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Transcript
5 Themes of
Geography
8.2.1
Location
• definition- where something
is
– Absolute location- the exact
location using latitude and
longitude
– Relative location- where
something is in relation to
other things.
Relative location
• Discuss examples in class.
• Each group will draw a location.
• Homework: Create an invitation to a
party. Use relative location to tell me
where the party is (give at least 3
examples of relative location).
Absolute Location
Latitude & Longitude
Latitude




Measures distance north
or south of the Equator in
degrees
Sometimes called
parallels.
Like a belt
Either N or S
Check yourself!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Lines of latitude are ______ to the
equator.
There are ______ degrees of latitude
north and south of the equator.
The equator is ____ degrees.
Another name for latitude lines is _____.
The equator divides the earth into _____
equal parts.
Longitude



Measures
distance east or
west of the
Prime Meridian
in degrees.
All lines of
longitude pass
the N & S pole
Either E or W
Check yourself!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Longitude lines connect the _____ pole
with the _____ pole.
The line of 0 degrees longitude is called
the _______.
Longitude lines give directions ___ & ___
of the prime meridian.
There are ____ degrees of longitude on
each side of the prime meridian.
Longitude lines are not ____ like latitude
lines.
Latitude & Longitude together


When latitude and longitude are
listed together it is called a set of
coordinates
Example (45oN, 105oW)
Latitude
Longitude
Viking ship
hurricane
tourist
rafter
whale
canoeists
bird
Longitude


attitude so wasn’t
invited to the
party. They
wandered around
the earth and
never met
anyone.
Longitude was
cool so they all
met at the poles.
Place
• definition- a location’s physical and
human features
– Physical features- ex. the way the land
looks, the climate, etc.
– Human features- ex. what people do for
a living, the population, anything people
have added to the land, etc.
*assignment- human & physical features
Movement
• definition- how people, goods and
ideas get from 1 place to another
– In groups brainstorm as many ways as you can think of
– Select an item & discuss all movement involved
-people:
- goods:
-ideas:
Human-Environment
Interaction
• Definition- how people affect the
environment and how the
environment affects people.
– people cut through mountains to make
– people live near bodies of water
– We wear sweaters in winter, shorts in
summer
– We pollute the air with factories
H-E Interaction (cont.)
• Assignment-environment acrostic. Using separate
colors for how we affect the env. & how it affects
us. Write 4 ways for each.
we affect env.
E
N
V
I
O
N
M
weather dEtermines what we wear
N
T
env. affects us
GIS…a new way to look at
maps
• What is GIS? Geographic Information
systems is a tool that lets us layer
different kinds of information on a
map
• By looking at these layers, we can
see patterns that we wouldn’t
normally see.
• Go to the National Geographic site
• Your group will be assigned one
animal to research using GIS maps.
• Create a presentation that answers
the following questions.
– Where do they live?
– How are they being harmed?
– What can be done to help?
Regions
• Definition- an area that has a
common feature or characteristic
• Examples…
– based on population (urban & rural
regions)
– based on climate (tropical, arctic, etc.)
– based on what grows there (corn belt)
– based on where the area is located
(South, Midwest, etc.)
Regions (cont.)
• What are some regions that
Nebraska is considered a part of?
• What are some occupations that use
regions often?
Biomes of the World
• http://www.mbgnet.net/
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