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SOCIAL STUDIES 7H CHAPTER 2 THE ISLAMIC WORLD STUDY GUIDE IDEAS AND CONCEPTS: 1. 5 Pillars of Islam: Shahadah: Declaration of Faith, Salat: Ritual prayer, Zakat: Charity, Sawm: Fasting for the holy month of Ramadan, Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca Know what other details are involved in each pillar Refer to your quiz for ideas and your spiral notes Know the English and Arabic names and meanings 2. Contributions and Achievements: Refer to the nine topics discussed in class and found in your spiral on pages 118-119 The 5 Men of Achievement: Who are they and what did they do to advance the fields of science, medicine, history, etc… The great cities of learning: Baghdad, Damascus, Cordoba, and Cairo. Why were they so unique and what happened there to make them so? 3. The Sunni Muslims and the Shiite Muslims What are their differences? What are their similarities? What caused the great schism to occur? What were their disagreements? Which group has the largest number of followers? 4. Other important ideas: Muhammad: his life, his service, his revelations, his teachings Angel Gabriel: Why is he important People of the Book: Jews and Christians. Why are they called this? Definitions of Muslim and Islam Why were Meccans against Muhammad? 4 “Rightly Guided” caliphs: Who are they? How did they help to bring about an Islamic Empire? Qur’an and Sunnah: What are they? Be able to explain them Mosque: What is it? What are its features? Islamic Art: What do they allow and not allow? What brought unity throughout the empire? Who is Suleiman I? What did he do? Who is Muawiya? What did he do? Why is he important? How were the Arabs able to spread Islam and build a vast empire?