The Power of the Word Over the years, Islam expanded from a local
... Abu Bakr united the Arabian Peninsula under Islam.
Caliph Umar expanded the empire to include Egypt, Iran, and parts of Turkey.
During the reign of the early caliphs, Muslim scholars compiled the teachings of Muhammad into
a single work, known as the Quran, written in Arabic. The Quran contributed t ...
... States, where Islam is the foundation for
state and constitution. (different from
endorsing Islam as state religion!)
... 13. Why did the Shiites and Sunnis split?
14. Explain how Islam Spread from it’s beginning.
15. Which Southeast Asian country has the largest Muslim population?
16. Originally, how did Muhammad see the relationship between Muslims, Christians,
17. How did the Ottoman Turks treat Christians ...
Following Muhammad`s death the extent of Moslem domination
... the cities. Second, there were no forced conversions. In fact there was resistance to conversion by the
Arab Muslims themselves. They saw conversion as diluting their power and prestige. Thus for a
considerable period of time Christian, Jewish and in some places, Zoroastrian communities maintained
Chapter 15 – Origins of Islam Study Guide 30 vocabulary words
... What two fields of learning have names which come from Arabic words?
What is a feature usually not included in Muslim art and architecture?
What features do nearly all Muslims mosques share?
What term did the rulers of many non-Arab Muslims states use to refer to themselves?
How is Sharia practiced ...
... 1) The Prophet Muhammad
a) 570 AD – born in . . .
b) 610 – received first Revelation from angel Gabriel . . .
c) 610 to 622 – Family initially his only followers . . .
d) 622 – fled Mecca to Medina (beginning of . . . )
e) 630 – Returned to Mecca
f) 632 - Arabia unified by . . .
2) Spread of Islam, ...
... Accepted many monotheistic beliefs of
Chapter 12- Islamic Empires – Study Guide
... 1. ________________ is called a “crossroads” location because its trade routes
link Africa, Asia, and Europe.
2. By trading with other people, Muslims learned how to make ____________.
3. ___________________ became dissatisfied with his tribe’s religion because
it included the worship of idols.
4. M ...
SSWH5 The student will trace the origins and expansion of the
... Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570. Mecca
was a trading region-many in the area worshiped
multiple gods and idols.
According to Muslim belief, at age 40 he heard the
voice of an angel proclaiming that there is only one
He began to preach and convert people publicly to
Helped to ...
... • Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570.
Mecca was a trading region-many in the area
worshiped multiple gods and idols
• According to Muslim belief, at age 40 he heard
the voice of an angel proclaiming that there is
only one god-Allah
• He began to preach and convert people publicly
• Helpe ...
States under Siege
... iolent religious extremists are challenging the authority and legitimacy of
several Muslim states. In some countries, the state‘s writ has weakened. In
others — such as Somalia, Afghanistan, and Yemen — it barely exists. A vast
swathe of humanity stands at the edge of perilous chaos.
The Islamic Rep ...
... Five Pillars of Islam
Five acts of worship required by all Muslims.
1. A statement of faith. Muslims must state their
faith by saying, “There is no god but God, and
Muhammad is his prophet.”
2. Praying five times a day; before sunrise,
midday, late afternoon, right after sunset, and
before going t ...
Encyclopedia of Islamic Doctrine
... Have you ever wondered: What are the beliefs and doctrine of mainstream Islam as opposed
to those who call themselves "Salafis" with regard to the Names and Attributes of Almighty
Allah? The author says in the introduction: "Scholars have observed that the Community's
greatest achievement over the p ...
The Spread of Islam
... • When Muhammad died in 632, Islam was
limited to the Arabian Peninsula. Within a
one hundred years, Muslims had
conquered a vast territory.
• In this section, you will learn more about
the expansion of Muslim rule and how it
changed over time.
A dhimmī (Arabic: ذمي ḏimmī, IPA: [ˈðɪmmiː], collectively أهل الذمة ahl al-ḏimmah/dhimmah ""the people of the dhimma"") is a historical term referring to non-Muslim citizens of an Islamic state. The word literally means ""protected person."" According to scholars, dhimmis had their rights fully protected in their communities, but as citizens in the Islamic state, had certain restrictions, and it was obligatory for them to pay the jizya tax. Dhimmis were excluded from specific duties assigned to Muslims, and did not enjoy certain political rights reserved for Muslims, but were otherwise equal under the laws of property, contract, and obligation. They were also exempted from the zakat tax paid by Muslims and from obligatory military service for all able bodied men.Under sharia, the dhimmi communities were usually subjected to their own special laws, rather than some of the laws which were applicable only to the Muslim community. For example, the Jewish community in Medina was allowed to have its own Halakha courts, and the Ottoman millet system allowed its various dhimmi communities to rule themselves under separate legal courts. These courts did not cover cases that involved religious groups outside of their own community, or capital offences. Dhimmi communities were also allowed to engage in certain practices that were usually forbidden for the Muslim community, such as the consumption of alcohol and pork.Historically, dhimmi status was originally applied to Jews, Christians, and Sabians. This status later also came to be applied to Zoroastrians, Mandaeans, Hindus, and Buddhists. Eventually, the Hanafi, the largest school of Islamic jurisprudence, and the Maliki, the second largest school of Islamic jurisprudence, applied this term to all non-Muslims living in Islamic lands outside the sacred area surrounding Mecca, in present-day Saudi Arabia. Some modern Hanafi scholars, however, do not make any legal distinction between a non-Muslim dhimmi and a Muslim citizen.The overwhelming majority of moderate Muslims reject the dhimma system as ahistorical, in the sense that it is inappropriate for the age of nation-states and democracies.