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The Five Themes
of Geography
Follow along with the outline
Absolute Location
Precise position on the globe
Found by using a grid system composed
of lines of latitude and longitude
Latitude and Longitude are measured in
degrees ( ° ) and minutes ( ' )
• Example: 10°36' N and 71°33' W
Coordinates are two points of
intersection on the grid system
• Expressed using brackets with a comma
• Latitude always comes first
• example: (0°, 90°E)
Relative Location
Locating a place in relation to/compared to
other places
• Large scale = CSW is across the street from the
Cannery Shopping Center
• Small scale = Patagonia is located in the southern
half of Argentina
When giving relative location it is best to start
on a smaller scale and then zoom in to a larger
• Cuba is located in the Caribbean Sea, north of
Jamaica, and 90 miles south of Key West, Florida
A space that has physical and human
• Human characteristics – Language, Religion,
Cultural traditions, Type of government,
Trade networks
• Physical characteristics – Vegetation,
Climate, landforms, bodies of water, natural
Geographers group places into regions
Regions are larger than places
The places within a region share
commonalities that make it a region
Three types of regions
• Uniform or Formal
• Functional
• Perceptual
Human Environment
The study of the interrelationship
between people and their physical
Looks at:
• How people use their environment?
• How and why they have changed it?
• What are the consequences of these
Refers to how the migration of people,
goods, and ideas shape the world
Why migrate?
Cultural clashes
Political repression
Economic opportunities
Scarce resources
• Relying on one another for goods, services,
and ideas