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Transcript
```Quantum Mechanics 2, Autumn 2011 CMI
Problem set 7
Due by beginning of class on Monday October 10, 2011
Density matrix, parity & time reversal
1. Is the superposition of a pair of quantum mechanical pure states a mixed state? Why or why
not?
2. Is a linear combination of density matrices an allowed density matrix in general? Why?
3. An SG apparatus with inhomogeneous magnetic field in the z direction is fed an unpolarized
beam of atoms with l = 1. Find the density matrix (for angular momentum degrees of freedom)
for an atom in a beam that is obtained by combining the deflected output beams from the SG
apparatus. Express the density matrix in the basis where Lz is diagonal. Does it describe a pure
or a mixed state?
4. Calculate the average value of the angular momentum observable ~L for atoms in the above
combined beam.
5. Suppose a particle obeying Newton’s laws moves in one dimension subject to a frictional force
F = −γ ẋ with γ > 0. Write down the equation of motion for x(t). Find the equation satisfied
by y(t) = x(−t). Qualitatively, what sort of motion does the resulting equation for y describe?
Is Newton’s equation for the above frictional force time-reversal invariant?
6. Show that the parity operator in one dimension is both hermitian and unitary.
7. Is the time reversal operator hermitian? Why?
1
```
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