing Mecca Alms – it’s required that you give a percent of your money to the poor Journey – travel to Mecca at least once if you are physically or financially able Faith – they state “there is not god but God and Muhammad is the prophet Fasting – they fast from sunrise to sunset during the month of Ramadan Describe three similarities and three differences between Christianity, Judaism and Islam Examples Holy book – C – Bible, J- Torah and I Quran Place of worship – C – church, J – Temple or Synagogue and I –mosques Religious leaders – C – priest or pastor, J – rabbi, and I – Imam Sabbath – C – Sunday, J- Saturday and I – Friday Example The first of the three similarities are that all three have a holy book. The difference between them is in Christianity it’s the Bible, in Judaism it’s the Torah and in Islam it’s the Qur’an. The next similarity is that all three religions have a place of worship. The difference is that in Christianity it’s a church, in Judaism it’s the temple or Synagogue, and in Islam it’s a mosque. Finally the last similarity between the three religions is that all three have religious leaders. The difference is that in Christianity you have your pastor or priest, in Judaism you have your Rabbi, and in Islam you have your Imam.