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Transcript
SOCIAL STUDIES 7H
CHAPTER 2
THE ISLAMIC WORLD
STUDY GUIDE
IDEAS AND CONCEPTS:
1. 5 Pillars of Islam: Shahadah: Declaration of Faith, Salat: Ritual prayer, Zakat: Charity, Sawm: Fasting for the
holy month of Ramadan, Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca
 Know what other details are involved in each pillar
 Refer to your quiz for ideas and your spiral notes
 Know the English and Arabic names and meanings
2. Contributions and Achievements:
 Refer to the nine topics discussed in class and found in your spiral on pages 118-119
 The 5 Men of Achievement: Who are they and what did they do to advance the fields of science,
medicine, history, etc…
 The great cities of learning: Baghdad, Damascus, Cordoba, and Cairo. Why were they so unique and
what happened there to make them so?
3. The Sunni Muslims and the Shiite Muslims
 What are their differences?
 What are their similarities?
 What caused the great schism to occur? What were their disagreements?
 Which group has the largest number of followers?
4. Other important ideas:
 Muhammad: his life, his service, his revelations, his teachings
 Angel Gabriel: Why is he important
 People of the Book: Jews and Christians. Why are they called this?
 Definitions of Muslim and Islam
 Why were Meccans against Muhammad?
 4 “Rightly Guided” caliphs: Who are they? How did they help to bring about an Islamic Empire?
 Qur’an and Sunnah: What are they? Be able to explain them
 Mosque: What is it? What are its features?
 Islamic Art: What do they allow and not allow?
 What brought unity throughout the empire?
 Who is Suleiman I? What did he do?
 Who is Muawiya? What did he do? Why is he important?
 How were the Arabs able to spread Islam and build a vast empire?