Download Chapter 18 World History Study Guide

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Vincent-Marie Viénot, Count of Vaublanc wikipedia , lookup

French Revolutionary Wars wikipedia , lookup

War of the Fifth Coalition wikipedia , lookup

Historiography of the French Revolution wikipedia , lookup

War of the Fourth Coalition wikipedia , lookup

Causes of the French Revolution wikipedia , lookup

Germaine de Staël wikipedia , lookup

Reign of Terror wikipedia , lookup

War of the Sixth Coalition wikipedia , lookup

Robert Roswell Palmer wikipedia , lookup

Chapter 18 World History Study Guide
Section 1: The French Revolution Begins
1. What were the reasons for the French Revolution?
2. What were the goals/ideals of the French Revolution?
3. Describe each of the three estates of pre-revolutionary French society.
4. Describe the three subgroups of the Third Estate of French society.
5. What was the main point of contention between the first two estates and the Third Estate?
6. How did Louis XVI attempt to solve France’s financial crisis?
7. What was the National Assembly (who established it and why)?
8. Describe the circumstances of the Tennis Court Oath.
9. What happened on July 14, 1789 AND why was the event significant?
10. What were the ideas of the Declaration of the Rights of Men and the Citizen?
11. Describe the role of women in the French Revolution.
12. How did the National Assembly try to reform the Catholic Church, i.e. the clergy?
13. What did the Constitution of 1791 establish?
14. How did neighboring countries react to the French Revolution AND why?
Section 2: Radical Revolution and Reaction
1. Explain when and why the French Revolution took a radical turn.
2. What was the Paris Commune and what do its members want?
3. When was the French Republic established?
4. Who were the Girondins and the Mountains?
5. What happened to Louis XVI and what was the international reaction to his fate?
6. What was the Committee of Public Safety?
7. Explain what Maximilien Robespierre believed in AND how his beliefs affected the French Revolution.
8. Why was the period of 1792-1794 called the Reign of Terror domestically and internationally?
9. How did Robespierre envision a Republic of Virtue?
10. What was Robespierre’s view of the Catholic Church?
11. What was the Directory AND what characterized its rule between 1795-1799?
12. How did the rule of the Directory end?
Section 3: The Age of Napoleon
1. Describe Napoleon’s rise to power from his birth in Corsica to his crowning as Emperor.
2. What were Napoleon’s domestic policies (6)?
3. What did Napoleon think of religion, and especially the Catholic Church?
4. What was the role of women in French society during Napoleon’s reign?
5. Did Napoleon preserve the ideals of the French Revolution and republic with his domestic policies?
6. Describe how Napoleon wished to establish a new world order through his “Grand Empire.”
7. Describe the two reasons for the collapse of Napoleon’s empire.
8. What was the purpose of the Continental System AND how successful was it?
9. Describe the strategy used by Russia to defeat Napoleon’s Grand Army.
10. What happened at Waterloo in 1815 AND what became Napoleon’s fate after his defeat?
Make sure you know the significance/meaning of the following people, concepts, places, and events:
estate,taille, bourgeoisie, aristocratic privileges, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Estates-General,
Olympia de Gouges, Georges Danton, sans-coulettes, Jean-Paul Marat, Maximilien Robespierre,
coup d’etat, Civil Code, Grand Army, dependent states, allied states, nationalism, Trafalgar, the
Duke of Wellington, Elba and St. Helena