Survey

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Electron scattering wikipedia , lookup

Noether's theorem wikipedia , lookup

Old quantum theory wikipedia , lookup

Renormalization group wikipedia , lookup

Introduction to quantum mechanics wikipedia , lookup

Quantum vacuum thruster wikipedia , lookup

Magnetic monopole wikipedia , lookup

Compact Muon Solenoid wikipedia , lookup

Scalar field theory wikipedia , lookup

Angular momentum operator wikipedia , lookup

Relativistic quantum mechanics wikipedia , lookup

Aharonov–Bohm effect wikipedia , lookup

Photon polarization wikipedia , lookup

Theoretical and experimental justification for the Schrödinger equation wikipedia , lookup

Transcript
```PHYSICS
SCHOOL
QUALIFYING
EXAMINATION
Partl
INSTRUCTIONS:
Work all problems.
This is a closed book examination.
Start each problem on a new pack of yellow paper and use only one side of
each sheet. All problems carry the same weight. Write your student number
on the upper right-hand corner of each answer sheet.
1. Two
blocks
are positioned
as shown
in
the accompanying
figure. The masses of the
blocks
are m and M, as shown.
The
coefficient
of static friction between the two
blocks is Jls, and the coefficient
of sliding
{kinetic) friction between the block of mass
M and the horizontal
surface is ~K. What
constant horizontal
force must be applied
just to keep the block of mass m from
sliding
down the interface
between
the
blocks?
3. A spherical
capacitor
consists
of an outer conducting
sphere of fixed
a concentric
between the spheres is filled with air, which has a breakdown electric field
strength
Eo.
a. Determine
the greatest
possible
potential
difference
between
the
spheres.
be Determine
capacitor
the greatest possible
electrostatic
energy
stored in the
0
I
4. Two single-tum
coaxial coils of radius r, each
carrying
a cuuent I in the same direction
are
separated by a distance d along their axis. Find
the magnetic field on the axis.
.
:
!d
.
.
.
6.
In
traveling
region
wave
'P=A exp (iklX)
I (V=O) an electron
moving
to the right is
I
where kl=(2mE/n2)1/2.
If E > Vo find the wave reflected by the
potential step and the transmitted
wave
into region II (V= V 0). What percentage
of electrons of energy E > V0 is reflected
and what percentage is transmitted?
7. A simple
pendulum
of length .e and bob mass m
is suspended
from
a height
H (>.e) above a
grounded flat conducting
plate. The bob is given a
net charge q. Determine
the frequency
of small
oscillations
of the pendulum.
IT
8. Two long conducting cylindrical
a and b have a coaxial suspension which permits
each cylinder
to rotate independently
and also
provides electrical connections.
The top ends of
the tubes are closed by conducting
disks.
The
system is suspended in a uniform magnetic field
B which is parallel
to the axis.
Initially
the
B
cylinders are at rest and uncharged.
A potential
difference
is now applied through the coaxial
suspension so that the cylindrical
surface of the
inner cylinder
has a charge +Q and the outer
cylinder has
end plates,
approximation.
-Q. (Neglect
i.e. we use
)
a. Calculate the angular
charging process. (Hint:
Assume
any charge on the
a long
cylinder
Ir between
momentum
of each cylinder
as a result of the
The current flows in the top disks are radial.
r=O and a or b.)
b. Calculate the angular momentum of the combined electric and magnetic
fields between the cylinders.
Show that the total angular momentum of the
entire system is still zero. (Hint: The linear momentum density of the
combined
E and B fields is p = EOE x B.)
B
.e
PHYSICS
SCHOOL
Part
QUALIFYING
EXAMINATION
II
INSTRUCTIONS:
Work all problems.
This is a closed book examination.
Start each problem on a new pack of yellow paper and use only one side of
each sheet. All problems carry the same weight. Write your student number
on the upper right-hand corner of each answer sheet.
a.
Set
up
equation
b. Show
the
Lagrangian,
and
derive
the
of motion.
that for
small
displacements
from
equilibrium,
the sphere executes
harmonic motion.
Find the period.
simple
b. Find the torque exerted by the axle on the rod with respect to O at
the instant
shown.
z
Ce Determine
the electric
field in the plane of the ring near the center ,
ieee for sma11 r e
4. In a medium with a finite conductivity
0', an electric field is generated
at time t = 0 such that E(t = 0) = Eo. Starting from Maxwell's
equations,
derive the time-evolution
of this field. You may assume that B = 0. What
is the dielectric
5. Consider
relaxation
the reaction
time 'tdie in terms of the dielectric
in which
a photon
collides
permitivity
with a proton
E
at rest to
produce a neutral 7t meson in addition to the proton in the final state.
Letting Mo be the proton rest mass and mo the pion rest mass find the
minimum
proceed.
photon
energy
required
for the reaction
(y + p ~
p + 7rQ) to
6. A particle
of mass m experiences
where o(x) is a Dirac
Schrodinger
equation,
a and n.
an attractive
potential
of V(x)=-aO(x)
delta function.
Starting from the one-dimensional
derive the energy of the bound state in terms of m,
Use the fact that the fIrst
discontinuous
at the origin
7. Consider
a thin circular
a. Find the magnetic
derivative
of the wavefunction
because of the delta function
there.
moment
M of the
system.
b. Find the angular momentum L of the system and the ratio MIL.
is
8. A solid copper ring (torus)
minor
a, and major
b, such that a«b.
of inertia
M~/2
has
-HO
The moment
a diameter
is
for the ring, and its volume
a
00
,
.ty
6-
is 27t2a2b.
diameter without friction.
There
is a uniform
magnetic
field B perpendicular
decrease to l/e of its original
heating.
~
value ~
to the rotation
assuming
-axis.
Assume
all loss is due to resistive
```